Hakka Farming: Natural Pest Control and Fertilisation of the Land

This means that the entire human – ox interaction, and the ploughing process itself, must be of a ‘naturally’ relaxed and co-ordinated manner. The oxen will walk in a straight line just as long as the Hakka farmer keeps his hands on the plough-handles (as this reassures and guides the ox). When uneven mounds of earth are encountered, the Hakka farmer assists the ox by pushing the plough (with the hands and occasionally with a foot) into the contours of the land. As the ox understands this process, it is willing to pull the plough up and down the field until all the uneven mounds are fully ‘turned’.