The Sangha Kommune (僧伽公社) Defined

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Ch’an Master Caotang siad:

There is nothing special to leadership – essentially it is a matter of controlling the evils of biased information and autocracy. Do not just go by whatever is said to you first – then the obsequities of petty people seeking favour will not be able to confuse you.

After all, the feelings of a group of people are not one, and objective reason is hard to see. You should investigate something to see its benefit or harm, examine whether it is appropriate and suitable or not; then after that you may carry it out.

True Record of Sushan (Song Dynasty)

The Chinese Buddhist monastic community is referred to as a ‘Sangha’ (Sanskrit for ‘spiritual community’), whereby men and women form a voluntary association premised upon following a strict set of rules known as the ‘Vinaya Discipline’. Within this community, there is ‘equality’ between all members, with the leaders being those who have followed these rules for the longest times. This is because such people are thought to have more experience at adhering to the Vinaya Discipline (which includes celibacy and vegetarianism), and are therefore able to effectively advise all others through the difficult times they my face in their practice. As those with little experience have less to share, they are not considered leaders whilst more experienced practitioners live in the vicinity. Of course, this is a relative matter depending upon the size of population of a community, and the length of time it has existed, and the quality of the masters (male or female) that have led it. Those who cannot keep the Vinaya Discipline (of over 200 rules) generally choose to leave on their own accord, with those who confess breaking the major rules being asked to leave and expelled from the monastic community (due to the bad example they set). However, the term ‘Sangha’ is often more loosely applied to the devout or dedicated lay community, the members of which follow at least 5, 8 or 10 vows as a life routine, and who regularly visit the local temple and volunteer their time in worthwhile social or charitable activities. In this manner, the monastic Sangha teach and guide the lay Sangha, and the lay Sangha applies the Buddha’s teachings of compassion, loving kindness and wise action to the outside the temple, and thereby expand the Buddha-Dharma beyond the temple. As the Buddha originally taught that there is no ‘difference’ in enlightened essence between the monastic and lay community, the monastics do not consider themselves ‘superior’ and the lay community does not consider itself ‘inferior’ to one another. The principle of ‘Sangha, therefore, denotes a sacred space defined and maintained through the principles of psychological and physical self-discipline and learning, premised upon a general attitude of mutual respect. The Sangha, in both essence and function, is a model for a ‘commune’ operating through the vigorous principles of  equality’, ‘discipline’ and ‘wisdom’. These are the principles embodied within this blog – regardless of the scope of its subject matter.

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The term ‘Kommune’ is taken from the German word for ‘Commune’, and is directly related to the principles of Scientific Socialism, as formulated by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Indeed, within German language editions of the works of Marx and Engels, the term ‘Kommune’ is often encountered. This type of ‘Kommune’ is also a voluntary association, albeit distinctly ‘modern’ in origination, and designed to serve the Revolutionary needs of the Proletariat – or the mass of peasants forced to work in the industrialised factories produced by the oppressive capitalist system. Working 12 to 16 hours a day, strictly by the clock, whilst being dictated to by brutal managers and the movement and operation of monotonous machines, these peasants were transformed into self-disciplined and highly exploited automatons of industry, waiting for the right historical epoch to free themselves from their endless toil for little reward. Just as the collective mind is ‘dulled’ by endless hours of repetitive toil, it is ‘freed’, ‘activated’ and ‘expanded’ when encountering the strictures of Scientific Socialism, and a non-resisting ‘false consciousness’ is replace by a resisting ‘true consciousness’. Generally, when the mind is freed from the straitjacket of oppression, the body soon follows, even though it is equally true that if the body is freed by a Revolution caused by others, then the mind soon follows! In these post-modem times, proletariat ‘true consciousness’ is much more amorphous in manifestation, particularly as factory work becomes ever less prevalent in the West. Although the modes of capitalist exploitation change with the epoch, the nature of capitalist exploitation (and class distinction) remains exactly the same. Striving for the establishment of a ‘Kommunistic’ society remains the duty of all right-minded working class people across the globe, with the Marxist principle of ‘Internationalism’ replacing nationalism and racism, etc. The point is that the ‘true consciousness’ of the working class is premised entirely upon non-hatred for one another, as this hatred has been imported into the working class by the very capitalists that exploit them! By rejecting capitalism, the working class is rejecting the greed, hatred and delusion that underlies all capitalist thought and action. This working class mission is no less ‘sacred’ than its Buddhist counter-part, and shares exactly the same essence. The author of this blog strives to agitate for the peaceful achievement of both inner and outer Revolution amongst by any means necessary (to quote Malcolm X).

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Having defined two interpretations of ‘Kommune’, it is important to also emphasis the pivotal notion of ‘education’ and the training of the human mind to discern a relevant ‘truth’ in any given situation or circumstance. Learning in a classroom, through a book, encounter groups, political meetings, protest marches, meditation sessions, or the internet, are all crucial aspects of ‘refining’ the memory and ‘honing’ the intellect. The thought processes (and emotionality) must be ‘calmed’ for the sake of ‘wise’ action and non-action when young, so that avoidable errors and mistakes are reduced to the minimum, and progressive activity increased to the maximum (to selflessly benefit humanity).  This is not always easy, and the ability to recognise non-efficient thought-patterns and behaviours should also be cultivated as a means toward achieving self-forgiveness, and the forgiveness of others. The important point is that the mind should be kept in a positive frame of operation, so that the body can be used for various types of ‘enlightened’ political, cultural and social action. The physical body must be clearly (and cleanly) directed by the mind (the seat of volition), and kept physically fit through appropriate activities. This psycho-physical training sets the stage for the refined individual to understand the frequency and quality of inner and outer energy, and immediately understand the best action (if any) to take, or instantly ‘know’ when others are ‘lying’, or presenting ‘untruth’ as ‘truth’. This ability can be further used to generate ‘correct’ work that counters the lies of a society motivated entirely by greed, racism and an indifference to the suffering of humanity and other life forms. Therefore, this ‘Sangha Kommune’ blog is a work in progress that covers a bewildering array of topics, opinions, and research data. By taking a step back away from its content – the general reader will begin to understand the underlying (and motivating) paradigm. This is essentially a ‘Kommunist’ zone where all beings are automatically ‘freed’ at the point of contact. The need for money is already ‘transcended’, and the energy frequency of the Sangha Kommune should be used by all to achieve a state of permanent ‘freedom’ in all circumstances. This is a space of permanent Cyber Kommunism, and ongoing Revolutionary activity in the form of ‘exposing’ and ‘dissolving’ the bourgeois system and its redundant mode of capitalist organisation.

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Ch’an Wuzu said:

The Ch’an community is a place for the moulding of Sages and ordinary people, and for nurturing and developing potential ability. It is a source of teaching,. Even though many people are living together, gathering in kind, they are guided and made equal. Each has a transmission from the teacher.

