Appraising MI Kalinin – the Educator

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Original Chinese Language Article By: http://www.lishiquwen.com

(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

Translator’s Note:  The Sino-Soviet split occurred with the rise to power in the USSR of Nikita Khrushchev who is believed to have been a Trotskyite sympathiser who contrived a ‘Secret Speech’ that accused Comrade Stalin of all kinds of fabricated crimes.  This effectively was the betrayal of Lenin (and Stalin) and the Soviet people, and the beginning of the slow movement toward the disintegration of the USSR at the hands of the traitor Mikhail Gorbachev in the late 1980’s.  (Khrushchev’s crimes are revealed in Grover Furr’s book ‘Khrushchev Lied’).  However, China refused to acknowledge Khrushchev’s allegations, and instead continued to interpret Stalin’s actions to be necessary and correct.  Here, the great educator and politician MI Kalinin is assessed from a Chinese Communist point of view – and his example is interpreted as being both excellent and worthy of emulation.  ACW 18.5.2016

Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin (1875-1946) was an educator in the Soviet Union.  He stated that all Soviet citizens must take responsibility for their own learning and acquisition of knowledge, and that this is because the essence of Soviet life is that of a sustained Communist Education programme.  This is why Kalinin dedicated his life to educating both himself and others using this progressive method which includes both scientific and non-scientific subjects alike.  Kalinin was recognised in the USSR as a great teacher because he was always striving to learn and assimilate information himself (from a Scientific Socialist and Marxist-Leninist perspective).  As this was the case, Kalinin developed the ability to dialectically (and correctly) interpret and assess information from scientific sources, and information contained within the arts and other areas of learning.

Kalinin – as a Communist Educator – believed that as children are the essence of humanity, their education should not be ‘forced’ or ‘draconian’, but should rather be natural and allow the children to emotionally, psychologically and physically develop and mature slowly but surely, in accordance with natural development.  Kalinin believed that if children were ‘forced’ to mature too early, and to behave like adults too young, their education would suffer, and would not be rounded or all-encompassing – as Communist Education demands. Young people should learn self-respect and respect for others, so that they can value society and all the people that comprise it.  They should learn the spirit of selfless volunteering, and respect the feelings of workers and the toiling masses.  In fact, in an early conference, Kalinin was asked which was the most important for the maintenance of Soviet power and vigour, the workers or the peasants?  Kalinin did not issue a direct theoretical answer, but instead asked which is more important for an individual, the left leg or the right leg?  This surprising response from Kalinin led to the peasant migrant workers (who were present) to respond with cheers!

For Kalinin, the equal worth of the workers and the peasants is an important point for Communist Education, as neither the worker nor the peasant can be dispensed with.  When asked about happiness, Kalinin stated that always striving to learn through Communist Education is the true happiness, because such a sustained endeavour leads to a permanent state of progression for society and betterment for the individual.  For this to happen, it is important to live within a progressive Communistic environment that is always striving for the welfare and progression of humanity.  Happiness for Kalinin is a ‘collective’ happiness, from which the individual benefits coincidently.  Happiness for a Communist is to exist in a permanent state of progressive education.  Kalinin said that the USSR had fought and won this Communistic freedom, and that the culture of the USSR was as important for the development of humanity as is the need for humans to breathe oxygen.  All human struggle is an exercise in education.

In appraising MI Kalinin, it is important to remember that he was the first elected Head of State for the USSR, and that he retained this position until his death (in 1946).  This great man was very popular amongst the Soviet people, and this fact is often forgotten in history books today.

After Lenin’s death, Stalin became the Supreme Soviet leader of the USSR – or President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet – but Kalinin served as the Head of State, always working behind the scenes to help Stalin in the administration of the country.  After the disintegration of the USSR, Kalinin remained very well respected within Russia and the other former Soviet Republics.  Kalinin is known as a great educationalist, and skilful politician who contributed considerably to the development of the Soviet Union both internally (through the development of progressive education), and on the international stage (through positively assisting with political matters).  In times of difficulties within the USSR (emanating from external sources), when Stalin was forced to take drastic action against internal criminal elements, it was Kalinin who often intervened in the matter of commuting ‘death sentences’ and saving a number people from execution.  Although Stalin was a very powerful person, Kalinin was known as being a very kind person.  Modern Russians respect both Stalin and Kalinin – but for different reasons.  Even Lenin thought Kalinin was an excellent organiser and thinker.  Kalinin is viewed today, as he was in the Soviet Union, as being a great man.  This can be shown to a certain extent by the fact that Stalin trusted his opinion and judgement, and the fact that Kalinin was never suspected as deviating or betraying the Soviet cause at a time of Trotskyite infiltration.  MI Kalinin was a great visionary Communist Educator who dedicated his life to the Soviet cause.  He is even respect in the capitalist West – the sworn enemy of the USSR.

©opyright: Adrian Chan-Wyles (ShiDaDao) 2016.

Original Chinese Language Source Text:

http://www.lishiquwen.com/news/10992.html

教育家加里宁介绍 对加里宁的评价

[导读]教育家加里宁教育家加里宁不仅担负着让所有公民成为有知识的人的任务,而且要努力的让所有苏联公民受到共产主义教育,所以教育家加里宁提出教育是一种艰巨的事业,教育不仅是科学

教育家加里宁不仅担负着让所有公民成为有知识的人的任务,而且要努力的让所有苏联公民受到共产主义教育,所以教育家加里宁提出教育是一种艰巨的事业,教育不仅是科学事业,而且是艺术事业,因此提高学校教育这是必须要做的事情。

教育家加里宁还提出不要把教育做成闷闷不乐的掼蛋,因为那样会使少年过早的变为成年的人。因为青年是人类的精华,而且青年人的特点在于他们抱有作理想事业的宏大志愿,所以在培养青年的时候要尊重劳动者和劳动人民的感情。在一次会议报告上有人提出了这样一个问题:对于苏维埃政权来说最珍贵是工人还是农民?而加里宁并没有对此作出直接回应,而是反问道对一个人来说什么更珍贵是左腿还是右腿,农民工听了之后都欢呼起来,而加里宁回答也使在场的每一个人感到惊讶。

 

对于加里宁来说,工人和农民就相当于自己的左腿和右腿缺一不得。教育家加里宁更是定义了什么才是幸福的人,在教育家加里宁的眼中认为只有向自己提出伟大目标的人并且为此目标奋斗的人才能成为最幸福的人。教育家加里宁更是提出人们需要文化,就像需要空气一样。所以在加里宁提出这一主张后受到了一致好评,这就是教育家加里宁,一个终身都在为教育事业而奋斗的人。

人们对加里宁评价有许多,有人称加里宁是国内教科书遗忘的前苏联首任国家元首,还有人对加里宁评价说他是从苏联成立开始就一直担任国家元首直到去世的一位伟大的人物。

自列宁逝世后斯大林成为苏联当时的最高领袖但是任凭斯大林如何呼风唤雨终其一生都没有当上最高苏维埃主席团主席这个职务,而是由默默无闻的加里宁一直担任国家元首的职务,尽管后来苏联解体后,人们对于加里宁评价还是很高的。对于加里宁评价,有人称加里宁不仅是参与反对俄罗斯帝国主义的伟人,还是一位慈祥的政治家、思想家,虽然已经在最高领导地位的加里宁并不争实权,而是真正的为自己的国家作出贡献。

对于加里宁评价,更有人说加里宁曾经多次出手挽救了无辜的性命,在当时斯大林的大清洗运动中,加里宁曾多次介入审判,斯大林虽然霸道,但也不能与加里宁这位国家元首闹翻,所以加里宁挽救了不少无辜的人得性命,所以当时很多人称加里宁为亲切的祖父。还有许多人说加里宁是最具魅力的伟大领袖,也深受俄罗斯人的尊敬,就连列宁也曾评价加里宁是优秀的组织家。加里宁与斯大林处理事情的方式不同,受人们尊敬也不同,所以对于加里宁的评价几乎都是正面的,人们对他并没有什么负面的评价。

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