MI Kalinin: Soviet Democracy Explained (1917-2017)

Mi Kalinin (1875-1945) Soviet Educator – President of the USSR (1919-1946)

Lenin wrote of the Soviets: “What has been won by the Russian Revolution is inalienable. No power on earth can deprive us of that, any more than any power on earth can deprive us of what the Soviet State has already created. This is a world-historic victory. For hundreds of years States have been built according to the bourgeois model, and for the first time a non-bourgeois form of State has been discovered. Our apparatus may be a bad one, but it is said that the first steam engine to be invented, was also a bad one, and it it is not even known whether it worked or not. That is not the point; the point is that it was invented. Even assuming that the form of the first steam engine was unsuitable, the point is that we now have steam engines. Even if our State apparatus is very bad, it has been created, the great historical invention has been made, a proletarian type of State has been created.” (1)


The path of Soviet rule is the path of struggle for the people’s interests. Its achievements in this direction are common knowledge. To demonstrate the essence of Soviet rule, and the superiority of its form of government over all other existing ones, one would need to write a huge work. Therefore I will only deal with two aspects which, from my point of view, are the most essential.

This two aspects are the complete democracy of the Soviet State; and the full equality existing between the various peoples of the Soviet Union. The Stalin Constitution reflected the social and economic changes which had taken place in the Soviet Union between 1924 and 1936. The structure of the Soviet State is now based on this constitution which in its essence marks the completion of the democratisation of our country. The Soviets – whether local, regional, national or All-Union – our elected on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage, by secret ballot.

The highest organ of government in our State is the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. It exercises legislative powers. The Supreme Soviet appoints the Government, the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR. The Supreme Soviet of the USSR consists of two chambers: the Soviet of the Union and the Soviet  of Nationalities, which possesses equal legislative initiative. The Soviet of the Union is elected by the citizens of the USSR divided into electoral districts on the basis of 1 deputy per 300,000 inhabitants. The Soviet of Nationalities is elected by the citizens of the USSR in their Union and Autonomous Republics, autonomous regions and national areas on the basis of 25 deputies from each Union Republic; 11 deputies from each Autonomous Republic; 5 deputies from each autonomous region, and 1 deputy from each national area.’

MI Kalinin: The Soviet President Speaks (Hardback), The Fleet Street Press (East Harding Street, EC4), (1945), Page 58

(1) Selected Works (Lawrence & Wishart, 1938), Vol. IX, p. 361

000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000The cover of the Hutchinson edition. As the Soviet Union was an ally of the UK during WWII, and suffered terribly under Nazi German oppression, for a few years after 1945, prior to the rise of the US-inspired Cold War deception, there was a very real interest in the West about the Soviet Union. However, as Winston Churchill and Harry Truman had their ‘anti-Socialist’ way (assisted by the Trotskyites), the USSR was (falsely) demonised and all interest discouraged. One such ‘myth’ was that the USSR was not ‘democratic’ and its people ‘enslaved’. In reality, what this meant for the Western bourgeoisie was that the USSR was not ‘capitalist’, and its society was not run by a small number of billionaires that they could influence against the best interests of the people. This article is a ‘corrective’ text against these Cold War lies, in recognition and celebration of the 100th anniversary of the 1917 Russian Revolution. Even today, in the UK’s bourgeois press, the Guardian, Telegraph and Mail are running articles condemning the 1917 Russian Revolution, ignoring the fact that it was the Soviet people that defeated Nazi Germany and saved the UK from invasion, suffering 27 – 40 million casualties in the process, but then again, this is exactly the same bourgeois press that has unquestionably supported the US-backed neo-Nazi regime in the Ukraine (funded and encouraged by former President Barak Obama).

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