Sergei Aleshkov (Aleshkin) Сережа Алешков (Алешкин) – Six Year Old Soviet Soldier at Stalingrad

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Many millions of children suffered during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945), with many millions more being orphaned due to the military actions and atrocities carried-out by the brutal invading troops of Nazi Germany. Many of these children died alone in terrible conditions, whilst others were tortured and maimed by the Hitlerites who were trying to eradicate the Slavic peoples. On the other hand, the tales of bravery and resistance to the Nazi German atrocities is not very well-known in modern Russia today, where the shallow ‘cult of celebrity’ has replaced the veneration of true bravery. This is the story of the youngest Soviet Red Army soldier of the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945). Prior to the Nazi German invasion of the Soviet Union, Sergei Aleshkov lived peacefully with his family in the village of Gryn. Sergei Aleshkov was only 6 years old in 1942, when the invading Nazi Germans executed his mother and elder brother for supporting the Partisans. This is how Sergei Aleshkov became orphaned. They lived in the Kaluga region of western Russia. The boy was saved by the quick-thinking of a neighbour – this selfless woman threw the him out of a hut window – and shouted for him to run … Sergei managed to hide in the woods. Today, it is difficult to say for how much time the wounded and hungry child wandered through the autumn forest, but he eventually met-up with the Partisans. The next summer, as the Partisans manoeuvred around (and through) the Nazi German lines, Sergei Aleshkov fell and injured his leg. but he was lucky – as he was accidentally found by Scouts of the Red Army 142th Infantry Regiment, (commanded by Major Vorobyov). He was starving, covered in mud, and dressed in tattered clothing. The Red Army soldiers took care of his wounds, washed and fed him, and made a specially small Red Army uniform for him.

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from that point on, he was protected from direct contact with the brutal and ruthless  Nazi German soldiers, but he worked tirelessly in support of the Red Army troops as they fought ongoing battles. Between battles, Sergei Aleshkov raised morale by singing poems and songs, and during battles he carried ammunition to the front-line troops (keeping them supplied), as well as passed-on messages and delivered mail. The soldiers of the Red Army treated Sergei Aleshkov as if he were their own son. However, the commanding officer of the Regiment – Major Vorobyov – eventually adopted Sergei Aleshkov, and even accredited Sergei with helping him meet his beloved wife – Nina – a nurse. This was after a bomb had hit the dug-out Major Vorobyov was operating from during the Battle for Stalingrad, blocking the entrance and sealing him in. As there was little air, Sergei Aleshkov tried to pull the debris away from the entrance himself, but was not strong enough. Instead, despite the Nazi Germans heavily bombing the area, Sergei Aleshkov ran through the falling bombs and into the surrounding trenches (that were receiving enemy fire), where he told other Red Army soldiers what had happened to Major Vorobyov. In the process, Sergei Aleshkov was shot down (along with many other Red Army soldiers), and was wounded in the legs yet again. After this, a rescue party was immediately sent to rescue Major Vorobyov. After the battle, he was well looked after and cared for by all concerned – as news of his bravery spread throughout the Red Army. For his bravery, Serezha Aleshkov was awarded the Medal for Military Bravery.

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On another occasion (whilst stationed on the Dnieper), Sergei Aleshkov spotted two men hiding in straw near-by. After reporting this sighting, it was revealed that these were Nazi German Scouts who were spotting for the fascist artillery and bringing fire down upon the civilian areas. After his military service, and on the orders of the High Command, he was enlisted in the Suvorov School situated in the city of Tula. Although as a youth and young man, he suffered disabilities from his leg injuries, Sergei Aleshkov trained in law, and became a very effective lawyer – always representing the rights and interests of the ordinary people. He eventually worked as a prosecutor and remained a man of honour, constantly fighting for justice. The science of war forever teaches us to value honour, conscience and brotherhood

Russian Language Sources:

http://nhero.ru/serezha-aleshkov-aleshkin/

http://es-kiz.ru/gvardiї-ryadovij-sergijku-samij-yunij-soldat-velikoї-vitchiznyanoї-yakij-vryatuvav-svogo-komandira/

Capitalist Russia and the October Massacre (1993)

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The Soviet Union was destroyed by Mikhail Gorbachev during the middle to late 1980’s. He was in many ways the culmination of the corrosive Trotskyite tendency within the USSR established by Nikita Khrushchev in the 1950’s, from which Communist Russia never recovered. Trotskyism is opposed to Marxist-Leninism, and whilst mimicking various aspects of the rhetoric of Scientific Socialism, its central core ideology evolves around co-operating with the capitalist system, and various aspects of its fascistic thinking. As a consequence, Trotsky dedicated his life to formulating an ideology that could destroy the USSR. The USSR finally collapsed due to mishandling within, and Western pressure from out, between 1989 – 1991. This betrayal of the Soviet people and the Communist Bloc in Eastern Europe would eventually lead to the death of millions due to the sudden withdrawal of Welfare Systems and ‘free’ Medical Systems. In Russia alone, the population unnaturally dropped by 5.9 million people between 1991-1999 – due to starvation and medical neglect. None of this barbarity is reported in the Western press, as it is thought to be a price worth paying, as a means to get rid of one of the world’s major challenges to capitalist tyranny.

