Mao on Right Speech & Right Behaviour

Mao - Marxist-Leninist

Mao – Marxist-Leninist

In the political life of our people, how should right be distinguished from wrong in one’s words and actions? On the basis of the principles of our Constitution, the will of the overwhelming majority of our people and the common political positions which have been proclaimed on various occasions by our political parties and groups, we consider that, broadly speaking, the criteria should be as follows;

1) Words and actions should help unite, and not divide, the people of our various nationalities.

2) They should be beneficial, and not harmful, to socialist transformation and socialist construction.

3) They should help to consolidate, and not undermine or weaken, the people’s democratic dictatorship.

4) They should help to consolidate, and not undermine or weaken, democratic centralism.

5) They should help to strengthen, and not discard or weaken, the leadership of the Communist Party.

6) They should be beneficial, and not harmful, to international socialist unity and the unity of the peace-loving people of the world.

Of these six criteria, the most important are the socialist path and the leadership of the Party.

(On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People, February 27, 1957, 1st Pocket Edition, Pages 57-58)

Being ‘Aware’ of Awareness

Mind, Bead, Touch

Mind, Bead, Touch

Ch’an is essentially working with the psychology of perception and apperception. This is the process of ‘sensing’ data through the six senses (perception), and then through the habit of the conditioned mind – arranging that data into a certain and definite interpretation (apperception) of the world.  This implies that all viewpoints and opinions are the product of conditioning influence in the environment, that produce and sustain (through habit) a certain ‘frequency’ of inner, interpretive existence.  Within his teaching on the Four Noble Truths, the Buddha refers to this habit as ‘mental formations, or ‘thought constructs’.  Regardless of whether the world is viewed as independently existing or not, the human mind will only interpret its presence in a manner conducive to its own historical conditioning.  During this habit forming process, the mind remains ‘unaware’ of the process of conditioning it is experiencing, and cannot see beyond its own limited (and programmed) interpretive horizon.  This narrow perception of reality is taken as being ‘all there is to know’, when in fact the mind remains ignorant of its own predicament.  Ch’an is the method of seeing into and through this limited predicament.  A Ch’an master’s statements and actions seem weird and illogical to the one-sided mind – but make perfect sense to a mind that is functioning in an integrative and all-embracing fashion.  Anyone can be ‘aware’ because it is a natural state – but only a Buddha can be ‘aware’ of the inherent quality of ‘awareness’ itself.

Hui Neng – Sixth Patriarch of Ch’an

Hui Neng

Hui Neng

(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

Translator’s Note: Within Ch’an, what else is required?

Hui Neng looked within

 Perceived his own essential nature

And immediately attained Buddhahood.

Extracted from Original Chinese Source Text:

http://www.tlfjw.com/xuefo-569092.html

慧能——见性成佛

 

Hui Jian (慧剑) – the Sword that Clears the Mind

Wisdom Sword

Wisdom Sword

Within Mahayana Buddhism in general, and the Ch’an School in particular, one term that regularly appears is that of ‘prajna sword’, or ‘wisdom sword’. This is taken from the Mahayana sutras (such as the Vimalakirti, Prajnaparamita, and Lotus Sutras, as well as the all-important Surangama Sutras – the latter of which Manjushri turns the organ of ‘hearing’ back to its empty essence to realise enlightenment) and refers to the Bodhisattva Manjushri’s ‘wisdom sword’ which possesses the power to cleanly ‘cut-through’ all delusion in the mind (klesa), and in so doing immediately reveal the empty mind ground, so that ‘emptiness’ can be fully integrate with all phenomena without exception, contradiction or hindrance. In the Chinese written language, the characters for ‘hui jian’ (wisdom sword) are written as:

1) 慧 (hui4) = wisdom

2) 剑 (jian4) = sword

The ‘hui’ (慧) character is found within the Seal Characters developed during the latter half of the Zhou Dynasty, and is used to refer to the notion of ‘wisdom’, ‘intelligence’ and ‘cleverness’. The left-hand particle is the character ‘hui’ and is comprised of ‘心’ (xin1) – a depiction of the human heart -which refers to ‘mind’, ‘heart’, ‘moral nature’, ‘conscience’, ‘intention’, ‘ambition’, ‘centre’, and ‘’design’, etc.; whilst the right-hand (phonetic) particle of the character ‘hui’ is represented by ‘彗’ (hui4) which denotes a right-hand ‘彐’ (a contraction of ‘又’ – you4) at its base, with two branches situated above ‘丰’ (feng1) it. The imagery suggests that the right-hand uses the two branches like a broom to clear a space by sweeping away the dirt from the surface of the floor. Taken together, these two particles form the character ‘慧’ (hui4) which is used to convey the meaning of a bright and advanced understanding that has been acquired through a sustained effort of training that clears the mind through the use of a specific method – or set of methods.

