Author’s Note: When I was young, we were taught at school that WWII started because Hitler’s ‘evil’ Nazi Germany invaded and annexed a ‘peaceful’ and vulnerable little country called ‘Poland’ in 1939. It was because of this Nazi German military aggression that the UK government Declared War on the Hitlerite regime (a year before, the same British government had quite happily and undemocratically ‘given’ away the independence of the sovereign State of Czechoslovakia to Adolf Hitler – to do with as he wished). Poland was never talked about in the present tense, but was always discussed as a foreign version of the UK – a sort of Eastern Europe (or ‘Slavic) version of England – with cricket on the green, Protestant Churches and a genteel population. We had no idea where Poland was, and definitely did not understand that since its ‘Liberation’ in 1944 it had been a ‘Socialist’ country whose Armed Forces formed part of the Soviet Warsaw Pact – a military coalition designed to defend the Communist Bloc and the USSR against any NATO (i.e. ‘capitalist’) military aggression led by the United States. The Poland of 1939 was thoroughly and culturally alien to the British people, and possessed a government dominated by fascists who admired Mussolini (the fascist Italian leader) and Adolf Hitler. Life in Poland of that time was short and brutal. The far better Poland that existed after 1945, we could not discuss at school in the 1970s because this radically improved country was now a Socialist State – an example of the very same Scientific Socialism that the capitalist West ‘rejected’ a priori. In reality, Britain had no real interest in protecting, freeing or empowering Poland in anyway in 1939, but wanted a face-saving policy (or apparently ‘moral’ excuse) to go to war with Nazi Germany – preferably within Western Europe rather than the Eastern Europe where Poland was situated. In-short, Britain’s support for Poland in 1939 was nothing but a political lie – a demonstration of the use of smoke and mirrors. By way of contrast, fascist Poland was a staunch political ally of Nazi Germany, with many of the Polish military units greeting the ‘invading’ Nazi German troops in 1939 with an open happiness – and celebrating their arrival! A very small minority of Polish troops defied government orders and put up a short and ineffective fight. Film footage of these rare and isolated occurrences were later used in the fabrication of history in the UK – giving the false impression that the British military entered WWII as a means of supporting the ‘Free Polish’! British pragmatism at the time understood that Germany wanted to ‘take’ or at least ‘occupy’ and make ‘use’ of, the geographical territory of Poland. Britain had their eyes on the territory of the USSR as was revealed during the 1946 Nuremberg Trial. In late 1939, Winston Churchill intended to send a large British Field Army through neutral Norway and into fascist Finland, a place from which the UK could launch an invasion of the USSR – thus depriving Hitler of expanding into Soviet territory! By declaring War on Nazi Germany in 1939, Britain was aligning its foreign policy in support of another fascist State – namely Poland! ACW (24.10.2020)
In 1920, the Soviet Red Army suffered a reversal which resulted in the Polish military annexing a small but significant part of Russian territory (which became ‘East Poland’) and which was populated by a majority of Slavic Russians. As Lenin was busy fighting the US, UK and twelve of their allies (who had collectively invaded Revolutionary Russia in 1918), he recognised Polish independence and the new borders for the sake of ‘peace’. Even at this time, the capitalist West was trying its hardest to destroy the Soviet Revolution, and actively supported extremely far-right political movements in Poland as a means to prevent the ideology of Communism spreading further Westward. A similar policy was being practised toward fascist Finland and many other surrounding countries. Right-wingism was rewarded within Eastern Europe with military supplies, medical aid, financial aid, lucrative treaties and business contracts, etc. Any deviation to the left was met with an equally harsh response. Despite these incentives to oppose Socialistic development, things were not economically good within Poland during 1930. As people became ever more desperate within Poland, the fascist politician Jozef Pilsudski (1867-1835) assumed the post as Prime Minister. He unleashed a brutal wave of political oppression aimed at members of his own Party (who were considered not right-wing enough), as well as the persecution of the nationalist leaders in Western Ukraine and Belorussia. As Communists were never welcome in the Poland of that time. The Communist Party of Poland (KPP) had held its fifth congress in Peterhof – situated near Leningrad in the USSR. This congress dealt with the Party being infiltrated by Rightists and Trotskyites as a means to transform its Marxist-Leninist function into that of supporting fascism and opposing the USSR! There was also the issue of the ever-growing strength of Polish fascism. In a response to Pilsudski’s brutal violence and oppression – the KPP continuously broadcast calls for the Polish masses to rise-up and fight this fascism to the last! Pilsudski targeted Jews (and other minorities), which caused many people to leave Poland in search of safety elsewhere in the world (many were given asylum in the USSR). Pilsudski attempted to make life better for racially ‘pure’ Poles by giving them access to a generous Welfare State and subsidised medical care. As this fascist State was supported by the Catholic Chruch, practising Catholics had priority for housing and any other resources. The KPP referred to this exclusive State support as ‘Social-Fascism’. Communist Revolutionaries were directed that they had to fight both ‘Social-Fascism’ and ‘National-Fascism’. Poland did possess an underground ‘Polish Party of Socialism’ (PPS) – but this was treated with suspicion both in Poland and Moscow. When not being accused of outright Trotskyism, it was defined as following the deviating line of Rosa Luxemburg or ‘Luxemburgism’. Rosa Luxemburg continuously argued with Lenin and is believed partly responsible for the failure of the German Communist Revolution just after WWI. Unless the PPS adopted Marxist-Leninism, it was to be considered an ‘enemy of the people’ alongside Pilsudski and his cronies.
