Translator’s Note: NATO exists to justify capitalist war. It does this behind the totem of peace. For NATO to exist properly – there must be an ‘eternal’ enemy that ‘unites’ ALL capitalist countries in the face of its pure evil (here we see the religious component of capitalism). The (Socialist) Soviet Union once served that purpose – and now ‘modern’ (capitalist) Russia has inherited that dubious baton! NATO looks to a Catholic and Protestant God – whilst Russia looks to an Orthodox God – with both entities claiming allegiance to the same Christian religion! There is no ‘Socialism’ today to justify NATO’s aggression – but there is Neo-Nazism in the Ukraine to support its expansion! Alexander Werth’s book entitled ‘France: 1940-1955′ is an excellent study of how US (and British) Cold War ideology was developed in the UK and France and spread throughout Western Europe! The Communist Parties of France and other European countries had led the anti-Nazi resistance against Hitler’s armies during WWII – and had paid a heavy price in doing so! After the war, the US began the deliberate ‘demonisation’ of the Communist Party, the belittling of its members and the disrespecting of its ‘Partisan’ Units that had carried-out the fighting and experienced the dying! This was all part of the establishment of US anti-intellectualism and the general ‘inverted’ of a) history and b) existential reality! This is exactly the same thinking which is dictating the perception of reality in the US and Europe at this present time – which falsely perceives Neo-Nazi Ukraine as a country of ‘freedom fighter’! However, Joseph Stalin saw all this coming and attempted to join the precursor of NATO (in 1949) and NATO (in 1952) and set the agenda for further efforts in 1954 (before Khrushchev manoeuvred his way into power and influence). This was all going-on whilst Communist China and North Korean troops were humiliating the aggressive Americans in Korea (1950-1953) – and Ho Chi Minh was destroying imperialist French troops in Vietnam (during 1954)! Joseph Stalin saw the ‘aggressive’ nature of NATO even whilst Western leaders harped on about ‘peace’! Nothing has changed today, with NATO continuing to advance toward the Russian borders – using the Neo-Nazi ‘Maidan’ regime of Ukraine as a cover! ACW (18.5.2022)
During 1954, the Soviet Union asked to join NATO. The leading countries of the West refused, believing that the insidious Moscow seeks membership only in order to undermine the alliance from within. In response, the USSR convicted NATO of non-compliance with the stated goals of the project and established its own military bloc, which, in addition to it, included seven socialist countries of Europe.
On March 31, 1954, the USSR made a decisive attempt to join NATO. An official note with a request for membership in the alliance was addressed to the governments of the United States, Great Britain and France. The message reminded that it was the formation of military blocs that preceded both world wars. By approving the Soviet application, according to Moscow, the Western powers would have demonstrated the peaceful goals of the project, and not a clear direction against the USSR, which NATO was not unreasonably suspected of.
“The North Atlantic Treaty Organization would cease to be a closed military grouping of states, it would be open to the accession of other European countries, which, along with the creation of an effective system of collective security in Europe, would be of paramount importance for strengthening world peace,” stated, in particular, in the note of the Soviet Union.
The West categorically rejected the Soviet initiative. However, in the Kremlin, most likely, they did not seriously hope that their ideological opponents would join the club, the confrontation with whom after the Second World War was gaining momentum all over the planet, from Germany to Korea. The state of the Cold War, which started after Winston Churchill ‘s Fulton speech in 1946, worsened, as a result of which the Americans, British and French began to see a dangerous enemy in a recent ally in the anti-Hitler coalition.
Soviet diplomacy, headed by Vyacheslav Molotov, played a cunning combination, any outcome of which was beneficial for the USSR in its own way.
In the case of a positive answer, the Soviet Union not only stood on the same side with its recent adversaries, but also gained the opportunity to “expose the true aspirations of NATO from within.” With the more readable refusal of the West to take Moscow into its team, she could declare provoked isolation and get an excuse to create her own military organization.
When applying for membership in NATO, the new Soviet leadership counted not least on the softening of the international situation after the death of Joseph Stalin. However, the leader of the peoples himself tried, if not to make friends with the West, then at least to show such a desire. Back in early 1949, USSR Foreign Minister Andrei Vyshinsky, through the mediation of the British Communist Party, sent a note to London with a proposal to discuss Moscow’s participation in the organization – the ideological predecessor of NATO – the ‘Western European Union’ (which would morph into the ‘European Union’ which today supports Neo-Nazism in the Ukraine). The negative answer allowed Stalin to describe this bloc as “undermining the UN “.
The next time the topic of Soviet membership in the North Atlantic Alliance entered the agenda was in 1952 – when the first expansion of NATO took place: after the inclusion of Turkey, NATO crept up to the southern borders of the USSR. During a meeting with French Ambassador Louis Jox, Stalin, having heard that President Charles de Gaulle considered the alliance exclusively as a peaceful organization – ironically asked Vyshinsky: “Shouldn’t we join NATO then?”
The USSR was looking for ways to get NATO members to promise not to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries. One of the staunch supporters of applying for NATO membership was in 1954 Foreign Ministry expert Andrei Gromyko. With his active participation, the Soviet draft of a pan-European treaty on collective security was developed: the Soviet Union proposed discussing this document in parallel with the question of joining NATO.
On March 19, 1954, a note was sent to the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU, which stated: “The Foreign Ministry considers it expedient to join the North Atlantic Treaty.”
Such a statement would put the organizers of the North Atlantic bloc in a difficult position, emphasizing its supposedly defensive nature and the fact that it is allegedly not directed against the USSR and the countries of People’s Democracy.
Simultaneously with the Soviet Union, separate applications for NATO membership were submitted by the Ukrainian SSR and the Byelorussian SSR. As in the case of joining the UN in 1945, when it was necessary to strengthen its influence, Moscow tried to convince the world of the independent status of these Republics, which were voluntary members of the Union.
The governments of the leading Western powers did not believe Moscow, suggesting the populist nature of the Soviet proposals. The prevailing opinion was that the true intentions of the Soviet Union were aimed, firstly, at ousting the United States from Europe, and, secondly, at undermining NATO from within. In order to at least start discussions on both issues, the USSR was required to withdraw from Germany and Austria, give up military bases in the Far East, and sign disarmament agreements. Needless to say, such conditions were then obviously unrealizable, and the West was well aware of this.
In the leadership of the Soviet Union, the non-admission to NATO caused apparent offense – with the official statement expressing regret over the position of Washington, London and Paris – with the USSR “declaring a desire to promote detente in international relations” – whilst NATO demonstrated “other” intentions!
In 1955, the US-controlled Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) received full membership in NATO, which finally dispelled any illusions about the direction of movement of the military bloc. In the same year, an agreement was signed in Warsaw on the establishment of a military alliance of the Socialist countries of Europe: in addition to the USSR, it included Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, the GDR, Poland, Romania and Czechoslovakia. And in 1961, another organization emerged that united about 120 states that did not want to participate in NATO or the Warsaw Treaty Organization – the Non-Aligned Movement, in which Socialist Yugoslavia, India and Egypt played the leading roles.
Russian Language Articles: