The Sangha Kommune (僧伽公社) Defined

00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Ch’an Master Caotang siad:

There is nothing special to leadership – essentially it is a matter of controlling the evils of biased information and autocracy. Do not just go by whatever is said to you first – then the obsequities of petty people seeking favour will not be able to confuse you.

After all, the feelings of a group of people are not one, and objective reason is hard to see. You should investigate something to see its benefit or harm, examine whether it is appropriate and suitable or not; then after that you may carry it out.

True Record of Sushan (Song Dynasty)

The Chinese Buddhist monastic community is referred to as a ‘Sangha’ (Sanskrit for ‘spiritual community’), whereby men and women form a voluntary association premised upon following a strict set of rules known as the ‘Vinaya Discipline’. Within this community, there is ‘equality’ between all members, with the leaders being those who have followed these rules for the longest times. This is because such people are thought to have more experience at adhering to the Vinaya Discipline (which includes celibacy and vegetarianism), and are therefore able to effectively advise all others through the difficult times they my face in their practice. As those with little experience have less to share, they are not considered leaders whilst more experienced practitioners live in the vicinity. Of course, this is a relative matter depending upon the size of population of a community, and the length of time it has existed, and the quality of the masters (male or female) that have led it. Those who cannot keep the Vinaya Discipline (of over 200 rules) generally choose to leave on their own accord, with those who confess breaking the major rules being asked to leave and expelled from the monastic community (due to the bad example they set). However, the term ‘Sangha’ is often more loosely applied to the devout or dedicated lay community, the members of which follow at least 5, 8 or 10 vows as a life routine, and who regularly visit the local temple and volunteer their time in worthwhile social or charitable activities. In this manner, the monastic Sangha teach and guide the lay Sangha, and the lay Sangha applies the Buddha’s teachings of compassion, loving kindness and wise action to the outside the temple, and thereby expand the Buddha-Dharma beyond the temple. As the Buddha originally taught that there is no ‘difference’ in enlightened essence between the monastic and lay community, the monastics do not consider themselves ‘superior’ and the lay community does not consider itself ‘inferior’ to one another. The principle of ‘Sangha, therefore, denotes a sacred space defined and maintained through the principles of psychological and physical self-discipline and learning, premised upon a general attitude of mutual respect. The Sangha, in both essence and function, is a model for a ‘commune’ operating through the vigorous principles of  equality’, ‘discipline’ and ‘wisdom’. These are the principles embodied within this blog – regardless of the scope of its subject matter.

994627_1

The term ‘Kommune’ is taken from the German word for ‘Commune’, and is directly related to the principles of Scientific Socialism, as formulated by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Indeed, within German language editions of the works of Marx and Engels, the term ‘Kommune’ is often encountered. This type of ‘Kommune’ is also a voluntary association, albeit distinctly ‘modern’ in origination, and designed to serve the Revolutionary needs of the Proletariat – or the mass of peasants forced to work in the industrialised factories produced by the oppressive capitalist system. Working 12 to 16 hours a day, strictly by the clock, whilst being dictated to by brutal managers and the movement and operation of monotonous machines, these peasants were transformed into self-disciplined and highly exploited automatons of industry, waiting for the right historical epoch to free themselves from their endless toil for little reward. Just as the collective mind is ‘dulled’ by endless hours of repetitive toil, it is ‘freed’, ‘activated’ and ‘expanded’ when encountering the strictures of Scientific Socialism, and a non-resisting ‘false consciousness’ is replace by a resisting ‘true consciousness’. Generally, when the mind is freed from the straitjacket of oppression, the body soon follows, even though it is equally true that if the body is freed by a Revolution caused by others, then the mind soon follows! In these post-modem times, proletariat ‘true consciousness’ is much more amorphous in manifestation, particularly as factory work becomes ever less prevalent in the West. Although the modes of capitalist exploitation change with the epoch, the nature of capitalist exploitation (and class distinction) remains exactly the same. Striving for the establishment of a ‘Kommunistic’ society remains the duty of all right-minded working class people across the globe, with the Marxist principle of ‘Internationalism’ replacing nationalism and racism, etc. The point is that the ‘true consciousness’ of the working class is premised entirely upon non-hatred for one another, as this hatred has been imported into the working class by the very capitalists that exploit them! By rejecting capitalism, the working class is rejecting the greed, hatred and delusion that underlies all capitalist thought and action. This working class mission is no less ‘sacred’ than its Buddhist counter-part, and shares exactly the same essence. The author of this blog strives to agitate for the peaceful achievement of both inner and outer Revolution amongst by any means necessary (to quote Malcolm X).

