China’s Cultural Revolution in Context (1966-1976)


The capitalist West takes a dim view of Socialism no matter where (or when) it develops. This is because those who own and control the means of production, (i.e. the bourgeoisie), want to retain that control, and never lose it to the working class, the inevitable consequence of a Socialist Revolution. To prevent the workers from seizing control of the means of production, they must be kept at a low-level of education and poorly paid, so that they are forced to fight amongst themselves for every scrap. Furthermore, the learning that is available through the education system (and the media) must be default set to favour capitalism and its inherent and oppressive nature, and demonize Socialism and its inherent fairness and progressive nature. Within primarily modern, secular and capitalist societies, this is nothing but the re-working of the biblical dichotomy of ‘good’ (everything capitalist), and ‘evil’ (everything Socialist). Add to this theological mix the agency of Eurocentric racism, and the stage is set for the contemporary attitude the capitalist West (led by the United States), takes toward Communist China. This inverted, ignorant, bias and prejudiced attitude is applied equally to present day China, just as it is to historical China. This process of misrepresentation is aided and abetted by Trotskyism – a deficient and moribund deviation from Marxist-Leninism which co-operates with capitalism and fascism, whilst claiming to be fighting both. Trotsky is well known for his anti-China viewpoints, which have infiltrated the left in the West.

Mao Zedong was a great and progressive Socialist leader who approached the monumental task of transitioning China from a deeply feudal, and colonially dominated country, to being a country able to modernise whilst rejecting rightwing nationalism, and physically and consciously ‘evolve’ out of the destructive capitalism practised by the Nationalists, and into a Socialism as advocated by Marx and Engels, and further developed by Lenin. It can be reasonably argued that Mao Zedong had by far the more difficult task to achieve, as Scientific Socialism, although universal and belonging to no single ethnicity or cultural group, had to be translated from German, English and Russian, and its ‘new’ ideas adequately translated into Chinese characters, before being explained (with equal vigour) to the intellectuals and the ordinary people. It is only when the people are educated in this manner that a Socialist Revolution can spontaneously spread throughout the masses. This meant nothing less than China radically modernising in its own manner, and wiping away the outdated and outmoded political and cultural elements that had dominated and oppressed feudal China for thousands of years. Mao Zedong (and the developing Marxist-Leninist intelligentsia), achieved great success in mass education campaigns, and by demonstrating to the masses the superiority of Socialism in the ‘liberated areas’ even before the Revolution was successful in 1949. It is clear that a ‘Cultural Revolution’ was underway in China decades before 1949, a Revolution not just of physical habits and conventions, but also a Revolution in thought.

Within the Western world today, and probably inspired by an anti-China Trotskyite initiative, there is a bizarre notion being spread around leftist forums which suggests that the modern Communist Party of China (CPC) pursues a ‘capitalist’ path, and in so doing ‘forbids’ any mention or study of the works of Mao Zedong. Of course, this is obviously a capitalist disinformation campaign designed to drive a ‘wedge’ within the Chinese Communist Movement. To this end, a false paradigm is being created in the anti-/China Western media which suggests that ‘Maoists’ are now no longer considered ‘Chinese Communists’. All this is false and is designed to bring-down the CPC. The CPC fully embraces the work (and actions) of Mao Zedong, and Mao Zedong Thought (as a development of Marxist-Leninism) is taught in schools and universities. Mao Zedong never viewed his own interpretation of Marxist-Leninist as being ‘different’ or ‘apart’, but rather as a ‘continuation’ of this Revolutionary thinking. Chinese Communist thinking, therefore, is not ‘anti-Western’, but rather pro-Socialism in the West. Between 1966-1976, Mao Zedong initiated a country-wide movement to rid China both psychologically and physically of the old habits passed-on from feudal times. To this end, there were a number of different and progressive programmes over the years, many of which were successful and fruitful. However, contemporary Chinese texts state that although Mao Zedong was correct to initiate the Cultural Revolution, certain counter-revolutionary elements infiltrated the movement and for a time caused chaos and confusion within the CPC, across China and throughout all the ethnic groups. My own view is that this disruption was Trotskyite in nature, and that it is contemporary Trotskyites who are working to establish a ‘false’ paradigm about China and about Maoists. The CPC is both Marxist-Leninist and Maoist, and there is no contradiction in this position amongst ‘Chinese’ Communists. Those groups that claim to be ‘Maoist’ outside of China, but which work to over-throw the CPC, are traitors to China and are in league with the Western capitalists.


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