Nationalist China at the Berlin Olympics (1936)

 

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Overseas Chinese in Berlin welcome the Chinese delegation to the 1936 Olympic Games

(Research and Translation by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

General Chiang Kai-Shek was a ‘Nationalist’ in the rightwing sense of the term. At his orders, he had all the Communist supporters within the Kuomintang (KMT) rounded-up and executed en mass.  Known as the ‘April 12th Incident’, around 5000 Communist members of the KMT were killed – with many ‘beheaded’ in a football stadium in Shanghai in 1927. This brutal act of fascist aggression began the so-called ‘Chinese Civil War’. Chiang Kai-Shek was not acting alone, however, but was doing the bidding of the imperialist West. The police forces in the ‘Western Concessions’ (areas of Shanghai ‘stolen’ by the Western powers), actively participated in this ‘purge’ by rounding-up all known or suspected Communists and handing them over to the Nationalists for execution. The murder of Chinese workers began with Chiang Kai-Shek ‘banning’ all Unions, and expelling all Soviet advisers out of the country. A year later, Chiang Kai-Shek would initiate his notorious ‘Northern Expedition’ which would kill thousands in North China, and see the destruction of the famous Shaolin Temple in Henan (all in the name of a pro-Western ‘anti-Communist’ purge). This mass murderer has been seen as the ‘preferred’ leader of China by the US, which has also historically privileged the small rightwing colony Chiang Kai-Shek established on the island of Taiwan.

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Chinese martial arts team at 1936 Berlin Olympic Games

Imperial Japan was an ally of Nazi Germany and fascist Italy. As a consequence, and despite being an ‘Asian’ country, the Japanese government had adopted and modified certain Eurocentric racist attitudes, which were then projected upon the people of China. China had been militarily agitating in north-east China since 1931, but this became all-out war and invasion in 1937. Despite Nationalist China’s rightwing agenda, the Imperial Japanese viewed the Chinese people as racially inferior and suitable for eradication and colonisation. Nazi Germany held the Berlin Olympics in 1936 as a show-piece for what they thought the fascist organisation of society could achieve. However, Nazi Germany was also funding and materially supporting fascist movements around the word – including the Imperialist Japanese invasion of China, General Franco’s annexation of Spain, and fascist Italy’s invasion of Africa, etc. Nazi Germany was also supporting fascist movements in the UK and USA, as well as elsewhere in Europe. As a consequence, and as an act of ‘Solidarity’ with all the oppressed people of the world, the Soviet Union boycotted the 1936 Berlin Olympic Games, justified on the grounds that it would not support in any way, a fascist regime which had openly expressed an intention to militarily destroy the USSR, and exterminate any and all racially impure opposition.

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Master Zhang Huai Xian (郑怀贤) [1897-1982]

Of course, none of these concerns mattered to Chiang Kai-Shek who wanted to be accepted by the West. He decided to co-operate with the forces of international fascism, and ordered that a Nationalist China Olympic Team be established to participate in the 11th ‘Berlin’ Olympic Games. Including observers and assistants, 130 people were assembled to travel to Nazi Germany, which included a core team of 69 athletes. For the first time in its history, Chinese ‘Olympic’ athletes participated in football, weightlifting, basketball, running and tennis, etc, and a special team of martial arts experts (including Zhang Huai Xian) gave martial ars displays (some being witnessed by Adolf Hitler himself). A Finnish boxer and British boxer took exception to this Chinese martial presence and issued ‘challenges’ – which were accepted. Finland, of course, had a rightwing government sympathetic to Nazi Germany, and in 1936 there was middle class support for Adolf Hitler even in the UK (despite substantial working class opposition). It is speculated that Eurocentric racism motivated these challenges – probably orchestrated by the Nazi German regime in an attempt to prove Europeans ‘superior’ to Chinese people. The Finnish boxer approached the Chinese Team first – stating that Western Boxing was ‘superior’ to the nonsense he saw the Chinese martial artists practising. It seems that the Nazi Germans expected their Finnish ally to easily win and so enhance the reputation of Europeans living within fascist regimes. The Finnish boxer took particular exception to Chinese martial arts Master Kou Yun Xing (寇运兴), and publicly issued a challenge. The Finnish Team stated that the Chinese Team should have posters printed and distributed that admitted their racial and cultural inferiority. Of course, Master Kou Yun Xing accepted the challenge on behalf of the honour of China and a referee was chosen to administer the fight (in public). Master Kou Yun Xing applied ‘internal’ (内 – Nei) footwork that baffled his flat-footed and one-dimensional opponent. By quickly stepping ‘inside’ his opponent’s stance, the Finnish boxer was immediately imbalanced and unable to move properly, or throw any powerful counter-techniques. Then, with a flurry of lightning fast punches, the Finnish boxer was knocked to the floor by Master Kou Yun Xing, and was unable to continue. The referee then declared ‘China’ the winner. Master Kou Yun Xing ‘moved first’ and the Finnish boxer was forced to move second. As a consequence, Master Kou Yun Xing took the initiative away, and the Finnish boxer was unable to regain it. When the Finnish boxer tried to ‘step’ – Master Kou Yun Xing ‘stepped first’. When the Finnish boxer tried to ‘punch’ – Master Kou Yun Xing ‘punched first’. A combination of ‘hard’ and ‘piercing’ punches landed in quick succession disrupted the nervous-system of the Finnish boxer, and he was unable to continue. Much happened in this short fight that only the advanced practitioners of martial arts could see or understand.

However, it was soon announced that the Finnish boxer had said that he had been beaten because the Chinese fighter had not followed the rules of boxing – but he immediately declined a re-match (with the result of the Chinese victory being annulled by the Nazi German Authorities). Two days later, the British boxer approached the Chinese Team and said he wanted to avenge his fellow European (who had just been beaten). The British boxer was fierce-looking and built like a ‘strongman’. He was unafraid, highly aggressive and much more skilled than his Finnish counter-part. Master Kou Yun Xing had to fight a number of rounds using fast and elusive foot-work and applying fast counters to the very strong punches thrown by the British boxer. In the 20th round, Master Kou Yun Xing adopted the tactic of feigning an ‘opening’ in his own defence. This encouraged the British boxer (who was breathing heavily, but who remained strong and dangerous), to throw a right-hook with abandonment (thinking that he was about to ‘win’). Master Kou Yun Xing relaxed and instantly counter-struck the mastoid process pressure-points (just below both ears) with extended finger-tips (仙人指路 – Xian Ren Zhi Lu). Suddenly, the British fighter cried out ‘ouch’ (哎哟 – Ai Yo) and dropped semi-conscious to the floor (like wall falling-down), obviously in great pain. Western doctors came over but after examining the body they could not find any wounds, and could not understand why the British boxer could not move. The British boxer was revived by Master Kou Yun Xing (who gently touched his temples) and sat-up, but when he tried to stand, his mind was still not functioning clearly and he fell-off the stage (too much laughter). . The Chinese people in attendance applauded and cheered! Following these two demonstrations of Chinese martial prowess, the challenges from fascist individuals ceased.

Chinese Language Sources:

http://www.ce.cn/culture/history/200807/02/t20080702_16033911_1.shtml

http://news.cbg.cn/gndjj/2016/0706/3899683.shtml

Invalidation of the Worker – Part II (4.12.2017)

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My original article entitled The Invalidation of the Worker – A Study of Disability in Capitalist Society was published in October, 2013. It is logical to assume that as ‘Austerity’ has continued unabated, thousands of disabled who were alive to read it then, are nolonger with us now. The proliferation of articles that over-simplify and misrepresent ‘disability’ are common place within bourgeois society. Most miss the vital point of economic exclusion, and focus instead upon misguided notions of bourgeois individuality – making such puerile statements as ‘if only disabled people were viewed as individuals and not their disabilities’, or ‘disabled people should not be viewed as dysfunctional able-bodied’, and so on and so forth. It is not that there is no truth to statements such as these, but that this kind of narrative is entirely bourgeois in nature, and as such, does not address the central reality of economic exclusion. Why should a person with a disability be categorised as ‘disabled’, when ‘able-bodied’ people are only referred to in that manner, within a temporary discourse which distinguishes the non-disabled from the disabled (privileging the former and disempowering the latter). In reality this situation is a matter of Marxist-Leninist critique, and involves the exclusion of the disabled community not only from bourgeois society, but also from proletariat society. This discrimination manifests as economic and cultural impoverishment due to a permanent exclusion from the work-force. This has to be remedied as part of an ongoing Revolutionary struggle that rejects Trotskyism and fascism, and aims at the accomplishment of the ‘right to work’ in a suitable toiling environment. This means that the ‘right to work’ should be divorced from the immediate principle of blatant profit generation, and be redefined as an agency of psychological and physical self-development which is also a ‘Human Right’. All discrimination currently deployed by an indifferent bourgeois society should be immediately outlawed, and ‘new’ social, economic, political and cultural structures designed and put in place. Traditional unions should implement anti-discriminatory policies to tackle negative attitudes toward the disabled workers, held within the minds of their able-bodied membership. Finally, tha small number of disabled people who do work must be understood to be ‘privileged’ and something of a bourgeois ‘fetish’ that has no bearing on the experience of the majority of disabled people.

Any assessment of disability is incomplete, if it does not acknowledgement the total and permanent exclusion of people with disabilities from the job market, and therefore from the equal and fair ‘right’ to gain ‘dignity’ and ‘self-respect’ through participation in the process of earning a living and financially caring for themselves and a family, etc. The situation surrounding disability is made so opaque within the economies of the developed West, that whatever enquiry is made into the matter, it is invariably made by the able-bodied, and riddled with the very discriminative thinking that causes the problem in the first place. Many able-bodied people are so illiterate when it comes to discussing disability that they are not even aware that a problem exists, or hold prejudicial viewpoints to explain why disabled people are lacking in their particular work environments. This type of discrimination cuts through all classes and ethnic groupings, and possesses the potential to ‘unite’ disabled people of both genders, from incredibly varied backgrounds, but the problem exists of disabled people being condemned to a state of isolated individualism, where society forces them to sit outside of mainstream life, viewing themselves as somehow deficient and unworthy of inclusion. Another issue is that the term ‘disability’ includes a vast array of psychological and physical problems, that can stem from severe cognitive and behavioural issues, to an individual having poor eye-sight, or deafness in one ear, for example.

Unionization is lacking amongst disabled people in general (due to the hyper-individualism they are forced to endure), and because amongst certain strands of the disabled intelligentsia (evident online) there exists those who reject any notion of leftwing politics, and espouse a rightwing political rhetoric. This rhetoric, aligning itself with the far-right, explains the tens of thousands of disability deaths relating to the Tory (and LibDems) ‘Austerity’ measures since 2010, as arising from the presence of ‘migrants’ in the UK. This distorted and fascistic thinking imagines that benefits and medical services have been withdrawn from the disability community and re-diverted to migrant communities, and suggests that disabled people should ‘unite’ with the far-right and participate in attacks upon these migrant communities. The fact that the political far-right routinely targets the disabled community appears to be lost on these kind of mistaken individuals. Since I wrote ‘Invalidation of the Workers’ in 2013, the UK has been found Guilty of Crimes Against Humanity (2016) by the United Nations for the deaths of at least 10,000 disabled people (due to the sudden withdrawal of benefits, social services and medical treatment). The UN Report noted that the behaviour of the British press was reminiscent to that of the Hitlerite media operating in 1930’s Berlin, for its vicious rhetorical attack upon the disabled community, and for its unquestioning support of destructive Tory and LibDems policy. In a recent report, Oxford University has linked ‘Austerity’ to the deaths of 30,000 people in the UK, whilst an article in the rightwing Metro newspaper suggests the real figure is nearer 200,000.

Disabled people are in reality a ‘collective’ that has been disempowered and disenfranchised for centuries. Although they are made to exist excluded from the work-force and in a fabricated state of psychological and physical isolation, they cannot be ‘forced’ into a work-place that does not exist to accept them, as the work-place of the able-bodied is default set to treat the disabled worker as a liability to the firm, and a potential loss in earning power and profitability. It is this type of fascistic thinking that interprets a disabled human-being inhabiting a wheel-chair as being a ‘fire hazard’ and an ‘offense’ under Health and Safety legislation. This is in the same category of institutional discrimination that includes anti-discrimination legislation that is ‘voluntary’ to uphold. People with disabilities require ‘civil rights’ legislation – the kind promised by Tony Blair in 1997 prior to his reneging – and instead beginning the modern era of political attacks upon the disability community. It is only through a substantial change in the law that the permanent barriers to people with disabilities entering the work-force will be removed. Simply stopping benefits does not solve the problem, but it does lead to immense levels of poverty, starvation and suicide.

Croatia: Communist Monument Dedicated to the Uprising of the People of Kordun and Banija (Petrova Gora)

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During WWII, the fascist government of Croatia openly collaborated with the Nazi German regime, and began a racially motivated pogrom against ethnic Serbs. It is believed that Croatian fascists murdered around 500,000 ethnic Serbs in a purpose-bulit Concentration Camp. However, ethnic Serbs came into contact with Communist partisan units and joined the anti-fascist effort. This eventually led to a battle between Serbian partisans armed only with pitch-forks, attacking heavily armed fascist Croation troops that had infiltrated the Petrova Gora area. The Yugoslav government had this monument constructed in 1981 to remember the bravery of the anti-fascist partisans – but with the collapse of the USSR in 1991 – Yugoslavia also disintegrated due to Western pressure. Far-right attitudes resurfaced in Croatia, and Communist Era monuments have either been destroyed or left to fall apart through neglect.

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English Language Reference:

http://www.spomenikdatabase.org/petrova-gora

Expunging Trotsky from ‘Socialist’ History – a Dialectical Necessity

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‘The whole foundations of Leninism at the present time is built on lying and falsification and carries within itself the poisoned element of its own disintegration.’ (1)

Even before he was expelled for treasonous activities from the Soviet Union in 1929, Trotsky’s distorted version of ‘Socialism’ had attracted the attention of the anti-Soviet ideologues in the USA. Indeed, there is much evidence to suggest that after WWII, what had by then become referred to as ‘Trotskyism’ was used as the basis for the US anti-Soviet (and anti-Communist) Cold War rhetoric. This is why most people are confused by ‘Trotskyism’ and the many organisations that follow his anti-Soviet ideology – whilst still insisting on calling themselves ‘Socialist’. Trotsky, for many, is known the wrong way around back to front, and in many ways ‘ahistorically’. What must be understood is that Trotsky was not a true Revolutionary, but rather a political ‘opportunist’ of the worst kind. He temporarily aligned himself with Revolutionary Movements to further his own political career, and as a means for him to attain influence and personal power at any cost. In this regard, he certainly was not a Marxist or Marxist-Leninist, and had no theoretical interest in those ideologies.

Trotsky was criticised by Lenin – and later by Stalin – for continuously failing to understand and interpret history from a Marxist perspective. This led to Trotsky attempting to undermine the hard-earned Soviet System from within, by advocating a thoroughly ‘bourgeois’ counter-revolution, with himself at the helm. For this treachery, he (and many of his followers) were expelled from the Soviet Union in 1929 – but a number of his followers remained behind ‘undetected’ within the Soviet System to spread their particular brand of ‘unrest’ and ‘discontent’. Many, as the years went by, attempted acts of sabotage against the Soviet State, destroying technology and machinery, and interfering with scientific research. Some even attempted to undermine the morale of the Red Army, and turn its officers against the Soviet State it had helped to build.

