(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)
Translator’s Note: Believe or not, in the early years of his ‘Nazi’ regime, Adolf Hitler had a respectful attitude toward ‘Nationalist’ China. This was more to do with the inherent corruption of the Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek (aka ;Cash My Cheque’) rather than any humanitarian notions held by Hitler himself. To get matters straight – Hitler still viewed the Chinese as racially inferior (as he did he Japanese), but thought that perhaps they might be granted a ‘status’ slightly above ‘sub-human’, but still below that of ‘White’ German, Aryan. Today, some misguided Chinese intellectuals of a rightwing persuasion (existing outside of Mainland China), adhere to a bizarre notion that ‘Hitler’ was somehow ‘misunderstood’. This is not true – he had no real liking for Chinese people simply because he was a ‘White’ supremacist who viewed all other races as ‘inferior’. Hitler in fact referred to the Chinese people as racially inferior a number of times in his speeches — despite whatever views he may have held. This was particularly so during the 1937 Japanese Rape of Nanjing – where Nazi Official John Rube ordered Nazi German troops to protect Chinese people fleeing the massacre. Hitler was furious when he heard about this interference, and stated that Nazi Germany should do ‘nothing’ whilst one inferior race eradicates another. ACW 3.4.2017
Although Adolf Hitler was a fanatical racist (and anti-Semite) who blamed all of society’s ills upon the Jewish people, it is an interesting historical question as to why he had a relatively ‘respectful’ attitude toward China. Hitler is recorded as stating that the Chinese people were ‘special’ (and not a ‘degenerate’) race that they should enjoy more ‘rights’, whilst during the early years of the Second Sino-Japanese War, Hitler even provided military aid to Chiang Kai-Shek’s Nationalist government. In this regard. ‘three’ distinct reasons are given for Hitler’s apparent ‘respect’ for China.
1. Private Relations.
Hitler was impoverished in his early years, and was homeless on the streets of Vienna. Due to his obvious lack of food and clothing, a Chinese man living in Austria at the time – surnamed ‘Cheng’ – granted him assistance. Cheng gave Hitler 500 Austrian shillings toward the cost of living and learning, but also often invited Hitler to stay at his home. When Adolf Hitler came to power, it is said that he searched out this Mr Cheng to reward him – but he could not be found.
2. When Adolf Hitler met Kong Xiangxi (孔祥熙).
In 1933, Hitler became the leader of German, and began to actively expand military preparations for war, thus breaking the Versailles shackles from Nazi Germany. However, Germany after the first world war was weakened, and ensuing economic sanctions, the lack of rare minerals, agricultural products and other strategic resources, kept Germany in a powerless position. China was a vast land, rich in resources, and this prompted Adolf Hitler in the early years of Nazi Germany to ‘strengthen’ diplomatic and trade links with Chiang Kai-Shek’s Nationalist government. This was a shrewd move as Chiang Kai-Shek was more than accommodating toward Adolf Hitler’s Nazi regime. Whereas Hitler provided Chiang with the tanks and guns he needed to fight the Communist Uprising in China, in return Chiang provided Nazi Germany with much needed tungsten, lead, manganese, antimony and other mineral resources. Although many people were starving in China due to the corruption of Chiang’s government, Chiang, nevertheless, gave Nazi Germany peanuts, cotton, cotton, bristles and other agricultural products. At one point Adolf Hitler had specially telephoned Chiang Kai-Shek, stating that ‘the close cooperation between the two countries is in the best interests of the two peoples,’ whilst Chiang Kai-Shek is said to have replied, “for the economic cooperation between Germany and China – we enthusiastically support this relationship – so that our country can benefit from the generated harmony, and we especially thank you.”
3. Anti-Soviet – Anti-Communist Alliance (1936).
Hitler (despite calling his movement ‘National Socialism’) always hated Communism, and in 1936, representatives of Germany and Japan met in Berlin to sign the ‘Anti-Communist International Agreement’, which was an anti-Soviet, anti-Communist military alliance. The Chinese National Government – headed by Chiang Kai-Shek – was also anti-Soviet and anti-Communist, which sought to encircled Mao Zedong’s Red Army, whilst simultaneously cracking down on the workers and peasants movement, and had at one time waged an armed conflict with the Soviet Union. In this context, Hitler still wanted to strengthen relations wbetween China and Germany, to deal with the Soviet Union.
Why did this relationship finally break? Mainly because Japan launched the war of aggression against China, and Germany and Japan were allies. This meant that the Chinese National government could nolonger obtain substantial military assistance from Nazi Germany. The ending of Nazi German assistance and support led to Chiang Kai-Shek seeking help from the Soviet Union – where Chiang eventually signed the ‘Sino-Soviet Treaty of Non-Aggression Pact’, an act which guaranteed Soviet military assistance. Later, under pressure from Japan, Hitler withdrew the Nazi German military advisory group, completely cut off all military ties from both sides. Hitler justified this by stating that all that exists is eternal interests, and not eternal friends.
©opyright: Adrian Chan-Wyles (ShiDaDao) 2017.
Original Chinese Language Text: