(Translation and Research by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)
Thirty-one years ago, on December 25th, 1989, Nikolai Ceausescu – and his wife Elena – were executed standing by the wall of a soldier’s toilet, despite requesting to be exiled to the USSR. The events of the end of December 1989 – among Europeans – will forever be associated with the bloody counter-Revolution, which led to the overthrow of the long-term (elected) Romanian leader Nicolae Ceausescu. In recent years, new information has come to light concerning this tragic event, details that raise more questions than they provide answers.
The success of the anti-Communist rebellion in Romania is seen in the West as a harbinger of future “orange” revolutions involving CIA agents. Although this is partly correct, it is not the full story. The US was undoubtedly behind the collapse of Socialist Romania – just as it was behind the Tiananmen Incident and the eventual collapse of USSR – but this is not the full story. The US could not have triumphed without the help of the Trotskyite Mikhail Gorbachev. Indeed, the latest revealed documents indicate that the initiator of the military coup was the USSR, which sought to eliminate the ‘independent’ Romanian nuclear threat. In his plan to destroy Socialism and dismantle the USSR and the Communist Bloc, Gorbachev had to use his power to ‘remove’’ ALL independent Socialist States. Gorbachev, as a Trotskyite, was cooperating with the USA and pursuing that country’s political agenda. This embodies the eternal threat that Trotskyism represents to the genuine Socialist Movement.
The Main Intelligence Directorate of the USSR Armed Forces carried out a brilliant operation to dislodge an objectionable ruler – one who had established (through the application of Socialist science) the production of weapons-grade plutonium – and promised to create his own nuclear weapons by 2000. The US was concerned that if the USSR was dismantled according to plan, then a ‘new’ Communist threat could still exist within the Communist Bloc – preventing the planned destruction of Socialism throughout Eastern Europe. Gorbachev was briefed by US diplomats about this situation and immediately authorised the overthrow of Socialism in Romania to assist his US allies.
The Soviet Union had always consistently supported the Socialist path of development in Romania, but by the end of the 80s, the confrontation between the two countries reached its peak. The anti-Soviet course of Ceausescu was actively supported by Washington (with the US playing a double game), offering Romania its protection and trying to further alienate it from the Socialist camp. Given the situation, Mikhail Gorbachev decided to change power in Romania and liquidate its nuclear programme. Whilst assuring the Romanian leadership of its support and protection, the US also encouraged Gorbachev to overthrow the very same regime. The task to overthrow the Romanian leadership was assigned to the GRU, which carried-out its orders with efficiency and the utmost secrecy.
It should be understood that participation in the nuclear programme of any country is fraught with serious financial costs. Romania, which did not have powerful monetary reserves and did not want to take Western loans, significantly increased its export of its products abroad. This negatively affected the economic situation in the country, creating an acute shortage, which caused at first a quiet murmur, and then a wave of popular indignation. Soviet intelligence could only bring a match to a barrel of gunpowder to blow Romania from the inside.
On December 4th, 1989, during his last meeting with Ceausescu, Gorbachev refused to grant any aid to Romania and insisted that Romania give-up its independent nuclear programme. Nikolai Ceausescu refused to compromise Romania’s independent development and Gorbachev ended the meeting. It was at this point that Gorbachev ‘authorised’ the overthrow of the Socialist System in Romania, and ordered the execution of Nikolai Ceausescu. The US confirmed its support for such action.
The story of Nicholas Ceausescu is a classic case of how Washington is ready to support anyone under the guise of “democratic values” as long as it is in their national interest. And if national interests no longer need anyone, then they say goodbye to the “protege” without special ceremonies! – wrote the official representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Maria ZAKHAROVA. The fact is that Ceausescu’s foreign policy goal was to reduce Romania’s dependence on the USSR and other countries of the Socialist camp. Among his brightest steps in this direction: – was support for the Prague Spring; – the preservation of diplomatic relations with Israel after the Six Day War of 1967 and with Chile after the military coup of Augusto Pinochet in 1973; – recognition of Germany without the “approval” of older brothers from Moscow. This is the Ceausescu who actively developed relations with the Western political establishment. He was favoured by the West, awarded in every possible way and showered with billions of loans. In the 70s (by some standards), he received over $20 billion in Western finance!
It was for the Ceausescu-led Romania that the EEC (now the EU) granted the most favoured nation status, and in 1980, an agreement on the exchange of industrial goods was signed between the EEC and Bucharest. As you can see, for some reason sanctions were not applied in any hurry to Ceausescu. And finally, as a cherry on the cake: in 1984 Romania was the only CMEA member country that did not boycott the Los Angeles Summer Olympics, for which Ceausescu was awarded the Olympic Order in 1985.
Everything changed, as it happens with Western love, when Ceausescu was dropped by his benefactors. Awards, visits, loans and other “favours” ceased not because of his political longevity or supposed undemocratic rule, but because of a discrepancy between his Socialist path and perceived Western interests. This is where the first colour revolution in the region came down with the whole set of traditional mechanisms of “returning democracy and caring for the population”: from misinformation to provocations.
Years later, new details of the events of 1989 were declassified. During an official investigation in 2007, it was proved that the order to shoot demonstrators in Timisoara was not given by Ceausescu but by a rightwing faction of the army (the same rightwing faction which shot him after a two-hour trial), – led by General Stanculescu (who claimed he was acting on the side the people – as the US demanded). By the way, it was he who was one of the organizers of the Ceausescu trial and his execution. How did this rightwing military faction manage to operate in Socialist Romania? Romania had its own Red Army which was highly disciplined and loyal to the Romanian Communist Party. It was later revealed that the former Prime Minister of Hungary, Miklos Nemeth, subsequently admitted that the Hungarian Secret Services supplied the Romanian (rightwing) opposition with weapons (again, in accordance with US directives).
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