As Trotsky became the darling of the West, he attracted a great attention from the supporters of capitalism – which included many members of the rightwing and far-right political establishment in America, Europe and Asia.  This inspired Trotsky to actively call for all of his supposedly ‘Socialist’ supporters to enter into an alliance with Nazi Germany and fascist Imperialist Japan in 1938, and work to over-throw the Soviet Union AND the liberal democracies of the West! A year before (in 1937), many of Trotsky’s ‘sleeper cells’ in the USSR had become active, and were immediately identified by the NKVD and ‘neutralised’. This policing action was necessary to prevent what would today be interpreted as a comprehensive ‘terrorist’ attack on a sovereign government and the country it administers. If Trotsky had been successful, the Soviet Union would have collapsed prior to WWII, and the Red Army would not have existed to confront and eventually destroy the military forces of Nazi Germany.

As it is now the 100th anniversary of the Russian Revolution (2017), it is important that Trotsky is nolonger viewed as a legitimate ‘Revolutionary’, and that his path of ideology (which he and his followers deceptively term ‘Socialism’), not be associated with either Marxism-Engelsism, or Marxism-Leninism. Trotsky’s work must be historically ‘re-oriented’ and removed from the glittering history of Revolutionary Struggle, and placed firmly within the realms of capitalist-supporting, bourgeois counter-revolutionary thought. Trotsky’s duplicity cost the lives of immeasurable numbers of people due to the Nazi German invasion of the Soviet Union – despite this beginning a year after Trotsky’s death. Presumably Hitler was of the opinion that Trotsky’s followers had carried-out enough damage to the infrastructure of the USSR, and that the time was now ripe to invade. Of course, the distorted history of the capitalist West blames all this on Stalin – as Trotsky demanded. Indeed, in 1925, just one year after the death of Lenin, the US Time magazine already began to exhibit the interfering-style of developed US Cold War rhetoric – by implying that Trotsky (and his ‘distorted’ Socialism) should now run the USSR – over Joseph Stalin. The myth here, is that Soviet citizens did not vote. In fact, ‘voting’ in a proletariat society is a central activity to every citizen’s life, but of course, proletariat democracy is not liberal democracy, and does not favour or privilege the bourgeoisie. The point continuously omitted in Trotskyite accounts of the USSR, is that from 1924 until his death in 1953, Comrade Stalin was continuously re-elected into office – despite trying to resign ‘twice’ after 1945. The citizenry of the USSR was organised around the trade union model, where from lowest to the highest in society – everyone voted for representatives on numerous committees. This organisational model did allow the bourgeoisie to manifest and/or exercise power within a Socialist society. Trotsky wanted to reverse this Revolutionary change, and allow the resurgence of capitalism in the USSR, and along with it the predatory capitalist system.

The very idea that Stalin had millions, or hundreds of thousands sent to the gulags – and/or executed – is an ‘ahistorical’ lie perpetuated by Leon Trotsky and his followers. Alexander Werth was a British BBC correspondent who was of Russian parentage. He was with the Red Army virtually throughout the entirety of the ‘Great Patriotic War’ (1941-1945), and was allowed at the frontline. During August, 1944, Alexander Werth was with the Red Army when it liberated the Majdanek Concentration Camp in Poland – built by the Nazi Germans. His initial reports to the BBC in London were the first to reach the allies regarding the Nazi German holocaust of the Jews and other minorities. Winston Churchill, still looking for ways of absolving the Hitlerite regime, had Werth’s reports quashed – stating that they were Soviet lies about Nazi Germany. As a result, Werth spent much of his later life repudiating US and UK anti-Soviet propaganda, proving it to be ‘untrue’. In 1959, Werth visited the Soviet Union once again, and met-up with a number of American friends who lived and worked in the USSR. As incredible as it seems, and despite the rabid anti-Soviet propaganda in the US, American people still travelled to the USSR, with some making their homes there. When Werth asked one or two prominent Americans about the supposed ‘purges’ of the late 1930’s, he was usually met with laughter! The general consensus was that a Trotskyite plot was uncovered that involved around 10,000 traitors. Many were sent to prison, whilst a minority were executed for treason. There were not hundred of thousands, or millions of people involved – Trotsky was just not that popular in the USSR – where life was very good for most people!

The Nazi German holocaust cost the lives of around 11 million people (6 million Jews, and 5 millions of other ethnicities, political and sexual orientations, the disabled, and anyone who disagreed with fascism). Meanwhile, Imperial Japan is estimated to have caused around 60 million deaths in China, a figure that does not include those killed throughout other parts of Asia by Japanese troops. When the Nazi German forces invaded the Soviet Union, between 27-40 million casualties were suffered (both military and civilian). The conquered Ukraine area of the USSR saw some of the worst Nazi German excesses of the holocaust – aided and abetted by a minority of rightist Ukrainians – the political (and in some cases ‘biological’) descendents of whom comprise the contemporary ‘Madan’ neo-Nazi government of Western Ukraine. All this anti-Socialist death and destruction is exactly the political policies that Trotsky advised his followers to embrace in 1938. A question worth asking is why the Trotskyite Movement today, remains entirely ‘free’ of any criticism from the bourgeois press. The answer, of course, is that the Trotskyites support capitalism, and are not averse to fascism, or fascist atrocity.

(1) Trotksy’s (1913) letter to the Georgian Menshevik Chkheidze – quote reproduced in EH Carr’s ‘The Bolshevik Revolution 1917-1923’, MacMillan, (1950), Page 63. Carr explains that this letter was intercepted by the Czarist Authorities and only discovered in the Archives after the 1917 Revolution. This letter was used against Trotsky after Lenin’s death (in 1924), when Trotsky was presenting himself as the ‘natural’ air to Lenin’s ideological leadership.

London’s Acid Attacks – A Typical Rightwing Offensive

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About ten years ago, myself and my partner Gee were walking through New Malden – an area known for its high density affluent South Koreans – situated between Sutton and Kingston-Upon-Thames in South-West London. We got to know about this community through our children, who mixed with South Korean children at local schools. New Malden is clean and tidy, with the (primarily ‘Christian’) South Korean community linked to the car industry. These families are wealthy and are allowed to ‘temporarily’ enter the UK for work, whilst signing away their right to the British Benefit System, and free medical treatment through the NHS. When their contracts are finished, generally speaking, these families return to South Korea. I am told that there are around 10,000 South Koreans living in and around New Malden, and that this is the largest population of South Koreans outside of Korea. Gee and myself were walking down the road hand-in-hand at about 7pm in the winter months, when a car slowed down, and a young White man wearing a balaclava leant out of the window with a gun in his hand – pointing it a us. Before I could react, the trigger was pulled and a jet of liquid (which turned-out to be water) hit me in the eyes, and my partner across her upper-body. The car then sped-off before we could take-down the registration number. We think that we were mistakenly targeted as a mixed-ethnicity couple of English-Korean origination – and that White racists were ‘practising’ a new type of deadly racist attack – but at this point using only water instead of acid.

