As Lenin famously commented ‘fascism is capitalism in decline’. Capitalism in the hands of the bourgeoisie is itself fascistic, and a dictatorial, intolerant and racist socio-economic ideology that seeks to split the collectivity of the working class (proletariat) into the competing and antagonistic individual entities preferred by the bourgeoisie. These bourgeois individuals, having abandoned their class consciousness, engage in all kinds of anti-working-class activity, premised upon many false associations including rightwing nationalism and racism, but the degradation does not stop here. Fascism is an ideology that demands a) a rampant ‘individualism’ over ‘collectivism’, and b) the subordination of ALL individuals to the WILL of a single individual who is considered a superior conduit for the supposed spiritual and ideological manifestation of fascism. This explains why the fascist ideology is often associated with certain strands of theistic religion – with the chosen fascist dictator being perceived very much in the mould of the ancient absolute monarchs who were believed to be ‘ordained’ by god. Fascism in the 20th century attracted a modern element from 19th century imperialism through the development of an accompanying pseudo-science in an attempt to associate the ignorance of fascist ideology with that of advanced academic learning. The racist thinking of Social Darwinism has been a key foundation of fascist ideology that still persists to this day (despite have no genuine association with Darwin’s evolutionary theory). Imagined racial hierarchies, coupled with the flawed thinking of Eugenics and Euthanasia have combined (to various degrees) to formulate modern fascistic and National Socialistic ideology to devastating effect.
It would be a mistake, however, to assume that fascist ideology only existed in the 20th century regimes of Mussolini, Hitler and Hirohito. Ever since the beginnings of the development of modern capitalism (which has many contributing factors including the radical and often destructive reforms of Henry VIII), there has always been the tendency within this greed-orientated socio-economic ideology toward the ‘severe’ (which maximises ‘profit’) and away from the ‘compassionate’ (which is viewed as ‘losing’ profit). Individuals must not help one another as this reduces the opportunity for profit, but rather destructively ‘compete’ for all available resources (which are often kept artificially scarce). Those who die of starvation, illness, exposure or lack of medical care are viewed as being life’s ‘losers’ unworthy of the life they inhabited – this callous and ruthless attitude is the basis of ALL fascistic and National Socialist thinking – and demonstrates that fascism is not a misrepresentation of capitalism but rather an emphasis of its true nature and core concepts. Although modern fascism as a distinct and deliberate ideology was developed in early 20th century Italy by Mussolini (out of which developed Hitler’s National Socialism), it is clear that the European colonial powers over the last 500 years of history have obviously behaved in a fascistic manner toward the non-European people of the world. This ruthless exploitation routinely included the rape and murder of men, women and children, as well as every conceivable infliction of cruelty and exploitation possible upon the human mind and body.
Fascism (and its cruelty) is not new but may be interpreted as a contemporary vehicle for human brutality. Although Europeans definitely inflicted pain and suffering upon a worldwide scale, it is also true that the ruling classes also control the societies they dominate with a very similar brutality (albeit mediated through the agency of bourgeois law). The working class suffers all kinds of deprivations and mistreatment and is prevented from open rebellion by the police and the military. The very legal system that oppresses them is the very same legal system they are ordered to use in an attempt to ‘become free’ of the oppression they experience. On top of this, the Bourgeois State openly flirts with fascistic elements within any capitalist society, whether this be extremist political groupings, or financial strategies designed to disempower the working class and further empower the ruling classes.
For over a decade, for instance, the European Union (EU) policy of ‘Austerity’ has been applied across all Member States (with the accompanying false propaganda that each Nation State has independently ‘chosen’ to adopt this policy in ‘solidarity’ with one another), and has been used as an intensification of the EU attack upon Socialism and Socialistic (and ‘nationalised’) utilities, healthcare systems and other establishments throughout Europe. This anti-working-class offensive has caused tremendous suffering throughout Europe and the UK, and has led to the increase and strengthening of fascistic movements that blame migrants, the disabled, homosexuals, Romany, Slavs, feminists (any other convenient scapegoating group) for the policies that cause hardship for the working class that have been deliberately imposed upon society by the ruling classes. Invariably, the disempowered and dispossessed minorities and special interest groups the fascists rhetorically and physically blame and attack for ‘Austerity’, are usually amongst the sections of the population that disproportionally suffer the most from these policies of deprivation. The ordinary, the poor and the vulnerable ineffect suffer twice – once from the devastating and fascistic policies of their national government (which seeks to lawfully disempower and kill through cuts to essential services, benefits and welfare), and secondly from a direct (and ‘unlawful’) attack from the fringe far-right political groupings that support the national government in its attack upon the working class and its Socialist institutions.
The presence of fascism sees the working class divided amongst itself, with competing factions seeking various forms of political autonomy and dominance. The social fascism of Trotskyism, for instance, ensures that even upon the left fascism retains a presence designed to mislead the working class away from genuine Marxist-Leninism. Once this deception is achieved, then fascism is firmly ensconced within the working class. This is compounded by the sheer ignorance of many working-class people who lack the education, guidance or experience to understand that fascism is not their friend and is not an ideology that represents their best class interests. As matters stand, those workers who mistakenly think that they are ‘individuals’ and not part of a ‘collective’ behave as ‘class enemies’ toward other working-class people, assisting in their oppression and deprivation as a means to slightly enhance their own existence, but this aggrandisement is nothing but an illusion. The ruling classes distribute temporary rewards to those who betray their own class – but these rewards are small and short-lived. Those who betray their own class often end-up (in one way or another) like the ‘Sonderkommandos’ in the Nazi Death Camps. This is why the working class must reject fascism and unite around Socialism!