The Sangha Kommune (僧伽公社) Defined

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Ch’an Master Caotang siad:

There is nothing special to leadership – essentially it is a matter of controlling the evils of biased information and autocracy. Do not just go by whatever is said to you first – then the obsequities of petty people seeking favour will not be able to confuse you.

After all, the feelings of a group of people are not one, and objective reason is hard to see. You should investigate something to see its benefit or harm, examine whether it is appropriate and suitable or not; then after that you may carry it out.

True Record of Sushan (Song Dynasty)

The Chinese Buddhist monastic community is referred to as a ‘Sangha’ (Sanskrit for ‘spiritual community’), whereby men and women form a voluntary association premised upon following a strict set of rules known as the ‘Vinaya Discipline’. Within this community, there is ‘equality’ between all members, with the leaders being those who have followed these rules for the longest times. This is because such people are thought to have more experience at adhering to the Vinaya Discipline (which includes celibacy and vegetarianism), and are therefore able to effectively advise all others through the difficult times they my face in their practice. As those with little experience have less to share, they are not considered leaders whilst more experienced practitioners live in the vicinity. Of course, this is a relative matter depending upon the size of population of a community, and the length of time it has existed, and the quality of the masters (male or female) that have led it. Those who cannot keep the Vinaya Discipline (of over 200 rules) generally choose to leave on their own accord, with those who confess breaking the major rules being asked to leave and expelled from the monastic community (due to the bad example they set). However, the term ‘Sangha’ is often more loosely applied to the devout or dedicated lay community, the members of which follow at least 5, 8 or 10 vows as a life routine, and who regularly visit the local temple and volunteer their time in worthwhile social or charitable activities. In this manner, the monastic Sangha teach and guide the lay Sangha, and the lay Sangha applies the Buddha’s teachings of compassion, loving kindness and wise action to the outside the temple, and thereby expand the Buddha-Dharma beyond the temple. As the Buddha originally taught that there is no ‘difference’ in enlightened essence between the monastic and lay community, the monastics do not consider themselves ‘superior’ and the lay community does not consider itself ‘inferior’ to one another. The principle of ‘Sangha, therefore, denotes a sacred space defined and maintained through the principles of psychological and physical self-discipline and learning, premised upon a general attitude of mutual respect. The Sangha, in both essence and function, is a model for a ‘commune’ operating through the vigorous principles of  equality’, ‘discipline’ and ‘wisdom’. These are the principles embodied within this blog – regardless of the scope of its subject matter.

The term ‘Kommune’ is taken from the German word for ‘Commune’, and is directly related to the principles of Scientific Socialism, as formulated by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Indeed, within German language editions of the works of Marx and Engels, the term ‘Kommune’ is often encountered. This type of ‘Kommune’ is also a voluntary association, albeit distinctly ‘modern’ in origination, and designed to serve the Revolutionary needs of the Proletariat – or the mass of peasants forced to work in the industrialised factories produced by the oppressive capitalist system. Working 12 to 16 hours a day, strictly by the clock, whilst being dictated to by brutal managers and the movement and operation of monotonous machines, these peasants were transformed into self-disciplined and highly exploited automatons of industry, waiting for the right historical epoch to free themselves from their endless toil for little reward. Just as the collective mind is ‘dulled’ by endless hours of repetitive toil, it is ‘freed’, ‘activated’ and ‘expanded’ when encountering the strictures of Scientific Socialism, and a non-resisting ‘false consciousness’ is replace by a resisting ‘true consciousness’. Generally, when the mind is freed from the straitjacket of oppression, the body soon follows, even though it is equally true that if the body is freed by a Revolution caused by others, then the mind soon follows! In these post-modem times, proletariat ‘true consciousness’ is much more amorphous in manifestation, particularly as factory work becomes ever less prevalent in the West. Although the modes of capitalist exploitation change with the epoch, the nature of capitalist exploitation (and class distinction) remains exactly the same. Striving for the establishment of a ‘Kommunistic’ society remains the duty of all right-minded working class people across the globe, with the Marxist principle of ‘Internationalism’ replacing nationalism and racism, etc. The point is that the ‘true consciousness’ of the working class is premised entirely upon non-hatred for one another, as this hatred has been imported into the working class by the very capitalists that exploit them! By rejecting capitalism, the working class is rejecting the greed, hatred and delusion that underlies all capitalist thought and action. This working class mission is no less ‘sacred’ than its Buddhist counter-part, and shares exactly the same essence. The author of this blog strives to agitate for the peaceful achievement of both inner and outer Revolution amongst by any means necessary (to quote Malcolm X).

Having defined two interpretations of ‘Kommune’, it is important to also emphasis the pivotal notion of ‘education’ and the training of the human mind to discern a relevant ‘truth’ in any given situation or circumstance. Learning in a classroom, through a book, encounter groups, political meetings, protest marches, meditation sessions, or the internet, are all crucial aspects of ‘refining’ the memory and ‘honing’ the intellect. The thought processes (and emotionality) must be ‘calmed’ for the sake of ‘wise’ action and non-action when young, so that avoidable errors and mistakes are reduced to the minimum, and progressive activity increased to the maximum (to selflessly benefit humanity).  This is not always easy, and the ability to recognise non-efficient thought-patterns and behaviours should also be cultivated as a means toward achieving self-forgiveness, and the forgiveness of others. The important point is that the mind should be kept in a positive frame of operation, so that the body can be used for various types of ‘enlightened’ political, cultural and social action. The physical body must be clearly (and cleanly) directed by the mind (the seat of volition), and kept physically fit through appropriate activities. This psycho-physical training sets the stage for the refined individual to understand the frequency and quality of inner and outer energy, and immediately understand the best action (if any) to take, or instantly ‘know’ when others are ‘lying’, or presenting ‘untruth’ as ‘truth’. This ability can be further used to generate ‘correct’ work that counters the lies of a society motivated entirely by greed, racism and an indifference to the suffering of humanity and other life forms. Therefore, this ‘Sangha Kommune’ blog is a work in progress that covers a bewildering array of topics, opinions, and research data. By taking a step back away from its content – the general reader will begin to understand the underlying (and motivating) paradigm. This is essentially a ‘Kommunist’ zone where all beings are automatically ‘freed’ at the point of contact. The need for money is already ‘transcended’, and the energy frequency of the Sangha Kommune should be used by all to achieve a state of permanent ‘freedom’ in all circumstances. This is a space of permanent Cyber Kommunism, and ongoing Revolutionary activity in the form of ‘exposing’ and ‘dissolving’ the bourgeois system and its redundant mode of capitalist organisation.