0o0o

Having defined two interpretations of ‘Kommune’, it is important to also emphasis the pivotal notion of ‘education’ and the training of the human mind to discern a relevant ‘truth’ in any given situation or circumstance. Learning in a classroom, through a book, encounter groups, political meetings, protest marches, meditation sessions, or the internet, are all crucial aspects of ‘refining’ the memory and ‘honing’ the intellect. The thought processes (and emotionality) must be ‘calmed’ for the sake of ‘wise’ action and non-action when young, so that avoidable errors and mistakes are reduced to the minimum, and progressive activity increased to the maximum (to selflessly benefit humanity).  This is not always easy, and the ability to recognise non-efficient thought-patterns and behaviours should also be cultivated as a means toward achieving self-forgiveness, and the forgiveness of others. The important point is that the mind should be kept in a positive frame of operation, so that the body can be used for various types of ‘enlightened’ political, cultural and social action. The physical body must be clearly (and cleanly) directed by the mind (the seat of volition), and kept physically fit through appropriate activities. This psycho-physical training sets the stage for the refined individual to understand the frequency and quality of inner and outer energy, and immediately understand the best action (if any) to take, or instantly ‘know’ when others are ‘lying’, or presenting ‘untruth’ as ‘truth’. This ability can be further used to generate ‘correct’ work that counters the lies of a society motivated entirely by greed, racism and an indifference to the suffering of humanity and other life forms. Therefore, this ‘Sangha Kommune’ blog is a work in progress that covers a bewildering array of topics, opinions, and research data. By taking a step back away from its content – the general reader will begin to understand the underlying (and motivating) paradigm. This is essentially a ‘Kommunist’ zone where all beings are automatically ‘freed’ at the point of contact. The need for money is already ‘transcended’, and the energy frequency of the Sangha Kommune should be used by all to achieve a state of permanent ‘freedom’ in all circumstances. This is a space of permanent Cyber Kommunism, and ongoing Revolutionary activity in the form of ‘exposing’ and ‘dissolving’ the bourgeois system and its redundant mode of capitalist organisation.

0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Ch’an Wuzu said:

The Ch’an community is a place for the moulding of Sages and ordinary people, and for nurturing and developing potential ability. It is a source of teaching,. Even though many people are living together, gathering in kind, they are guided and made equal. Each has a transmission from the teacher.

Now in many places they do not strive to maintain the standards of the Sages of the past. Biased feelings of like and dislike are many, with people bending others to what they personally think is right. How should later students take an example?

Records of Equanimity (Song Dynasty)

London Zoo: How ‘Ming’ (明) the Giant Panda Resisted Nazi Germany!

 

Yesterday (24.9.2017), we visited London Zoo situated in North London. One exhibit we had not seen before was the statue of ‘Ming’ (明) – commemorating the giant panda that lived in London Zoo from 1938 to her death in 1944. This statue (and plaque in the Chinese and English languages) was presented to London Zoo (as the chosen representative of the British people), by officials representing the People’s Republic of China (PRC) on October 21st, 2015 – to mark the 70th Anniversary of the end of WWII – and Britain’s victory of Nazi Germany. As we had never heard of this panda – or that statue and plaque – I was inspired to research this story on the Chinese language internet. As usual, the current wikipedia page covering the history of London Zoo is incomplete and inaccurate, and omits any mention of Ming the giant panda. This is peculiar when it is considered that Ming the giant panda received an ‘obituary’ in the London Times Newspaper at the time of death – so loved was she by the British people!

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Ming the giant panda – during her stay in London Zoo – brought both courage and joy to the British people, both locally and nationally. The BBC would routinely mention this bear in their radio broadcasts, and often film her in her enclosure at London Zoo for the old newsreels shown throughout the UK (in the cinemas). The antics of Ming also made their way into the local press around the British Isles, and she became a symbol of British anti-fascist resistance. As the bombs fell on London, (many deliberately targeting London Zoo and its environs), Ming was presented as continuously going about her day undisturbed. She was shown to be a very peaceful and happy bear, and never became agitated by the bombing – or disturbed by the constant stream of visitors – which at one time even included Princess Elisabeth (who would eventually become Queen Elizabeth II).

0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

According to Chinese language sources, in 1938, five giant panda bears from China were illegally smuggled into the UK (by Japanese-American explorer Floyd Tangier-Smith) – with London Zoo purchasing three for its animal collection. One extraordinary photograph shows Ming the giant panda pretending to take a picture of the son of Bert Hardy:

0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

After the founding of New China in 1949, there were three ways a giant panda bear could be sent abroad – these methods lasted from 1957 – 1982:

a) As a gift from the People of China.

b) As a symbol of co-operation and friendship.

c) Scientific purposes.

Since 1982, the convention of presenting giant panda bears as ‘gifts’ was discontinued, primarily over concerns for welfare and preservation (the other famous giant panda bear – Chi Chi – for instance, was often fed chocolate and refused to eat enough bamboo).

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

The two other giant pandas that arrived with Ming – named ‘Tang’ and ‘Sung’ by staff at London Zoo – did not live very long (Sung died in 1939, and Tang in 1940), but Ming being the youngest and the most playful, became very popular, even if by today’s scientifically-led standards of giant panda maintenance, the manner of her care in 1940’s London would be seen as highly inappropriate. Indeed, evidence suggests that upon her death, her health had suffer terribly from the war-time ‘Blitz’. Although Ming (who was born in Sichuan province in 1937) was very calm and playful before the war, her exposure to war-time conditions (and regular travelling) did in fact take its toll on her health, which led to a nervous disorder and loss of fur. Although evacuated during the war to Whipsnade Zoo (another larger part of London Zoo situated in Bedfordshire), she was continuously returned to London Zoo (near Camden in Northwest London) as a means to boost British morale. Ming the giant panda died whilst suffering an epileptic seizure on Boxing Day, 1944. The Times wrote:

‘She could die happy in the knowledge that she gladdened the universal heart and, even in the stress of war, her death should not go unnoticed.’

