RATIONALISING ‘天’ (TIAN1) IN MODERN CHINA The lecturer is correct about the Chinese ideogram ‘天’ (Tian1) but it is not as simple as he suggests.
He also states that the Dao is everywhere without exception and that Daoists should not discriminate – as discrimination ‘blocks’ effective qi-flow and wastes essential nature (jing).
Although I have not accessed a contemporary English translation of this extract, on the face of it, Hegel’s opinion of this ancient Chinese ‘wisdom’ text, seems to be both succinct and precise.
However, whilst Sima Qian was busy confirming the existence of the Yijing during his life-time, the Mawangdui tomb demonstrates that at least one other version of the Yijing existed (one that Sima Qian was evidently unaware of).
This must imply that during the Han Dynasty, either the legend of Fu Xi was unknown, or if known, considered too improbable to be true.
Hunting, herding, fishing, gathering plants, going on long journeys (by land and water), going to war, consulting a wise or powerful person, or arranging marriages are mentioned far more regularly than planting or growing crops (which although mentioned in a relatively few cases, do not occupy a position of central concern within the Zhou society of its time).