Mindless ‘Bourgeois’ Terrorism is Against Socialism

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‘The weapon of criticism cannot, of course, replace criticism of the weapon, material force must be overthrown by material force; but theory also becomes a material force as soon as it has gripped the masses. Theory is capable of gripping the masses as soon as it demonstrates ad hominem, and it demonstrates ad hominem as soon as it becomes radical. To be radical is to grasp the root of the matter. But, for man, the root is man himself.’

Marx, Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right. Introduction (1843)

Karl Marx was opposed to the judicial Death Sentence, and warned against pointless acts of desperate terrorism against the State, its assets, or those that serve it. On the other hand, Marx clearly stated that the Working Class had a right to defend itself from external aggression. The impression left is that ‘cliches’ of terrorists are pursuing a counter-productive (bourgeois) course of action that does nothing in its limited scope, to collectively ‘free’ the working class from the yoke of capitalist oppression. Indeed, such action inflicts mindless death upon individuals, and the damage and destruction of property, facilities and resources. Generally speaking, the State responds by limiting the ‘freedoms’ of its own citizens under the guise of ‘preventing’ further terrorist attacks. Therefore, the bourgeois habit of ‘separatist’ of terrorist groups attacking specific symbolic targets, ultimately brings a greater oppression upon the Working Class, particularly if those groups represent religion, nationalism, or limited special interest groups. Of course, things are different during times of open warfare, as with the circumstances of WWI that led directly to the Russian October Revolution of 1917, the founding of North Korea at the end of WWII, or the subsequent founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949 (following the defeat of the ‘Nationalist’ Chiang Kai-Shek). Furthermore, the Soviet Union engaged in legitimate ‘self-defence’ activity during the Great Patriotic War (1941-45) and in the process defeated German Nazism. During the Cold War, the countries of the Communist Bloc defended their best ‘class’ interests against Western ‘capitalist’ aggression. In the West today, it is terrorist groups motivated by a vision of distorted religion, and fascism that are carrying-out their attacks on innocent civilians. This is still the case, even if they state that they are ‘retaliating’ for the hundreds of thousands of civilian deaths caused by US and NATO military action in the Middle East since 1991. Although it is true that the forces of capitalism (which includes Zionist Israel and its persecution of the Palestinians), do routinely deploy immense weapons of mass destruction, and often use those weapons motivated through a racist disregard for its victims, bourgeois acts of isolated terrorism does absolutely ‘nothing’ for the well-being of the Working Class, does not bring its freedom any closer, and often makes life considerably harder for those that toil for a living. As matters currently stand in the affluent West, it is more productive to pursue a path of legitimate progressive education, join a ‘legal’ leftwing Revolutionary political party (such as the ‘Communist Party’), and work to peacefully convert the forces of capitalist oppression over to the Socialist cause. Do not harm or kill the servants of the current bourgeois system, but treat them with respect and ‘convince’ them through reasoned argument that the establishment of Scientific Socialism in the UK through the democratic system, is in their best interests.

China: Woman Spends More Than 10,000 Yuan Trying to Buy Fake ‘Monkey’ (21.3.2017)

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Original Author: Chen Ying (陈英) – Chongqing Evening News

(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

On March 16th, 2017, 24 year-old Ms Dong (董) of Yubei District, embarked upon the process of purchasing a little monkey intended to be a pet, after seeing what she thought was a legitimate advertisement on ‘WeChat’ which featured a video of a little monkey playing – together with a contact telephone number. The seller immediately demanded a ‘deposit’ of 650 Yuan, to ensure that the monkey would not be sold to another buyer. After handing over the money – a new message informed Ms Dong that her monkey was in quarantine (after being imported into China by air), and that she would have to pay a further 3700 Yuan for its medical care and general upkeep. On March 17th, Ms Dong received a note from a person claiming to represent a courier firm – stating that the monkey had to have a very expensive vaccine – which would cost Ms Dong another 2,000 Yuan. If she did not pay, she would not receive the monkey or get any of her money back. The next day, Ms Dong – worried for the monkeys safety – decided to pay the 2,000 Yuan via ‘WeChat’. The next ‘demand’ stated that the courier firm was being difficult and would not ship the monkey without insurance cover of another 4,000 Yuan – which Ms Dong paid after being told she had 12 hours to comply. The seller then provided a ‘fake’ screen-shot statement of account, claiming Ms Dong had not paid the 4,000 Yuan. It was at this point in the proceedings that Ms Dong contacted the Yubei District Public Security Bureau – where two police officers were assigned to investigate this case (which is ongoing). The police stated that under Chinese Law it is illegal to trade animals in a private capacity, as this does not guarantee the safety or good treatment of said animals. To sell animals in China, the owner must possess an up-to-date licence from the government that guarantees that the animals are looked after and cared for to an appropriate degree – as animal cruelty is a criminal act under Chinese Law – punishable with imprisonment and high fines. Furthermore, the police stated that monkeys are an endangered species both inside and outside of China, and those trafficking them in any way will face the harshest of legal punishment. Monkeys should not be captured in the wild and forced to live in small cages, as this distresses them greatly, and makes their behaviour highly aggressive and unpredictable. If anyone encounters animal trafficking or animal cruelty in China – they should immediately contact the local police.

©opyright: Adrian Chan-Wyles (ShiDaDao) 2017.