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Ming suffered terribly en route from war-time China in 1938 – along with five other giant panda bears. One of her colleagues died during the journey, and another died waiting to clear Customs, as they prepared to entered the UK.  A third colleague was then sold to a collector (ironically, in Nazi Germany). The fact that Ming was born ‘wild’, and yet wandered around amongst other animals and humans without ever a thought of violence, is quite extraordinary in itself. Particularly so considering the inappropriate conditions within which she had to live in London. Although her health definitely suffered as WWII progressed, prior to this she was a very happy, tolerant and deeply caring giant panda that seemed quite legitimately to be friendly toward children. Today, the attitude in modern China is one of high regard and immense respect for Ming the giant panda – who is viewed as an ‘ambassador’ of the Chinese people during very difficult times. Ming was able to fulfil her ‘diplomatic’ mission of bringing two countries together, and served an important part of boosting the morale of the British people. This is why a group of conservationists and artists from Shaanxi and Sichuan provinces collaborated to design and construct a statue of Ming, and as a symbol of ‘friendship’ and ‘anti-fascism’, present this statue to the British people in 2015. We, as British people must do our part in remembering this little bear with a kind heart.

0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Chinese Language Source Articles:

http://esb.sxdaily.com.cn/sxrb/20151120/html/page_10_content_000.htm

http://news.163.com/15/1219/04/BB62FUHV00014AED_mobile.html

http://roll.sohu.com/20111226/n330284120.shtml

Buddhism: Karma, Dukkha and Dependent Origination Contextualised

00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

The Buddha’s system of analysis is premised upon the existence of ‘matter’ (rupa), even if matter as the Buddha conceived it, is defined as impermanent and insubstantial. The Buddha also stated that the reality as human-beings experience it is also premised upon the agency of ‘mind’ (citta), which is also an organ of perception (manas), and a means through which humans are ‘consciously’ aware (vijnana) . The Buddha defines reality as an ‘entanglement’ or ‘integration’ of physical and psychological processes. This means that for the Buddha’s system to remain philosophically coherent and logical, he has to reject what might be termed ‘hard’ materialism (ucchedavada), whereby a physical universe is believed to exist forever in an unchanged state, and the school of thought that taught that a theistic entity (atma), rather like the Christian soul theory, existed permanently outside the world of matter – linking the realm of materiality to an imagined ‘heaven’ or some other post-mortem and disembodied paradise (sasvatavada). For the Buddha the material world exists (but not in the manner conceived by a certain school of materialists in his day) and any notion of a soul theory was replaced with a schematic of clearly defined psychological processes. Therefore, reality as defined by the Buddha is a plurality of insubstantiality that involves the organic functioning of mind and body within the external, material world. The mind (like matter) is impermanent, and is clearly the consequence of conditions extending from material existence.  This suggests that the Buddha’s conception of the mind is that it is a temporary extension of matter, but as both mind and material circumstances are impermanent, and given that the human mind is prone – through a changeable body – to interpret the world through greed, hatred and delusion, existence as experienced by ordinary human-beings (through its full range of pleasant, neutral and painful sensations), is termed ‘dukkha’ by the Buddha. Until the mind is cleared of its delusion, and the body disciplined away from destructive modes of behaviour, the entirety of non-enlightened existence is considered ‘dukkha’. This is not just ‘suffering’ in the conventional sense, but includes all modes of pleasurable living in the deluded state, and would apply equally to a opulent life-style, as it does a destitute life-style. Dukkha, strictly speaking, refers more specifically to a profoundly inadequate and non-satisfying mode of existence which includes the entirety of existence and its experience in the unenlightened state. Defining ‘dukkha’ as ‘suffering’ is therefore describing only half of its meaning, and is incomplete. The Buddha is defining existence in the deluded state as being highly ‘unstable’ (dukkha) and not conducive to inner or outer peace and tranquillity.

The Buddha defined the tiniest specks of matter (paramanu) [synonymous with ‘atoms’] to be occupying (and moving about within) time and space, whilst flickering in and out of existence. This is how the Buddha redefines matter (rupa) as being both ‘existant’, and ‘insubstantial’ (or non-existant). This means that with regard to the ‘chain of dependent origination’ (pratitya-samutpada), the conditionality that the Buddha teaches, cannot be properly associated with the cause and effect of modern Western science, as the latter assumes a closed system of events. Within science it is understood that the ‘effects’ of an event lie dormant in the ’cause’ in a never ending and predictable chain of unfolding events. However, as the Buddha teaches that each atom is flickering in and out of existence all the time, creating a false world of apparent material stability, it is not the case that he is employing the ‘closed system’ of Western science. The Buddha states that it is is the human capacity to generate ‘willed’ or ‘volitional’ actions in the mind (vedana-samna-samskara) that ‘projects’ moral (or ethical) meaning upon a morally neutral world of matter. It is this agency of ‘willed’ actions that divert the world of matter into directions of manifestation that might be termed positive, neutral or negative – it is not the material realm itself that is inherently positive, neutral or negative. The Buddha’s notion of cause and effect’ (karma) is not a closed material system that allows for one cause to lead to one effect, but is rather the product of a dynamic interaction of mind, body and environment. There is the ‘willed’ direction in the mind, the consequential bodily application of that willed direction in the environment (i.e. ‘action’), and the eventual consequences (i.e. ‘re-action’) of that ‘willed’ action, experienced through the body and mind. As ‘volition’ is the product of a deluded mind, the Buddha advocates its control, limiting of function and eventual uprooting through meditation. When there is a ‘cessation’ of volition premised upon greed, hatred and delusion, then the mind becomes calm and all delusion is extinct. In this enlightened state all volitional action ceases and karma is nolonger produced. As reality is understood in its correct formulation, there is nolonger any attachment to an impermanent world and all ‘dissatisfaction’  (dukkha) ceases. In this rarefied state, material reality is clearly reflected by a permanently peaceful and tranquil mind.