Now in many places they do not strive to maintain the standards of the Sages of the past. Biased feelings of like and dislike are many, with people bending others to what they personally think is right. How should later students take an example?

Records of Equanimity (Song Dynasty)

The Myth of ‘Sinister’ Soviet Bio-Technology

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There are people in Russia today, who have no comprehension of what their immediate ancestors suffered during the Nazi German invasion of the Soviet Union (1941-1945). At least 40 million men, women and children were either killed, permanently maimed or wounded. This figure includes both military and civilian casualties. Why was this number so high? Even if the lower number of 25-27 million is accepted, this casualty figure is astonishing! A recent academic survey of populations in the Soviet Union, suggests that the Soviet casualty figures for WWII should stand at around 34 million. One reason was that the Nazi German regime was engaged in a ‘total war’, which sought to eradicate the Slavic ethnicity, and clear the Russian populations in preparation for German resettlement in the conquered land. This was Hitler’s very clear objective. In so doing – he thought – he would rid the world of Communism, which he viewed as a ‘Jewish’ conspiracy.  One trend that the US Government adopted after WWII as a foundation element of its anti-Soviet Cold War ideology, was the Trotskyite idea that there was no difference between the Nazi German regime and the Soviet Union – both represented various shades of social fascism. However, part of this thinking re-imagined the highly aggressive Nazi German regime as being the ‘victim’ of Soviet depravity. Today, the far-right and mainstream media flirts with the idea that the Nazi Germans were really the allies of the West, and that by invading the USSR and initiating the holocaust in the Ukraine, Hitler was acting for the benefit of humanity. Concomitant with this distorted thinking is that we should now feel ‘sorry’ for the Nazi Germans, and turn all our anger toward the USSR.

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Whilst researching a photograph I found on the Russian internet, I discovered at least ‘three’ myths about apparently unethical, immoral or depraved experiments upon humans and animals carried-out within the Soviet Union from the 1930’s onward. When trying to find further corroborating evidence, I could not find any (outside of one or two articles copying one another’s unreferenced and sourced assertions). This strongly suggests that these stories are untrue, and part of the Trotskyite distortion of Soviet history.  However, as part of my continuous campaign to reveal US Cold War fabrications about the USSR, I will briefly describe three of these myths.

(1) Titanium Limbs.

This story suggests that Red Army volunteers received titanium implants in their arms and legs in the early 1930’s, and that in 1945, US soldiers captured a ‘secret’ Nazi German research centre. No details are given as to ‘where’ this was, or the exact date. When exploring the facility, the US soldiers found the dead-bodies of numerous Soviet Red Army soldiers – all possessing arms and legs made out of metal. The German scientists explained that they had not done this, but that these soldiers had been the victims of ‘Soviet’ experimentation. The ‘modern’ Russian author conveying this story makes the point that the Nazi Germans were only acting in ‘self-defence’ when they invaded the USSR – as a means to ‘destroy’ this inhuman Soviet regime. Here, we see the ‘Nazi Germans are our friends’ motif. It is not mentioned in the story how these Soviet soldiers came to be in a Nazi German research facility (the bizarre impression seems to be that they ‘checked themselves in’ voluntarily), but what is included is that the US Government took all the research and relocated a ‘Professor Strasberg’ to live in America and continue his research. Professor Strasberg states that the Soviets experienced tremendous pain because of the implants, which was relieved by the Soviet scientists by inserting ‘gold’ pins into the pain-centres of the brain. Supposedly, around 300 Soviet soldiers took part in this experiment, with many not surviving (but obviously some not only survived, but found their way into Nazi detention). These ‘perfect’ soldier’s had limbs (and bones) made of military-grade metal. Finally, it is said that in modern Russia (in 1994) a single body was washed out of its military grave, and on a metal limb was written ‘Kharkov. 1934. ACH 760978-C’. This was allegedly discovered by Dr Konovalenko Sergey, but before the Russian Authorities could intervene, the body was ‘washed’ away into a nearby river. One would have thought that the recovery of a ‘metal limb’ – even in a river – would have been an easy task.

(2) Human-Monkey Hybrid

I have deconstructed this myth at length in my article Professor Ilya Ivanov (1870-1932) – Human-Monkey Hybridization. The point of this kind of disinformation is to create the false image that the Soviet System is animatistic, and that Soviet Communism (and Soviet Communists) are ‘sub-human’. This is surely a page taken straight out of Adolf Hitler’s ‘Mein Kampf’ (the fascist bible now experiencing a resurgence under President Trump’s first term in office). Soviet Communists are presented as ‘sub-human’, and therefore ‘not worthy of life’ – yet another Hitlerite pronouncement. The finger-prints of US Cold War rhetoric can be seen all over stories such as these. Although Marx and Engels developed Scientific Socialism as an evolutionary progression in human development, the capitalist narrative is interpreted as out of date, and an inferior stage in human evolution. As a consequence, capitalists, taking exception to this interpretation of their greed-driven ideology, instead set-about generating the ahistorical myth that Soviet Communism was a ‘regression’ into some primordial swamp of totalitarian existence. What better way to express this, than have a half-man – half-monkey swinging through the trees and purportedly ‘sharing’ his nuts!

(3) Bio-Robot

This myth is often accompanied by photographs of experiments on dogs. A dog’s head is kept alive through a machine that pumps oxygenated blood into the head, de-oxygenated blood out of the head. These types of experiments were also carried-out in the West involving dogs and monkeys. I believe this kind of experimentation eventually led to the mastering of blood transfusion and organ transplants. However, in and of itself, and regardless of the rights of the animals involved, it is difficult to see how these experiments had anything to do with bio-robots.
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Just what this photograph depicts is uncertain. It looks like a remote-controlled robot, possibly used in bomb disposal. However, conspiracy theorists would have us believe that a dog’s head was placed in the head of the robot, and controlled by electric signals sent to the dog’s brain. This contraption was intended to be used on the battlefield. Of course, the glaring question is ‘what’s the point?’ Or, ‘why not use a man’s head?’ More to the point, why not directly remote control this device without a dog’s head within it? Whatever the case, keeping a disembodied head temporarily alive for a short-time, does not correlate with connecting organic nerve-endings with inorganic circuitry. As matters stand, I think the Soviets used this device to defuse bombs at a distance through remote-controlled operation, or a man could have been ‘bolted’ in to perform some type of military action whilst ‘armoured’, so to speak. Soviet science was progressive and advanced, and sought to progress the entirety of humanity – there was nothing ‘sinister’ about any of it, other than its refusal to be defined by the constant search for profit (as found within ‘capitalist’ science). Soviet science was intended to relieve humanity of its suffering, and not add to it. As regards military technology, although NATO spread nuclear weapons all around the Soviet borders – it was the Soviet Union that was depicted as the aggressor by the US. As a consequence, all Soviet military technology was ‘defensive’ in nature. This can be seen from the fact that only the US has ever used nuclear weapons.