Having studied and actively opposed fascist movements for years – I know that the more sophisticated offensives against internationalism and inter-community friendships are perfected over-time, so as to enhance their fearful effectiveness and terrorist impact upon sociey. Last night, two White thugs used a motorbike and acid to attack a number of people in Hackney and Islington that they thought were ‘Muslim’. These victims of the most worst type of racism were not hit with water – but rather with an acid that burnt into their eyes and face. These attacks have been quite intensive of late, in London, but I suspect that they have been happening everywhere at a low intensity for years. The White racist groups that perpetuate this kind of fascist crime are comprised of White middle class over-lords who live in opulence somewhere in leafy Surrey or Kent – but the fascist foot soldiers that carry-out the orders are generally ignorant working class men and women, who lack self=respect and a basic education, and who are easily led down the wrong path of criminal activity. It is these ignorant foot soldiers that carry-out these illegal and murderous acid attacks, and whom are sometimes shot dead by armed police, or arrested, charged, found guilty and eventually sent to prison. Fascism has absolutely nothing to offer the oppressed working class. The international working class is comprised of all the oppressed peoples in the world, and it is exactly this diverse working class that must unite against fascism and its inherent racism! Hatred as a political policy, is an attack on us all! This is why we as workers must oppose all types of fascism, and protect one another from racist terrorism!

Reconstructing JV Stalin – Exposing the Myths, Lies & Fraud

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Original Russian Language Posted On: http://politrussia.com

Original Authors: Ilya Belous (Илья Белоус), Yuri Belous (Юрий Белоус)

(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD

At this present time, scientific and public interest in the ‘true’ personality of Stalin is growing. In December 2014, more than a half (52%) of those questioned by the Levada Center expressed positive viewpoints about Stalin’s historical role in Russia. Those expressing negative viewpoints – measured less than a third (30%). This result was something of a sensation – after 60 years of attempts to forget and even destroy the personality of the Secretary General, his authority remains very high.

Before the celebration of the 70th anniversary of the Great Victory over fascism, Stalin’s authority resurged. Many people were astonished to witness posters with his image appearing in Krasnodar, Makhachkala, Yekaterinburg and other cities, on ‘steel-buses’ in St. Petersburg, the installation of monuments in Lipetsk and the Crimea (still in the planning stage in St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg), the opening of memorial plaques in Simferopol and Ussuriisk. These are just some of the examples that greatly disturbed the liberal media and politicians. This is an astonishing development considering the false propaganda used against Stalin by the West and Khrushchev in the USSR.

Argument 1. In the era of Stalin, evidence shows that the population increased, and under the capitalist liberals in the nineties – catastrophically declined.

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The green line in the graph indicates the population growth in percent (the higher the line, the higher the percentage), and, despite the wars, the best dynamics are just in the days of Stalin, and one of the best – in 1937. Population demography is an essential qualitative indicator of the standard of living. From 1926 to 1954, despite the famine and the Great Patriotic War, the population grew by 50 million people. However, such a drop in population, as in the case of the capitalist liberal-era of post-1991, was not seen in the USSR even during the times of warfare and famine! For comparison: from 1991 to 1999, the natural growth of the population was minus 5.8 million people, that is, instead of growth (through capitalism), it was alarmingly reduced (by capitalism). As the liberal reformer Anatoly Chubais callously explained the deaths, ‘They did not fit into the free market.’

In the Great Patriotic War, the Soviet people’s losses amounted to 6.3 million servicemen killed and died from wounds, 555,000 died from illnesses that died as a result of accidents, sentenced to death (according to reports of troops, medical institutions, military tribunals) and 4.5 million wounded in captivity and missing. The total demographic losses (including the dead civilian population in the occupied territory and the increased mortality in the rest of the USSR from the adversities of the war) amounted to around a conservative 26.6 million people (with other estimates being between 34 – 40 million combined Soviet losses).  Even in the military and post-war years of the USSR, there was no such drop in the population as in the nineties, which turned out to be even worse for Russia in the demographic sense. The liberal policy of the nineties led the country to a demographic catastrophe, whilst under Stalin’s leadership the USSR escaped such a disaster.

Argument 2. Industrial production grew at a high rate.

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Under Stalin, a powerful national (industrial) production was created. Before the war in terms of gross industrial output, the USSR became the second power in the world; Quite a bit behind the United States, but ahead of any single European country (Industrialization of the USSR, 1933-1937 Documents and materials .- M .: Nauka, 1971. – p. 598). Soviet industry was born and, most importantly, operated in the very 1930s, when, after the great financial crisis, the economies of the capitalist countries actually slumped on the spot. On the other hand, Soviet industrialization changed the balance of world power. From the point of view of industrial development, non-Russian republics were not only not discriminated against, but also found themselves in a preferential position, and some of them (in Central Asia) developed faster than other parts of the country. The former peripheral republics were actively involved in the Soviet economic transformation. Impressive growth of personnel was noted in the field of education: the number of personnel in the Narkompros system doubled over the same period: from 1.3 million to 3.7 million people. Also doubled was the number of people employed in health care and research institutions. These figures show that industrialization, as it was successful, began to yield beneficial results not only in the form of strengthening the country’s economic potential alone, but also throughout the surrounding countries. On the national outskirts, where people did not know how to read and write, a network of scientific and research institutions, universities, schools, and libraries were established.

By 1937 in the USSR, 13 economies were created. The country could produce any equipment, including military equipment. In 1953, Korolev carried out the development of a draft design for a two-stage long-range ballistic missile weighing up to 170 tons with a detachable warhead weighing 3 tons for a range of 8,000 kilometres. The successful project became the bases of all the further successes in space. Diametrically opposed to this trend are the (capitalist) liberal nineties, where Russian society was turned upside down, and Soviet progression destroyed through the Western ideology of capitalist greed. The liberal nineties saw the systematic destruction of Soviet science and industrial progression, and represented the exact opposite of the development seen during the USSR years. Under Stalin, the country worked and created, a policy that worked due to the high level of discipline and the presence of a national idea. In terms of per capita growth rates in the USSR were significantly higher than in any of the developed countries of the world.

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Argument 3. The standard of living under Stalin was the best in modern history.

In our time, the ‘hamburger course’ (or ‘how many hamburgers can be bought for salaries in different countries?’) is quite popular. Why should we, in Russia, poison ourselves in the literal sense, for this food? Let’s measure the standard of living with potatoes!

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According to this schedule, we reached the level of 1953 only in 1970, but now we are lower – and this is with all the technologies and progress! The standard of living was to grow many times, but it does not grow. Why? Can there be an answer on the surface – due to the phenomenon of Stalinist leadership? We should study this phenomenon and not just focus upon the rigidity of government. The market of products has grown today due to their production in factory enterprises, rather than due to small peasant farms. It was this goal that Stalin’s collectivization pursued. Those who actively obstructed the State course, created a threat to the policy and were naturally punished, but why should this be surprising, and was it a feature of a particular country at that time? In 1953, the average salary in the USSR was 719 roubles, that is, 179 dollars at the then rate. Taking into account inflation in terms of today – about 1600 – 1700 dollars. Now the average salary is not more than 500 dollars, with the most profit going into the hands of the 10% that constitute the richest. It turns out that never after Stalin did the people earn so much money. If you take into account the so-called ‘social package’: apartments, free education, vouchers, medical care. Things were by far better for ordinary people under Stalin in the USSR.

Under Stalin, a society of social justice, and a society for working people was built. The authority of Stalin before the war (and especially after the war) was so great that it threatened the (capitalist) oligarchy. Due to Stalin’s authority, Communist States and Movements began to spread across all continents. The only way out for the (capitalist) oligarchy was to launch a campaign to humiliate Stalin, first to besmirch and demean his ‘personally’, and then misrepresent and demonise the USSR, China and the Communists in all countries.