Original Chinese Language Article:

http://news.cnwest.com/content/2017-03/21/content_14612928.htm

女子花一万余元买猴子当宠物 被卖家“当猴耍”

时间:2017-03-21 14:39:00  来源:重庆晚报  作者:陈英

买猴子当宠物 被卖家当猴耍

重庆晚报讯 3月16日,家住渝北区的24岁董女士决定,买一只小猴子当宠物养。

通过添加一段宠物猴子视频上留下的微信,董女士获得卖猴人的联系电话。按对方要求,先通过微信发红包650元作为定金,就能收到空运来的小猴子。听对方说猴子要进行检疫,还需要付款3700元,董女士又用微信转去3700元。对方再次表示,猴子检疫完成后就立马发空运过来。

3月17日,一个自称是快递公司工作人员的人添加董女士微信。对方说,还要给猴子打疫苗才能运过来,费用2000元。董女士又通过微信转去2000元,不料等到次日,还是没收到空运猴子。

董女士找到卖家,对方称可能是没给猴子买保险金,所以快递公司没发货。猴子保险金4000元,收货后12小时退还。于是,董女士又转去4000元。

没想到的是,对方收到这笔钱后把转账信息删除后的聊天记录截图发给她,声称没收到保险金,要她再转4000元。

董女士这才怀疑对方是骗子,马上向渝北区公安分局两路派出所报警。目前,该案正在侦办中。

警方提醒:类似私自买卖国家保护动物属违法行为。因为,饲养国家二级保护动物以下的猴子,需到当地林业部门办理《野生动物驯养繁殖许可证》以及相关手续。另外,猴子是一种情绪波动很大的动物,笼养失去了宠物意义。牵养需要驯猴技巧,否则容易发生逃跑和伤人情况。 重庆晚报记者 陈英

Chinese People Being Kind to Animals (Photographs)

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Many Chinese people living in Mainland China are influenced by the Buddhist and Daoist practises of vegetarianism and being ‘kind’ to animals. As a Communist country – it is well known that Karl Marx spoke-out against the barbarity of the industrialised farming system and its drive to produce great amounts of cheaply produced ‘meat’ for human consumption. Many people in China have an idea of Animal Rights that is deeply entrenched in their psyche, and the product of thousands of years of continuous culture – although, of course, some Chinese people do eat meat (either regularly or occasionally). As China has prospered since 1949, the government has banned the eating of cats and dogs – simply because it is not necessary, as other types of meat is far more available and easier to acquire (where this ‘illegal’ activity continues – it is carried-out by criminal gangs that are severely punished when caught). However, many Western Animal Rights groups use the excuse of ‘animal welfare’ as a means to propagate ‘anti-Chinese’ racism disguised as ‘concern’ for standards of animal care. During this activity, the Chinese people are portrayed as ‘sub-human’ and their behaviour toward animals as ‘barbaric’. This is nothing more than a racist stereotype in operation that is very common in the West. Questionable petitions, photo-shopped pictures and fake stories are used to rope-in unsuspecting people in supporting a racist attack upon China, justified by a fallacious sense of Eurocentric ‘moral outrage’. This demonstrates the ‘imperialist’ nature of many of these supposed ‘Animal Rights’ groups in the West, the members of which express no concern for the inequalities their fellow human beings suffer, the animal cruelty prevalent in the West (due to Christian dogma that animals ‘have no souls’), or the fact that most of them live very close to a 24 hour slaughter factory! Before assisting in these racist attacks on China, always take time to check the validity of the story, and assess whether the there is any better way of approaching the situation. Many people in China love animals and strive daily to improve conditions, and would welcome a constructive Western input premised upon equality and mutual respect.

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Tokyo War Crimes Trial: Tojo Hideki (Photographs) [29.4.1946 Onwards]

On April 29th, 1946, the Far East International Military Tribunal began the trial of 28 top-level Japanese War Criminals. On May 3rd, the Court began the trial proper of Tojo Hideki, with Chief Public Prosecutor Keenan – over May 4th and May 5th – reading-out the 42-page Indictment that listed the Crimes Against Peace, War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity committed by Tojo Hideki between January 1st, 1928 and September 2nd, 1945.

(Translator’s Note: Tojo Hideki (東条 英機) – the former Prime Minister of Japan – was arrested and tried by the victorious United States following its military victory over Japan in the Pacific theatre at the end of WWII. The  US – wanting to re-build Japan in its own image – decided to grant immunity to the Japanese Emperor (thought to be the ‘actual’ architect of Japanese military aggression during WWII), and instead pursue Tojo Hideki. This policy was dedicated to finding Tojo Hideki ‘guilty’ of all charges levelled against him (regardless of how incredible or improbable) – and thus secure the Death Sentence. Tojo Hideki was hanged by the US Occupation Forces on December 23rd, 1948.) ACW 29.3.2017

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Original Chinese Language Article:

http://news.ifeng.com/history/vp/200904/0421_5626_1117864_15.shtml

东京大审判:日本甲级战犯东条英机受审

1946年4月29日,远东国际军事法庭对东条英机等28名甲级战犯正式起诉。5月3日,法庭召开第一次公开会议,开始审理东条英机等战犯的罪行。3日至4日,首席检察官基南宣读长达42页的起诉书,历数了自1928年1月1日至1945年9月2日期间,被告所犯的反和平罪、战争罪和违反

When Pakistan Invaded Laos for the US (c. 1958-1961)