Russian Languages References:

http://fishki.net/anti/2162571-teleport-v-podvale-kremlja-i-drugie-neobychnye-vewi.html

http://aeslib.ru/istoriya-i-zhizn/mir-vokrug/popytki-sozdaniya-v-sssr-supersoldat.html

Kim Jong Un (and Partner) Inspect ‘Socialist Paradise’ Fruit Farm (6.6.2014)

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(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

North Korea’s ‘Labour News’ reported on June 5th, 2014, that the First Secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea – Kim Jong Un and his wife Li Xueduo – inspected Datong Jianguo Mu Integrated Farm and the Datong River Fruit Processing Factory. Pu Fengzhu, Huang Bingxiao, Li Zaiyi and Cui Hui and other DPRK party and government leaders, also accompanied the inspection.

This was Kim Jong Un’s first came to Datong Jianguo Mu Integrated Farm. He remembered the experiences of Kim Jong Il, the former leader of North Korea, and stated: ‘I cannot help but think back to his visit with affection.’ Kim Jung Un looked out over the endless fruit trees and residential and welfare facilities at the foot of the tower, praising it as a beautiful place and a “paradise” of Socialism, as well as being an ideal village for the people. Kim Jong Un put forward the task of increasing fruit production. He emphasized the need to further strengthen the role of farm and fruit tree research departments in achieving scientific, modern and intensive fruit production.

Kim Jong Un then inspected the Datong River Fruit Processing Factory. He instructed that the processing factory should continuously improve the skill level of the factory workers, do a good job in equipment management and technical management, produce various processed fruits and ensure food safety.

Kim Jong Un expressed his expectation and trust that all employees of Datong Jianguo Mu Integrated Farm and Datong River Fruit Processing Factory will carry out the ideological line of the Workers’ Party of Korea and support the leadership of the party.

In addition, the Highland Fruit and Vegetable Farm in the foothills of Tieling in North Korea’s Gangwon Province, ushered in the first anniversary of Kim Jong Un’s field visit on June 3rd, and the Labour Party Newspaper of the Korean Workers’ Party reported that the farm has been expanded to ‘Socialism Paradise.’

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Chinese Language Reference:

http://world.huanqiu.com/photo/2014-06/2737204_2.html

Falun Gong Cult: Self-Deceiving Li Hongzhi (李洪志) [2016]

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(Translation and Research by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

Any path that deliberately exploits its adherents and takes away their ability to independently ‘think’, is not good for the individual or for society. The Falun Gong Cult is just such a path. Li Hongzhi is delusional, and his pathology is matched in his ‘disciples’ by their collective idiocy (as their individual selves nolonger exist). More to the point, Li Hongzhi has stated in person and in writing that anyone who ‘gives-up’ all their personal possessions and wealth into his care – and who is willing to stand on street corners with their hands in the air – will attain ‘eternal’ life. This lunacy stems from a man who routinely (and modestly) refers to himself as the one and only ‘Universal Lord Buddha’ (宇宙主佛 – Yu Zhou Zhu Fu)! The immediate problem Li Hongzhi has had to contend with is ‘reality’. This has become ever more evident and poignant as his disciples have started dying around him – usually of ill-health, and sometimes of old age. Recently, Li Hongzhi’s mother Lu Shuzhen (芦淑珍) passed away. In the past, Li Hongzhi had stated that as he is ‘divine’, his parents would be particularly blessed with longevity without having to train like ordinary disciples. However, even if an individual ‘trains’ like ordinary disciples, generally speaking this activity does not alter the natural cycle of life and death. Indeed, Flun Gong Cult training does not even ‘pro-long’ life, but certainly appears to shorten it! Reports suggest that in the US, Li Hongzhi and his henchmen have deliberately acted to ‘conceal’ at least 40 deaths from the media because such truth has the potential to prove Li Hongzhi to be the fraud he undoubtedly is.

The problem hinges on Li Hongzhi’s ‘anti-science’ and ‘anti-medicine’ rhetoric. He states that people do not need to see a doctor or take any medicine when they are ill or injured. When people are ill, they must stand on street corners with arms in the air, so as to ‘burn-off’ any and all ‘bad karma’ they may have generated in the past. Just what this means, or how this method works, Li Hongzhi does not explain. Besides, asking questions is forbidden in each Falun Gong Cult cell. According to Li Hongzhi, his method works ‘quicker’ the more money and real estate a disciple transmits into his name. failure to act quickly on the wealth transference front, risks wasting time and the illness progressing. Denouncing Communist China is another way of earning Falun Gong Cult ‘merit’ – but all disciples have to participate in this activity whether ill or not. Since 2005, it is known that at least 6 Australians have died whilst practising ‘life-extending’ Falun Gong Cult exercises. Li Hongzhi has tried to explain this by suggesting that these people did not breathe deep enough, raise their arms high enough, hate China enough, or transfer enough money into his bank account. On June 8th, 2009, Falun Gong Cult member and advanced practitioner Liu Ying (刘莺) suddenly dropped dead with no warning. Liu Ying had founded the Taiwan Falun Buddhist Association, and was the former Manager of Taiwan’s ‘NTDTV Asia-Pacific TV’. The Taiwan Falun Gong Cult branch immediately criticised Liu Ying for not following the ‘five exercises’ and pursuing ‘individual thoughts’ whilst working at the TV station. This ‘free thought’ had polluted the purity of the Falun Gong Cult practises, and this is supposed to explain why Liu Ying died of ‘natural causes’. In fact, records show that despite being the ‘Universal Lord Buddha’, Li Hongzhi sought medical treatment in 19 hospitals between 1983 – 1990, in Changchun City. During that time, Li Hongzhi received 48 different consultations (paid for by the Chinese State). Li Jiguang (李继光) is Li Hongzhi’s brother-in-law and ‘Epoch Times’ News Group Vice President. Whilst taken seriously ill in 2009, Li Hongzhi quietly authorised Li Jiguang’s hospitalization, where he shortly died of longterm kidney disease.

As the US supports and funds the Falun Gong Cult as a means to attack Communist China, Li Hongzhi can get away with saying all kinds of nonsensical things – and it does not matter to the US Authorities how many people die in the meantime. Bestowing blessings upon wealthy disciples ‘at a distance’ is a very lucrative practice for Li Hongzhi. He instructs Americans not to takeout medical insurance (US citizens must ‘pay’ for medical care), and instead give the money to him. Although Li Hongzhi used this ‘at a distance’ method with his mother, and given it had no positive effect on her health, it is astonishing that people in the West keep falling for this kind of dishonesty and dangerous activity. in 2014, a ‘master’ of Falun Gong Cult activity in Macao – named ‘Lin Yiming’ (林逸明) was taken ill with blood in his stools. Li Hongzhi forbade Lin Yiming from consulting a doctor, and his conditioned worsened, leading to his death in 2015. Li Hongzhi ordered a ‘media blackout’ due to the embarrassment caused by the death of one of his most ‘advanced’ Falun Gong Cult practitioners. Do not confuse the Falun Gong Cult with authentic Buddhist and Daoist practices, which are premised upon discipline and virtue, and not exploitation and delusions of grandeur.

