Original Chinese Language Article By: http://sz.edushi.com
(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)
Translator’s Note: This English translation is an exploration of an original Chinese language text that investigates the ‘Yin People from the East Sailed to the Americas Theory’. Remarkably, this is a theory that has been independently arrived at in both the West and the East, and which has academic supporters in both geographical areas. The dates for the rule of the Shang Dynasty are 1783 BCE – 1122 BCE. However, it is a convention within Chinese academics to refer specifically to the latter part of the Shang rule as the ‘Yin Dynasty’ (1373 BCE – 1122 BCE). Sometimes the ‘Shang Dynasty’ is referred to as the ‘Yin Dynasty’ from start to finish – with ‘Yin’ being the name of the final Shang capital city. As the Yin Dynasty collapsed under military pressure from the founders of the ascending Zhou Dynasty, it is believed that many Yin people escaped China in ships and possibly settled in the Americas (among other places). It has long been suggested in China and the West, that ancient Chinese people routinely sailed the oceans of the world, and visited many centuries before the development of European, long-distance sea-exploration. As a consequence, many places believed to have been ‘discovered’ by Europeans (but which were already occupied by indigenous peoples), may well have been visited (and even settled) by early Chinese settlers. In 2015 an article appeared in the rightwing British newspaper – the Daily Mail – that highlighted a discovery of possible Shang Dynasty ideograms in North America. It is ironic that this newspaper (which supported Adolf Hitler prior to WWII, and which continuously undermines the presence of Chinese people living in the West through its incessant ‘racist’ rhetoric) should be responsible for carrying this story in the West. As a consequence, many Chinese scholars are referencing this newspaper article in their assessment of the evidence. However, most of the research contained in the translated article below, is not from the Daily Mail, but is rather from reliable Chinese academic sources, as many scholars in China believe that it is entirely possible for some tribes of Native American Indians to have descended genetically (and perhaps ‘culturally’) from early Chinese settler ancestry. In this case it is thought that Chinese people from the Shang Dynasty sailed to the Americas and left ideograms dating to around 1300 BCE. ACW 18.4.2016
For centuries, Western scholars have been of the opinion that the Americas were first discovered by the Italian explorer ‘Christopher Columbus’ (家哥伦布 – Jia Ge Lun Bu). Recent trends in academic research (which have support in the East and the West) suggest that in fact it should be Admiral Zheng He (郑和) – the Ming Dynasty ‘Three Treasures Grand Eunuch’ (三保太监 – San Bao Tai Jian) who was the ‘first person’ to discover the Americas. However, emerging new evidence might suggest that these two men should now be side-lined! The ‘Daily Mail Newspaper’ in the UK has reported the discovery of ancient Chinese ideograms carved into rock at various locations in North America. Westerner researchers are of the opinion that these ideograms may well be examples of early Chinese writing, which suggest that ancient Chinese people visited the Americas a long time before any Europeans set foot on the continent.
Researchers are of the opinion that these ideograms appear to be representative of ancient Chinese script, which were engraved into the rock-face thousands of years ago by early Chinese explorers. These ‘Chinese’ ideograms appear to have become mixed over-time with the distinct rock carvings believed to have been made by other Native American Indians. This important research has been carried-out by American amateur researcher (and retired Chemist) John Ruskamp (罗斯坎普 – Luo Si Kan Pu), who has identified clusters of these ideograms on national monuments in situated in the Albuquerque and New Mexico areas of the US.
John Ruskamp is reported as stating that the ideograms were created around 1300 BCE – a considerable amount of time prior to 1492 CE – the year Christopher Columbus is reported to have landed in the West Indies. John Ruskamp further stated that these ideograms appear on sites spread throughout North America (such as in New Mexico, California, Oklahoma, Utah, Arizona, Nevada and other places), and due to their considerable age, cannot be forgeries. John Ruskamp has identified at least 84 ideograms in North America that coincide with ideograms found within ancient Chinese script. However, not everyone agrees with his findings or interpretation. Some academics state that as there is no other tangible evidence that would suggest that ancient Chinese mariners visited the Americas, this assumption cannot be made based on the observation that certain rock-carvings in North America might bear a resemblance to ancient Chinese script.