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Mohammed Ayub Khan (1907-1974) was a British (Sandhurst) educated military officer who served in the (British) Indian Army during WWII, but who subsequently chose to change his allegiance to the newly British created (Muslim) State of Pakistan following Indian Independence in 1947. In 1958, he (and a number of military co-conspirators), over-threw the democratically elected government of Pakistan – and Mohammed Ayub Khan had himself briefly declared the ‘eighth’ Prime Minister of Pakistan – before settling on the more permnent post of the ‘second’ President of Pakistan (a post he held until 1969), and assumed all effective governmental control of the country. It is stated that his totalitarian (and openly ‘anti-Soviet’) rule eventually led to the loss of East Pakistan (which subsequently became Bangladesh following a popular uprising in 1971).  However, between 1958 and 1961, Mohammed Ayub Khan authorised the deployment of 5,000 Pakistani troops in an invasion of Laos, in support of the USA’s anti-Communist foreign policy in the region (a policy that would lead to the Vietnam War). It seems incredible to believe that an Asian man – whose ethnicity had been the historical victim of a brutal and racist Western imperialism – would side with exactly the same ideology emanating from the USA, and use Asian soldiers to oppress another Asian ethnicity as a punishment for pursuing its own self-determination and freedom from the tyranny of colonisation. Despite this bizarre example of White imperialists using Asian people to pursue policies that are not in their own best interests, the Laotian people did eventually achieve their Communist Revolution in 1975. Ironically, today the USA pursues a ruthless anti-Muslim strategy that centres around racial demonisation against such countries as Pakistan – which are now depicted throughout Western media as hot-beds of Islamic extremism, Islamo-fascism, and anti-Western terrorism. (A mythology compounded by the apparent fact that America’s enemy number 1 – the former CIA Operative Osama Bin Laden – had been hiding out there, in a secure compound for years). Christopher Andersen – in his 2013 book entitled ‘These Few Precious Days – The Final Year of Jack with Jackie’ – states (on page 122) that so grateful was President John F Kennedy for Mohammed Ayub Khan’s 5,000 Pakistani troop deployment in Laos (at a time when the CIA was over-stretched planning and carry-out its anti-Communist ‘Bay of Pigs’ fiasco in Cuba), that he ordered the White House Staff to arrange a ‘special’ candle-lit dinner evening, not in the White House itself, but rather on the lawn of Mount Vernon. Not only was this a logistical nightmare (apparently over-come by the organising skills of Jackie Kennedy), but it was the first time that a foreign guest would be fed dinner outside the White House itself. Thousands of White House Staff and Security personnel had to arrange for the transport of everything – including generators, a marching band, the press corps and a full orchestra – to the site, and co-ordinate the entire evening, which eventually unfolded successfully. As an indication of the bourgeois excess on display at the time, (and probably a light-hearted allusion to Mohammed Ayub Khan’s undemocratic means of seizing power in Pakistan), the marching band finished its display by aiming its rifles and firing blanks at the press corps – a pre-arranged stunt that saw the press corps raise a ‘White Flag’ in surrender.

How South Korea ‘Disinforms’ About North Korea

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Whereas North Korean State media reports factual news articles about South Korea (and its allies) to its own population, the same cannot be said about the behaviour of the South Korean media. Although there are many examples of this in ROC-produced Chinese language sources (designed to affect opinion outside of Mainland China), I reference just one here (see below), dated as 18.2.2016. The ROC does nothing through its own volition, but faithfully pursues US foreign policy in every move it makes against the DPRK. Therefore, ROC propaganda is a priori anti-Communist in nature, and designed to ridicule and disparage the DPRK at every turn. No mater what the story is about, the ROC reflects a highly distorted version with little grounding in material fact, whilst always alleging that DPRK media sources are being accessed and consulted. In fact, most ROC stories are purely fictional and have no corresponding DPRK media source – despite ROC claims. An assessment of the language used in these false-flag reports, and the thought processes behind them, appear distinctly ‘European’ in origin, and generated from a position of Western, racist attitudes – before being translated into the Korean and Chinese languages. The obvious candidate for these missives, is of course the CIA. The titles often allude to a certain ‘comedic’ quality assumed by Western racists to exist in their brand of Eurocentric prejudice. For instance, the article below carries the Chinese language title of ‘連5年榮獲「最佳穿著男士」的金正恩下令要送反北韓人士恐嚇包裹。(圖/翻攝自DPRK News Service推特)’. This states that Kim Jong Un has authorised an all-out ‘terrorist’ attack on any people holding anti-DPRK.  The apparent ‘comedic’ element is that Kim Jong Un has had himself ‘voted’ the ‘Best Man’ in the DPRK five years in a row! This headline portrays the DPRK as a despotic and tyrannical regime, run by an egotistical and maniacal mad man (shades of Team America). Straight-away the damage is done and the stage is set.  The article goes on to explain that North Korean leader Kim Jong-un issued a directive to the General Staff of the Korean People’s Army criticising the joint military exercise held by the United States and South Korea, demanding that there should be a ‘positive strengthening’ of the terrorist attacks upon South Korea. The fact that these US-ROC military exercises are designed to intimidate and terrorise the DPRK is not mentioned, and neither is the fact that the US and ROC forces routinely violate DPRK airspace and coastal waters – trying to goad the DPRK into a military show-down. The ROC then fabricates a non-existent ‘list’ of preferred terrorist activities aimed at anti-DPRK elements, supposedly authorised by Kim Jong Un – which includes the kidnapping of South Korean government, military and civilian personnel, sending intimidating parcels to ROC citizens, threats against personal safety, disrupting State and public facilities, and cyber-attacks aimed at the ROC government and financial sector. This reads exactly like an Islamophobic American list, aimed to ‘criminalise’ all Muslims throughout the world. The theatre may change, but the US racist rhetoric remains exactly the same. Indeed, this fallacious story was subsequently used to direct the ROC Parliament – to as quickly as possible – pass a law that would create an ROC-version of the US ‘Patriot Act’. This would involve the restricting of ROC civil liberties under the guise of ‘fighting terrorism’ – a terrorist threat that does not exist. The article then goes on to say that the joint US-ROC military incursions against the DPRK territory is required because the DPRK possesses nuclear weapons – certain of which the DPRK has recently tested. Of course, nothing is mentioned about US nuclear capability – or the permanent US military presence in South Korea.