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In 1993, certain Russian politicians tried to stop the counter-revolution and prevent the complete collapse of the Soviet System – much of which was still functioning despite the ‘official’ dissolving of the USSR at the end of 1991. The US President Bill Clinton, and the British Prime Minister John Major (together with many other European leaders), called for the rapid ‘opening-up’ of all Russian markets, and the end of all Socialist entities, enterprises and provisions. This ‘de-Socialisation’ was to happen over-night, with no interim methods to ease the transition from ‘free’ assistance to ‘private’ services. The Western stooge – Boris Yeltsin – (a drunk who had become the leader of capitalist Russia), was ordered by the West to put a stop to this attempt, and forcibly ‘breakup’ the crowds of tens of thousands of people carrying Red Flags that had spontaneously surrounded the Russian parliament building – demanding the immediate re-establishment of the Soviet System.

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The result was a massacre of ordinary Russian citizens who were peacefully exercising their democratic right to protest. This massacre was carried-out by the Russian military which just two years earlier had been a part of the Soviet Red Army. How could these units (whose fore-fathers brought Lenin to power and destroyed Nazi German fascism), turn their guns on the Russian people whilst following orders given by corrupt capitalists? More to the point, why did the Red Army not put up a fight in 1989 to defeat the coup that brought Boris Yeltsin to power? I hear that certain elements of the Red Army did try to resist the Counter-Revolution – but were over-ruled by high-ranking military officers who were already in the pockets of the corrupt politicians. The Red Army in 1989 was following orders – even though those order came from corrupt origins, but in 1993, things were very different. The new regiments of the capitalist Russian forces had the choice to make a stand against capitalist tyranny – but by and large they refused to do so. This is an astonishing decision when it is considered that many of these men had been brought-up in the Soviet System, and had been soldiers in the Socialist Red Army. By siding with Boris Yeltsin’s despicable anti-Socialist regime – these men of the Russian capitalist forces betrayed the 1917 Russian Revolution, betrayed the Russian people, and through their murderous actions of the 3rd and 4th of October, 1993, ultimately betrayed the entirety of humanity and the International Working Class.

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If this massacre (that killed and wounded thousands of men, women and children) had happened under the Soviet Regime, the US and European capitalist countries would have made a ‘mythic’ example of these circumstances, and used the outcome in films, books, pamphlets and education courses – to teach about the supposed ‘undemocratic’ and ‘tyrannical’ nature of the Soviet System – but as the ‘massacre’ was in the service of furthering capitalist interests in Russia (by disempowering the Russian people), it is all but ‘ignored’ in the Western media, and not taught in any college or university. Even after President Putin came to power, and re-invigorated the Russian Army to remember and celebrate its ‘Communist’ past, the massacre of October, 1993, is still treated as if it never happened, such is the shame it induces in the collective Russian psyche. innocent Russian men, women and children fighting to defend the achievements of the 1917 Russian Revolution were mowed down by tanks and machine guns that were also previously used to defend exactly the same ‘Revolution’. All this murdering and maiming was in the service of a Western capitalist system that today seeks to invade Russia and depict its people as racially inferior. This is the same Western capitalist system that since President Barack Obama – has openly supported neo-Nazi (and anti-Russian) regimes in the Ukraine and throughout Eastern Europe, with NATO Forces acting aggressively all around the geographical borders of modern Russia.

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As matters transpired, tens of thousands of ordinary Russians formed voluntary ‘Red Army’ units (a ‘new’ Immortal Regiment) that deployed around the Russian Parliament building in Moscow, in an attempt to protect the pro-Soviet politicians inside who were trying to prevent the collapse of the USSR. Many Russian citizens carried Red Flags, built barricades in the streets, and armed themselves with all kinds of weaponry (although many fought with their bare-hands). They were confronted initially by para-military police, and then by the Russian armed forces that bombarded the Parliament building and opened fire on the protesting crowds. There are rumours that certain Russian military units intended to support the people, but their officers were arrested and the men dis-armed and imprisoned before they could mobilise. Russian people today take to the streets to commemorate this terrible event – but it is an event that still receives no official recognition – even though the modern Russian military forces now eulogize past military victories against Nazi Germany. What the modern Russian forces did during October, 1993 (in the service of capitalism) was nothing less than an act of brutal fascism and terrorism.

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Finally, a word must be mentioned about the elements of the Russian armed forces that did attempt to protect the pro-Soviet politicians in the Parliament building. Their officers ordered that the old Soviet ‘Red Army’ insignia be used to replace the ‘new’ insignia of capitalist Russia on their uniforms, and that Soviet Red Flags be flown. They held-out for two days whilst the building they were in was comprehensively bombarded by Russian tanks and artillery. These ‘Red Army’ troops had no access to reinforcements, medical care or supplies, and it is still unknown how many of these brave soldiers died performing their duty trying to protect the Revolution. The political and socio-economic forces at work in Russia at that time had no respect for the will of the Russian people, and was quite prepared to ‘kill’ in the name of capitalist greed. This demonstrates the ‘seductive’ nature of capitalist greed, and how its brutal nature is all but ignored for the unjust aggrandisement and enriching of a corrupt few. As matters stand, hardly anyone in the West knows about this terrible and murderous event.