The theory that ancient Chinese visited (and populated) North America is referred to as the ‘Yin People from the East Sailed to the Americas Theory’ (殷人东渡美洲论 – Yin Ren Dong Du Mei Zhou Lun). This hypothesis is supported by both Western and Chinese scholars, and suggests that King Wu (武王 – Wu Wang) of the Zhou (周) Dynasty, attacked the Yin people of the Shang (商) Dynasty in an attempt to destroy their civilisation. However, it is recorded that both military and civilian survivors of the Yin people fled China on ships, and eventually found their way to the Americas. The arrival of these ancient Chinese people in the Americas is thought to have coincided with the emergence of the ‘Olmec’ (奥尔梅克 – Ao Er Mei Ke) Civilisation.
The first person in the West to propose the ‘Yin People from the East Sailed to the Americas Theory’’ was the 19th century English translator named ‘Medhurst’ (梅德赫斯特 – Mei De He Si Te) – [probably the Sinologist and Biblical scholar Walter Henry Medhurst 1796-1857 – Translator]. He pointed-out that after the Yin people were persecuted by King Wu – they left China in ships and were probably blown off-course and into the Americas through storms and bad winds, etc. The American Scholar named ‘Cole’ [科尔 – Ke Er] (i.e. Michael D Cole) – in his 1968 book entitled ‘The First Civilisation in America’ – states that the Olmec culture appeared at around the same time that the Yin people left China and were blown-off course in their ships. He states that it is entirely possible that the Olmec culture discovered in the La Venta (拉文塔 – La Wen Ta) area of Mexico, in fact derived from Shang Dynasty Chinese culture. In his 1967 research paper entitled ‘San Lorenzo and Olmec Civilisation’ (圣洛伦佐与奥尔梅克文明 – Sheng Luo Lun Zuo Yu Ao Er Ao Mei Ke Wen Ming), Cole states that the Olmec culture of La Venta has a strong association with ancient Chinese Yin culture dating from the Shang Dynasty period.
Within Chinese academia, the two great scholars who first proposed the idea that Yin people from the Shang Dynasty sailed to the Americas, were named ‘Luo Zhenyu’ (罗振玉) and ‘Wang Guowei’ (王国维). Later, the scholars named ‘Guo Moruo’ (郭沫若) and ‘Wei Juxian’ (卫聚贤) also added their support to this theory. In recent years in the US, the University of Central Oklahoma Professor named ‘Xu Hui’ (许辉), together with the esteemed Chinese scholar ‘Wang Dayou’ (王大有) in the study entitled ‘Origins of the Olmec Civilisation’ (奥尔梅克文明的起源 – Ao Er Mei Ke Wen Ming De Qi Yuan), are of the opinion that the ‘Inscriptions on the American Totem’ (图说美洲图腾 – Tu Shuo Mei Zhou Tu Teng) are clear indicators of Shang Dynasty influence in early American history, and support the theory that the Yin people from the East sailed to the Americas thousands of years ago.
©opyright: Adrian Chan-Wyles (ShiDaDao) 2016.
Original Chinese Language Source Article:
美国各地近年发现的一些雕刻在岩石的符号， 可能会让世界历史改写。《每日邮报》报导， 一些学者在这些雕刻在岩石上发现的是一种古代文字，显示中国古代探险家可能早在欧洲人之前即到过美洲。
来自伊利诺州的退休化学家兼业余碑文研究学者罗斯坎普(John Ruskamp)，之前在新墨西哥州阿布奎基(Albuquerque)的「岩石雕刻国家保护区」( Petroglyph National Monument)旅游时，发现这些不寻常的「象形文字」。
最早提出「殷人东渡美洲论」构想的是19世纪英国翻译家梅德赫斯特。他指出周武王讨伐商朝的纣王时，可能发生殷人渡海逃亡，途中遇到暴风，被吹到美洲。 美国学者科尔(Michael D Coe)在1968年出版的《美洲的第一个文明》中提出拉文塔出土的奥尔梅克文明在历史上出现的时间，跟中国古代文献中记载的大风暴发生时间十分接近，奥尔梅克文明可能来自殷商。