Chinese Language Reference:

http://news.cnwest.com/content/2016-10/21/content_14204219.htm

Gay Communism

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From what I have seen and experienced, much of the gay community in the West remains firmly wedded to the capitalist system – whilst simultaneously complaining and campaigning against the anti-gay ideology that system produces. Being pro-capitalist, the rhetoric from many gay mouth-pieces is anti-Socialist and anti-Communist. Many gays routinely parrot the latest bourgeois lie about Russia (or any Slavic nation), and equate Soviet Communism with Nazi German fascism. This is not surprising, as this is the preferred rhetoric of the US. My family, as an act of solidarity, once took-part in the London Gay Pride March and was astonished that there was no official ‘Communist’ presence. I was told that the Communist Party was represented through the unions, and that I would be kept up to date about any development regarding Gay Rights. I felt this was a nonsense, and to date I have not been contacted again about this matter. The point is that trade unions do not represent the Communist Party – it is the ordinary people and the Red Flag that represents the Communist Party – end of story. Gay people need to free their minds of bourgeois conditioning, and unite with the ordinary proletariat to fight fascist oppression and free the working class from capitalist oppression. The Soviet Union over-ran the Nazi German Death Camps and cared for the inhabitants still held within – including ‘homosexuals’. There is a very profound and important difference between Communism and Nazism – which are diametrically opposed to one another. All true Communists will fight for ALL people to be free of fascist (and capitalist) oppression. Of course, this does not apply to Trotskyites, modern Russian nationalism, or the fascist movement in Russia termed ‘National Bolshevism’ (an integration of certain misrepresented Bolshevik attitudes and Hitlerism). The Russian Orthodox Church ensured that when Russia was under Czarist rule, homosexuality was ‘outlawed’. In 1917, Lenin abolished ALL Czarist law – including the anti-gay laws. For this progressive action he should be remembered and respected by the gay community. Later, the Soviet Union passed the first anti-child abuse laws – but there was an assumption that gay men sexually abused young boys. Homosexuality between women was not acknowledged (or opposed) within the USSR. I am told that as a number of leading Bolsheviks were known to be ‘gay’, Lenin was not interested in any anti-gay legislation. As regards the anti-child abuse law, it was not used against the gay community as such, but was used to break the habit of allowing sexual activity happening too young within backward or poorly educated communities. Child brides, incest, sexual abuse and child rape, were all tackled by this law. For some strange reason, the US tried to infiltrate the major cities of the USSR with a gay ‘fetish’ culture, that was not suitable for the Soviet mind-set or cultural setting. Within this fetish was the idea that the Soviet Union must be over-thrown. Stalin dealt with these infiltrators and expelled them back to the West. This was not an ‘anti-gay’ act, but rather one of ‘anti-capitalism’ and preserving the Revolution. It is only through such a Proletariat Revolution that ALL gay people can be ‘free’. Interestingly, it was under the Trotskyite Nikita Khrushchev that homosexuality was declared a ‘mental illness’, or a bourgeois diversion. This comes down to the debate within the medical community, as to whether gayness is ‘natural’ or ‘acquired’. Although interesting, the point is that ALL gay people must be protected from fascism, regardless of the origin of their gayness. Gay people need to rally round the Red Flag and claim it as their own!

How the Buddha Repositioned Awareness

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Buddhism was not designed to be a theistic religion, but rather an alternative to the belief that gods and goddesses existed ‘unseen’ in the material universe. The Buddha did not critique ‘monotheism’, simply because such a notion did not exist in the India of his day. However, this does not mean that the Buddha would have allowed monotheism whilst rejecting polytheism. The Buddha rejected any and all notions of theism, and every possible interpretation of theism. A logical question to this assertion is that if this is true, then why does the Buddhist system of philosophy maintain a bewildering array of divine-beings, living within multi-dimensional realms? This is a valid question which requires an in-depth knowledge of Buddhist teaching to answer correctly. The Buddha lived at a time in Indian history where it was common-place for ordinary and high status people to accept a religious mythology as an explanation of reality. The material world was ignored, and an imagined interpretation of reality superimposed upon it. When an entire culture behaves in this manner, an imagined reality is thought to exist through consensus. In other words, if enough people believe a myth is true, then the material world will be interpreted to justify this belief. Things are assumed to exist that do not, and things that are known to exist will be ignored. This is the mind-set the Buddha inherited from his family and community, and the mind-set he abandoned during his meditative journey. However, even though the Buddha abandoned mythology in his own mind, it was an obvious reality that the majority of those who came to him for instruction still existed in a mythological interpretation of reality. As a consequence, the Buddha carefully used the myths of theism, karma and rebirth to teach his disciples, and in so doing subtly ‘changed’ how these concepts should be understood. He did this as a transitory stage toward the final abandonment of these mythological ideas.

The Buddha states that if a disciple ‘believes’ in mythology, then mythology will appear ‘real’ and ‘self-evident’ in the mind of that disciple. For the Buddha, this blinkered view of reality constitutes what he termed the state of ‘delusion’. One of the bases of delusion is the holding of ‘false views’, which includes a belief in an eternal soul (atma), and any theistic system premised upon this construct. The Buddha demolishes belief in theistic religion by deconstructing its central premise of an ‘eternal soul’ (atma), which is believed to link each human to an imaginary god-construct, and to justify any and all theologically based political, social, cultural and economic systems (in the Buddha’s day, this viewpoint constituted a comprehensive rejection of Brahmanism and its racially derived caste system). What the Buddha did was radical and revolutionary – but to the modern mind it seems like common-sense. The Buddha changed the emphasis of the human mind from a focus upon imagination, to a logical and rational assessment of the material world, and humanity’s perception of it. Indeed, the Buddha even ascribes various function of the mind to be included in the material world and avoided the mind-body, or body-spirit dichotomy prevalent within Brahmanism (and any theistic system). With the rise of modern science in the West, the Buddha’s premise of directing the mind to correctly assess the perception of the inner (material) world that is the mind and body, and the outer (material) world that is the external, evolutionary environment, has mainstreamed for society and today just seems ‘normal’. Of course, the Buddha pushed things further by claiming that all human suffering could be reduced and then eradicated by using the mind in this way. His method was to focus his attention upon the functioning of the mind processes, so that he could become ‘aware’ of how the mind worked. Although subjective from a modern viewpoint, the Buddha was of the opinion that the external world, and its subjective reflection in the mind, were in reality two-sides of the same reality that transcended the subject-object dichotomy.

