North Korea: National Symbols and Their Meaning

North Korea National Flag

Translator’s Note:  I get all my North Korean data through the CPC and so by-pass the Korean Friendship Associations in the West. They do a good job but I am not a member of them. Instead, the CPC puts me in-touch with North Koreans living and working in China and I get a broader and more informal picture. So many Westerners now visit North Korea (and report a booming country and happy people) that the US is finding it difficult to keep telling its lies! South Korea, on the other hand, is riddled with poverty with many of its citizens running across the US mine-fields to safety in the North! South Koreans who live in New Malden (working in the car industry) – not far from where I live – refuse to go back to South Korea due to the poverty and US oppression! Many South Korean children go to school with our children and tell us terrible stories of US oppression in South Korea! US military staff raping young girls and beating people is normal! Finally, middle-class South Koreans kill and eat dogs regularly but nothing is said because they live in an American colony. In the North, however, they have a ‘National Dog’ amongst many other interesting identifiers! ACW (25.6.2020)

The five-pointed red star symbolizes the revolutionary tradition and the broad prospects of the country established during the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle led by Chairman Kim Il Sung. The red wide face symbolizes the Korean people’s loyalty to the party and leader, the socialist patriotic spirit, the persevering struggle spirit and the realization of unity. Powerful force. The white circle and the thin white strips on top and bottom symbolize that the Korean people are heroic people and the Korean nation is a single nation. The upper and lower blue borders symbolize the Korean people’s ardent aspirations to hold high the banner of anti-imperialist independence, to unite closely with the revolutionary people of the world, and strive for the victory of peace, democracy, national independence, and socialism. 

North Korea National Emblem

The Baitou Mountain and the five-pointed red star are drawn on the national emblem of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, which reflect the Korean People’s unwavering conviction and will to actively support Chairman Kim Il Sung and Comrade Kim Jong Il to complete the main Revolutionary Cause. The hydropower station painted on the national emblem symbolizes an independent, modern industry and robust proletariat working in a strong heavy industry. The ear of rice is a symbol of the peasantry, a reliable ally that generates a booming agriculture, and supports the working-class. 

“Patriotic Song” was composed in 1947 (Pyoshi Yong wrote the lyrics and Jin Yuanjun composed). The song reflects the National Pride of the Korean People to support the Leadership of Chairman Kim Il Sung, to stride forward to complete the main Revolutionary Cause, to love the spirit of the Motherland and the cultivate the will to defend the Motherland and add lustre to the Motherland.  

North Korea National Anthem – ‘Patriotic Song’

The National Flower of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is the Mulan. A type of Magnolia, belonging to the Magnoliaceae, found in deciduous shrubs or trees, in found in all parts of North Korea – particularly valleys, mountainsides and other wetlands, growing together with other trees. This Magnolia can grow from 2 to 5 meters high. The bark is light grey, the surface is smooth, the young branches have brown hairs, the leaves are alternate, and the petioles are small. The leaves are 12-14 cm long, 5-10 cm wide, and the largest are 25 cm long and 15 cm wide. From May to June, fragrant snow-white flowers bloom on the new branches, slightly sag or hang sideways. It blooms from the end of May to mid-June, and almost fades by the beginning and middle of July.  

North Kore – National Tree – Pine

The National Tree of North Korea is a pine tree. Pine is a tree species originating in North Korea, and it is the most widely distributed and largest of the North Korean forest tree species. Pine trees belong to gymnosperms and are evergreen coniferous trees that grow in vast areas in deep valleys and on high mountainous areas in Northern Korea. The tree is 20-40 meters high and about 60 cm in diameter. The trunk is generally curved, but the pine trees growing in the forests are straight. The bark is orange-red or black-brown and cracks off like a turtle’s back. Branches grow horizontally or upwards, and sometimes sag downward to form a crown. The pine trees are evergreen all year round and have strong vitality, and are used by the North Korean people to symbolize “integrity, strong sentiment, integrity, integrity, and enthusiasm.”  

North Kore – DPRK National Dog – Fengshan Dog

The Fengshan Dog is the national dog of North Korea. The origin of the Fengshan Dog is in the area of Jinhengquan County (formerly known as Fengshan County) near the two rivers – from which the name “Fengshan Dog” is derived. The hind legs of the Fengshan Dog are thick and powerful, and they are good at running in the mountains. The eyes are black or gray, the ears are small, they stand forward, the neck is thick and short, and the muscles are pronounced. The female dog’s abdomen sags slightly, the male dog’s waist is thin, easy to move, and is agile. The tail is curled up, the coat is white, and they are also maroon in colour. 

North Korea – National Bird – Goshawk

The national bird of North Korea is the Goshawk . Since ancient times, the Goshawk has been closely linked to the lives of the Korean People. The Koreans domesticated Goshawks early on for hunting poultry, and also reflected Goshawks in works of art, proverbs, historical stories, poems, and anecdotes. Hawks belong to the genus Falconidae, Hawk family. They are usually 48 to 61 cm long, weigh 800 to 1350 g, and have slender calves. The female is slightly larger than the male, and the adult bird has a dark grey back. Because of the white eyebrow stripes on the eyes, a black hat is similar to the top of the head; the tail hair is grey with multiple black horizontal spots, the tail feathers are white at the apex; the mouth is blue with black, and the feet are yellow. Goshawks perch in the middle or on the edge of thick foliage forests, shrubbery, prey on rodents, pheasants and hares. The average daily predation of male birds is 130 grams and that of female birds is 190 grams. They usually breed from early April to mid-May. Generally, nests are placed on tall trees in the forest, and each nest lays 3 to 4 eggs, with pale blue eggs. During the breeding period and summer, they live alone or in pairs in farmlands, riversides, and flat forests in high mountain areas. In autumn and winter, they inhabit hills and flatlands. Goshawks are distributed in all parts of North Korea.  

Chinese Language Reference:朝鲜/191777

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