The Seven Classes of Buddhist Disciples

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Within the Chinese Buddhist tradition, there are seven classes of disciples:

1) Bhikshu – fully ordained monk.

2) Bhikshuni – fully ordained nun.

3) Siksamana – novice monastics who observe six precepts.

4) Sramanera – novice monks who observe the minor precept.

5) Sramanerika – novice nuns who observe the minor precepts.

6) Upasaka – laymen who observe the first five precepts.

7) Upasika – laywomen who observe the first five precepts.

Source: Empty Cloud: Translated by Charles Luk and Edited by Richard Hunn, Element Books, (1988), Page 107-108 and Footnote One on Page 108.

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