The Western criticism of the Soviet Union is essentially the Western criticism of Joseph Stalin. The Great Patriotic War of 1941 – 1945 thrust the USSR onto the world stage following its complete and utter annihilation of the military forces of Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Germany. This was neither a quick nor an easy victory for the Soviet people, with estimates of 25 to 30 million casualties being suffered by the population; a combined figure which includes both military and civilian deaths. During this time of extreme hardship and suffering, the USSR was held together by the will of Joseph Stalin. When Hitler attacked the USSR in 1941 it was with the tacit support of Western powers he was already at war with – primarily Britain led by the rightwing leaning Winston Churchill. Prior to Britain going to war with Germany in 1939, Churchill had espoused a number of pro-Hitlerite viewpoints, and he was enthusiastic about Hitler heading his armies eastward to invade and destroy the Communist regime of the USSR – which Churchill viewed as a threat to Western class privilege and dominance. The problem for Churchill was that Stalin politically out-manoeuvred him by persuading Hitler to move westward. This brought crucial time for the USSR to prepare for what Stalin believed to be an inevitable conflict Soviet socialism and German fascisms.
The roots of the so-called Cold War lie with Winston Churchill. As a typical member of the British middle class (with the accompanying delusions of grandeur) he believed that the working class was inferior and should be kept firmly in its place. The USSR was an abhorration for Churchill who viewed it as a defiant regime that defied the laws of nature by turning the natural order upside down. On the other hand, Churchill admired the fascism of Hitler and Mussolini, as such an organising force within society was considered good by him because it firmly retained a rigid class system whilst removing all freedom of choice from the working class itself. Under fascism the working class had little choice but to do the bidding of their over-lords or face the draconian consequences. The disgruntled masses could not effectively rise-up against the fascist regime if all their energy had to be diverted into serving that very same regime. Arming and training young men to fight – and then embroiling the entire nation in warfare – ensured that the working class was too busy fighting for its own survival for it to tur its attention toward the matter of uniting to over-throw its middle class oppressors. This was Winston Churchill’s, view and it became the basis of all Cold War thinking.
There is no doubt that Joseph Stalin was not only a great leader, but was probably one of the greatest leaders the world has ever known. However, due to Churchill’s influence over various US Presidents, and given that the US system is naturally bourgeois, the vilification of the Soviet system began with a vengeance not long after the end of WWII. Interestingly this was not the first time that the Soviet system had been attacked by Britain and the USA, as a similar pattern can be observed during the Russian Civil War (1918-1921). Again the lurking image of Churchill can be seen in the background, pulling the strings. Even after the carnage of WWI, Britain and the US interfered in Russian internal affairs and sent troops to try and destroy the fledgling Bolshevik Revolution. This ploy inevitably failed and the Bolsheviks prevailed under Lenin’s leadership, but the West, even then, used allegations of Bolshevik massacres when in fact it was the Western forces that carried-out such activity. The British, for instance, executed 26 Bolshevik commissars on the 20th of September, 1918 (without trial) who were captured at Baku. The British did this whilst simultaneously accusing the Soviets of war-crimes. This duplicity became a tried and tested method for the West when dealing with the Soviet regime.
The Western bourgeois regime is premised upon the dualistic thinking of the Judeo-Christian tradition. It is a simplistic device that is designed to control the behaviour of the masses. The world is separated into ‘good’ and ‘evil’. Good is encouraged, supported and lifted-up, whilst evil is vilified, persecuted and put-down. The problem with this thinking is that what is designated as ‘good’ is entirely class-led. Therefore what is considered ‘good’ in the West is anything that supports, encourages, and perpetuates middle class values and aspirations. This is essentially defined by the acquisition and retainment of money (capitalism), and the preservation of the social, cultural and political structures that keep middle class privilege firmly in place. Evil, on the other hand, is anything that contradicts or interferes with the middle class image of utopia. This includes socialism, and any other attempt at removing middle class privilege. Any attack on the middle class is defined as an attack on anything that is ‘good’ and ultimately as an attack on ‘god’ etc. The leaders of socialism are singled-out for particularly vitriolic treatment. Karl Marx, VI Lenin and Joseph Stalin receive an immense amount of negative misrepresentation from the middle class and their superficial sham of a philosophy. Such progressive thinkers from the socialist perspective, are interpreted as nothing less than the devil incarnate on earth. For the bourgeois, stuck as they are in the tribalism of primitive religious thought, socialism and socialist thinkers represent a pure evil.
As Jung would correctly say, the bourgeois are merely projecting their ‘shadow’ (i.e. everything that is negative within the Judeo-Christian psyche) upon a group of people that they view as a ‘threat’ to their own hegemony. Stalin propelled the USSR onto the world stage through the manufacture and use of military might. This fact meant that the very forces that crushed Nazism could be deployed to crush capitalism. What the Western bourgeois had to do was to create such a toxic atmosphere against socialism and communism that their own proletariat (i.e. working class) would, through social, cultural, political and psychological pressure, be averted from its study. This would keep the international working class from effectively uniting and freeing itself from the psychological bourgeois shackles that hold it within a state of arrested development and permanent enslavement. Stalin (together with the Soviet people) demonstrated that socialism was superior to fascism. As Lenin defined fascism as capitalism in decay, the writing was very much on the bourgeois wall. This is why Stalin must be seen to be attacked at every opportunity by the bourgeoisie as he represents the power of socialism at its height. Of course, this enhanced demonstration of socialist (and communist) thinking was driven by the destructive forces of warfare, but even at its inception, the Bolshevik Revolution had to fight for its very survival. It is the bourgeois system itself that responds to all threats through warfare. It is the bourgeois system that commits endless atrocities to justify its own existence, and it is the bourgeois system that controls education, the media, and the political landscape that continuously perpetuates lies against socialism, the Soviet system and Joseph Stalin. This campaign is motivated by a religious zeal that believes that it is attacking ‘evil’ – when in fact the only evil that is evident is the bourgeois system itself. The international working class must be kept from uniting in its best interests. It must continue to exist in separate groups defined by the false bourgeois notions of race and nationality – and each group must confront and fight one another. Whilst this is happening the bourgeois system stays intact and continues on its oppressive path. The Soviet system did not commit any atrocities outside of the religiously orientated imagination of the bourgeoisie. Joseph Stalin was a great Soviet leader (see the work of Grover Furr). The working class must break away from the negative conditioning of the Bourgeois system and seek-out the real proletariat historical truth.