Chinese Language Reference:

http://www.ettoday.net/news/20160218/649492.htm (ROC assuming the DPRK is a ‘terrorist’ State)

DPRK: Japanese Kidnappings (1977-1988)

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Following the 1868 Meiji Restoration, Japan embarked upon a rapid and radical transformation of its political, military and social culture. These changes were motivated by the need to ‘modernise’ and successfully compete with the then rampant Western imperialist powers that had subjugated large areas of the world, and dominated trade in Asia through the perpetual threat of punitive military action. Japan adopted the pseudo-science of Social Darwinism (an idea rejected by Charles Darwin), which segregated the world into an imagined hierarchy of racial fitness. In its original form, it emanated from England, and propagated the lie that all ‘White’ Europeans were racially superior to all other ethnic and cultural groups in the world, which were categorised as such, in a descending scale of worthiness (with Asians assumed to be ‘superior’ to Africans, but ‘inferior’ to Whites, etc). The Japanese Meiji government modified this pseudo-science, and re-interpreted it to assume that the Japanese race was superior to all others. This also included the implicit idea that Japanese racial fitness was augmented (and even justified) by a ‘spiritual’ superiority. As Japan modernised its military along Western lines, its government embraced a fascistic form of administration and set about mimicking the Western habit of ‘colonisation’. As a consequence, Japan invaded and occupied large areas of the Pacific, and subjugated millions of people to its despotic rule (this included Korea, Taiwan and even Vietnam). All other ‘non-Japanese’ races were to be conquered and subdued into a state of servitude toward Japan and the Japanese people. This inherently ‘racist’ and rightwing attitude led directly to Japan’s invasion of China in the 1930’s, and to the Pacific War with the US.  The Japanese imperial forces kill and massacred hundreds of thousands of innocent men, women and children throughout Asia, which also included the mistreatment of and murder of numerous Western prisoners. Following Japan’s defeat after WWII, and its subsequent colonisation by the USA, the Japanese government, adopting as it does an anti-Communist agenda, refused to apologise to the people of Asia for the well-documented and hideous Crimes Against Humanity (including the infamous Unit 731 human experimentation) that its military forces committed throughout the 1930’s and 1940’s. Japan can get away with this attitude because it actively pursues American foreign policy in the region, and is politically (and militarily) protected by the US. Japan committed the most blatant and brutal acts of rape and murder throughout the 1930’s and 1940’s, but has never paid the price for its murderous actions due to the international influence of the USA (in this regard, Japan has much in common with the modern State of Israel). In-short, Japan has never formally apologised for the atrocities its forces committed during WWII, and still refuses to do so today.

According to both Russian and Chinese language sources, in 2002, the then leader of North Korea – Kim Jong Il – publically acknowledged that ‘rogue’ elements within the intelligence services of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) had initiated a programme of ‘kidnapping’ a non-specified number of Japanese citizens – but that the upper echelons of the DPRK government at the time had not been involved or informed. Kim Jong Il formally ‘apologised’ to the Japanese government on behalf of the DPRK government, and issued assurances that no further kidnappings would take place, and that the rogue elements that had carried-out this unofficial policy had been tried and imprisoned for their part in this illegal activity. Although Japan officially states that at least seventeen people over-all were kidnapped over a ten year period (some Japanese sources suggest a number as high as seventy!), the North Korean government stated that it only has evidence for thirteen kidnap victims. Furthermore, Kim Jong Il announced that the five kidnap victims that were still known to be alive (together with their children born in the DPRK) would be allowed to migrate back to Japan. Kim Jong Il suggested that although North Korean records appear to show that five Japanese kidnap victims entered the DPRK – it is unclear what exactly happened to the other eight Japanese kidnap victims (with Kim Jong Il stating that the DPRK could not comment on the other four victims suggested by the Japanese government). Much of these negotiations evolve around the ‘normalisation’ of Japanese-Chinese diplomatic relations. The problem is that China insists that Japan issues a formal apology for the deaths of the hundreds of thousands of innocent Chinese men, women and children murdered during the Japanese invasion during the 1930’s and 1940’s, with the Japanese government continuously refusing to do so, whilst worshipping its war-dead in Japan at the Yasukuni Shrine as ‘heroes’. The Japanese attitude is that the lives of ‘thirteen’ (or more) of its citizens are more important than the hundreds of thousands of its war-victims during the 1930’s and 1940’s – currently US foreign policy supports this hypothesis.

As matters stand, capitalist Japan pursues the anti-Communist agenda of the USA, and tirelessly works to portray (and undermine) the DPRK as an ‘evil’ and ‘despotic’ regime despite no evidence to support these claims. In reality, the DPRK attracts around 250,000 tourists annually – a figure that includes around 6,000 Westerners from Europe and the USA. These would suggest that the anti-DPRK propaganda of the Japan-USA axis is not working. Furthermore, even the usually anti-Communist Western press is beginning to acknowledge just how many North Korean defectors are opting to return to the DPRK, after experiencing first-hand, the terrible inequality found within capitalist South Korea. Although the DPRK Japanese kidnappings were deemed ‘unofficial’, it is interesting to ask ‘why’ they happened in the first place, as not all kidnappings happened on the Island of Japan, with at least two occurring in Europe. Within Chinese language sources on this matter, four other incidences of alleged DPRK kidnappings are mentioned, the victims of which were ‘non-Japanese’ in ethnic origin. These four examples all happened in 1978, and actually involved eight further people. Two were Chinese people kidnapped in Macau (which was still a Portuguese colony at the time), one was a Thai national also kidnapped in Macau, one was a Romanian kidnapped in Italy, and four were Lebanese women kidnapped in Beirut and allegedly taken to Pyongyang. (Apparently the PLO was instrumental in securing their eventual release). What is peculiar is that ‘Doina Bumbea’ captured in Rome was originally from the Communist country of Romania! However, it must be stated that the DPRK refuses to accept that these ‘missing’ non-Japanese people were kidnapped by North Korean agents, and considering that the original purpose of the kidnaps was to acquire ethnic Japanese tutors to ‘correctly’ teach North Korean intelligence agents ‘how to think and act like a Japanese’, this DPRK claim might well be correct. If Kim Jong Il had not admitted at least some Japanese kidnaps in 2002, I would have stated that this story was untrue and typical of anti-DPRK Cold War propaganda. However, it does seems that this story has grown well beyond the scope of material reality, and taken on a ‘mythic’ reality all of its own. The DPRK certainly does not admit to more than twenty kidnappings of Japanese citizens – and yet outspoken protesters in Japan have asserted that as many as seventy Japanese people have been kidnapped. This hysteria reminds me of the false anti-Semitic allegations aimed at Jewish communities, which falsely claimed that Jews ‘stole’ Christian babies to be used in satanic rituals! It seems that Japanese and Western conspiracy theorists are taking examples of ordinary people going missing in the world, and simply accusing the DPRK of kidnapping them. Indeed, since 2002, the Japanese government has continued to level all kinds of insane allegations at North Korea (with US-backing), that has involved the United Nations (UN) accusing the DPRK of committing Human Rights violations – even though neither the UN, Japan or the US has one shred of evidence. Furthermore, those who were released back to Japan have gone on record confirming the DPRK version of events.