It was through the criticism of Stalin’s cult of personality that Khrushchev caused the deterioration of relations with Communist China. The “Thaw” in the USSR was used to a greater extent by the CIA. The so called ‘A breath of fresh western air’ was a spoonful of honey in a barrel of tar. The country was inundated with representatives of Western services, which were subversive to the idealogical well-being of the USSR. They already had to deal with Brezhnev, but China became an ally of the United States. In the implementation of the principle of peaceful coexistence with the countries of European ‘democracy’ Khrushchev himself already collided with the ‘pro-American club’ in the UN. An epiphany came to Khrushchev late, with his support for the anti-US Fidel Castro, Patrice Lumumba, and Nkrumah Kwame, put an end to the ‘Soviet thaw’ and sparked a new round of ‘cold war’ hostilities. What else did Khrushchev do? He transferred the Crimea to the Ukrainian SSR, thereby intensifying the West’s program for ‘liberating Ukraine from the USSR’ (we recall that such a ‘case’ was instituted under Stalin).

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Three arguments refuting Anti-Stalinist Propaganda.

Counter-Argument 1. Stalin unleashed the Second World War.

The war was already in progress in 1935. In 1935-1936, Mussolini captured the only independent state in Africa, Ethiopia. In the years 1936-1939 Italian-German fascist aggression was happening in Spain, through which the Socialist Republic was eventually overthrown, and the fascist government of Franco established. Between 1937-1945 – the Japanese-Chinese War was in full effect. The Japanese captured Manchuria. The invasion of China was carried out by Japan – the ally of Hitler – as part of the Anti-Comintern Bloc. In 1938, Hitler had already annexed Austria and the Sudetenland. In March 1939, the whole of Czechoslovakia was next to fall. At the same time, we are assured that the world war began on September 1, 1939, by Hitler’s attack on Poland, and that subsequently, Stalin unleashed the war. In fact the war began in 1935-1937 with the tacit consent of Britain, France and the United States. And in 1938, with the open consent in Munich. The allies declared the beginning of the world war from the date of Hitler’s invasion of Poland, as a means to blame Stalin for the war, and as far as possible, absolve Hitler of any direct blame. The USSR, having entered Red Army troops in September 1939 in Poland, saved the Ukrainian and Byelorussian peoples from Hitler’s holocaust. All of the Western democracies deliberately obscure the Hitlerite racial programme entitled ‘Ost’ – which was formulated as the ‘liberation’ of the land from the ‘subhuman’ Slavs to the Urals, to make way for Nazi German colonisation. The extermination of Poles, Jews, Gypsies, Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanians was in preparation for the complete ‘Germanization’ of these areas.

Counter-Argument 2. Repression. The excesses in repression were a provocation of the fifth column.

This fact is documented. The counter-argument is confirmed by archival materials. Marshal of the Soviet Union (1935) MN Tukhachevsky, repressed in 1937 on the ‘Military Cause’, wrote in his manuscript that since 1932, with the support of Britain and Germany, he was preparing a conspiracy of generals that the Entente and Kolchak failed to accomplish. This time the goal was the overthrow of Stalin (there were plans for physical elimination). The proof of this is, in addition to the Tukhachevsky manuscript, declassified Soviet, German, British documents.

In the Central Committee of the CPSU (B), the conspiracy was led by the Lithuanian, Joseph Vareikis, who ‘distinguished himself’ in the first post of Secretary of the Dalarkai Committee of the CPSU (b) in 1937 by drawing up ‘execution lists’ and deporting Koreans to Central Asia. On September 8th, Vareykis sent Joseph Stalin a report on the work done, in which he told about the situation in the Far East and about the successes in exposing the enemies of the people. He reported that 500 spies were identified and shot only among railway workers.

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Joseph ‘Juozas’ Vareikis 1894-1938

However, Vareikis was shot as a traitor on the verdict of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR. Particularly intense was the sabotage work on the national outskirts (including in Ukraine) with the aim of the collapse of the USSR. The plans of the (capitalist) West to shake the Soviet regime included a provocation with the drawing up of ‘shoot lists’ – to create the ‘myth’ of sacred sacrifices in the West. Against the background of the counter-operation of the OGPU-NKVD ‘against pests’, the slandering of honest people began, which included their inclusion on these lists. Then the so-called regional ‘firing troika’, consisting of the head of the regional department of the NKVD, the secretary of the regional committee and the regional prosecutor, was included in the work. The decisions were made by the three in absentia on the materials of the cases submitted by the NKVD authorities, and in some cases, and in the absence of any materials, on the lists of detainees submitted, even by telegraph (for example, from Igarka to Krasnoyarsk). The procedure for dealing with cases was free, no protocols were kept. A characteristic feature of cases considered by the “troika” was the minimum number of documents on the basis of which a decision was made to apply repression. By decision of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU (B) No. P65 / 116 of November 17, 1938, judicial trios were liquidated. The cases were referred to courts or to the Special Meeting of the NKVD of the USSR.

Supporting Fact 2. In the ‘years of repression’ in the USSR, there were no more people behind bars than in modern America. The number of victims of repression is overestimated.

Unbelievable but true. According to the International Center for Prison Studies (ICPS), today in an exemplary-democratic and free USA for one hundred thousand people there is an average of 738 people behind bars, or in absolute terms – 2 217 000 people in prison. For comparison, in Russia now this figure is 460 people per one hundred thousand, or 673 818 people.

According to statistics, which VN. Zemskov published in the magazine ‘Sotsis’, in the 1930s in the USSR, on average, there were 583 prisoners per one hundred thousand. Very important is the reservation that at that time in the USSR, according to eyewitness accounts, most of the criminals were behind bars, and in modern Russia, because of too liberal laws, often criminals are walking free.

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The Memorial Society, which is funded by the US NED Foundation, in an interview with Ekho Moskvy – he too was carried away by manipulating figures. The mechanism of manipulating the consciousness of society with political goals is expertly disclosed by the Soviet Russian scientist Sergei Georgievich Kara-Murza in his book, a training manual for students ‘Manipulation of consciousness.’ In Chapter 17, ‘Impact on the Equipping of the Mind’ dealing information with war programmes, this involves the effectiveness of the destruction of a person’s ability to ‘weigh’ phenomena, loss of sense of proportion when manipulating numbers, is particularly noted in the information warfare programmes: ‘It is not that a person loses the instrument of measurement and reduces accuracy,’ ‘He loses the very coordinating system into which we place reality in order to orient ourselves in it. and make more or less correct conclusions.’

‘The largest campaign to manipulate consciousness is with the help of numbers,’ in his opinion, was associated with Stalin’s repression: ‘Public consciousness still rejects any rational information about the actual quantitative scale of repression. So, it was their quantitative side that was important for manipulators.’

Similar machinations were made with the number of ‘kulak links’, and with the fate of Soviet prisoners of war returned after the German captivity, etc. Thus, the Soviet and Russian historians and writers, and the director of the State Museum of the History of the Gulag, Anton Vladimirovich Antonov-Ovseyenko wrote in his article: ‘According to General Supply Directorate of the Gulag, on remuneration in jails there were almost 16 million – according to the number of paikodachs in the first post-war years.’

However, the work of Sergei Kara-Murza exposes this falsification: ‘In the list of persons who used this document, Antonov-Ovseyenko’s surname is missing. Consequently, he did not see this document and interprets it using someone elses words, with a gross distortion of meaning. If AV Antonov-Ovseyenko saw this document, he would probably have paid attention to the comma between figures 1 and 6, since in reality in the fall of 1945 there were 1.6 million and not 16 million prisoners in the camps and colonies of the Gulag, Prisoners. In the materials of the all-Union population censuses of 1937 and 1939, the strength of the special contingent of the NKVD of group ‘B’ (prisoners and labourers) coincides with our data taken from the statistic records of the GULAG of the USSR NKVD, and the prison administration of the USSR NKVD and the Department of Labour Settlements of the GULAG of the NKVD USSR.’

It is a simple manipulation – remove the comma, and launch the false number in the media – and hundreds of millions of people believe it. When a stereotype arose, no arguments will change a mind already full of fear and used to being manipulated. Supposed political victims of repression were rare, whilst in reality most were ordinary criminals who were extradited. This is confirmed by the statistics of crimes. In 1940, with a population of 193 million people. In the USSR there were 6,549 murders, and in 2005 in Russia, with a population of 145 million people, there were almost 5 times more murders – 30,800.

Counter-Argument 3. Stalin dealt with the church and priests: falsification.

Archbishop Luke, Russian spiritual writer, Bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church; From May 1946, the archbishop of Simferopol and the Crimea, testifies that Stalin never fought the church: ‘Stalin fought for the greatness of Russia and actually preserved the Church of Christ from the pogrom carried out by the Trotskyites, most of them hated the Church, Russia, and the Russian people with Its history. Stalin preserved Russia, showed what it means to the world. Therefore, as an Orthodox Christian and a Russian patriot, I bow low to Stalin.’ Under Stalin, the State did not interfere in the affairs of the church, the church was free.’

In relation to religion, to the servants of the Russian Orthodox Church and to the Orthodox believers, the Central Committee decides: ‘1) It is inadvisable to continue the practice of the organs of the NKVD of the USSR with regard to the arrests of the servants of the Russian Orthodox Church, the persecution of believers. 2) Instruction of Comrade Ulyanov (Lenin) on May 1, 1919 for N13666-2 ‘On Combating Priests and Religion’, addressed to the pre. VChK to Comrade Dzerzhinsky, and all the relevant instructions of the Cheka – OGPU – NKVD, concerning the persecution of the Russian Orthodox Church servants and Orthodox believers – should be cancelled.’ EXTRACT FROM THE PROTOCOL N98 MEETING OF THE POLITBUREAU OF THE CC OF 11/11/1939.

The result. The personality of Stalin remains both historically and scientifically deficient in study. The demonization of his image in the West and in the USSR after his death does not allow scientists, even after the discovery of secret archives, to recreate a true picture of the life of the country in the reign of JV Stalin. The demonization of Stalin logically turned into demonization of the image of the whole country. Throughout Europe and the USA there is a biased attitude towards the head of state Joseph Stalin, whose image is even viewed as being worse than the war crimes committed by Adolf Hitler and his accomplices.

Based on the above, we submit the following provisions for public discussion:

1. The positive image of JV Stalin should be returned not only to the history of Russia, but also to the history of the world.

2. The merits of JV Stalin as a statesman are enormous. Stalin saved Russia from destruction after the First World War and the ensuing revolution, civil war and intervention. It is hardly possible to blame Stalin for all these upheavals. He did not give in to the countries of the Entente and the United States, and did not allow these enemies to tear the country to pieces. Moreover, he was able to restore almost all of Russia within the borders of the USSR, thus creating the conditions for all non-Russian republics to become economically and culturally prosperous state formations. None of these peoples before the USSR had a developed Statehood.

3. Stalin’s merits in the field of national construction are great. On the site of the ruins after the wars in Russia, he created a powerful Union of Soviet Socialist States, a supranational association that does not have any to compare to in history. Within the framework of the USSR, in the shortest time, all large and small peoples realized their rights. This is particularly true for the peoples of Central Asia, who have received their Statehood (i.e. Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Kazakhstan). In 1936, there was the right to work (there was no unemployment), the right to free education, the right to free medicine, and the right to rest (in all republics and regions there were built health resorts for adults, youth and children) all of which were guaranteed in the USSR. There was also access for each person to cultural activities: including books, Newspapers, cinema, theatre, museums, Statehood and the development of national culture. Schools, colleges, technical schools, universities, research institutes, and branches of the Academy of Sciences quickly spreading to the national outskirts, as well as industrial enterprises.

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4. ‘The Stalinist system of labour’ was built on other economic laws, on a different socio-economic organization. European democracy, based on the pursuit of profit and capital markets, the Soviet system opposed exploitative labour and exploitative production. This system was created, functioned perfectly and was reflected in the shortest possible time in the successes of industrialization. Under Stalin, a society of social justice was built that did not know the bourgeois contradictions in the world that the Renaissance humanists dreamed of, based on a new socio-economic organization, excluding the wild laws of capitalist competition, which assert the dominance in the economy and politics (including international politics) of the financial oligarchy.

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5. The process of uniting millions of people into collectives was started, in which the workers created new forms of self-organization in production, culture, sports, and crime control. All this was a manifestation of a genuine, different form of existence to that found in the Western democracies. Under Stalin, a society with humanistic values ​​was formed: collectivism, mutual assistance, diligence, internationalism, respect for elders, the desire to constantly improve their educational and cultural level. All this formed the basis for educating the youth. Organizations of the children’s pioneer and youth Komsomol movement also have no equivalent in the world.

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6. In economics, the material values created in the Stalin years were enormous. The USSR became a country with the most advanced industry, the strategy of an import-substituting economy was successfully implemented. The USSR could produce any machinery and any equipment, including equipment for nuclear power. The foundations were laid for the creation of high-tech agriculture.

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7. Stalin built a State that was not only able to protect its sovereignty during the Second World War, but also to save Europe and the world from fascism. During the Second World War he showed himself as a talented commander. In many cities of Europe and Asia they honour the memory of Stalin, who led the world’s greatest army to  victory over fascism. Streets and squares carry his name, sometimes even Stalin’s statues are found in many cities throughout Europe and Asia. Most of the monuments were demolished in the 1990s, an act of vandalism of a generation of children who did not know service at the front and the war against fascism, and had forgotten how people went into battle and died with the name of Stalin on their lips, how in three shifts from small to large they forged metal for Victory.

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8. The rehabilitation of Stalin’s name will be a significant event for modern history. Today we observe the phenomena, in many respects similar to those with which our country collided 70-80 years ago. Russia is restoring its authority in the world, becoming a country independent of foreign influence. In this regard, the West initiated an information war against our people, against our successes in State building, against our President Vladimir Putin. In Russia itself, agents of the West have once again become more active.

Today, Russians are better able to understand the difficulties that their grandfathers encountered while building their sovereign State of a non-Western pattern. The ‘democratic’ West again tries not to allow us to go our own unique civilised way, and to make our own national choice, for which our Veterans have shed blood.

The rehabilitation of Stalin not only will prove our right to our national course, but it will also be an excellent hint for the ‘fifth column’ that the politeness of our people can not last forever. It will also be an act of the political will of the Russian people to support the President’s firm actions and policies aimed at strengthening the sovereignty of the country, to freeing it from Western economic dependence, and to clearing the perverse Western values ​​which are like a plague.

Today it becomes obvious: there was no cult of Stalin’s personality, there was a unity of the people around the leader in a complex war against internal and external aggression for the preservation of the Motherland. Similarly we are now consolidating around our leader. We already hear how the liberals talk about the personality cult of Putin.

It is absolutely justified today to review the role of personalities in history, which have preserved Russia, prevented its division and turned into a raw appendage of the West. On the contrary, it is necessary to give a historical assessment of the actions of the liberal rulers of the country, who, under the leadership of Western services, disorganized Russia and the USSR. The country must know the true heroes who served and strengthened the Motherland, and anti-heroes – those who destroyed it.

The wave of Stalin’s popularity is now growing, so both monuments and posters will appear. This is understandable: because only now we have become aware of the context of the domestic and world history of the 1930s. Now the spirit of fascism is again hovering over the world. The war is already being waged against Russia, conducted by new sophisticated methods and technologies. In the absence of opposition to this war, conditions for a crisis will again be created in Russia, as it was in the 1990s. Can we withstand again?

