Donetsk: 100th Anniversary of the Founding of the Soviet Red Army (1918-2018)

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Communist Party of Donetsk

Dear Comrades,

Exactly One hundred years ago today (23.2.1918), the heroic struggle of the Workers ‘and Peasants’ Red Army began for the liberation of humanity from exploitation. Thanks to the armed detachments of workers and peasants, Socialism prevailed not only in Russia, but also in many countries throughout the world. The Red Army soldiers defeated the White Guards, fascism, and fought against world imperialism.

Unfortunately, the temporary defeat of Socialism in the USSR led to the destruction of the Soviet Red Army, but although that battle was lost, the war is not yet over! Comrades, the great victories of the World Proletariat are still ahead, because the future is for the Victory of Socialism!

The Red Army continues to live today! The struggle against world imperialism did not stop even after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The workers and peasants of Latin America and South-East Asia are fighting this noble war. Contributing to this struggle are the military personnel of the Donetsk and Lugansk People’s Republics!

Happy holiday, Comrades!

Central Committee of the Communist Party of Donetsk People’s Republic (CPDPR)

‘FORWARD’ (Вперед) Online Newspaper of the Communist Party of Donetsk

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‘FORWARD’ (Вперед) Online Newspaper of the Communist Party of Donetsk

ARTICLES IN ENGLISH

(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

“Forward” (Вперед) is the oline newspaper of the Communist Party of the Donetsk People’s Republic, which is currently represented by an electronic version. The website wpered.su began work in February 2016. Its creation was caused by the need to intensify agitation and propaganda activities among the population of the Republic, to get feedback from readers and create a discussion platform for expressing opinions by Communist Party Members and its Supporters.

The choice of the name has several reasons:

  1. We emphasize the ideological continuity with the first Bolshevik weekly newspaper Vperyod, which was published in Geneva from January 4 to May 18, 1905. The name was proposed directly by Vladimir Lenin. Vperyod was created immediately after the Mensheviks seized the Iskra newspaper of the Central Organ of the RSDLP and played an outstanding role in the struggle against opportunism and in the creation of a new type of party.
  2. We emphasize the historical continuity with local Bolsheviks led by the legendary Artem. In January 1905, the future chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars of the Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Republic arrived in Kharkov and organized the revolutionary group Vperyod. He worked at the locomotive plant, headed the Bolshevik organization and prepared an armed uprising.
  3. In his work “A Threatening Catastrophe and How to Fight It,” Lenin wrote that “one can not go forward without heading toward Socialism.” It is this principle that guides the CO-PRD in its practical activities. The main goals of the Communists has always been and still is the conquest of power by the working people, and the building of a Socialist Republic, the restoration of the Union of fraternal peoples, and their Unification into a single Socialist Union of States.

Sobre nosotros (

Further Thoughts on Ukrainian ‘Maidan’ Neo-Nazism (12.2.2018)

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Ukrainian Embassy – Holland Park – London (YCL Anti-Neo-Nazi Protest)

Every true Socialist and Communist opposes all forms of fascism, which includes neo-Nazism. As Lenin stated, fascism in capitalism in decline, and represents the most destructive aspect of the capitalist system. By opposing, combatting and defeating fascism, the transition of capitalism into Socialism is brought ever nearer. Although Trotskyite Socialists have collaborated with fascism ever since 1938 (when Trotsky called upon his ‘Socialist’ followers to assist fascist Italy and Nazi Germany to ‘over-throw’ the USSR), Marxist-Leninists are duty-bound to resist fascism in every way possible. This involves the resistance of emotion, thought and action. When a Soviet Red Army soldier was being photographed whilst being shot in the head by a Finnish fascist – he looked at the camera and ‘smiled’. Although murdered moments later, his smile ‘resist’ fascism down through the ages.