Chinese Language References:

https://wenku.baidu.com/view/7b89351416fc700abb68fccf.html?from=search

https://wenku.baidu.com/view/fb564a9b52d380eb62946dc0.html?from=search

Russian Language References:

https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Похищения_японцев_агентами_КНДР

https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ёкота,_Мэгуми

Lenin: The Hypocrisy of the Russian Orthodox Church (1917-2017)

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The mummified body of VI Lenin still lies in his mausoleum situated in Red Square. Once, this tomb also contained the mummified body of Joseph Stalin, but after the betrayal of Nikita Khrushchev in 1956, that body was removed for burial alongside the Kremlin wall. In fact, the duplicitous Khrushchev tried to bribe the renowned Soviet telepath Wolf Grigorevich Messing into ‘pretending’ that he had ‘communicated’ with the disembodied spirits of both Lenin and Stalin who apparently asked for their respective bodies to be taken out of the mausoleum and re-buried in the Kremlin grounds. Wolf Messing was apparently shocked by this dishonesty, and informed Khrushchev that as he was a loyal  atheistic Soviet citizen, he did not believe in an after-life and did not communicate with ‘spirits’. This incident demonstrates the degenerate nature of Khrushchev’s thinking whilst leading the Soviet Union, and the kind of ideological damage he was prepared to unleash in pursuit of his Trotskyite tendency. However, the attitude of re-burying Lenin’s body and dismantling his mausoleum was brought-up again recently in modern Russia, this time by representatives of the Russian Orthodox Church. In 1917, VI Lenin declared that the working class had took-over power in the USSR, and that the church was to be stripped of all its political power in the country, and influence in the class-room. Following the re-emergence of the bourgeois (capitalist) control of Russia in 1991, the Russian Orthodox Church was immediately re-instated and started to re-assert its particular brand of religious bigotry. One of the main victims of this backward thinking has been Russia’s LGBTQ community, which has had to watch Russia’s new governments ‘swayed’ to adopt homophobic policies by an ascendant church. Recently, I read that the Russian Orthodox Church made a statement saying that the 100th anniversary of the October Revolution in Russia was a tragedy for humanity that should not be celebrated – and that Lenin’s body should be quietly re-buried because he was a despot and a tyrant! This is the Christian church yet again interfering in politics and getting away with it.This behaviour is exactly ‘why’ the church should be permanently ‘separated’ from the State, and due to its child-molesting habits, not let anywhere near children.

How Emperor Ashoka Invented Indian Buddhism

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The Chair is ‘Empty’ – The Buddha’s ‘Non-Existence’ Confirmed Within Early Buddhist Iconology

Disclaimer: The following article is a thought experiment designed to breakout of the confines of human beliefs and belief systems. Whether the Buddha existed as a historical personage is unconfirmed at this present time, as the only evidence of such an individual stems entirely from the philosophical works associated with his name. This lack of objective evidence logically suggests that the Buddha did not physically exist – but this does not necessarily mean that this is the last word on the matter. Objective evidence could still come to light that would prove the Buddha’s existence. Whether the Buddha existed or not, does not invalidate the ‘scientific’ nature of the teaching associated with his name, despite the fact that its logical core is encased within a superstructure that contains much religious mythology. Whether the Buddha’s logic influenced Greek thought (as suggested by Christopher Beckwith in his ‘Greek Buddha’), or Greek thought influenced the Buddha, is a matter still open to debate. Furthermore, the idea that Buddhism might simply be another ‘mythic’ religion constructed out of historical circumstance and imaginative fantasy, cannot be completely rejected – as suggested by Hans Penner in his ‘Rediscovering the Buddha’. Whatever the case, the scientific efficacy of the Buddha’s method as a means of psychological (and physical) self-assessment and self-organisation remains strong, and does not need its apparent founder to be an ever present figure – as does most theistic religions premised upon faith. Finally, as matters stand, (and regardless of personal belief) it would be dishonest to suggest that the Buddha ‘definitely’ existed when a forensic examination of the available evidence does not support such a hypothesis. ACW 30.3.2017

The earliest written evidence for the existence of the Buddha is that contained on the numerous stone pillars (and other objects) raised by order of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka (304 BCE – 232 BCE), who militarily conquered much of the Indian sub-continent, and ruled from 268 BCE – 232 BCE. Prior to his reign, there exists no evidence of the existence of the Buddha, and this might explain why within early Buddhist iconology, no images of the Buddha’s physical likeness exist. Although generally explained today as being the product of the Buddha’s own philosophy, this does not make sense when viewed in the light of the fact that the Buddha is depicted in those earliest times as ‘not existing’ through an empty chair, a set of idealised foot-prints, a tree or even a chakra-wheel. Indeed, even the stone pillars that have inscribed upon them the teachings of the Buddha often contain not images of a serenely sitting Buddha, but rather depictions of four lions sat facing what is assumed to be the four cardinal points. Logic dictates that as the Buddha does not pre-date these Ashokan inscriptions in anything other than historical assumption, his existence before this point in discernible time must be open to question. Emperor Ashoka cleverly discusses an apparently extraordinary man, who is assumed to have pre-existed the raising of the pillars by a vague couple of hundred years, and in so doing constructs a philosophy that seeks to undermine the prevailing Brahmanic theology and dominant social order – with its rigid caste-system and militant warrior-kings – ensuring its spread throughout India (through imperial decree and protection), and the literal ‘removing’ of any Brahmanic threat to his rule. Where the Brahmins advocated a concept of ‘holy war’ against tyranny and heresy, the Buddha advocated a renouncement of caste and ‘killing’ and a preference for ‘reasoned’ argument not dependent upon the authority of Brahmanic scripture (effectively a rejection of theology). Emperor Ashoka whole-heartedly subscribed to this ‘new’ world-view simply because he invented it. By ascribing a vague date to the Buddha’s existence, Emperor Ashoka immediately ‘mystified’ the Buddha’s origins, and implied that the ancient sages of India were more advanced in insight than the contemporary thinkers of his day. On a practical level, through the use of ‘Buddhism’ – or a form of Greek-like logical use of the mind – Emperor Ashoka sought to utterly transform his new Indian conquest and eradicate any and all vestiges of the old order, by advocating a complete transformation of the mind’s traditional opinions, and the removal of all psychological traits that could be related to the old order. To achieve this, Emperor Ashoka focused his creative efforts on subduing greed, hatred and delusion, whilst simultaneously removing the notion of ‘atman’ from Indian thinking, as this religious concept was the basis of Brahmanic power within Indian society. The ‘atman’ or ‘breath of life’, was the divine-spark that the god Brahma placed in all living creatures at conception – and controlled them thereby throughout their lives. By breaking the link between ordinary living Indians and their ‘imagined’ Brahma-god, Emperor Ashoka ensured that he ruled over a passive population of inverted truth-seekers that had no interest in changing the status-quo. This eradication of Brahmanism from ancient India was a purely ‘revolutionary’ philosophical construct that was clear in its function. Ashokan Buddhism, although advocating passivity once established in the minds and bodies of the people, nevertheless was reliant upon thoroughly over-throwing the old order. This is why Buddhism today retains its old defining impetus of ‘rejecting’ the status-quo, and can be easily adopted to assist revolutionary, political ideologies. The collective religious mythology that underpinned Brahmanic society and Brahmanic militancy, was undermined by a new Buddhist rhetoric that equated suffering and delusion with an adherence to theistic teaching, and sought to replace that model of human understanding, with one that defined freedom from suffering as being synonymous with freedom from religion. Emperor Ashoka’s transformation did not end there, however, but carried-out another piece of deft philosophical footwork, by stating that ‘knowledge’ of conventional Brahmanic religion was actually no knowledge at all (i.e. theology being a product of ‘delusive’ thinking), and that by a deliberate act of ‘unprogramming’ the mind from its previous cultural conditioning, can ‘true’ knowledge be attained. How was his ‘new’ knowledge to be achieved? By training the mind to assess and record the physical (knowable) world through a scientific-like adherence to the observation of ‘cause’ and ‘effect’ of matter and its functionality. This transition from idealism (i.e. the inner generated delusion of theism) to a perceptual science premised upon the precise observation of physical matter, ensured that all religiously generated resistance to change was quickly abandoned in the minds of ancient Indians, as Emperor Ashoka set about defining his new regime along the lines of the revolution in thought that was happening in Greece.

Of course, Emperor Ashoka could not simply expect to take all the credit for his new approach to defining reality, but instead created a set of ‘religious-like’ texts, the content of which was anything but ‘religious’ in the old sense, and ascribing their creation to a ‘mythical’ being who lived sometime in the distant past. Emperor Ashoka, along with his able and highly educated ministers, were probably well aware of Greek thought before the arrival of Alexander the Great in India. Whether Emperor Ashoka acquired this knowledge of Greek thought from Indian sources, or directly from Greece is unknown, as is the matter of whether Indian thought influenced Greece, or Greek thought influence India at an earlier date. The point is that prior to the rule of Emperor Ashoka and the development of Buddhism, India did not possess a developed political system of philosophical thought that in anyway resembled that of Ancient Greece. The Buddha’s thought is distinctly ‘scientific’ in nature, and it is probably due to its Greek influence, that Buddhism remains today as popular as it does in the contemporary West. Karma as a vehicle for divine intervention in the physical world (Brahmanism), was transformed through Buddhism into a logical observation of the process of the physically observable world. Emperor Ashoka allows the Buddha a dalliance with a god concept and agency of rebirth (all strong Brahmanic themes), but ultimately uses these ideals as a means to draw an essentially uneducated populace into the Buddhist way of viewing things – ultimately rejecting such ideas as ‘god’ and ‘rebirth’ as the transition is completed. This would suggest that the passionless state known as ‘nirvana’ within Buddhist thought, is in fact a new mind-set that is non-resistant to Emperor Ashoka’s interpretation of spiritual and social order. Further implied in this ‘perfect’ state is the attainment of a pristine logic premised upon the correct observation of all psycho-physical functionality. Such a state of ‘enlightenment’ is said to be ‘free’ of the delusion of the previous ‘theology’ that defined pre-Ashokan Indian society. As a reliance upon Brahmanic theology disappeared, Emperor Ashoka’s reign became ever more stable, to the point where he felt comfortable enough to ‘export’ his new way of thinking to other countries, in the form of sending gift-bearing emissaries. These couriers of the new Ashokan order would arrive in theistic-led societies and immediately set-about converting this mind-set into a reliance upon the use of logic and reason – although this message was often reinforced with quasi-religious trinkets such as assumed body-parts taken from the cremated remains of the ‘Buddha’. Quite often the Buddha’s remains were ‘worshipped’ as if he were a god, but his message of secular wisdom was embraced nonetheless. This process may be viewed as a temporary collaboration with inverted thinking associated with a belief in theism, as a means to eventually transition such populations away from the old and toward the new. By eradicating Brahmanic thought within India, and similar systems of theistic belief in the countries surrounding India, Emperor Ashoka was effectively removing any internal or external threats to his rule. In so doing, he applied the Buddha’s thought (as if he were a real person that had lived in the past) to his own kingdom (as if he were venerating a wise man that had lived long ago). The fact of the matter is that there is no physical evidence for the existence of the Buddha in the pre-Ashokan age, and any evidence that appears to suggest otherwise, is either the product of misidentification, misdating, fraud, or deliberate misinterpretation. The Buddha’s story begins in the Ashokan age, and the lack of evidence prior to this time (for the existence of a teacher who is supposed to have lived hundreds of years before), is explained by the clever artifice that the Buddha could not read or write – and that his teachings were submitted to memory and conveyed by word of mouth (a process that conveniently left no discernible mark until advent of the Ashokan age). It seems incredible that this method of ad hoc recording could eventually spawn a literature of around 5,000 different texts (i.e. sutras), all expressing the same opinion about a revolutionary, but otherwise unified vision for society and the world. The Buddha, although stating that what he teaches is a ‘rediscovery’ of an ancient system of Indian understanding, the reality is that India had never known such a manner of understanding existence prior to Emperor Ashoka. By ascribing an ‘ancient’ origination to the Buddha’s thinking (as opposed to ‘foreign’), the bitter pill of uprooting and replacing Brahmanism was thereby ‘sweetened’ as a consequence. Buddhism was not to be thought of as ‘new’ (it just seemed ‘new’), but was in reality a ‘return’ to a ‘pre-Brahmanic’ understanding, an understanding so ‘pure’ and ‘clean’ that the subsequent Brahmanic system marked a considerable divergence from it.