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At the same time, ruthless figures and declassified documents show that most of the negative material about Stalin is fabricated. We propose to get rid of the stereotype, study the materials, restore historical justice, inscribe Stalin’s name in his era, see, for example, that next to the broken destinies of the Soviet peasants were the same broken destinies of American farmers in 1929, a million of which went ‘nowhere’, the middle class in the USA was completely ruined. These were the harsh laws of capitalist industrialization.

Historical facts show: Joseph Stalin was no more cruel than his contemporaries Churchill, Truman or Allen Dulles. The facts help to conclude that Stalin the ‘false’ Statesman is a fabrication of West historiography, and that, especially annoyingly, is the habit of some modern Russians to betray the Motherland, by taking on the fabrication about Stalin, and treating the lies as ‘truth’.

Soviet power lived in wartime and operated under the laws of the Soviet era. We believe that the truth will prevail. Stalin, who re-assembled a country that had been smashed to pieces, made it one and the greatest on Earth, and foresaw the information warfare initiated by the West, and rightly declared it a heap of debris, which the wind of history will disperse, and which will be delivered to his grave after death.

So it’s time to let this wind do its thing.

Authors Ilya Belous, Yuri Belous

©opyright: Adrian Chan-Wyles (ShiDaDao) 2017.

Original Russian Language Article:

http://politrussia.com/istoriya/menya-sprosili-nuzhen-456/

 

International Brigade Commemoration: Waterloo – London (1.7.2017)

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INTERNATIONAL BRIGADE MEMORIAL TRUST

MARX MEMORIAL LIBRARY

Although there are many statues, plaques and signs throughout Britain and Ireland commemorating the sacrifice of the British and Irish men and women who fought and died fighting for the Socialist ‘Republican’ government of Spain between 1936-1939, against the fascist forces of General Franco (backed by Nazi Germany and fascist Italy), for many, the main monument of remembrance remains that on London’s South Bank. The IBMT website states: ‘National memorial and sculpture by Ian Walters in Jubilee Gardens, SE1, to the 526 killed in Spanish Civil War who went to Spain from Britain and Ireland. Erected by Greater London Council and International Brigade Association and unveiled by Michael Foot MP, 5 October 1985. Moved to new site in the park in April 2012.’ Although the IBMT does sterling work, it also pursues a narrative that plays-down the ‘Communist’ and ‘Socialist’ nature of the International Brigades, and the fact that the Soviet Union recruited, funded, armed and trained volunteers from around the world through the National Branches of the International Communist Party. The thousands of volunteers were certainly not motivated to defend the very same bourgeois democracy that had brought Adolf Hitler to power, and various Western politicians in the UK, France (and elsewhere) who conspired to withhold all official help to a beleaguered ‘democratic’ Socialist government in Spain, and to actively strive to prevent leftwing volunteers from leaving their respective countries, and travelling to Spain to join one of the Soviet-inspired International Brigades. These same ‘democratic’ governments in the West further conspired to ‘punish’ all those who had bravely fought in Spain upon their return – with Winston Churchill ordering that they be denied any chances to join the British Armed Forces (even by conscription) during WWII, together with pressure being exerted upon the Veterans to be thrown-out of their employment unions, and denied access to jobs as a means to make a living. Another fact that is missing from the usual IBMT narrative, is that of how popular ‘fascism’ was throughout the Western democracies during the 1930’s, with even Winston Churchill writing glowing reports about Adolf Hitler in 1937! Obviously, as matters transpired, the British Working Class had other ideas that openly contradicted the hypocritical opinions entertained by the bourgeoisie. No – the men and women who volunteered for hardship and possible death in the International Brigades, were not inspired by a fight to save the very same bourgeois democracy that supported fascism and oppressed them at every turn – but were inspired to fight for Socialism as a means to ensure a world-wide Socialist Revolution. As we were marching through London yesterday in protest against the current rightwing Tory government, we were not able to attend the memorial in Jubilee Park. However, we did pay our respects for the fallen later in the day and took the photographs included on this blog entry. I also include the ‘new’ Spanish Civil War banner commissioned by Islington Museum. Another important depository of information about this subject is found in the ‘International Brigade Library’ held at the Marx Memorial Library in Clerkenwell, London. This collection not only includes historical books, official documents and papers, newspaper articles, and personal correspondence (as well as other memorabilia), but also marching banners celebrating the ‘Socialist’ and ‘Communist’ nature of the International Brigades, and their involvement in fighting fascism during the Spanish Civil War.

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How Churchill Stole the ‘Socialist’ Home Guard

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International Brigades Memorial Trust (UK)

Marx Memorial Library

Tom Wintringham – How an Oxford Communist Founded the Home Guard

During the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), Churchill remained resolutely opposed to any British support (either official or unofficial) for the democratically elected (and overtly ‘Socialist’) Republican government, which was under-siege and fighting a rear-guard action against a fascist insurgency led by General Franco (whose forces received financial and material aid from Nazi Germany and fascist Italy). Only the Soviet Union (and the International Communist Movement under the guidance of Joseph Stalin) came to the aid the legitimate Republican Spanish government. To this end, the USSR backed the formation, arming and training of the ‘International Brigades’, which were comprised entirely of ‘volunteers’ from around the world, often (but not always) recruited through the various Branches of the Communist Party. One such British individual was Oxford graduate and Communist Party of Great Britain Member – Tom Wintringham  (1898-1949) – who not only fought bravely and demonstrated excellent leadership skills in Spain, but upon his return to the UK was instrumental in founding the original ‘Home Guard’, which was intended to be organised around Socialist principles (recruiting both men and women in the hundreds of thousands), with its units trained to defend local (and familiar) terrain using defensive guerilla war tactics, designed to slow down an invading enemy, and give the much smaller professional British Army time to deploy and manoeuvre. However, since at least 1938, Winston Churchill had been taking measures to officially persecute any British men and women returning to the UK, who had fought in the Spanish Civil War, often ensuring they lost not only their jobs, but also their Union Membership and their right to join the professional British military forces (even under ‘conscription’). Churchill viewed his policy as preventing the British Armed forces from being taken-over by what he feared was a growing ‘Socialist insurgency’ in the UK. Meanwhile, Tom Wintringham (together with other Veterans of the Spanish Civil War), had begun training a ‘People’s Army’ on private property as a means to resist the Hitlerite invasion of the UK when it finally arrived, only to have Winston Churchill ‘outlaw’ any such ‘paramilitary’ activity anywhere in the UK. This was followed by British military officials taking over the command and administration of the fledgling ‘Home Guard’ and forcibly taking it out of the hands of Wintringham and his fellow Socialists (using the threat of arrest and detention). Winston Churchill then ordered that a ‘new’ history be fabricated for the ‘Home Guard’, one that expunged all references to ‘Socialism’, and which accredited himself with its invention. Part of this propaganda coup was to present the Home Guard as a second rate and slightly incompetent military formation which although necessary in time of war, probably did not stand much of a chance against professional armed forces. (This attitude has been preserved in the much loved British comedy ‘Dad’s Army’). However, history demonstrates that wherever People’s Armies have took to the field, their truly ‘democratic’ nature has replaced the usual ‘fascistic’ and ‘hierarchical’ traditions of the conventional military, have had no problems recruiting, and been proven highly effective on the battlefield. Winston Churchill understood that should such a ‘People’s Army’ be allowed to thrive and grow on the British Mainland, and if it was ever victorious in battle against the forces of International Fascism, then it could also be used as a ‘van guard’ to establish a Socialist Revolution in the UK.