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Russian Language Sources:

http://nnm-me-demo.sitemod.io/blogs/TbINZ/1993-voyna-byurokratii-protiv-demokratii/

http://marc-aureli.livejournal.com/256163.html

http://yablor.ru/blogs/1993-posledniy-vzdoh-sovetskogo-soy/6099733

Dr Alfred Lukyanovich Yarbus (1914 -1986) – How a Soviet Red Army Soldier Progressed Perceptual Science

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Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD

Translater’s Note: Alfred Yarbus was a typical product of the Soviet Education System. Fully inaccordance with the strictures of Scientific Socialism, Soviet Society was organised around the scientific principle which was considered the most effective manner through which humanity could evolve and develop technology and understanding in all fields of scientific endeavour. The onus, very much influeced by ‘Futurism’, was to develop such an advanced and progressive scientific understanding and technology, that all of society’s ills could eventually be eleviated and erdicated. On a personal level, this included the curing of all illnesses, and the development of technoogy so as to make life better for each individual. This approach also included extensive research and development in the area of disability, mobility, and life-fulfilment (the Soviet Union developed the world’s first motorised wheelchair, for instance). Despite Albert Einstein declaring Socialism to be the most logical form of socio-economic organisation, and the fact that Soviet technology was often decades ahead of the capitalist West (including in the areas of flight and space exploration), this has not stopped those mindless followers of US Cold War rhetoric declaring Soviet Science to be ‘corrupt’. The example of Alfred Yarbus (and many like him), prove this type of capitalist ignorance to be not only ‘wrong’, but also ‘pathological’ in its structure and intent. (ACW 3.10.2017)

Dr Alfred Lukyanovich Yarbus [Альфред Лукьянович ЯРБУС } (1914 -1986) was a former Red Army soldier during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945), and saw action against the Nazi German invaders and the Japanese fascists. After the war, he became famous as a scientist and a psychologist who made a number of significnt discoveries about eye movements and human perception. Many of his most interesting results were published in a book, translated into English and published in 1967 as Eye Movements and Vision. He was born on April 3, 1914 in Moscow, and under the Soviet System of ‘free’ education, he received the best tutoring. In 1932, he finished his basic schooling. In 1933, he studied drawing and design courses. After graduation, he worked as a draftsman at the Central Institute of Aviation Motors and the Moscow Aviation Technical School. In 1935, he entered the Physics Department of Moscow University. He graduated from the University in 1941. For about a year he worked as an engineer at Plant No. 633.

From 1942 to 1946, he saw action in the ranks of the Soviet Red Army. During this period, he graduated from Leningrad Military Engineering School and was promoted to junior lieutenant. On the Karelian Front, he commanded a pontoon-bridge platoon. In 1944, his Unit was transferred to the area of ​​Vladivostok. There, during the war with Japan, he worked at the headquarters at the front, as an engineer topographer. In 1946, he was demobilised as the Soviet military was scaled-down. From 1946 to 1947, he worked as a junior researcher at the Institute of Crystallography – which was a part of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In 1947, he enrolled in graduate school, from which he graduated in 1950, receiving the degree of Candidate of Science. From 1950 to 1963, he worked in the Laboratory of Physiological Optics at the Institute of Biophysics of the USSR Academy of Sciences. First in the post of junior researcher, and then as a senior fellow. In 1963, (together with the laboratory) he was transferred to the Institute for Information Transmission Problems of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In 1964 he received a Doctorate in Biological Sciences.

AL Yarbus – was one of the greatest specialists in our country, specialising in the field of the ‘psychophysics’ of vision. His work was related to the development of the original technology that involved the recording of eye movements as electrical impulses (recorded through special ‘sucker’ devices affixed to the skin). The same technique was used to record an image that was immobile relative to the retina. This allowed him to make a number of discoveries concerning the ’empty field’ (or perceptual ‘blind spot’) and its properties. The results obtained in studying the patterns of eye movement, as well as studying the properties of the ’empty field’, were essential for understanding the mechanisms of the organ of vision.

The work of Alfred Yarbus regarding the precise recording of eye movements, and perceptual experiments involving a still image relative to the retina, gained wide popularity within the Soviet Union and abroad. The sound scientifc findings obtained are summarized in the monograph ‘The Role of Eye Movements in the Process of Vision’ (Nauka, 1965), which has already been re-published four times abroad (under the title ‘Eye movements and vision’).

