RATIONALISING ‘天’ (TIAN1) IN MODERN CHINA The lecturer is correct about the Chinese ideogram ‘天’ (Tian1) but it is not as simple as he suggests.
MORE ON ‘天’ (TIAN1) The Chinese ideogram ‘天’ (tian1) is an ancient character which dates back to the Bone Oracle Period of around 2000 BCE
The Chinese ideogram ‘精’ (jing1) dates back to the Seal Characters standardised during the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BCE) and the Han Dynasties (206 BCE-220 CE)
Thousands of these young men from ancient China were either executed after losing a battle, or died on the battlefield. Whatever the case, all were beheaded and their heads placed in huge burial mounds.
The first person in the West to propose the ‘Yin People from the East Sailed to the Americas Theory’’ was the 19th century English translator named ‘Medhurst’ (梅德赫斯特 – Mei De He Si Te) – [probably the Sinologist and Biblical scholar Walter Henry Medhurst 1796-1857 – Translator]. He pointed-out that after the Yin people were persecuted by King Wu – they left China in ships and were probably blown off-course and into the Americas through storms and bad winds, etc. The American Scholar named ‘Cole’ [科尔 – Ke Er] (i.e. Michael D Cole) – in his 1968 book e
The earliest known examples of the Chinese ideogram ‘德’ appear on cast bronze artefacts produced during the Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BCE) such as: This