Further Reading:

Unlikely Warriors: The British in the Spanish Civil War and the Struggle Against Fascism: By Richard Baxell

 

Soviet Red Army Crushes Waffen SS – the Battle for Budapest (26.12.1944-13.2.1945)

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Soviet Red Army liberates Budapest 

Soviet Press Statement (21.12.1944):

‘At the beginning of December, under the chairmanship of Dr Vasary, the mayor of Debrecen, a group was formed of representatives of the different Hungarian parties… In liberated territory the election of delegates to the Provisional National Assembly took place between December 13 and 20. 230 delegates were elected, representing the democratic parties, the town and village councils and the trade and peasant unions… The Assembly opened with the playing of the Hungarian National Anthem. The meeting was held in the Reformation College where, in 1849, Kossuth proclaimed the independence of Hungary…

An Address to the Hungarian People was adopted which said:

It is time to make peace. Salasi is an usurper,,, We call upon the Hungarian people to rally to the banners of Kossuth and Rakoszi and to follow in the footsteps of the Honweds (volunteer militia) of 1848. We want a democratic Hungary. We guarantee the inviolability of private property as the basis of our social and economic order. We want Land Reform… Turn your arms against the German oppressors and help the Red Army… for the good of a Free and Democratic Hungary!’

(Russia at War 1941-1945: By Alexander Werth [1964] Pages 909-910)

Hitler’s Nazi German regime was assisted in its widespread (highly destructive and genocidal) invasion of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union by Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary, all of which had acquired politically rightwing governments. Nazi Germany was also assisted with supplies of oil and other raw materials by Sweden, Denmark and Portugal, as well as Vichy France and fascist Italy. The so-caked ‘Axis’ powers (of which there were many), coalesced around the 1936 ‘Anti-Comintern Pact’, an agreement between various rightwing countries to jointly resist the spread of ‘International Communism’. Therefore, it can be said that Hitler’s attack on the USSR was a direct manifestation of the pursuance of this pact, an act of aggression which was assisted by a number of Axis powers. Over-all, contemporary estimates suggest that around 34 million Soviet men, women and children died during the Nazi German invasion of the USSR, and the application of the Hitlerite ‘final solution’. Hitler had declared the the Slavic people to be racially inferior, and their embracing of Communist ideology to be a confirmation of this fact. To remedy this problem, Hitler demanded nothing less than the eradication of the Slavic people and their Communist ideology.

As the tide of war changed, and the Soviet Red Army started to push the Nazi German invaders out of the USSR, it became necessary to pursue the retreating Germans all the way to Berlin to ensure the complete defeat of the Nazi regime. Whilst pursuing this anti-fascist policy, the countries that had collaborated with Nazi Germany had to be invaded and ‘liberated’ from their fascist governments and Nazi German occupiers. As can be gleamed from the Soviet Press statement (above), the Soviet Authorities implemented ‘democratic’ elections, so that the ordinary citizens of countries such as Hungary, could choose a non-fascist political path. By and large, the ordinary citizens of such countries, (i.e. the ‘workers’), were treated as ‘victims’ of fascism, rather than its perpetuators.

On October 21st, 1944, the Soviet Red Army (under Malinovksy) entered and took Debrecen in eastern Hungary. Although the Red Army advance into Hungary was rapid at first, it was soon slowed by stiff (fascist) Hungarian and Nazi German resistance. This resistance increased as the Red Army fought inch by inch toward Budapest in November. In early December (1944), Hitler met with the fascist Hungarian leader Salasi in Berlin, where it was agreed that Budapest must be held at all costs (although behind the scenes, many of its industries were already being re-located to Austria). As part of this deal, Hitler allocated around 23,000 well-equipped and highly motivated troops of the Waffen SS to defend Budapest (and possibly turn the tide of the battle). These units were essentially heavily armed and highly politically motivated annihilation squads (being considered racially ‘pure’ by Hitler), whose motto was ‘Give Death and Take Death’. These men were not ordinary soldiers, and their training was designed to embody a certain ‘mindless’ brutality that existed outside of the traditions of the conventional German military. Surrender was out of the question as was taking prisoners or providing medical care to wounded enemy soldiers. In fact, the Waffen SS often tortured the enemy wounded to death, considering it a sport to invent ever more painful methods. These troops were under the direct command of Adolf Hitler himself (being considered his personal bodyguard), and were trained to believe that they personally represented the ideological foundation of the fascist ideology of National Socialism. As racially pure Aryans, these men received the best clothing, training, food, housing and weaponry, and were treated with the utmost respect (and fear) within German society. As an embodiment of ‘Nazism’, Hitler believed that these racially superior beings, entirely through an act of will, could defeat the military might of the Red Army, and in so doing trigger a collapse of its Communist ideology (bringing down the USSR from within).

The 50 day Battle for Budapest was to test this hypothesis. Around 23,000 racially pure Waffen SS troops were to spear-head the defence of Budapest and inflict a debilitating defeat upon the Red Army. By comparison, Red Army soldiers, whose motto was ‘Free the Workers!’ was comprised of ordinary men and women from the length and breadth of the vast Soviet Union. As such, they were ethnically diverse, and represented no particular race. They pursued Socialist Revolution every time they fought – freeing the oppressed workers from the tyranny of capitalism and fascism. The average Red Army soldier was selfless, supportive of his fellow Comrades, and willing to self-sacrifice to save others. These soldiers were not racially superior, did not pursue any form of fascist ideology, and were motivated by a broad non-racial ‘Internationalism’, rather than by a narrow fascistic ‘Nationalism’, and yet in the space of around 7 weeks, these quite ‘ordinary’ Communist soldiers encircled and then systematically ‘destroyed’ the 23,000 fanatical Waffen SS soldiers – killing 19,000 in the fighting! The fascist forces of Budapest surrendered on the 13th of February, 1945, and Hungary was finally liberated.

The following documentary explains who the Waffen SS were – and how they were deployed during WWII. Comprised of around 900,000 at their peak, toward the end of the war (as casualties mounted), Hitler allowed non-Germans to join, such as French, Swedes and Danes. In fact, as the Nazi regime collapsed under Soviet pressure, around 90% of the Waffen SS units defending Hitler in Berlin near the end, were comprised of foreigners who fanatically fought to the bitter end. Allowing non-Germans into the Waffen SS was thought by certain Nazi Germans as ‘weakening’ the spiritual strength of these units, and therefore lowering their fighting efficiency. However, Hitler gambled with some of his best (racially pure) Waffen SS regiments in Budapest – and despite their assumed ‘spiritual strength’, they were systematically destroyed by Slavic peasant soldiers from the Urals.

Nazi German Atrocities During WWII (in Photographs)

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‘Dedicated to the 40 million Soviet men, women and children that were murdered during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945) by the Nazi German invaders.’

A macabre and sombre collection of photographs taken by the Nazi Germans themselves, as a means to document their fascistic crimes during WWII (1939-1945), with the caveat that this period includes the Nazi German invasion of the USSR (the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945), and that many similar atrocities were committed by the Hitlerites BEFORE the official outbreak of hostilities in 1939 (including the mass extermination of Germany’s Disabled population). These photographs should remind those who get ‘blurry eyed’ at the devastation wrought on Hitler’s Germany by the ‘liberating’ Red Army – as if the Nazis were somehow the ‘victims’ of WWII (despite the Jewish Holocaust that cost around 6 million lives)! The Nazi Germans embraced a highly destructive Hitlerite ideology premised solely upon the pseudo-science of race and racism. As Marxist-Leninism advocates ‘Internationalism’, the Soviet Red Army (and the Soviet people), suffered terribly in their fight against this despicable regime, but their collective suffering saved us all!

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Æàðêîå ëåòî, 50-å ãîäû ÕÕ âåêà

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