The Buddha used the method of clearly reflecting the viewpoints and opinions of others as they came into his presence. Although often presented as a ‘mystical’ power by others (but never by the Buddha), this was nothing of the kind. In the modern world, this is nothing but basic communication skills found in various ‘listening’ disciplines. A person within a particular culture will generally ‘present’ a basic blueprint of that cultural conditioning when expressing their view of the world. All that is required is the working-out of the unique experiences of an individual that ‘contextualize’ the general cultural conditioning. This can be seen within modern therapies, including psychology and psychiatry. By appearing to ‘relate’ to his disciples (although not necessarily ‘agreeing’), the Buddha was able to ‘lead’ their perception out of its cultural conditioning and into a new view of the world. It is within this ‘leading’ process that the idea of gods and goddesses appear and are considered (before being finally ‘rejected’ as unreal). The point is that the Buddha refused to reject things ‘point blank’, or in a one-sided or brutal manner, instead he used logical argument and persuasion. He would use a precise logic to explain the existing viewpoint, and then accurately deconstruct it, showing clearly where it was wrong, and how the disciple should or could change their thinking processes. Despite this patient approach, when confronted with a particularly billigerent enquirer, the Buddha could be ‘cutting’ in his criticism. The Buddha deployed a system which he thought was perfect for the time within which he lived.

Why was Sergey Korolev (Сергей Королев) Arrested? (1938)

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(Research and Translation by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

Author’s Note: Despite the Cold War being over for at least 26 years, it is extraordinary how Western academic discourse has not been able to shrug-off US-generated ‘disinformation’ about the Soviet Union, and directly access reliable Russian-language texts as a means to ‘correct’ the bizarre lies and improbable myths. Probably about a year ago, I attended a ‘Cosmonaut’ exhibition held at London’s Science Museum. Despite the esteemed reputation of this fine British institution, the narrative it pursued was the usual ‘illogical’ plurality that the Soviet Union was both extraordinarily ‘advanced’, whilst simultaneously being ‘backward’ and ‘despotic’. Sergey Korolev was treated as a genius who produced his best work after being arrested by Joseph Stalin, imprisoned on trumped-up charges, tortured and finally released. In fact, none of this is recorded as true within Soviet-era records. It was the NKVD (Soviet Secret Police) which moved against Korolev, with Stalin being informed at the end of the evidence gathering process. Korolev was not sentenced to death (as incorrectly stated by the English language Wiki-page dealing with his biography). Korolev was sentenced to 10 years hard labour, (which transpired to mean being well-cared for within a technological, working environment). Korolev was not tortured, and did not confess any crimes during his imprisonment. The only time that Joseph Stalin had any direct involvement with Korolev, is when he personally ordered Korolev’s release in 1944 (after just 6 years of imprisonment). During his imprisonment, Korolev carried-out vitally important scientific work for the Soviet State – hardly the behaviour or actions of a man supposedly betrayed by the State that he served. From my own research, Sergey Korolev was a potential target of Nazi German and Trotskyite agents operating in the USSR during the latter part of the 1930’s. The Soviet Authorities devised a plan to remove Sergey Korolev from public view until the threat of fascism was removed – by 1944 – that situation had arrived as the forces of Nazi Germany were being driven back to Berlin. Sergey Korolev was a staunch supporter of the Soviet System, and he used his genius to beat the US during the early Space Race. ACW (10.12.2017)

In the quite frankly ‘illogical’ world of US Cold War hysteria, paranoia, disinformation and plain bad Western academia, the Soviet Union is depicted as an armed Concentration Camp bristling with a disaffected population seeking ‘defection’ to the ‘capitalist’ (free) West at the earliest opportunity. This almost comical misrepresentation of world history is not so funny, when it is considered that the warmongers in Washington were seriously prepared to put the lives of tens of millions of people at risk around the world, simply in the maintenance and pursuance of this myth. The Soviet Union was a vast improvement upon the backward and corrupt feudal system it had replaced in 1917, but its success irritated the US ideologues due to its complete rejection of predatory capitalism. This meant that the dominant US corporate families (such as Rockefeller, Carnegie, Ford and the Rothschild, etc) spread throughout the capitalist world (together with the Catholic and Protestant Churches) had no direct say (or influence) over a large swathe of humanity. (The Jewish Rockerfeller and Carnegie families, amongst others, funded ‘eugenic’ programmes in the US prior to the outbreak of WWII). This general rightwing capitalist approach to the expansion of markets and generating of profit, led directly to an expressed antipathy toward the ‘Socialist’ USSR, which intended to inspire and support a world-wide Revolution, and the usurption of the capitalist system. In-short, the Soviet System protected millions of people from the ruthless expansion of a free market economy, and got in the way of the extension of predatory capitalism into Russia (at least until the end of 1991).

The rise of Leon Trotsky complicated matters between 1929 and his death in 1940. Whilst receiving financial support from leading American Zionists, Trotsky embarked upon the mission of developing a capitalist-friendly ‘pseudo-Socialist’ movement, which whilst appearing to support ‘Revolution’ in the name of the workers, actively strove to co-operate with the Bourgeois State and wed his movement to an alliance with world fascism. Trotsky, acting in concordance with the Roman Catholic Church, openly opposed the existence of the Soviet Union, and supported any and all rightwing movements around the world. This reached a peak in the mid to late 1930’s, where Trotsky and his supporters opposed the democratically elected ‘Socialist’ Republican government, and supported the fascist General Franco (the British Trotskyite George Orwell heeded this call and even travelled to Spain to join a Trotskyite militia). In 1938, Trotsky openly called for his followers to fully support Nazi Germany and its preparation for an attack on the USSR. Trotsky also called for the population of the Soviet Union to murder Joseph Stalin, and where possible, carry-out acts of sabotage and terrorism against the Soviet State. Although never ‘popular’ in the USSR, nevertheless, Trotsky did have a minority of followers in influential places, who were able to put into practice his call for illegal activities. The point of this sabotage was to weaken the Soviet State from within, and make it easier for the military forces of Nazi Germany to destroy the Red Army in open combat. By sabotaging the development of military equipment and technology, the Red Army would have its fighting efficiency drastically reduced.

This is the historical background to the time period within which Sergey Korolev (1907-1966) – the eventual father of the Soviet Space Programme – was arrested in 1938, and imprisoned within the Soviet Union. As usual, most Western narratives (including the English-language Wikipedia) are deficient or misleading when dealing with this episode. Korolev was not ‘tortured’ whilst in custody awaiting trial, or whilst in prison. In fact, he was treated very well, and was allowed to continue his scientific work whilst within a secure environment. The fact that he continued to develop scientific innovations whilst ‘detained’, is hardly the activities of a man under duress, and has led some to speculate that the Soviet State took him into protective custody to continue his crucial scientific work (concocting a ‘criminal’ cover story in the process). It could be that Nazi German and Trotskyite spies were conspiring to kill Sergey Korolev, and so it was in his best interests that he ‘disappear’ from public view for a time.