The ‘jian’ (剑) character is found within the Seal Characters developed during the latter half of the Zhou Dynasty, and is used to refer to a long, doubled-edged sword from around the 7th century BCE onwards. The jian character is comprised of the left-hand (phonetic) particle ‘僉’ (qian1), which can mean ‘all’, or ‘unanimous’ – but in this context probably ‘comprehensive’. This particle is structured using two regular ‘mouths’ (只 – zhi3) situated under an ‘inverted mouth’ (亼 – ji1). This symbolism denotes gathering together to thoroughly discuss a subject – as an ‘inverted mouth’ refers to ‘many’. The right-hand particle of the jian character is the contraction ‘刂’ – which represents ‘刀’ (dao1) and denotes the ancient blade of a knife or sword. Taken together these two particles combine to form the character ‘jian’ (剑) which signifies a long-bladed, double-edged sword that was originally made from bronze, but which progressed to steel as knowledge of metallurgy developed. As construction materials and methods developed and strengthened the over-all design of the jian, the length of the blade was increased, and the jian came to be considered the weapon of choice of the refined scholar, and the spiritually advanced adept. Such was the respect ascribed to this weapon that Confucius (孔夫子 – Kong Fu Zi) used the character for ‘warrior’ (士 – shi) to refer to a ‘scholar’ – considering the mastery of the sword in combat as synonymous with the academic mastery of the classic books.

Therefore the characters ‘慧剑’ (hui jian) represent a distinctly ‘Buddhist’ method of clearing the mind that is as decisive as a blow from a sharp sword used in scholarly self-defence. Despite its obvious Buddhist origin and undertones – the ‘sword’ is a clear concession to the Confucian establishment as it strove to integrate foreign Indian Buddhist thought, with that of Chinese indigenous understanding and belief. By the time that Buddhism arrived in China around 100 BCE – 100 CE – the long sword was already centuries old. Although used on the battlefield, its use as an implement of self-development and mastery was also well-known and widely utilised – particularly within the scholarly class and the nobility. Its incorporation into Buddhist thought (and iconology) is both logical and predictable because if the original ‘prajna sword’ happened to be an unfamiliar Indian weapon, the use of the imagery of the Chinese long-sword is yet another example of how scholars in China cleverly entwined Buddhist thought with Confucian ethics and paved the ideological path for the full importation of Buddhism into China with minimal resistance.

 

©opyright: Adrian Chan-Wyles (ShiDaDao) 2014.

Socialism is Good – Communism is Good!

Popular Emblem on Chinese Internet

Popular Emblem on Chinese Internet

Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD

Socialism is goodCommunism is good! Hooray! Correct leadership ensures a harmonious society

(Just look at what landlords do if they are not controlled)

Surely there are none more evil than landlords?

If I were a government employee, I would think of downloading this emblem!

Well, the best society is Socialist and Communism!

Long live the leadership!

 Hurrayhurray for the certitude of social harmony!

Original Chinese Language Source Text:

http://m.kdslife.com/t/8/118/4834634/?u=0&p=1&look=&sc=235

社会主义好 共产主义好!领导万岁!!社会需要和谐  [只看楼主]

还有比这更邪恶的吗?

社会主义很好 共产主义最好!领导万岁万岁万万岁!!社会一定和谐

Oliver Cromwell and the Abolition of State Sanctioned ‘Christmas’

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) - Lord Protector

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) – Lord Protector

Oliver Cromwell and his elected Parliament (following the English Civil Wars  0f 1642–1651), legally abolished the State sanctioned celebration of Christmas Day and the 12 days of Christmas (which began either on December the 25th or 26th, depending on interpretation, and culminating on ‘twelfth night’, or January 5th or 6th – a period also known as ‘Christmastide’).  Although at that time, New Year’s Day was officially March the 25th (Lady Day) – many at the time considered January the 1st as signifying the start of the new year, despite the fact that the Parliament of Great Britain would not formerly adopt the Gregorian Calendar until 1750, thus making January the 1st officially New Year’s Day.  The English Civil Wars were three campaigns that saw the progressive (and well educated) British middle class militarily wrestle power away from the aristocracy and the totalitarian monarchy it supported.  This revolution saw the Parliament of Charles I (1600-1649) rise-up in principle and law, and openly question the king’s ability to rule through divine right.  Parliament successfully mobilised the peasants and workers from all over Britain, whilst Charles I equally successfully marshalled the middle and upper classes to his banner.  Towns and cities literally declared allegiance for one side or the other – and a vicious and murderous set of battles ensued that led to the death and maiming of tens of thousands.