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The neo-Nazi ‘Maidan’ regime is a neo-Nazi movement historically linked to the Nazi German invasion of the Ukraine during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945). It could not have come to power, however, without financial and material support from President Obama in the US, and Prime Minister Cameron in the UK. Of course, once endorsed by the ‘Anglo-Saxons’, the EU was quick to support it and initiate a ruthless anti-Socialist and anti-Russian campaign. Then the ‘purges’ began as neo-Nazi death squads spread-out through Western Ukraine arresting, torturing and murdering anyone who got in their way, or opposed their fascism. The noble people of Eastern Ukraine have formed Socialist Republics and are currently fighting a war of self-defence against this ‘Maidan’ neo-Nazi offensive. Statues of Lenin have been pulled-down and replaced with images of Adolf Hitler or other Nazi German War Criminals now revered by the ‘Maidan’ regime. Twice on marches in the UK I have been approached by Ukrainian students demanding  take my Red Flag down because the ‘Communist Party’ is outlawed in the Ukraine. Although the Ukraine was not in the EU – David Cameron set in place a facility whereby Ukrainian students can come to the UK at the British taxpayer’s expense, and attend university ‘free of charge’, at a time when British students are being charged tens of thousands of pounds to study! My partner (Gee) and myself have families that have fought fascism in Europe and China, and we are proud to continue this resistance today. We teach our children to be independently minded and physically free, and to afford every other human-being these freedoms. After the protest was completed on Saturday (10.2.2018) outside the Ukrainian Embassy, the British police approached the area with sirens screeching. As we can never be sure how the British police will behave (after-all, they are protecting the ‘neo-Nazi’ Ukrainian Embassy), we took our two young children and made a discreet exist from the area. This is how we involve (and protect) our children during political activism and live to protest another day!

 

Mariya Oktyabrskaya (1905-1944) – Stalin’s Soviet Tank Commander!

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(Research and translation by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

Translator’s Note. The US (Engish) Wikipedia page is deficient when relating the true story of Mariya Oktyabrskaya, and has many facts either missing or just wrong. For instance, Wikipedia states that in 1941, Mariya was ’38’ years old, when the same article gives her birthdate as 1905 (which would make Mariya around ’36’ years old in 1941). Interestingly, whereas the US, Russian and Ukrainian Wikipedia pages all give her birthdate as ‘1905’, a number of other historical Russian language sources give Mariya’s birthdate as being ‘1902’. An ‘official’ Monument to Mariya states ‘1905’, whilst another states ‘1902’. The narratives I have read appear to favour a ‘1905’ birthdate:

 

Furthermore, as US Wikipedia supports the neo-Nazi ‘Maidan’ Movement currently committing atrocities in Western Ukraine, it incorrectly gives Mariya’s name in the modified Cyrillic script preferred by the Ukrainian neo-Nazis, instead of her actual name, which is historically always written in standard Russian Cyrilic (i.e. ‘Мария Васильевна Октябрьская ‘ as opposed to the incorrect Ukrainian ‘Марія Василівна Октябрська ‘). Mariya was born in the Russian area of the Crimea, but even Ukrainians are ‘Russian’ as they are descendents of the Slavic (i.e. Viking) King Rurik I. Nikita Khruschev, for reasons known only to himself, transferred the Crimea to be administered as part of the Ukraine whilst both areas existed as psrt of the Soviet Union. There had been a terrible problem with a minority of Western Ukrainians during the ‘Great Patriotic War’ (1941-1945), which had seen Ukrainians joining the Nazi German extermination squads, and assisting in the murders of millions of people in the area. The special forces of the NKVD eventually put-down this fascist insurgency in 1947 – but many of the Ukrainian Neo-Nazis today state that they are proudly descended from these fascist collaborators and War Criminals. The point to remember here, is that Mariya Oktyabrskaya had already lived and died nearly a decade before Crimea and Ukraine were administratively linked, and along with her husband, was proud to be a ‘Soviet’ citizen and a ‘Russian’ patriot. Furthermore, the Ukrainian neo-Nazis have started a separate ‘modified’ ‘cyrillic’ Wikipedia page that misrepresents the life of Mariya Oktyabrskaya, claiming that she was ‘Ukrainian’, and it is this fascistic page that the US (English) Wikipedia page has decided to emulate. This demonstrates the ‘rightwing’ agenda of the US Wikipedia franchise. Following the ‘Maidan’ neo-Nazi rise to power in Western Ukraine in 2014, the people of Crimea democratically voted to return to non-fascist Russia. Predictably, the US (English) wikipedia page covering the history of Crimea, trumpets the Ukrainian neo-Nazi distortion of history. Despite all this racism and misrepresentation, however, I have accessed Russian language sources and convey here the ‘real’ story of Mariya Oktyabrskaya as part of the commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of the Great October Russian Revolution! ACW (28.12.2017)