Finally, the Buddha’s understanding of reality as mind-matter, action-re-action conditionality, is very suggestive of certain philosophical speculations surrounding the subject of quantum mechanics – namely the assumption that human observation influences the material processes being observed. Furthermore, although the chain of dependent origination is not strictly speaking a ‘closed system’ of material cause and effect (as it is mediated through the agency of ‘mind’), the Buddha did teach elsewhere that not all experiences in the world are related to ‘willed’ or ‘volitional’ actions-re-actions (i.e. ‘karma’), but are in fact the product of ‘natural causes’. An example of this thinking could include the analysis of a cancerous cell in the human-body. This cancer could be considered the karmic product of a destructive and highly negative life-style (i.e. part of the chain of dependent origination), but equally it could just be the product of a malfunctioning body-cell – or the natural product of ’cause and effect’ within the material environment (the experience of which lies outside of the ‘willed’ action-re-action nexus). In this respect, it seems that the Buddha does allow for the type of cause and effect found within mainstream (modern) Western science – albeit in a natural format, not controlled or mediated through a ‘closed system’ of laboratory-oriented observation. The Buddha, therefore, allows for two distinct types of cause and effect, a) occurring through the mind and the matter it observes (i.e. utilising the operating principles of ‘volition’ and ‘karma’), and b) manifesting independently (of the mind’s conditioning influence) within the material realm. An individual is subject to both kinds of cause and effect – but is only personally responsible for the mind-body nexus manifestation (as defined in example ‘a’). Through meditation (bhavana) and behaviour modification (sila), the mind’s conditioning capability is brought under control and eventually uprooted (thus ending all karma-producing thought patterns and actions). Beyond this state there is no further conditionality – but the mind and its rarefied states of awareness (dhyana) remain firmly with the realm of matter – which according to the Buddha is comprised of existence and non-existence – or emptiness and structure. Although these two states seem to alternate continuously without end, it is also clear that the Buddha’s analysis suggests that both emptiness and form also occur simultaneously (rather suggestive of Schroedinger’s cat), This means that ‘sunya’ does not refer to a dead ‘void’ or vague ‘nothingness’, but rather suggests a ‘relative’ state of non-substantiality (i.e. a material condition ’empty’ of permanency and yet subject to change). Sunya is then that realised state of being that acknowledges that all material reality arises within a sea of emptiness – free of any eternal (and unchanging) material substance, or theistic conceptualisation.

Begging, Dignity and Respect

00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

A Beggar in China Bows to the Ground to Eat

When China suffered under imperialist rule, 90% of its people were illiterate and lived in abject poverty. Today, and since the Communist Revolution of 1949, this figure has been reversed, with literacy rates and wealth distribution directly benefiting 90% of the population. Begging still occurs in Communist China, but a compassionate Socialist State exists to help the individuals concerned to change their lives for the better. The over-riding reality if that life in Communist China today, is much better than prior to 1949.

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

This article contains a series of photographs about begging in the US from a Chinese language article discussing the agency of ‘respect’ and the differences between the capitalist West and Communist China. The upshot of it all is that in China the Socialist State does everything possible to relieve poverty and guide people toward resources with a compassionate attitude. Many Chinese beggars act with the utmost respect and dignity and do not ‘demand’ or ‘presume’ (acting very much like selfless itinerant Buddhist monks). Chinese beggars keep themselves clean and tidy and tend to bless everyone. The Socialist States has dramatically reduced begging in China because their is now ample resources for ALL Chinese people to live with dignity.

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

However, although the capitalist West controls immense wealth, it is all focused into the hands of a privileged few. Poverty in the West is (falsely) presented as the ‘fault’ of those who are poor – rather than being a natural consequence of a highly unjust and unequal system. The capitalist system only begrudgingly helps those in need in an undignified manner and provides them with the barest of resources to fend off hunger and death. Within Communist China – people are treated wit respect and ‘gently’ guided toward settling down. Where mental illness or disability is involved, the Socialist State takes immediate control – providing housing, income, clothing and food.

0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Human labour has the potential to change the world – this id true – but conditions are not always conducive for continuous or effective labour to be carried-out, particularly in capitalist countries where workers are oppressed and exploited as the norm. Although many Westerners suffer terribly under this system, the weak and the vulnerable are pushed aside by those who misuse the agency of begging for purely selfish and frivolous reasons. Chinese beggars respectfully ask for food, water and soap, whilst high-profile Western beggars use their intelligence not to ‘work’ – but rather to ‘entertain’ their way to generating income. In the meantime, starving Westerners die of hunger quietly in their homes or behind dumpsters, or of medical neglect. When the Western State does act – it tends to be in an oppressive manner – with ordinary people’s rights being violated. Unlike in Communist China – where we all have rights without having to’pay’ to prove it  – in the capitalist West, the people only have the rights they can ‘afford’ to prove they possess. As poor people have no money in the capitalist West, they have no access to the bourgeois legal system – and subsequently rich people exercise all their legal rights (usually against the defenceless poor). Even begging in the West has a bourgeois element to it!

0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Chinese Language Source Article:

http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_8065f7eb0102wiem.html

Debunking the Global Consciousness Project (USA)

00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

The Global Consciousness Project Meaningful Correlations in Random Data

Working from the simple scientific observation that human bodies move physical objects – but that disembodied notions of ‘mind’, ‘consciousness’ and ‘spirit’ do not, it is obvious that any Western attempts at ‘proving’ the existence of a disembodied consciousness are doomed to failure (despite the resources spent upon trying to establish this notion), and that the entire exercise is is in reality not ‘science’ but in fact an attempt of re-establishing the primacy of certain medieval theological constructs within mainstream modern society – namely that of a Judeo-Christian concept of ‘soul’ – which correlates in modern thought to a vague and poorly defined concept of ‘mind’.  In the case of the Global Conscious Project (GCP), a development within the USA, I would highlight the a priori presence of a disturbing ‘Eurocentricism’ that seeks to find White bourgeois significance in random events. This assumption invariably finds and confirms ‘meaning’ that appears to support the current domestic or foreign policy of the United States government, or ‘privileges’ the experience of the White American Establishment with a significance it does not possess. So much for ‘objective’ science. If you doubt this, why does the GCP not ‘predict’ in its observations, the sheer terror that non-White populations of the world ‘feel’ when facing the prospect of US bombing, or invasion from US ground troops? Why are the thoughts and feelings of non-White populations subordinated to those of their White counter-parts? Just as the politicised church is racist – so is its secular expression – politicised science. My personal view is that existence is unified in the sense that everything is comprised of energy (and matter), and anything above and beyond that observation is pure speculation. The following video is an advertisement for the GCP and contains some interesting sleight of hand. The Soviet Union was premised upon the exclusive use of the scientific method throughout society, and did not, as a rule, encourage belief in ‘spiritualism’. Everything observed in the USSR (if confirmed as actually happening), must be treated as ‘nothing happening’ (or ‘fake’), until proven otherwise. In the case of Uri Geller – his supposed abilities were clearly ‘debunked’ by James Randi (I will add another video about this), but as Geller is an ardent Zionist – the Zionist community, for quite sometime, attacked James Randi’s work and attempted to protect Geller from his own scandel. What the GCP video omits to mention is that Geller ‘failed’ on the Tonight Show due to experimental protocols established by James Randi. James Randi’s exposure of Geller exists in the mainstream for all to see. In 1975, the United Nations (UN), following a consultative period, declared Zionism a form of ‘racism’ (i.e. a form of White supremacy) – because it was founded by White middle class secular Jewish people in the late 1800’s in Europe – and has nothing to do with the Jewish religion per se. In this regard, many Jewish people reject Zionism – but the holding of this type of attitude should demonstrate something of the character of Uri Geller. As the US and Israel are ‘allies’ the GCP video presents Geller’s case in a highly sympathetic light. Finally, as it would be immeasurably easier to move physical objects with the mind – rather than by manual labour – it is extraordinary that humanity has not ‘evolved’ this ability species-wide, simply through the environment pressure to do so. The lack of any such ability suggests that it is not possible. As technology improves, and labour-saving devices become common-place, it is less likely (and not more likely) that such an evolutionary ability would develop. It is technology produced by the human mind (through science) that is now making life easier for many people – and not an ‘imagined’ ability to move physical objects with a disembodied ‘intention’ alone.

Buddhism: Pali Bhavana and Chinese Ch’an

00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

In 1996, I spent a short but fruitful period studying under the Theravada Buddhist monk named Mangala Thero – who was then the Head Monk of the Ganga Ramaya Temple in Beruwela (Sri Lanka). He was not particularly interested in the Mahayana Buddhism of China (or anywhere else, for that matter), but when I explained what Chinese Ch’an (禪) was, the venerable monk thought for a moment, and then explained that he would explain this approach as an exclusive focus upon the development of ‘bhavana’ (Pali: भावना). Broadly speaking, Mangala Thero stated that ‘bhavana’ begins and ends with ‘reigning in’ the mind, so that it is nolonger ill-disciplined. When a mind is disciplined (through concentration upon the breathing, or upon generating loving kindness, etc), the habitual thoughts calm-down and eventually ‘cease’. When the mind is ‘stilled’ in this manner, the ‘thought formations’ (i.e. the fourth aggregate) nolonger arise in their delusive form and ‘pure consciousness’ (i.e. fifth aggregate) can be clearly ‘perceived’ (third aggregate) as the body continues to ‘sense’ (second aggregate) the material environment (first aggregate), and the mind is ‘aware’ of the absence of thought. After this, it is a matter of deepening and enriching the experience through further meditation practice performed within a conducive environment. When I asked my main teacher Richard Hunn (1949-2006) about ‘bhavana’, as usual, he knew the Chinese translation for this Buddhist technical term – which is ‘修習’. Chinese transliterations and translations are useful as the early Chinese scholars had to understand the Indian Pali and Sanskrit terms before they could be rendered effectively into the Chinese language. Obviously, some of the early transliteration of Indian Buddhist terms are purely ‘phonetic’ in nature and in themselves do not convey much meaning as ideograms. This represents an initial process of a slow, careful and gradual building-up of knowledge in China about a thoroughly ‘foreign’ Indian philosophy that had to develop an ‘interface’ with existing Chinese culture. As understanding grew, literal transliterations often gave way to more ‘exact’ translations and I suspect this process happened to the Pali and Sanskrit term ‘bhavana’. Today, within Chinese Buddhism, ‘bhavana’ is not a commonly used term, but it is written as ‘修習’ (xiu2 xi2). The ideogram ‘修’ (xiu2) carries the meanings of ‘repair’, ‘to mend’, ‘construct’, ‘to cultivate’, and ‘to sharpen’ – whilst the ideogram ‘習’ (xi2) carries the meanings of ‘training’, ‘habit’, ‘custom’, ‘repeat’, ‘cultivation’, ‘to follow’ and to ‘learn’. When ‘修習” (bhavana) is taken together, it does appear to be a very good Pali definition of the Ch’an (禪) method. The ideogram ‘修’ (xiu2) contains the left-hand particle ‘攸’ (you1) which depicts a person ‘expertly’ fording a river with a pole (and ‘travelling far’) – whilst the right-hand particle ‘彡’ (shan1) signifies ‘writing’ as used in the act of of committed ‘developmental study’. The ideogram ‘習’ (xi2) carries the upper particle ‘羽’ (yu3) which refers to feathered ‘wings’ that ‘uplift’ (with flying associated with ‘progression’ and ‘advancement’), and the lower particle ‘习’ (xi2) which directly refers to the act of ‘disciplined study.’ Bhavana (修習), therefore, refers to a committed and uplifting Buddhist meditational practice that requires dedication, expert guidance, repetition, and a suggestion of ‘transcendence’ if practised correctly. In other words, ‘bhavana; is a means to get ‘from here’, to ‘there’ – but these two ideograms suggest that it is not an ordinary path of ‘mind culture’. Scholarship, study and expertise are extolled activities and characteristics within Chinese culture, and ‘bhavana’ is a prime example of this activity. A bow of thanks to Mangala Thero and Richard Hunn (Upasaka Wen Shu). Finally, ‘bhavana’ (भावना)) appears to be linked to ‘भ‍वन’ (again, pronounced ‘bhavana’) which is used in the sense of ‘constructing’ a material object such as a building or a shelter, etc. In this context ‘भ‍वन’ (bhavana) suggests a very firm grounding in the material world, with the training of the mind in Buddhist though being considered a part of, or extension of that material world. The ‘mind’ within Buddhism is not a spirit that stands in opposition to the physical world – but is an integral part of it. This means that ‘भ‍वन’ (bhavana) can also be used to denote ‘physical existence’ (or its ‘arising’), with the term ‘abhava’ (अभाव) referring to the ’empty’ nature or ‘insubstantiality’ of physical existence – which is void of any permanency.