Emperor Ashoka, for practical political reasons, could not be seen to be the originator of ‘Buddhism’, as this assumption would have added to the military opposition he faced when subduing the country. The term ’Buddha’, in and of itself, simply refers to a specific use of the human mind. It is the replacement of religious ‘faith’ with personally experienced knowledge. Its usage demarks a movement away from speculative theology, premised as it is on imagination, and a transition to a reliance upon verifiable fact ascertained through the senses. However, the Buddha’s path maximised this observational activity by demanding that the observer be ‘detached’ from the method of observation. This may be considered similar to a modern scientist observing phenomena, without allowing personal belief to intercede whilst recording the results. Since the rediscovering of Emperor Ashoka’s pillars by British archaeologists in the 19th century, the Western scholarly tradition has tended to take the inscriptions ‘literally’ and ‘uncritically’ – ascribing all kinds of dates to the Buddha’s presumed existence. With no body, tomb or written work, there is no evidence whatsoever that the Buddha existed as an independent personage outside of the Ashokan inscriptions. Once this ‘disembodied’ existence is taken seriously, then any speculation as to the Buddha’s birth and death dates is a free for all, with one assumption being as good (or ‘false’) as any other. In reality, the physical Buddha never physically existed, and neither is he a composite figure created from the many examples of Indian holy ascetics. His biography (contained within his teachings) is improbable and illogical. Why would a rich man with every physical and spiritual advantage his society could give, renounce this privilege simply upon a vaguely defined philosophical disquiet premised upon the experience of how life is, rather than what he thought it might be (in his immature and youthful understanding)? By walking-out of his life of high caste privilege, the Buddha also abandoned his caste duties, his parents, his friends and his wife and child, not to mention his servants and animals, etc. This bizarre behaviour only makes sense if it is interpreted as a general message intended for the people of India, and designed to justify Emperor Ashoka’s reign, by encouraging the whole-sale abandoning of Brahmanism as a religious practice, and as a basis for organising society. It is only within this social-engineering context, that the Buddha’s story makes any sense at all. The Buddha leaves and rejects Brahmanic society (and culture), because this is exactly the same social policy of the Ashokan government. Emperor Ashoka uses the tenants of Buddhism to persuade the Indian people that they have wilfully chosen to be ruled by him, and that he is not oppressing them in anyway, when he demands nothing less than the complete abandonment of their Brahmanic culture. Although Emperor Ashoka used extreme military violence (and atrocity) to conquer India, he has to immediately out-law the use of similar violence by everyone else – to prevent his own government from being usurped in a similar fashion. A non-violent approach to his rule is presented as a spiritually superior way to behave, that leads to the eventual emancipation from the wheel of suffering.

From the West’s re-discovery of Buddhism in the 19th century in India, its history has been completely misunderstood and misinterpreted. Most obviously in this misinterpretation has been implicit in Western analysis, a Christian gloss over Buddhist philosophy that has no historical place or relevance in the development of Indian thought. This interpretive error has been compounded by a relentless ‘literalism’ that has conveyed Buddhism into the Western psyche as a new kind of secular religion, the founder of which actually existed independently from the texts that convey his teaching. This continuous process of missing the point and avoiding the correct context, has led to a wild goose chase with regard to ‘proving’ the Buddha’s physical existence. The Buddha’s physical existence cannot be proven, logic dictates, because he never existed in the physical sense. The Buddha is a rhetorical device designed to facilitate Emperor Ashoka’s new political, cultural and social vision for the India that he conquered. This understanding reveals that Western scholarship in this area is in disarray, and that Indian scholarship, premised as it often is on the concept of ‘Indian nationalism’ is equally misled. Buddhist countries such as Thailand, Sri Lanka, Burma or Nepal, etc, exist within the imagination of Emperor Ashoka, and accept without criticism everything contained within the Buddhist teachings. More than this, however, these very same countries also ascribed to Buddha a god-like quality that Emperor Ashoka tried to avoid, and create social schisms by separating men from women, and ascribing a superior status to men. Monks are viewed as superior to nuns, and monastics superior to the laity – and yet all this ‘contemporary’ Buddhism can be seen as incorrect from even a cursory viewing of the Buddhist texts – errors in interpretation that maybe viewed as a consequence of historical deviations from Emperor Ashoka’s original vision for Buddhism – the central purpose of which, appears to be the achievement of ‘equality’ throughout the society he ruled. Within Emperor Ashoka’s original vision, all social barriers implicit within theological Brahmanism, were to be demolished through the use of Buddhistic logic and reason. In this sense, ‘Buddhism’ is a method for using and applying the mind in the transformation of society, and nothing more, Buddhism was certainly not intended to be like the religious system it replaced, or recreate the social injustices it reformed. However, the Buddhism of the modern world, although in places still retaining this original vision, is riddled with revisionism and contradiction which sees Buddhist monastics embracing the greed of capitalism, and getting involved in all kinds of worldly affairs. Whereas Emperor Ashoka sought to prevent and stop all meat-eating (and thereby animal slaughter), many Buddhists today eat meat (accept in China), thinking that hurting animals is inaccordance with the Buddha’s teaching. Emperor Ashoka developed Buddhism as a means to create a revolution throughout society – and this aspect of Buddhism remains its central tenant. Revolution within the mind represents revolution in the environment and vice versa. Bourgeois modes of Buddhist distortion, of course invert this defining reality, and transforms Buddhism into just another middle class plaything that supports and sustain the status quo.

 

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