Since 1975, Alfred Yarbus was occupied with the scientific analysis of the perceptual construction of space and colour within the human mind (as detected through the eye). He was the first to confirm that the human retina possesses a ‘blind-spot’ in its sensory aparatus, whereby the human mind ‘fills-in’ the gap in missing data by ‘adding’ information not present in the original perception. During one of his most famous experiments, Alfred Yarbus asked numerous participants to look at the Russion oil painting ‘An Unexpected Visitor’ (painted by Ilya Repin in 1884), recording what each said they saw:

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Participants recalled completely different aspects of this picture – including details that were not present. No one ‘perceived’ the entire picture correctly or within its proper context. Instead, the mind carefully selected ‘small’ areas relevant to the observer at the point in time the painting was looked at. This meant that each participant ‘perceived’ only that which their minds thought was important to them at the time of observation – filtering-out all other informtion. Some ‘beliefs’ were so strong at the point of observation, that the minds concerned ‘projected’ images and colours that did not exist in the original painting. The subjects were asked to look at this picture in a number of different ways, including a) examining the painting freely, b) estimating the material circumstances of the family, c) assessing the ages of the characters, d) determining the activities of the family prior to the visitor’s arrival, e) recalling the clothes of the characters, and f) surmising how long the visitor had been away from the family. Alfred Yarbus was able to ‘track’ how the various participants used their eye-movements (in different patterns of interrogation) to seek-out and acquire different types of information. Belief affected perception, and the mind fabricated information when blind-spots were present.

Russian Language Article:

http://iitp.ru/ru/about/600.htm

ЯРБУС

Альфред Лукьянович

родился 3 апреля 1914 г. в Москве.

В 1932 г. закончил школу. В 1933 г. учился на чертежно-конструкторских курсах. После окончания курсов работал чертежником в Центральном Институте Авиационного Моторостроения и Московском авиационном техникуме.

В 1935 г. поступил на физический факультет Московского университета. Закончил Университет в 1941 г. Около года проработал инженером на заводе № 633.

С 1942 по 1946 гг. находился в рядах Красной Армии. В этот период закончил Ленинградское Военно-инженерное училище и получил звание младшего лейтенанта. На Карельском фронте командовал понтонно-мостовым взводом. В 1944 г. вместе со своей частью был переброшен в район Владивостока. Там, во время войны с Японией, работал при штабе фронта инженером топографом.

В 1946 г. демобилизовался.

С 1946 по 1947 гг. работал мл.н.сотрудником в Институте Кристаллографии АН СССР. В 1947 г. был зачислен в аспирантуру, которую закончил в 1950 г. и получил ученую степень кандидата наук.

С 1950 по 1963 гг. работал в лаборатории физиологической оптики Института Биофизики АН СССР, сперва в должности мл.н.сотрудника, а затем – ст.н.сотрудника. В 1963 г. вместе с лабораторией был переведен в Институт проблем передачи информации АН СССР. В 1964 г. получил ученую степень доктора биологических наук.

А.Л.Ярбус – одby из крупнейших специалистов в нашей стране в области психофизики зрения. Его работа была связана с разработкой оригинальной методики “присосок”, использованной для регистрации движения глаз.  Эта же методика использована для создания изображения, неподвижного относительно сетчатки. Она позволила сделать ряд открытий, касающихся “пустого поля” и его свойств. Результаты, полученные при изучении закономерностей движения глаз, а также при исследовании свойств “пустого поля”, имеют существенное значение для понимания механизмов работы органа зрения.

Работы А.Л.Ярбуса как по регистрации движений глаз, так и по опытам с изображением, неподвижным относительно сетчатки, приобрели широкую известность в пределах Советского Союза и за рубежом. Полученные материалы суммированы в монографии “Роль движений глаз в процессе зрения” (Изд.”Наука”, 1965 г.), которая уже 4 раза переиздавалась за рубежом (“Eye movements and vision”).

С 1975 г. А.Л.Ярбус занимался построением пространства цветовых ощущений, в котором существуют “цвета” (излучений и окрасок) и “антицвета”, удобно описываемые средствами векторной алгебры. Особое внимание в работе было уделено так называемым “слепым” участкам сетчатки (на периферии глаза), влияющим на ощущения, получаемые со “зрячих” участков.

Only Communists Truly Oppose Racism!

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Soviet poster – Смерть немецко-фашистским разбойникам! (1944 год) – Death to the German fascist robbers! (1944)!

Fascism, racism and White supremacy have their roots in capitalism. As long as capitalism functions unquestioned – racism will continue to exist from one generation to the next. Liberals pass laws designed to curb the more obvious and extreme manifestations of racism – but do nothing about the capitalism from which the roots of racism emerge. The capitalist division of labour is the basis of racism, because it is the basis of selfish competitiveness (designed to maximise profit). Competing as individuals and competing as groups is why racism exists. Trotskyites make a fuss about confronting the outer aspects of racism – but remain silent and impotent in the face of the rampant capitalism that generates capitalism. To be a ‘true’ anti-fascist and anti-racist is to be simultaneously an anti-capitalist. Your flag will be ‘Red’ and your country will be the ‘future’. All other anti-racist protests are just more bourgeois noise of little, or no consequence.