The Bravery of Mr Paul Aladdin Alarab (1958-2003) RIP

00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

If the US-Zionist propaganda is to be believed, the 911 terrorist attacks on New York in 2001 were carried-out by 17 Saudis and 2 Egyptians – but as both countries are allies of the US and friends of Israel – and given that Israel represents US interests in the Middle East – no military action was taken against either Saudi Arabia or Egypt. Add to this the bizarre fact that at the last count at least 10 of the alleged suicide bombers on 911 have subsequently been found to be ‘alive’ – then the ‘irrationality’ and the ‘illegality’ of the US-led invasion and destruction of Iraq in 2003 is made patently clear. This blatant act of Western neo-imperialism has cost the lives of hundreds of thousands (some estimates state ‘millions’) of innocent Iraqi men, women and children, and paved the way for the development of a disastrous Islamofascism in the formerly Arab Socialist State. There were no weapons of mass destruction in an already impoverished country that had suffered under unjust UN Sanctions for over a decade. Furthermore, all legal experts agree that this ‘invasion’ was illegal under International Law. Saddam Hussein – the Iraqi leader who had resisted Western imperialism for decades – was tried by a puppet court comprised of Iraqi collaborators and traitors and hung (with his death being filmed and immediately released across the internet). I remember millions of people protesting this grotesque war in London – and the then criminal British Prime Minister Tony Blair just ‘laughing’ in Parliament! I also recall news bulletins that told of Westerners who had travelled to Afghanistan (that other victim of Western neo-imperialism) and Iraq – and deliberately blowing themselves up at Western military check-points in protest to the aggressive actions of their respective governments. American-Iraqi Paul Aladdin Alarab did not carry-out any action that directly inflicted violence upon anyone else – despite his heartfelt resistance to the US invasion of Iraq (the country of his ancestors). However, despite having a family (and all to live for) he decided to end his own life in protest to the illegal military action the US was taking against Iraq. Paul Aladdin Alarab (44) ended his own life by jumping to his death from San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge on May 19th, 2003. To my mind, it is not the trained military thugs of the US military that are heroes, (after-all, anyone can kill innocent people with fire-arms), but rather people like Paul Aladdin Alarab (and those Westerners who protested the illegal invasion of Iraq in numerous ways). In fact, a good measure of this man’s selfless attitude can be gleamed from the fact that he protested on behalf of the elderly and the handicapped in the US in 1988 – when he accidently fell-off the bridge in question – but remarkably managed to survive the plunge. America must throw-off the shackles of capitalist oppression and develop a Socialist State that renounces all ‘aggressive’ war.

Find a Grave – Paul Aladdin Alarab

2nd Bridge Fall Kills Foe of War

The CIA-Generated Myth of Liu Xiaobo (刘晓波) [1955-2017] and the 14th Dalai Lama Connection

0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

The historical fact that the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was behind the fabrication of the ‘Pro-Tibetan Movement’ (acting as a means for the United States of America to bring-down the Communist regime of Mainland China from that country’s Tibetan region) is no longer denied in the West, and its details can be read on Wikipedia (an apologist for US imperialism, Zionism and capitalism), as well as in a number of English language books (that in no way can be considered ‘sympathetic’ to Communist China). In recent years, Wikileaks has confirmed that no deaths occurred in Tiananmen Square in 1989 (see: Wikileaks: no bloodshed inside Tiananmen Square, cables claim), and that the entire affair was a very well orchestrated ‘fake news’ event perpetuated by the BBC and its US news counter-parts in the days before the internet, and when Mainland China was not directly connected to the West through its media. At that time, people living outside of China had no way of verifying what the Western media was saying, and had been subjected to a constant barrage of anti-China, anti-Communist propaganda emanating from the US since at least 1945. This brain-washing procedure was not only aimed at Westerners, but also at diasporic Chinese people living outside of China (with US anti-Communist China propaganda being published and distributed from Taiwan [in the Chinese language] throughout the many Chinese communities of the world). As part of the continued attempt to perpetuate the racist (imperialist) myth of Judeo-Christian dominance throughout the world, this US-led propaganda depicted Communist China as the very incarnation of ‘evil’ in the world, and manifesting the obvious ‘Crusader’ mentality, called for the destruction of China’s government and its regime. Obviously, the masses of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) completely rejects this Eurocentric and racist misinterpretation of China, her history, her culture and her political system.