During the Spring of 1937. Reactive Scientific Research Institute No. 3 (RNII-3 – Scientific Research Institute for Jet Propulsion, later – NII-3) – came under intense governmental scrutiny. This was because of the action taken by the Head of Division Andreya Kostikov (Андрея Костикова) who wrote to Nikolayu Yezhovu (Николаю Ежову) of the Central Committee of the CPSU (B), stating that funds had been embezzled and new technology sabotaged by the Institute’s Director Ivana Kleymenova (Ивана Клейменова), the Deputy Director Georgiya Langemaka (Георгия Лангемака), and leading engineers Valentina Glushko (Валентина Глушко) and Sergey Korolev (Сергея Королева). Initially, the charges were aimed primarily at Kleymenova and Langemaka, with the two engineers accused of incompetence and mediocrity rather than collusion. Indeed, during the nights of the 2nd and 3rd of November, 1937, Kleymenova and Langemaka were arrested, and under interrogation, both admitted to ‘wrecking activities’. In the general narrative, it is believed that at this time, Kleymenova and Langemaka also implicated Glushko and Korolev (as well as others), but a close examination of the historical facts (within Russian language sources) indicates that at least in the case of Sergey Korolev, this assumption is incorrect. As matters transpired, once the NKVD had gathered and verified all the evidence pertaining to this case, acting in accordance with Soviet Law (which specified the ‘Death Sentence’ for this type of ‘political’ crime), Kleymenova and Langemaka were executed (by being ‘shot’). Although all the engineers were also ‘recorded’ as participating in ‘wrecking activities’, no further action was taken against them at the time. This suggests that Kleymenova and Langemaka, as corrupting influences, were removed so that Sergey Korolev (one of the USSR’s most prolific rocket experts), could do the progressive work that his bosses had prevented him from developing.

However, not long after these events, engineer Valentina Glushko was arrested and admitted to ‘wrecking activities’ alongside Nikolayem Il’inym (Николаем Ильиным) – the former Head of the Gas Dynamic Laboratory – but records show that no mention was made (either by Glushko or the NKVD) of Sergey Korolev.  It was surprising, therefore, that the NKVD arrested Sergey Korolev on the 27th of June, 1938 (as he was being released from hospital). Writing in the Russian-language book entitled ‘Father’ (Отец),  Natalia Korolev (Натальи Королевой) confirms that her father’s arrest had nothing to do with Glushko (or his bosses Kleymenova and Langemaka). Although Western narratives continuously assert that Sergey Korolev was arrested on ‘false charges’, this interpretation is incorrect – as Soviet-era records clearly show that Sergey Korolev was arrested with ‘no charges’ being levelled at him. It is interesting to note in passing, that in the opinion of Yaroslav Golovanov (Ярослава Голованова), in his book entitled ‘Korolev: Myths and Facts’ (Королев: факты и мифы), that Sergey Korolev had made an enemy of Kostikov – by standing in the way of him becoming the Director of Reactive Scientific Research Institute No. 3. Kostikov had been behind a number of reports implying that engineers had been involved in sabotage activates – but there is nothing in writing directly linking Kostilov to Korolev. Even so, biographer Georgiy Vetrov (Георгий Ветров), in his book entitled ‘SP Korolev and Cosmonautics’ (С.П. Королев и космонавтика), states that Korolev was ambitious to be in-charge of his own Institute – and was actively competing with Kostilov to influence the direction of jet engine design.

An intriguing clue as to the genius of Sergey Korolev is given by fellow employee Georgiy Vetro Leonid Dushkin (Георгий Ветро Леонид Душкин), who stated in an interview published in the Russian-language magazine entitled ‘Wings of the Motherland’ (Крылья родины), that one of the reasons for Korolev’s arrest, was that he had developed his own cruise missile device, as well as a rocket-propelled aeroplane. The engine did not use oxygen, but rather nitric acid (a development which Glushko knew about, but did not report). Again, it is assumed that whatever else was happening at Reactive Scientific Research Institute No. 3, it was a personal grudge held by Kostilov that led to Korolev being arrested. Yes, Korolev had broken protocols by acting without permission or direction, but on the other hand, he had demonstrated advanced ‘Socialist’ thinking in the service of the Soviet Union. This explains why the Soviet Authorities arrested Korolev without any ‘charge’ being given. He was removed from the obstructing influence of Kostilov, and within a highly disciplined and controlled technological environment, he was allowed to safely pursue his own developmental direction.

©opyright: Adrian Chan-Wyles (ShiDaDao) 2017.

Russian Language Source:

http://dialogforum.net/showthread.php?t=661

Meeting Daniel on the Streets of London (9.12.2017)

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Barclays Bank is part of the capitalist system that destroyed the world-wide economy between 2007-2010 – and which from 2010-2017 has been used to justify the Tory (and LibDems) ‘Austerity’ policy. This ‘Austerity” policy has been a whole-sale attack upon the British working class and ‘Socialised’ institutions built-up over decades by British tax-payers. This has seen the privatisation of the National Health Service (NHS), and the dismantling of the British Welfare State. Social Services have been cut, and over-all it is believed that 120,000 British people have starved to death, frozen to death, or died of medical negligence.

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Daniel – Former British Soldier Abandoned By His Country

Of this amount, at least 10,000 disabled people within UK society have died between 2010-2017. In fact, so callous have the Tories (and LibDems) been, that in 2016, the UK was found Guilty of Crimes Against Humanity following an indepth investigation by the United Nations (UN) – prompting the resignation of Ian Duncan Smith – the arch-Tory responsible for all the Welfare Reforms. The greedy banks that caused all this suffering have not been punished (other than in Iceland), but have rather been rewarded by having their loses met with taxpayer’s money – which has been re-directed away from the NHS and the Welfare State. This ‘Austerity’ policy has virtually finished-off ‘Social Housing’, and the implementation of the hideous ‘Universal Credit’ has led to an upsurge in food banks and those living homeless on the streets. In London, the Tories had ordered the police to continuously ‘move on’ the homeless out of the sight of tourists and the well to do, but there are so many homeless now, that the London police have given-up this policy. There is simply nowhere to move these unfortunate people to.

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In Greek Street, opposite a Christian building once used to administer alms to the poor, (but which now has a sign stating ‘no help for the destitute’), homeless can be found spread around doorways, side streets and anywhere they are shielded (at least in-part) from the freezing weather. Daniel’s set-up of a tent and hand-written signs caught my eye – that and the fact that in minus 2 temperature he was stood on the concrete pavement not wearing any shoes or socks. Considering his situation I found him to be a gentleman. He was polite, caring and concerned about us – when we were busy muttering platitudes. I asked about his socks and he explained that he had given his socks to another homeless person who was colder than he was.