The Rightwing Polish

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The Nazi Germans used ‘Sonder Kommando’ Units in their death camps. Usually, these ‘Units’ were comprised of collaborating Polish Jews and they assisted in every part of the extermination process – from arrival to the dead bodies being burnt. Churchill had encouraged a rightwing Polish government in exile in London – which was not concerned about the deportation from Poland of Jews, gays or the disabled – but took exception to Germans running their country! The real Polish government, however, was Socialist and living in exile in the USSR – assisting in the raising and training of Polish volunteer military units to assist the Red Army’s fight against Nazi Germany. However, when the Polish Jews rose-up in the Warsaw Ghetto in 1943 – Churchill (and the rightwing Polish government in London) refused to support them, because it was felt that Jews were not Polish, and prone to holding leftwing viewpoints. Churchill let the Jewish uprising be destroyed by the Nazi Germans – but he did work on a new plan that involved the ethnic Poles rising-up in Warsaw (a year later), in an attempt to quickly get the rightwing Polish government in London back into power in Poland BEFORE the Soviet Red Army arrived on the scene! Churchill viewed this gambit as a means to prevent a Socialist government in Poland. This plan failed when the Nazi Germans quickly put-down this new threat before the Soviets could fight their way into the city. As matters transpired, it was the Soviet Red Army that eventually fought its way into Warsaw – freed the Jews, freed the Polish people in general, and installed a Socialist Polish government. However, racism has always been a problem in Poland – particularly anti-Semitism, but also anti-Slavic (i.e. ‘anti-Russian’) prejudice. This situation led to a permanent rightwing resistance to ‘Socialism’ that exists in Poland to this day (alongside the usual racist attitudes). Today, the modern Polish State plays-down the Jewish Warsaw Ghetto Uprising of 1943, but eulogises the Warsaw Uprising of 1944 – whilst simultaneously demonising their eventual liberators – the Soviet Red Army!

Richard Sorge (Рихард Зорге) [1895-1944] Hero of the Soviet Union

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On the morning of the 18th October, 1941, Japanese counter-intelligence initiated a number of arrests in Tokyo that smashed a Soviet sky-ring. The Soviet Red Army had humiliated the Japanese Imperial Army a number of times in 1938 and 1939 in battles that occurred in and around the Mongolia-Manchuria border areas. Following the Japanese surrender to the Soviets, the Government of Japan was reluctant to get directly involved in another war with the USSR. However, following the Nazi German invasion of the USSR during June, 1941, the Soviet High Command were not sure whether Japan would attack the USSR from the East. This knowledge was important, particularly as Nazi German forces were sweeping through the USSR from the West, and even reaching the outskirts of Moscow by early October, 1941.

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The Soviet High Command was evacuating Moscow when the Soviet Leader – Joseph Stalin – took the decision to personally stay and over-see the defence of Russia’s capital city. Enter Soviet spy master Richard Sorge (Рихард Зорге) whose dedication to the Soviet Union, and selfless service to the cause of Communism, quite literally ‘saved’ the Soviet Union from the disaster of a complete Nazi German victory, through the vital intelligence he provided. Richard Sorge successfully worked as an undercover Nazi German journalist in Hitler’s Germany (supplying an endless stream of intelligence to the USSR), before securing transfer (as an apparent Nazi German journalist) to Tokyo, Japan in 1940. He is famous for confirming (from Japanese sources) Hitler’s definite plan to invade the USSR (although not the exact date), but his most outstanding contribution is that information secured at great personal cost (as it was guaranteed to blow his cover), when he found out that Imperial Japan, despite appearing to be preparing to invade the Eastern Soviet Union, in fact had no intention whatsoever to initiate this plan. Primarily because the Japanese High Command was preparing to attack the USA (and other extensive targets throughout Asia), and needed to preserve and focus all its available military forces for these operations. Once Joseph Stalin received Richard Sorge’s report (knowing as he did the quality of this Soviet spy’s information), he was free to move the vast (and fresh) Soviet Armies stationed toward the East of the USSR, so as to converge on Moscow, and drive the Nazi German forces out off the outskirts of that city!

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This early victory became the glimmer of light that would eventually turn into the full Soviet counter-offensive that saw the Nazi German Army driven out of the USSR, and the Nazi German regime thoroughly destroyed in Berlin by the Red Army! Richard Sorge, meanwhile, was tried in Japan for being a Soviet spy, and sentenced to Death by hanging. His grave still exists in Japan today, and is treated with respect. All the way through his trial, Richard Sorge maintained his cover story and continued to speak fluent German. Eventually, whilst stood on the trap-door of the gallows, and following the hood and noose being placed over his head – Richard Sorge shouted in Russian ‘Long Live the Soviet Union!’

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Russian Language Sources:

https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Зорге,_Рихард

http://fb.ru/article/193498/kem-byil-rihard-zorge-velikiy-razvedchik-zorge

http://ordenrf.ru/geroi-rossii/geroi-sssr/razvedchik-rikhard-zorge.php

Berlin 1945: Soviet Officer with Hitler’s Head! (С отбитой головой статуи Гитлера, Берлин, 1945 год.)

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In English language sources, this picture is invariably reported as being a Red Army soldier holding a bust of the Nazi German Leader – Adolf Hitler. This is essentially correct, although this man is not a ‘soldier’ but rather an ‘officer’ in the Soviet Red Army – probably a (Junior) Lieutenant – although one Russian speaker thought he could be a ‘Major’! In fact, Russian language sources describe the object he is holding as a ‘broken’ head from a Hitler statue!