The 14th Dalai Lama was awarded the Noble Peace Prize in 1989 for his support of the CIA-led disinformation campaign that presented the false image of thousands of students being killed in Tiananmen Square – apparently for protesting against the Communist government. This is a lie. No massacre occurred – but Chinese students were present at the time – protesting Western interference in internal Chinese affairs, and acting in support of the Communist Party of China (CPC). Wikileaks presents evidence that President Ronald Reagan (supported by British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher) called for events in Tiananmen Square to be deliberately misrepresented, as part of the continuous US policy to bring-down the USSR (which was falling apart under Gorbachev at the time – another ‘winner’ of the Noble Peace Prize for aiding the destruction of his own country’s Communist System in 1990). Obviously, the Noble Peace Prize is a bourgeois institution in the pocket of the USA, that has been operating an openly ‘anti-Socialist’ policy since at least 1945. Even in 1935, when the Norwegian Noble Peace Prize Committee awarded the prize to a German pacifist and convicted ‘traitor’ (a verdict upheld in 1992) named Carl von Ossietzky – members of that Committee ‘resigned’ in protest to Ossietzky’s perceived ‘leftist’ political viewpoints despite the fact he was a social democrat who rejected ‘Communism’. He perpetrated the historical ‘lie’ that a re-arming ‘democratic’ Germany was rebuilding its airforce by having pilots trained in the USSR. In fact, Germany had been part of the 14 country anti-Bolshevik alliance that had invaded Revolutionary Russia in 1918 – precipitating the so-called ‘Russian Civil War’ (1918-1921) – and as one of those 14 countries participating in this anti-Communist imperialist action – was eventually and soundly defeated by the Red Army. Again, US disinformation suggests that the USSR ‘collaborated’ with capitalism and fascism – when the opposite is obviously the case. Today, Communist China’s considered opinion is that the Noble Peace Prize is a good idea that could be used for the maintenance of World Peace and Harmony amongst the different ‘self-determining’ Nations – but that at the moment, it is a mouth-piece manipulated and guided by US neo-colonial policy, and as such, is used to perpetuate war and destruction (the very opposite intention to its own founding principles and functioning propaganda).

In his youth, Liu Xiaobo fully benefited from Communist China’s Socialist System. This comprehensive approach to re-building China included State provided full-employment, housing, medical care, nutritious food, and an entirely ‘free’ education system. Liu Xiaobo (and his family) were uplifted from a state of imperialist-inflicted poverty, and were reconstituted through Socialist planning, into entirely ‘new’ and dignified human-beings. Historical and biographical material suggests that Liu Xiaobo was fully aware of this fact, and in his youth openly supported the Communist Party of China (CPC), and considered himself (and his family) to be active members of the Revolutionary Masses as represented by the workers of China. In 1984, Liu Xiaobo graduated from Beijing Normal University, and four years later earned a Doctorate in literature and Art. However, in the 1990’s, he became involved in the ‘Democracy for China’ (民主中国 – Min Zhu Zhong Guo) Movement – a semi-clandestine CIA-funded project in China – that was allocated material (and moral) support from the ‘National Democracy Foundation’ in the US. This is where Liu Xiaobo ‘betrayed’ his country and the legacy of the Communist Revolution in China. Whereas China threw-off imperialist (Western) oppression in 1949 – Liu Xiaobo took the personal decision to re-engage with this racist form of oppression, and in so doing endanger every person living within Communist China. The capitalist West is the epicentre of all fascism and racism in the world, with the US and its EU running dog killing hundreds of thousands and even millions of people annually, throughout the world, as a means to maintain the dominance of the unjust and highly exploitative capitalist system. Why did Liu Xiaobo turn on his own country? The simple answer is ‘greed’ – exactly the same reason the 14th Dalai Lama turned on the Tibetan region of China – and abandoned the Tibetan people in 1959. No one in the modern and Socialist Tibet (not even the monks in the monasteries) remember this other traitor – or consider him in anyway a ‘leader’ or ‘representative’ of the Tibetan people. This hypocrite calls for ‘peace’ amongst his wealthy millionaire supporters in the West (usually from the luxury of a five star hotel in the US), whilst his office actively calls for ‘violence in Tibet and China (very much like that other CIA-concocted anti-China Movement – the ‘Falun Gong’ Cult).