Although Charles I was defeated twice, he would not give-up his claim to divine power, and refused to recognise or cooperate with Parliament’s new regime.  As he kept supporting and encouraging uprisings against Parliament, Cromwell had Charles I charged with Treason.  Charles I was tried, found guilty, and sentenced to death by beheading.  This is how bourgeois, liberal democracies came into being – and despite the battle between the middle and upper classes – this model of governance is now the ‘preferred’ format for much of the world.  Karl Marx wrote in the mid-1800’s that the next stage in world revolution will involve the working class rising-up and taking political power away from the middle classes and instigate Socialist reform.  However, it is generally believed that this can only happen if the bourgeois (i.e. middle class) has already taken power – which it has in most of the developed world.

Oliver Cromwell was a very civilised, intelligent and progressive individual.  He was also a devout Christian.  Why, then, did he agree to ‘ban’ Christmas?  He carried out this progressive measure because he thought that it was a great evil for the State to ‘enforce’ a religious celebration upon its citizens.  As a consequence, Cromwell oversaw the legislation that ‘banned’ the State sanctioning of a national holiday that had, in his and many other Christian’s eye, no connection with legitimate Christian practice.  When the Roman Catholic church arrived in the West, it found a well established indigenous religion with its own holy days (Wiccan) and seasonal celebrations.  December the 21st was a special day termed ‘Yuletide’ which saw the non-Christian peoples celebrate the passing of the dark days and the renewal of the light.  The Catholics usurped this winter festival and arbitrarily declared December the 25th as the ‘Mass of Christ’ as a means to celebrate Christ’s birth.  This ecclesiastical sleight of hand was designed to convert the so-called ‘pagans’ to the new religion by giving the false impression that both belief systems had similar days of worship.  Cromwell, as a Calvinist Protestant, shared the broad Anglican view that the Catholic church had embraced non-Christian celebrations that had no biblical president, or theological justification.  The notion of ‘Christmas Day’ was therefore ‘evil’ because it was pagan inspired and copied by a corrupt (Catholic) church.  Just as Catholicism was banned at that time – so its celebration of ‘Christmas Day’ was also banned.  This ban only extended to the ‘official’ celebration of Christmas, but did not extend into private celebrations behind closed doors.  Cromwell’s viewpoint was that private individuals could do as they please with regards to personal religious beliefs, but that the State should not be seen to ‘officially’ support such views.  Around 250 years after Cromwell, Lenin would espouse a similar viewpoint – declaring that religion was a personal matter that should have nothing to do with the State or governance of the people.

Today in the UK, the law outlawing the State celebration of Christmas Day on December the 25th still exists, but following the Restoration of the British monarchy in 1660, (a counter-revolution), Many of Cromwell’s reform were either directly repealed, ignored, or abandoned.  Oddly, the banning of Christmas was not repealed and remains on the statute books in the UK, however the police refuse to enforce it on the grounds that this law is not commonly popular.  What is meant by this is that the banning of Christmas – an annual ritual inspired by greed – is not popular amongst the British middle and upper classes which directly support the conservative (i.e. rightwing) Church of England.  This so-called ‘policing by consent’ has nothing to do with the ‘majority’ of the people in the UK – as the majority are by the far the voiceless working class – but everything to do with the minority middle class that currently holds political power.  This hypocrisy can be seen in action with the recent banning of fox-hunting in the UK – a law the police refuse to enforce because it directly effects the middle and upper classes who hold all the real political power in the country.   When ordinary people gather to protest the ripping apart of a fox by hungry hounds – the police arrest and charge these ‘lawful’ protestors – but leave the law-breaking hunt enthusiasts alone!  Why view in the cold light of day – Christmas certainly is a crime perpetuated by a foreign Christian religion that should have no place in the UK.

What the Inca’s Thought of Xmas…

Spanish go to Work with Sword and Cross

Spanish go to Work with Sword and Cross

(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

16th century, the Spanish colonizers massacred Inca Indians.

Extracted from Original Chinese Source Test:

http://news.sina.com.cn/o/2003-09-17/1424768065s.shtml

16世纪,西班牙殖民者屠杀印第安人。

If Christ Where Real…

Yeshua Ben Yoseph - Better Known as Jesus Christ

Yeshua Ben Yoseph – Better Known as Jesus Christ

If the Middle eastern man known by his Greek name of ‘Jesus Christ’ (a name he neither knew or would have recognised), was real, then what is required to salvage his tarnished reputation is the abolition of the church that claims to represent his best interests on earth?  Why should this be the case?  Simply because if the teachings of Christ (such as the Sermon on the Mount), are compared with the theology of the established church, they do not match.  At every point that Jesus makes, the church deviates radically in its interpretation.  Jesus states that humanity should not work for profit – the church states that humanity should work for profit.  Jesus states that he does not require an established church – the church obviously disagrees with this.  Jesus renounces war – whilst the church invests its money in weapons research and arms production.  Jesus represents the huddled masses of humanity – whilst the church represents the white middle class. Jesus attempted to overthrow capitalism – whilst the church is firmly committed to its protection.  Jesus did not recognise temporal political power – whilst the church inherently supports the political right.  Jesus fed and cared for the poor – whilst the church produces and protects paedophile priests.  Jesus turned the other cheek – whilst the church confronts dissent with the best layers money can buy.  Jesus did not recognise the power of kings on earth – and yet the church crowns them.  Jesus believed in peace on earth – and yet everywhere the Christian church has travelled, it has brought death and destruction.  Jesus extolled an unqualified love and compassion for the world – whilst the church reduces his teachings to mere intellectualisms of little practicality.  Yes – for Jesus Christ to exist, the world be a better place without the church of men that has defiantly formed around his teachings.  Down with the established church and let love and compassion merge with wisdom to free the world!

The Buddha’s Closest Family Member – Rahula

Rahula - the Buddha's Son

Rahula – the Buddha’s Son

(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

Rahula was very naughty as a young child, and would occasionally lie to people, and play tricks on them. The Buddha told many stories to Rahula in an attempt to teach him and through this continuous and patient educational process, Rahula finally developed the strength of character to admit that his behaviour had been incorrect. After realising the extent of his bad behaviour, Rahula felt a sense of shame and disgrace. At one time Rahula used to rush to overtake senior Bhikshus on the way to the toilet. At night he would often go to sleep first, before the elder Bhikshus had settled.  On another occasion, Rahula claimed that bandits had attacked him on the road, and injured his head, but there was no witnesses to this incident. Although Rahula was the Buddha’s son – the Buddha taught that all sentient beings are equal with no difference existing between them whatsoever. Therefore, for the Buddha, there was no difference between Rahula and all sentient beings – and no difference between all sentient beings and Rahula. The Buddha made a point of teaching all beings with equal attention. As a consequence of this effort, Rahula attained Arhatship whilst still in his early twenties.

Original Chinese Language Source Text:

http://www.zhibeidy.com/2011/0418/3159_6.php

密行第一 —— 罗侯罗

 罗候罗小时候很调皮,偶尔会说谎捉弄人,佛陀讲了许多故事来教导他,最后他才勇于认错。改过认错之后的罗候罗很能忍辱,有一次,被年长比丘赶到厕所中睡觉,仍然一点都不埋怨别人。又有一次,在路上受流氓攻击,头破血流,他忍气吞声,并没有与对方计较。

 罗候罗虽然是佛陀的独子,但在佛陀的教法中,众生一律平等,佛陀视众生如罗候罗,视罗候罗如众生。在佛陀的谆谆教诲下,罗候罗于二十出头的年纪就证得阿罗汉果 。

关键字:佛陀十大弟子美图

Dharma Master Xin Dao

Dharma Master Xin Dao (心道法师)

Dharma Master Xin Dao (心道法师)

Original Picture and Text By: Phoenix Chinese Buddhism Photography

(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

Excellent and Bright Vulture Peak Dharma Evening Event

Dharma Master Xin Dao meditating in Ananda’s Cave situsted on Vulture Peak.

Original Chinese Language Source Text:

http://fo.ifeng.com/tupian/tupiangaoqing/detail_2012_04/21/14059168_4.shtml

灵鹫山之夜 殊胜法界光明盛会

心道法师在灵鹫山阿难修行洞禅坐 。(图片来源:凤凰网华人佛教 摄影:妙传)

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