Russian Language Source:

https://ok.ru/fotokhroni/topic/66037849776323

JV Stalin: On Why the Communist Party is Not Like an Army (1923)

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JV Stalin – UK

In my article in Pravda (No. 285) “The Discussion, Rafail, etc.” I said that according to a statement Ra-fail made at a meeting in the Presnya District “our Party has practically been turned into an army organisation, its discipline is army discipline and, in view of this, it is necessary to shake up the entire Party apparatus from top to bottom, because it is unfit.” Concerning this, Rafail says in his article in Pravda that I did not correctly convey his views, that I “simplified” them “in the heat of debate,” and so forth. Ra-fail says that he merely drew an analogy (comparison) between the Party and an army, that analogy is not identity. “The system of administration in the Party is analogous to the system of administration in an army—this does not mean,” he says, “that it is an exact copy; it only draws a parallel.”

Is Rafail right?

No. And for the following reasons.

First. In his speech at the meeting in the Presnya District, Rafail did not simply compare the Party with an army, as he now asserts, but actually identified it with an army, being of the opinion that the Party is built on the lines of an army. I have before me the verbatim report of Rafail’s speech, revised by the speaker. There it is stated: “Our entire Party is built on the lines of an army from top to bottom.” It can scarcely be denied that we have here not simply an analogy, but an identification of the Party’s structure with that of an army; the two are placed on a par.

Can it be asserted that our Party is built on the lines of an army? Obviously not, for the Party is built from below, on the voluntary principle; it is not materially dependent on its General Staff, which the Party elects. An army, however, is, of course, built from above, on the basis of compulsion; it is completely dependent materially upon its General Staff, which is not elected, but appointed from above. Etc., etc.

Secondly. Rafail does not simply compare the system of administration in the Party with that in an army, but puts one on a par with the other, identifies them, without any “verbal frills.” This is what he writes in his article: “We assert that the system of administration in the Party is identical with the system of administration in an army not on any extraneous grounds, but on the basis of an objective analysis of the state of the Party.” It is impossible to deny that here Rafail does not confine himself to drawing an analogy between the administration of the Party and that of an army, for he “simply” identifies them, “without verbal frills.”

Can these two systems of administration be identified? No, they cannot; for the system of administration in an army, as a system, is incompatible with the very nature of the Party and with its methods of influencing both its own members and the non-Party masses.

Thirdly. Rafail asserts in his article that, in the last analysis, the fate of the Party as a whole, and of its individual members, depends upon the Registration and Distribution Department of the Central Committee, that “the members of the Party are regarded as mobilised, the Registration and Distribution Department puts everybody in his job, nobody has the slightest right to choose his work, and it is the Registration and Distribution Department, or ‘General Staff,’ that determines the amount of supplies, i.e., pay, form of work, etc.” Is all this true? Of course not! In peace time, the Registration and Distribution Department of the Central Committee usually deals in the course of a year with barely eight to ten thousand people. We know from the Central Committee’s report to the Twelfth Congress of the R.C.P. that, in 1922, the Registration and Distribution Department of the Central Committee dealt with 10,700 people (i.e., half the number it dealt with in 1921). If from this number we subtract 1,500 people sent by their local organisations to various educational institutions, and the people who went on sick leave (over 400), there remain something over 8,000. Of these, the Central Committee, in the course of the year, distributed 5,167 responsible workers (i.e., less than half of the total number dealt with by the Registration and Distribution Department). But at that time the Party as a whole had not 5,000, and not 10,000, but about 500,000 members, the bulk of whom were not, and could not, be affected by the distribution work of the Registration and Distribution Department of the Central Committee. Evidently, Rafail has forgotten that in peace time the Central Committee usually distributes only responsible workers, that the Registration and Distribution Department of the Central Committee does not, cannot, and should not, determine the “pay” of all the members of the Party, who now number over 400,000. Why did Rafail have to exaggerate in this ridiculous way? Evidently, in order to prove “with facts” the “identity” between the system of administration in the Party and that in an army. Such are the facts.

That is why I thought, and still think, that Ra-fail “is not clear in his mind about what the Party and what an army is.”

As regards the passages Rafail quotes from the decisions of the Tenth Congress, they have nothing to do with the present case, for they apply only to the survivals of the war period in our Party and not to the alleged “identity between the system of administration in the Party and that in an army.”

Rafail is right when he says that mistakes must be corrected, that one must not persist in one’s mistakes. And that is precisely why I do not lose hope that Rafail will, in the end, correct the mistakes he has made.

Pravda, No. 294, December 28, 1923

JV Stalin: Collected Works Volume V – A Necessary Comment –
(Concerning Rafail) – December 28, 1923 – Pages 398-401

How the US Created Islamo-Fascist Terrorism!