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Mariya Vasilyevna Oktyabrskaya (Мария Васильевна Октябрьская) [1905-1944] was born ‘Mariya Garagulya’ (Мария Гарагуля) in the Crimean region of the Soviet Union. She was of ‘Russian’ (i.e, ‘Slavic’) ethnicity, and was a very loyal citizen of the USSR and committed Communist. Mariya married Ilya Ryadnenko (Илью Рядненко) in 1925. Ilya Ryadnenko was a Cadet training at the highly regarded Soviet Cavalry School, and was also a committed Communist, both he and Mariya decided that they would create a progressive and fully ‘Socialist’ family in the USSR, and as such, changed their surname to ‘October’ (Октябрьская – Oktyabrskaya) out of respect for the 1917 October Revolution (led by Lenin), which had given them every possible help, support and advantage in life.

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As a Red Army Officer’s wife, Mariya – born into a large family of peasants – was devoted, honest, selfless and tireless in her work, as she followed her Red Army husband from one Garrison appointment to another. She was particularly skilful in all aspects of needle-work, and was renowned for the quality of her work. However, although needle-work was a ‘traditional’ skill learned by women in Russia, as the Soviet Union legally treated women as being ‘equal’ to men in every respect, Mariya trained to be a Medic, drive a car and efficiently operate a machine-gun, as well as operate a military radio-set. In June, 1941, when the military forces of Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union, Mariya (and her husband) lived in Chisinau. with Ilya Oktyabrsky then serving in the 134th Howitzer Artillery Regiment.

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With the outbreak of war, Mariya (and other military families) were evacuated to Tomsk – whilst her husband remained at the front. As a Member of the Red Army (in a ‘reserve’ capacity), Mariya resumed her role as a radio-operator. However, in August, 1941, Mariya received notification that her husband – the Regimental Political Commissar – had died bravely leading a Soviet attack – when he was hit and killed by a machine-gun burst. Mariya immediately volunteered for front-line duty to serve the Soviet Union and wreak revenge upon the Nazi German invaders! However, even though she was qualified for front-line service, her request was denied because she was already 36 years old. This decision was premised upon the results of her medical examination, which revealed that she was suffering from tuberculosis of the cervical vertebrae. Mariya Oktyabrskaya then decided to personally purchase a ‘tank’ as a direct contribution to the anti-fascist war-effort. Although this sounds unusual today, there was nothing incredible about this idea, as the entire country was then collecting funds for military equipment and weapons. However, to purchase a tank was a very expensive under-taking! Even selling everything that she owned, Mariya could not afford anything near the price of a combat vehicle. This is where Mariya was very clever and made use of her embroidering skills. Arriving home from duty at the tele-communication station, Mariya would sit at the craft-frame, and embroider napkins, tablecloths, and towels. As her work was so valued, more and more orders arrived and she soon made a large amount of money which she gave to the anti-fascist war-effort. The right amount – 50 thousand rubles – was collected and sent to the State Bank by the spring of 1943.

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Mariya did not just want to purchase a Red Army tank for general purpose, she wanted to operate it herself as part of a direct contribution to the anti-fascist war-effort. To this end, Mariya took the unusual step of writing a telegram directly to Joseph Stalin which read:

«Дорогой Иосиф Виссарионович! В боях за Родину погиб мой муж — полковой комиссар Октябрьский Илья Федотович. За его смерть, за смерть всех советских людей, замученных фашистскими варварами, хочу отомстить фашистским собакам, для чего внесла в госбанк на построение танка все свои личные сбережения — 50 000 рублей. Танк прошу назвать «Боевая подруга» и направить меня на фронт в качестве водителя этого танка. Имею специальность шофера, отлично владею пулеметом, являюсь ворошиловским стрелком. Шлю Вам горячий привет и желаю здравствовать долгие, долгие годы на страх врагам и на славу нашей Родины. Октябрьская Мария Васильевна»