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He asked me whether we were Socialists or Communists – and we said ‘yes’ to both. He then explained that homeless people in that area were trying to help one another and the ‘homed’ community by ‘sharing’ everything they had with one another. He then gave Mei-An (our eldest daughter) a lolli-pop and Kai-Lin (our youngest daughter) a packet of biscuits. This man with nothing on his feet, a former soldier in the British Army and a person betrayed by the country he has served and had risked his life for, actually asked if we ‘were’ cold.

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When North Korea’s Military Successfully Fought Zionist Israel (1973)

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Kim Il Sung and /yasser Arafat

(Research and Translation by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

Following the ‘Six Day War’ of 1967, which saw an expansionist Israeli illegally annex more Palestinian land – and land of its Arab neighbours – the Soviet Union cut-off all diplomatic relations with Zionist Israel, and stepped-up its economic and military aid to the Arab countries of the surrounding region. The Soviet strategists pin-pointed the US supplied Israeli Airforce, as being the key attribute of Zionist Israel’s imperial power. Zionist Israel always used its US-supplied military aircraft to devastate the large Arab military ground formations, using modern technology to sweep aside any competing Arab Airforces. Once air supremacy and/or air superiority had been achieved, the US-supplied Zionist Israeli ground forces would go in, causing high casualties and confusions in the defending Arab armies. The Soviet thinking was to construct a region-wide (and integrated) surface to air missile defence system, calibrated to exactly target and neutralise incoming Zionist Israeli warplanes. Without Zionist Israel gaining air superiority and/or air supremacy, its ground forces would be unprotected as they aggressively moved into lands beyond the geographical borders of Zionist Israel. As the combined Arab armies possessed far more soldiers than Zionist Israel’s imperialist troops, the logic dictated that the Arab weight of numbers should carry the day. Zionist Israel would be defeated, and the Arab countries could go to the UN and ‘demand’ freedom for Palestine.

President Nasser of Egypt resented the loss of land sustained by Egypt in the ‘Six Days War’ at the hands of Zionist Israel. His successor – President Sadat – eventually lost patience with the thousands of Soviet military advisors present in Egypt – and had all Soviet forces expelled during July, 1972. This situation left in place an elaborate Soviet air defence system that needed expertise to operate it. In the meantime, The activities of North Korea had impressed the Egyptians, particularly with regard to its detaining of USS Pueblo – a US warship disguised as a ‘research’ ship which had deliberately entered North Korean waters on a spying mission. North Korean forces attacked and successfully boarded the USS Pueblo on January 23rd, 1968 – killing one US servicemen and capturing the 83-man crew (which were held for 11 months in captivity). Also at this time, North Korean military activities aimed at the US imperialist forces on the Korean Peninsula dramatically increased, with the seizure of the USS Pueblo coming less than a week after President Lyndon Johnson’s State of the Union address to the United States Congress, and a week before the start of the Tet Offensive in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War. Another significant event at this time involved a North Korean special forces detachment crossing into US-controlled South Korea. This happened three days before the North Korean seizure of the USS Pueblo, and saw 31 men of North Korea’s KPA Unit 124 cross the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) and kill 26 South Koreans puppet soldiers, in an attempt to attack the South Korean Blue House in the capital Seoul. Then, on April 15th, 1969, North Korean forces shot-down the US EC-121 reconnaissance (spy) plane for violating North Korean air space. This highly successful military activity against the US imperialist forces in and around the Korean Peninsular impressed many Arab leaders, and led to Egypt requesting help to man its air defences in the event of any war with Zionist Israel.

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North Korean Airforce

Whereas the Egyptians thought that the Soviet Union was not providing the latest military equipments to the Arab forces, it was well-known that since the fall of Khrushchev in Russia, and as part of a Soviet initiative to heal the Sino-Soviet Split – the USSR had been providing the most advanced weaponry to the Korean People’s Army (KPA) – with North Korea being a staunch ally of Communist China. From March, 1973, North Korean officials arrived in Egypt for talks, and toured the major areas of potential conflict (including the Suez Canal). This was when the Egyptian government formally requested that North Korea send military pilots to help defend Egypt from Zionist Israeli attack. This request was agreed to, with North Korean officials stating that in support of Arab Socialism, the North Korean regime will defend Egyptian territory from any Western-led, imperialist attack. In a short time, North Korean military pilots and their support crews were established on Egyptian territory, which led to Zionist Israel announcing on August 15th, 1973, the presence of the North Korean military forces in Egypt. Whereas both Egypt and North Korea issued official statements of denial, Zionist Israel stated that it would ‘destroy’ Egypt for daring to seek allies outside the region. This Zionist Israeli threat of military violence would come to fruition with the so-called ‘Yom Kippur War’.

Kim Il Sung’s viewpoint was that an alliance between Egypt and North Korea would be beneficial to both sides, militarily and economically. North Korean pilots had been fighting the US imperialists over North Vietnam, and this experience could be imparted to their Egyptian counter-parts. On the other hand, the highly aggressive and racist imperialism of Israeli Zionism created a new and highly focused form of Western, imperialist military strategy and tactics. It would be good experience for North Korean pilots to experience this highly aggressive form of imperialist expansionism, and formulate an appropriate ‘Socialist’ response to it. This is why Kim Il Sung also authorised a special military advisory group be immediately despatched to Egypt.

During June 1973, 1,500 North Korean military advisers were secretly despatched to Egypt to help the Egyptian Air Defense Force operate surface-to-air missiles (based around West Cairo). As a result of wearing civilian clothes, these soldiers were disguised as ordinary North Korean labourers working overseas (to earn foreign exchange currency). This clever deception cheated the intelligence agencies of the United States, South Korea and Israel. Before this, however, a large consultative delegation had already arrived in Egypt, consisting of 39 members of the North Korean Airforce Mission, which had long been involved in fighting for Egypt. Among these North Korean, there were 20 pilots, 8 ground technicians, 5 translators, 3 administrative personnel and 1 Political commissar, a medic and a cook, with the designated Team Leader being North Korean Airforce Chief of Staff – Zhao Minglu (赵明禄). Most of the early North Koreans pilots who went to Egypt were mostly ‘Veteran’ fighter-pilots with more than 2,000 flying hours and were experienced combat personnel. Upon their arrival, they began to guide their Egyptian allies in training, and conducted combat readiness flights along the Suez line.