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Tony Blair – and his New Labour government – took the UK into two of its most disastrous (and illegal) wars the country has ever known. Destroying the sovereign governments of Afghanistan and Iraq has had terrible consequences not only for the people of those devastated countries, but for the global community. By removing governments that pursued ‘secularism’ over ‘religionism’ has opened the door for US-backed, trained and financed terror groups to fill the vacuum, and turn their weaponry upon the West (which is perceived as being collectively a natural ally of the US). How did this situation arise? The Criminal Intelligence Agency (CIA) in the US was tasked with devising any means – legal, illegal or whatever – to bring down the USSR particularly (and the Communist Bloc countries in general). Following the Soviet Red Army entering Afghanistan (in support of a beleaguered Socialist government), the CIA stepped-up its latest project of training and arming young Muslim men, who formed a ‘new’ type of army to combat any and all Communist movements in the region. This idea started innocuously enough – with American operatives simply ‘bribing’ local tribal leaders to mobilise their men against the Socialist government of Afghanistan. When the Red Army interceded in the region, the CIA switched the emphasis of their campaign, and began to directly recruit young men into entirely American-run and administered training camps. In these camps, these young men, many of whom were illiterate and had never left their villages before, were taught to ‘think’ in a manner entirely alien to conventional Islam, and combine Western notions of racism, nationalism, and anti-Communism, with that of select (and misinterpreted) extracts from the Qur’an dealing with the Islamic concept of ‘jihad’, or ‘righteous war’. Whereas a jihad is a war of self-defence (with regard to non-political community security), the CIA intelligence officers changed its onus into one of a non-community based ‘self-offence’, involving the projection of a highly vicious and violent policy of ideologically driven attacks on all other communities. The enemies of this ‘new’ group were any conventional or traditional communities or associations that did not agree with, or adhere to the this ‘Islamo-fascist’ ideology. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, this Islamo-fascist movement did not quietly dismantle itself and go away, but rather became an independent regional network of terrorist cells, that turned its attention toward the modern ‘capitalist’ West (and its presence in the Middle East), defining its previous employers – the USA – as public enemy number one. The terrorism employed against Westerners (and others) today throughout the Middle East (and elsewhere), was previously perfected against the soldiers of the Red Army. The ‘Mujahideen’ (as this group was called in Afghanistan), was eulogised through US anti-Communist propaganda during the 1980’s, with its head-chopping, disembowelling, torturing, and general acts of terrorism perpetuated upon Soviet troops (and any and all civilian supporters of the USSR), being defined by the CIA as ‘sublime’ acts of religiously inspired fervour and spiritual devotion. A poignant (and now ’embarrassing’) reminder of this US attitude of support toward Islamo-fascist terrorism can be seen in the hideous Hollywood film entitled ‘Rambo III- which sees Sylvester Stallone mysteriously state that before these men carry-out their acts of terror, they consider themselves ‘already dead’ (hence the wearing of ‘white’ clothing before an operation, with the colour ‘white’ symbolising ‘death’ and the ‘burial shroud’).

Today, what was once a very well armed and trained US-backed Islamo-fascist terrorist group, now extends its influence directly into the Western world – where it continues to murder hundreds and thousands of people (as is the case in Africa and elsewhere). Regardless of what name the CIA is currently giving this movement, the fact remains that it did not arise out of any indigenous Islamic movement or community, and has no legitimate ties with conventional Islam – it was, and remains entirely a US invention from start to finish – one that has now gotten out of the control of its creators. However, rumour abounds on the internet, that certain aspects of this Islamo-fascist movement is still being used by the US in places such as Syria, Libya and the Yemen, as a means to attack regimes that do not adhere to the strictures of US imperialism, and which often oppose Zionist Israel’s oppression of the Palestinians. In the above video clip, Hilary Clinton confirms how and why the US created Al Qaeda.

Soviet Red Army Crushes Waffen SS – the Battle for Budapest (26.12.1944-13.2.1945)

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Soviet Red Army liberates Budapest 

Soviet Press Statement (21.12.1944):

‘At the beginning of December, under the chairmanship of Dr Vasary, the mayor of Debrecen, a group was formed of representatives of the different Hungarian parties… In liberated territory the election of delegates to the Provisional National Assembly took place between December 13 and 20. 230 delegates were elected, representing the democratic parties, the town and village councils and the trade and peasant unions… The Assembly opened with the playing of the Hungarian National Anthem. The meeting was held in the Reformation College where, in 1849, Kossuth proclaimed the independence of Hungary…

An Address to the Hungarian People was adopted which said:

It is time to make peace. Salasi is an usurper,,, We call upon the Hungarian people to rally to the banners of Kossuth and Rakoszi and to follow in the footsteps of the Honweds (volunteer militia) of 1848. We want a democratic Hungary. We guarantee the inviolability of private property as the basis of our social and economic order. We want Land Reform… Turn your arms against the German oppressors and help the Red Army… for the good of a Free and Democratic Hungary!’