‘Dear Joseph Vissarionovich! In the battles for the Motherland my husband, the Regimental Commissar Oktyabrsky Ilya Fedotovich, was killed. For his death, for the death of all Soviet people tortured by fascist barbarians, I want revenge on these fascist dogs, a cause for which I contributed all my personal savings into the State Bank as a means to build a tank – 50,000 rubles. I request that the tank be named ‘Combat Girlfriend’, and that I be allowed to operate it during frontline operations. I can already drive and operate a machine-gun, and I have been trained as a ‘Voroshilov’ sharp-shooter. I send you my warmest greetings and wish you long, long years of life. May you strike fear into our enemies and for the eternal glory of our Socialist Motherland. Oktyabrskaya Maria Vasilyevna.’

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Joseph Stalin soon sent the following reply:
«Тов. Октябрьской Марии Васильевне. Благодарю Вас, Мария Васильевна, за Вашу заботу о бронетанковых силах Красной Армии. Ваше желание будет исполнено. Примите мой привет. И. Сталин»
‘Comrade. Oktyabrskaya Maria Vasilievna. Thank you, Maria Vasilievna, for your concern about the armoured forces of the Red Army. Your desire will be fulfilled. Please accept my greetings. J. Stalin.’
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Between September, 1943 and March 1944, Mariya served in the 26th Guards Tank Brigade, starting as a Mechanic and Driver, but soon rose up through the ranks (due to her bravery), eventually reaching rank of Guards Senior Sergeant. Mariya eventually commanded the T-34 she had paid for and named ‘Combat Girlfriend’. Mariya was very skilled at clearing Nazi German machine-gun nests, and seeking-out and destroying well-hidden Nazi German artillery emplacements and ammunition dumps in and around the Vitebsk area of Belarus. She was expert in the handling of the T-34 machine gun and was renowned for taking on and clearing Nazi German infantry. Mariya, as an expert mechanic, was also able to repair the T-34 tracks when damaged by Nazi German fire – even when still in the midst of battle. She would climb out of the tank and ignore the enemy fire whilst performing her tasks. In January, 1941, whilst fighting near Vitebsk, Mariya guided hr T-34 tank through the enemy defenses and destroyed a number of entrenched Nazi German positions. Whilst repairing the tracks of her T-34 tank, however, she was hit in the head and remaind in a coma for two months before dying. On August 2nd, 1944, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR awarded (by decree) the title of Hero of the Soviet Union (posthumously) for courage and heroism displayed in many battles – to Senior Guard Sergeant Mariya Vasilievna Oktyabrskaya . The tank, acquired by Mariya Vasilyevna, was destroyed by the Germans in one of the battles. However, a young Soviet tank man, in memory of their dead mother and Commander, wrote on the tower of one of the new tanks, the words ‘Combat Girlfriend’. After the fighting for Minsk, this tank was decommissioned, but the proud inscription appeared on the tower of another tank, and after this tank was hit, there was another tank with this writing on its turret, meaning the memory of the ‘Combat Girlfriend’ continued to fight the Nazi Germans right up to Koenigsberg, where this tank ended its career.

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Russian Language Sources:

http://aeslib.ru/istoriya-i-zhizn/velikie/geroj-sovetskogo-soyuza-oktyabrskaya-mariya-vasilevna.html

http://www.neveroyatno.info/news/boj_baby/2014-03-13-2218

http://russian7.ru/post/mariya-oktyabrskaya-zhenshhina-tank-pro/

https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Октябрьская,_Мария_Васильевна

US (English) Wikipedia Page:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariya_Oktyabrskaya

Fake Neo-Nazi Ukrainian Wikipedia Page:

https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Октябрська_Марія_Василівна

Fake US (English) Wikpedia Page (Crimea):

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crimea

 

 

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