At the end of April, 1932, the Polish government moved to establish a military base in the port of Danzig – this was opposed by the KPP on the grounds that this aggressive act was preparing for an attack upon the USSR. As the genuine KPP carried-out very difficult policies within a highly aggressive and unfriendly political atmosphere (which often ended in ‘death’ for Communists), the Trotskyites were forming alliances with the Polish fascist government and causing as much damage to the KPP as possible regardless of who was hurt and the numbers killed. This pattern of duplicitous Trotskyite activity was happening all over the world, but was particularly intense in the countries immediately surrounding the USSR. Trotsky was supported by the capitalist West, the Zionists in the West, the Catholic Church and the developing fascist movement throughout the world. In 1938, he would ‘publically’ announce his official policy and called upon all his followers to support any fascist military attack upon the USSR! This classic example of ‘entryism’ routinely uses lying and deception as methods for achieving or delivering policies. Trotskyite policies use the terms of Marxist-Leninism, but in deceptive ways that support capitalism and the bourgeois control of the means of production. This Trotskyite activity within Poland allowed the Pilsudski government to imprison 7000 Communists and expel 7000 others (mostly to the USSR). No records exist for the number of Communists murdered by the fascist Polish government. Things got far worse when Hitler came to power during 1933 in Germany.
The Polish Trotskyites – whilst still bleating the same old rhetoric of anti-fascist resistance – greeted Hitler’s rise to power with a great enthusiasm, as they knew he intended to carry-out a military attack upon the USSR! From 1933 onwards, the inner structure of fascist Poland aligned itself with the reforms being developed within Nazi Germany. As a result, fascist Poland started to end mass unemployment by placing all the jobless into Concentration Camps where they were immediately put to work for the Polish State – given basic clothing, a place to sleep and a small amount of pay. This policy immediately ‘cleaned’ the Polish streets of the homeless, the beggars and those looking for work, etc. The desperately ill and disabled ‘disappeared’ into medical establishment – never to be seen again. The Polish bourgeoisie were left with an orderly, quiet and clean country which was now safe for them to walk down the street. The mass slave-labour now produced objects, materials and resources that were once previously rare, but were now beginning to appear throughout society. This is how Pilsudski co-opted the Polish bourgeoise to support fascism and associate it hereafter with a much better life (now seen within modern Poland). On January 26th, 1934, A Non-Aggression and Mutual Aid Ten Year Pact was signed in Warsaw between fascist Poland and Nazi Germany. The KPP immediately protested, stating ‘Down with the Anit-Soviet Warmongers!’. During the Summer of 1934, the Oboz Narodown-Radykalny (ONR) was established as a ‘private’ fascist army used exclusively to attack and harass targets from the political left. Indeed, so good and efficient had fascist Poland become that Goebbels visited Pilsudski in June, 1934. Goebbels was shown statistics of the Jews expelled and the Communists liquidated – and he applauded the effectiveness and achievements of the Polish fascist State! In response to the tightening noose of fascism and Trotskyism around the USSR – Dimitrov called for an ‘official’ establishment of an international united front against fascism! There is evidence that Pilsudski collaborated with Imperial Japan on the grounds that the Japanese intended to attack the USSR from the East (yet another move applauded by the Trotskyites).
The KPP found and expelled a number of ethnic Poles who had infiltrated their ranks, but were in reality fascists or Trotskyites tasked with bringing down the KPP. On May 12th, 1935, Pilsudski passed away. During his Naziesque State Funeral, the Trotskyites demanded that they be allowed to demonstrate their respect by marching alongside the coffin. Fascist Poland was not deterred with the death of Pilsudski. In 1938, fascist Poland took a direct part in the partition of Czechoslovakia. In the midst of the Sudeten crisis, fascist Poland put forward an ultimatum to return the Cieszyn region, (where about 80 thousand Poles and 120 thousand Czechs lived) to Polish control. After the conclusion of the Munich Agreement, fascist Poland, simultaneously with the Nazi German troops, used its army to invade the Cieszyn region Then in 1939, the Nazi Germans entered a friendly Poland that was already fascist and whose population welcomed the Hitlerite troops! Tass and Pravda in the USSR carried reports that a number of Polish military units greeted the invading Nazi Germans as friends, and assumed the Germans were there to ‘invade’ the USSR over the Polish border! This is an event the Polish military had been preparing for since 1930! The USSR had entered East Poland as Hitler invaded West Poland. This movement restored a stolen part of Russia in 1920 – back to the Soviet Union. As the population was mostly Russian Slavs – ordinary people met the Red Army with relief and happiness! The presence of the Red Army protected these Slavic people for two further years before the Nazi Germans invaded the USSR between 1941-1945 – killing and maiming around 27-40 million Soviet men, women and children.
EH Carr: The Twilight of Comintern 1930-1935, MacMillan, 1982, Chapter 12 – The Polish Communist Party (KPP) – Pages 256-274