Liu Xiaobo’s traitorous activities were eventually uncovered by China’s Intelligence Services, and he was tried and found ‘guilty’ of ‘Treason’ and crimes against the Chinese State in 2009. During his trial, it was revealed how the US had transferred funds to the PRC for the personal use of Liu Xiaobo, to cause as much social disorder and disruption in China as possible (which his ‘Democratic Movement’ carried-out in 1995 and 1999). Despite these despicable crimes against the Chinese people (and in the name of ‘foreign’ powers), China’s Judiciary found him ‘guilty’ of Crimes Against the State – and sentenced him to 11 years imprisonment – with the suspension of his political rights for 2 years. This was a very lenient sentence considering the gravity of his crimes. Of course, as the US and CIA-involvement in Liu Xiaobo’s criminal activities was made public during his trial, the US government immediately initiated a damage limitation exercise that saw the criminal Liu Xiaobo being granted the Noble Peace Prize for 2010 – together with the 14th Dalai Lama immediately issuing a statement of support, calling for the immediate release of Liu Xiaobo (falsely referring to him as a ‘freedom fighter’), and ignoring his mercenary motivations and criminal past. Liu Xiaobo was not a Buddhist, and had no personal interests in the Western notion of ‘Human rights’ – which can be seen from the social damage his criminal activities caused (harming individual Chinese men, women and children). Despite being a criminal that should have received the Death Sentence for his crimes – Liu Xiaobo was treated leniently by the Chinese State Judiciary – and toward the end of his life (when he was dying of cancer), he was treated with compassion by the Chinese State, and received the best medical care available (free of charge). Liu Xiaobo was a common criminal and not a hero. He took from the Communist Chinese State – but abused all the advantages that Chinese Socialism granted him. He had no thought for his family, the Chinese people, or the millions that died in China fighting for his political and cultural freedoms. His response to the collective suffering of the Chinese people, and the compassion of the Chinese State – was for him to try and help racist foreigners in an attempt to destroy the Chinese Communist Revolution. No matter what the bourgeois, capitalist System throws at Communist China – this can never be allowed because it is against the interest of the entirety of humanity.

Chinese Language Reference:

https://baike.baidu.com/item/刘晓波/14900221?from=image

http://world.people.com.cn/GB/57506/12955727.html

 

 

Email: Wim Hof – A Case of Scientific Daoism? (17.9.2017)

0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Subject: Modern Daoism – Wim Hof
Date:Sunday, September 17, 2017 06:33

Dear Q

I am always researching the scientific verification of Chinese Daoist technique – and I note the ‘modern’ approach Zhao Bichen took by incorporating certain Western biological terms into his explanatory texts. This would suggest that although Daoism can have a religious element – its core teachings are in fact biologically and medically correct, premised upon observation and refinement over-time (through practical experience). Obviously, this lies out-side of the realm of ‘blind faith’ and lies firmly within the realm of empirical science, even though it might be described as an ‘efficient’ use of consciousness and matter entwined. I believe that in the case of Wim Hof there is a scientific verification of the medical premises of Chinese Daoism. This is not because Wim Hof is a Daoist – far from it – he is a scientist who rejects faith and extols the scientific method. His method is ‘trauma’ led – and requires a very serious and dedicated mind-set. The point is that he has been subjected to scientific testing (under strict laboratory conditions) around the world and his abilities have been scientifically proven. He appears to have developed a conscious control of his autonomic systems, and can (at will) alter the neurological and chemical terrain of his inner body, so as to survive in extreme (usually very cold) environments. As a demonstration of this, he once climbed Mount Everest in shorts! He has also been injected with a virus – which he wilfully countered by releasing adrenalin and clearing the disease out of his body. Having practised his method of breathing in more than breathing out (to fill the head and chest with oxygen), I can say that this reminded me of the microcosmic circulation (up the Governing Vessel and down the Conception Vessel), etc. Furthermore, he has trained others who have also succeeded under scientific conditions. I pass on a short video for your general interest:

 

All Best Wishes

 

Adrian

Gee’s Florence Nightingale Midwifery Medal (2017)

DSC_0178

After four years hard work, earning a Midwifery Degree from Kings College (London), and carrying and giving birth to Kai-Lin (our youngest daughter) – Gee was finally awarded the highly coveted ‘Florence Nightingale Medal for Nursing and Midwifery’. These awards are rare and indicative of passing all the practical and theoretical texts to the highest standards.

0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

DSC_0179

DSC_0181

DSC_0183

Mayor of London (Sadiq Khan) and the Destruction of Healthy Trees (Please Help!)

DSC_0188

I was told of this bizarre situation a few days ago by someone who is a student at Kings College (London). It transpires that the Blairite Mayor of London – whilst introducing a ‘new’ Congestion Charge – is planning on ‘widening’ roads in Central London as a means to encourage ‘more’ traffic. Why is he doing this? Apparently, despite the apparently ‘environmentally friendly’ propaganda emanating from the Mayoral Head-Office, Sadiq Khan plans to raise revenue for Office to spend on various projects by simultaneously raising the ‘Congestion Charge’ (ostensibly to ‘limit’ traffic in and out of Central London), whilst destroying landmarks and healthy trees in a ‘road-widening’ project designed to encourage more vehicles in Central London. Obviously, a greater volume of traffic on purpose-built roads will generate a greater income for London’s Mayor. Whilst cynically claiming to care about the quality of London’s air as a means to justify a new monetary fine – Sadiq Khan is targeting these perfectly healthy trees to facilitate what can only be described as a ‘public fraud’. Central London needs less environmentally damaging vehicles and fewer open roads – not more.

Please send a protesting emailing to: consultations@tfl.gov.uk

Protesting letters to: FREEPOST, TFL Consultations,

Protesting Telephone Calls to: 0343 222 1155

DSC_0184

DSC_0185

DSC_0186

DSC_0189

DSC_0191

DSC_0192

%d bloggers like this: