Ancient Maps Prove China Discovered America (and Australia)

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Original Chinese Language Article By: Wu Ming (吴明)

(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

The conventional (Eurocentric) historical narrative states that Columbus discovered America in 1492. It also states that it was not until 1519 that Magellan (another European) took three years to become the first human being to navigate the globe. This voyage of exploration became known as the ‘great geographical discovery’ (地理大发现 – Di Li Fa Xian). This information is available in history books throughout the world and is considered unquestionably correct. However, in 2001, a text known as the ‘Record of All Foreign Nations Existing under the Divine-Sky’ (天下诸番识贡图 – Tian Xia Zhu Fan Zhi Gong Tu) was discovered in China. The information contained within this map proves without a shadow of a doubt that Chinese mariners not only reached the Americas in 1418, but in so doing, also navigated the globe. When the historicity of this map is studied, it is clear that it is linked to a much earlier map of the world discovered buried within an 11th century tomb in China. These texts demonstrate that even in the 11th century, the Chinese people had already visited and mapped not only the coastlines of the Americas, but also the coastlines of Australia. Furthermore, it is clear that the Westerner Marco Polo (when he lived in China) had seen and studied these maps, mapping notes, and taking this knowledge back to Europe with him. These notes of early Chinese maps of North America were then later used to develop the famous Map of the World produced by Matteo Ricci. Although this map is a very important development for Western Civilisation, Ricci’s work hides a very significant fact – namely that his work is premised upon far earlier Chinese maps of the world. Ricci does not state at any point that he got his details from Marco Polo, and that Marco Polo got his facts from his time in China, studying ancient Chinese texts.

The text discovered in the 11th century tomb in China is known as the ‘Ancient Map Code’ (古地图密码 – Gu Di Tu Mi Ma), and clearly shows that the ancient Chinese people had discovered both the Americas and Australia. Not only are the coastlines drawn remarkably accurately, but this ancient map also appears to make use of both longitude and latitude (i.e. vertical and horizontal location and orientation lines). This map is thought to be at least two thousand years old, and to cover thousands of miles of data gathering, including many other countries, landmasses and other geographical details. The point is made that many hundreds of years later, Europeans such as Columbus and Magellan made use of ancient Chinese knowledge of science and technology, but did not credit this source. More than this, however, but Eurocentric history has followed a path of denying any Chinese input whatsoever in the circumnavigation of the world. In fact it can be said today that the idea that the Europeans achieved anything first with regard to circumnavigation is merely a very poorly constructed myth that relies heavily upon the withholding of correct historical data for it to be maintained in its function of deceiving the masses. The later Europeans simply built their theories upon a far earlier body of Chinese advancement in the development of science and technology – which includes the Eurocentric misrepresentation of the ancient use of ‘longitude’ and ‘latitude’ in ancient Chinese map making. Admiral Zheng He used this ancient Chinese knowledge to guide his imperial treasure fleet gradually, from to east to the west. In this sense, Zheng He was doing nothing new other than following established Chinese maps from a far earlier era of Chinese Civilisation. Later, European mariners, making use of this old Chinese knowledge of the world, followed their copies of earlier Chinese maps and claimed to have ‘discovered’ (falsely of course) the Americas.

Ancient Map Code (1418: How China Solved the Problem of Mapping the Ancient World) by Liu Gangzhe (刘钢著) – in Association with Guangxi Normal University Publishing House – October 2009

Original Chinese Language Article

http://www.zgchb.com.cn/newspaper/show.php?itemid=14145

《古地图密码》

哥伦布1492年首先发现美洲,麦哲伦1519年起历时三年首次完成环球航行,大航海、大探险带来“地理大发现”,这些都是教科书中的历史常识。然而到2001年,《天下诸番识贡图》摹本的蓦然现身,揭示1418年前中国人已经抵达美洲,并且完成了环球航行。本书即由此图溯源,层层剥开中国人发现世界的谜团玄机——一幅隐藏在11世纪古墓中的世界地图,寓示当时中国人已经完成了对美洲大陆的测绘,而且航遍了澳洲大陆的海岸线;数幅马可·波罗遗传的古地图,显现出北美的部分轮廓,证明马可·波罗从中国获悉了北美大陆的信息;利玛窦及其世界地图,占有中国地图史学界极重要的地位,然而他的地图隐藏一个惊人的秘密,即利玛窦曾经参考过中国古代航海家探险美洲的地图资料;还有一些中世纪地图,描绘出南极陆地的轮廓线,说明古代中国探险家曾经测绘过南极洲……

古图揭示史实,重识中华文明。《古地图密码》独家汇集海内外珍稀地图一百余幅,上下几千年,纵横千万里,古图古墓,悬念迭起。作者详研中国古代科技史,指出在哥伦布和麦哲伦出生数百年前,古代中国在远洋航海、天文观测、数学测算、投影绘图和经纬测量等方面的成就,已经促使探险家们完成了勘测世界的壮举。郑和即在前人地图的引导下,完成全球远航。而后东学西渐,古中国人绘制的世界地图辗转流传到欧洲,为欧洲航海家“发现”新大陆指明了方向。(吴明)

《古地图密码(1418中国发现世界的谜团玄机)》,刘钢著, 广西师范大学出版社,2009年10月出版

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