In formulating plans for a theoretical battle over Sinai Peninsula, Zhao Minglu, Sadat, and Mubarak held a number of joint meetings to study a plan for the suppression of the dominant Israeli Airforce. Zhao Minglu proposed a surprise attack by the Egyptian Airforce (similar to that used by the Israeli Airforce during the ‘Six-Day War’), as a means of psychologically and physically devastating the Zionist aggressor. This daring tactic would involve Egyptian fighters not to directly fly to the east bank of the Suez Canal, but instead head directly northward to the hinterland of the Sinai (through low-altitude flying). This would enable the Egyptian Airforce to avoid the frontline Zionist defences, using the ‘Art of War’ principle of ‘Replying in kind’ (lit: ‘Treat Others as They Treat You’).  After some careful preparations, on October 6th, 1973, the ‘Yom Kippur’ (Day of Atonement) Offensive began. With the help of North Korea’s Advisory Team, the Egyptian Airforce dispatched an attack formation consisting of 200 fighters, which succeed in surprising the Zionist Israeli Forces (which suffered heavy losses). South Korea’s media quoted an Israeli Ministry of Defense communiqué stating that North Korean pilots in Egypt – flying eight MiG-21 fighter jets – had shot down many Zionist Israeli F-4E fighters.

Although the ‘Yom Kippur War’ eventually ended in a draw between the Arab countries and Israel, the experience served to escalate the relations between Egypt and North Korea to the point of ‘blood alliance.’ Mubarak also established a profound friendship with Kim Il Sung. Eventually, in the years after the ‘Yom Kippur War’, Egypt turned to the United States and dismissed the Soviet Union as an ally in its fight against Zionist Israel. However, North Korea remained loyal to helping Egypt’s army and its development. In 1977, Egypt transferred two R-17E (Scud-B) missiles to North Korea and at least one 9P117 launch vehicle. These weapons were all that was given that year as Soviet aid to Egypt. Egypt’s gift was shipped back to Nampo Port by a North Korean freighter and was forwarded to Pyongyang’s Machinery Factory (code-named ;Pyongyang Pig-Raising Factory’) on January 25th, a subsidiary of the Second Economic Commission, for imitation. The mimicked missile was named ‘Hua City-5’. The first batch testing of 6 sample bombs was conducted during April-September 1984 with three successful and unsuccessful operations.

After the assassination of Sadat in 1981, Mubarak succeeded as President. In the Middle East, Egypt became a staunch ally of the United States, but on the Korean Peninsula, Egypt refused to recognize South Korea (because it was a colony of the US). Mubarak once told DPRK officials: ‘I will stick to the covenant with Chairman Kim Il Sung and vow to not establish diplomatic relations with South Korea.’ On April 6th, 1983, at a ceremony welcoming Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak’s visit to North Korea, Chairman Kim Il Sung said: ‘During the 1973 war, North Korea and Egypt fought side by side like brothers.’ Not until the second year after Kim Il Sung’s death, in 1995, did Mubarak establish diplomatic ties with South Korea – but only after Communist China had also established such ties. Communist China is North Korea’s staunchest ally in the region.

©opyright: Adrian Chan-Wyles (ShiDaDao) 2017.

Chinese Language Reference:

http://war.163.com/13/1224/15/9GSD8TFI00014OMD.html

Did the Soviets Find Life on Venus?

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Verena 13

(Research and Translation by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

The authoritative Russian astronomer and Chief Researcher of the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences – Leonid Ksanfomality – has published an article in which he asserts that there may be life on Venus. The scientist analysed images transmitted from the surface of this planet by the Soviet space probe Venera-13 in 1982. On a series of successive frames (9 pictures), he discovered several objects that appear and disappear.

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The object Leonid Ksanfomality called a ‘scorpion’.

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‘Scorpion’ appears only at time interval of 87-100 min (number 1). Before and after this, it is not in the pictures.

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The ‘Scorpion’.

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A ‘Black Patch’ under the arm of the probe 0-13 min but not thereafter.

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A ‘disc’ object that changes form.

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Leonid Ksanfomality. Criticism of this idea (i.e. ‘life on Venus’) is built on the presumed fact that life on Venus is impossible due to its harsh conditions. This is ‘terrestrial chauvinism.’ After all, no one has proved that there cannot exist forms of life under conditions that are fundamentally different from those on Earth. In the near future, the astronomer is going to publish new data proving the existence of life on Venus.

©opyright: Adrian Chan-Wyles (ShiDaDao) 2017.

Russian Language Source:

http://fototelegraf.ru/103584-rossijskij-uchenyj-obnaruzhil-zhizn-na-venere.html

Soviet Photographs of Venus (1982)

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Venera 13 (left) Venera 14 (right)

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NASA has never been able to send a probe to land on Venus because it could not solve the problem of the immense gravity on the planet, which has the potential to ‘crush’ any mechanical device sent from Earth. Even today, NASA is unable to send a probe to Venus. In November, 1981, however, the Soviet Union launched two probes – Venera 13 on the 30th of October, and Venera 14 on the 4th of November – both of which landed successfully on the surface of Venus. ‘Venera’ is written in the Russian language as ‘Венере’, and translates as ‘Venus’. The probes were launched five days apart, and took four months to reach the orbit of venus. Both probes landed on the surface of Venus on the 5th of March 1982, around 950km apart. Each probe carried equipment such as:

Accelerometer, Impact analysis – Bison-M, Thermometers, Barometers – ITD, Spectrometer / Directional Photometer – IOAV-2, Ultraviolet Photometer,Mass spectrometer – MKh-6411, Penetrometer / Soil ohmmeter – PrOP-V, Chemical Redox indicator – Kontrast, 2 colour telephotometer cameras – TFZL-077, Gas chromatograph – Sigma-2, Radio / Microphone / Seismometer – Groza-2, Nephelometer – MNV-78-2, Hydrometer – VM-3R, X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer (Aerosol) – BDRA-1V,X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer (Soil) – Arakhis-2,Soil Drilling Apparatus – GZU VB-02,Stabilized Oscillator / Doppler Radio, Small solar batteries – MSB

Soviet scientists developed a titanium core for each probe which was designed to retain structural integrity for around 32 minutes after landing, but in reality each probe lasted 57 minutes. This allowed the Soviet computerised photographic equipment onboard to take extraordinary photographs and transmit this data back to Earth. The pressure to get all this exactly right was tremendous, as speed was of the essence. After 57 minutes, even the titanium cores were crushed to pieces and the Soviet Venera 13-14 Landers were no more. As can be seen, Venus has a thick, cloudy and ruddy atmosphere. To date, no other probe has been sent to the surface of Venus. Atmospheric pressure on Venus is 90 times higher than on Earth, and the temperature on its surface is about 460 degrees Celsius. As with all Soviet Space Missions, this was achieved without recourse to corporate sponsorship or the search for monetary profit. This was a scientific mission designed to further human understanding.

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Russian Language References:

http://www.sai.msu.su/ng/solar/venus/main.htm

http://fototelegraf.ru/103584-rossijskij-uchenyj-obnaruzhil-zhizn-na-venere.html

http://lfly.ru/himicheskij-sostav-venery.html

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