(Russia at War 1941-1945: By Alexander Werth [1964] Pages 909-910)

Hitler’s Nazi German regime was assisted in its widespread (highly destructive and genocidal) invasion of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union by Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary, all of which had acquired politically rightwing governments. Nazi Germany was also assisted with supplies of oil and other raw materials by Sweden, Denmark and Portugal, as well as Vichy France and fascist Italy. The so-caked ‘Axis’ powers (of which there were many), coalesced around the 1936 ‘Anti-Comintern Pact’, an agreement between various rightwing countries to jointly resist the spread of ‘International Communism’. Therefore, it can be said that Hitler’s attack on the USSR was a direct manifestation of the pursuance of this pact, an act of aggression which was assisted by a number of Axis powers. Over-all, contemporary estimates suggest that around 34 million Soviet men, women and children died during the Nazi German invasion of the USSR, and the application of the Hitlerite ‘final solution’. Hitler had declared the the Slavic people to be racially inferior, and their embracing of Communist ideology to be a confirmation of this fact. To remedy this problem, Hitler demanded nothing less than the eradication of the Slavic people and their Communist ideology.

As the tide of war changed, and the Soviet Red Army started to push the Nazi German invaders out of the USSR, it became necessary to pursue the retreating Germans all the way to Berlin to ensure the complete defeat of the Nazi regime. Whilst pursuing this anti-fascist policy, the countries that had collaborated with Nazi Germany had to be invaded and ‘liberated’ from their fascist governments and Nazi German occupiers. As can be gleamed from the Soviet Press statement (above), the Soviet Authorities implemented ‘democratic’ elections, so that the ordinary citizens of countries such as Hungary, could choose a non-fascist political path. By and large, the ordinary citizens of such countries, (i.e. the ‘workers’), were treated as ‘victims’ of fascism, rather than its perpetuators.

On October 21st, 1944, the Soviet Red Army (under Malinovksy) entered and took Debrecen in eastern Hungary. Although the Red Army advance into Hungary was rapid at first, it was soon slowed by stiff (fascist) Hungarian and Nazi German resistance. This resistance increased as the Red Army fought inch by inch toward Budapest in November. In early December (1944), Hitler met with the fascist Hungarian leader Salasi in Berlin, where it was agreed that Budapest must be held at all costs (although behind the scenes, many of its industries were already being re-located to Austria). As part of this deal, Hitler allocated around 23,000 well-equipped and highly motivated troops of the Waffen SS to defend Budapest (and possibly turn the tide of the battle). These units were essentially heavily armed and highly politically motivated annihilation squads (being considered racially ‘pure’ by Hitler), whose motto was ‘Give Death and Take Death’. These men were not ordinary soldiers, and their training was designed to embody a certain ‘mindless’ brutality that existed outside of the traditions of the conventional German military. Surrender was out of the question as was taking prisoners or providing medical care to wounded enemy soldiers. In fact, the Waffen SS often tortured the enemy wounded to death, considering it a sport to invent ever more painful methods. These troops were under the direct command of Adolf Hitler himself (being considered his personal bodyguard), and were trained to believe that they personally represented the ideological foundation of the fascist ideology of National Socialism. As racially pure Aryans, these men received the best clothing, training, food, housing and weaponry, and were treated with the utmost respect (and fear) within German society. As an embodiment of ‘Nazism’, Hitler believed that these racially superior beings, entirely through an act of will, could defeat the military might of the Red Army, and in so doing trigger a collapse of its Communist ideology (bringing down the USSR from within).

The 50 day Battle for Budapest was to test this hypothesis. Around 23,000 racially pure Waffen SS troops were to spear-head the defence of Budapest and inflict a debilitating defeat upon the Red Army. By comparison, Red Army soldiers, whose motto was ‘Free the Workers!’ was comprised of ordinary men and women from the length and breadth of the vast Soviet Union. As such, they were ethnically diverse, and represented no particular race. They pursued Socialist Revolution every time they fought – freeing the oppressed workers from the tyranny of capitalism and fascism. The average Red Army soldier was selfless, supportive of his fellow Comrades, and willing to self-sacrifice to save others. These soldiers were not racially superior, did not pursue any form of fascist ideology, and were motivated by a broad non-racial ‘Internationalism’, rather than by a narrow fascistic ‘Nationalism’, and yet in the space of around 7 weeks, these quite ‘ordinary’ Communist soldiers encircled and then systematically ‘destroyed’ the 23,000 fanatical Waffen SS soldiers – killing 19,000 in the fighting! The fascist forces of Budapest surrendered on the 13th of February, 1945, and Hungary was finally liberated.

The following documentary explains who the Waffen SS were – and how they were deployed during WWII. Comprised of around 900,000 at their peak, toward the end of the war (as casualties mounted), Hitler allowed non-Germans to join, such as French, Swedes and Danes. In fact, as the Nazi regime collapsed under Soviet pressure, around 90% of the Waffen SS units defending Hitler in Berlin near the end, were comprised of foreigners who fanatically fought to the bitter end. Allowing non-Germans into the Waffen SS was thought by certain Nazi Germans as ‘weakening’ the spiritual strength of these units, and therefore lowering their fighting efficiency. However, Hitler gambled with some of his best (racially pure) Waffen SS regiments in Budapest – and despite their assumed ‘spiritual strength’, they were systematically destroyed by Slavic peasant soldiers from the Urals.

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