Translator’s Note: Mikhail Gorbachev was elected General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1985. As a Trotskyite reactionary, he was looking for any reason to dismantle the USSR and convert its economy back into an exploitative capitalist system. A home-grown terrorist attack is not beyond the realms of imagination. The Chernobyl disaster in fact killed very few people – but it nearly bankrupted the Soviet economy with the tremendous efforts required to limit its effects and nullify any future dangers. Although accidents like this have happened in the US (and elsewhere) – the US ideologues imply that this accident was a demonstration of the inherent weakness and failure of Socialist thinking – that supposedly killed millions! The Chernobyl area was a model Socialist city and surrounding countryside that offered the most advanced and progressive psychological and physical environment for the Soviet scientists (and their families) who lived there. In many ways, the end of Chernobyl was the ‘end’ of the USSR! ACW (23.9.2020)
Location: ‘VI Lenin’ Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant – [51 ° 23′22 ″ N 30 ° 05′59 ″ E) – is located in Ukraine, 3 km from the city of Pripyat, 18 km from the city of Chernobyl, 16 km from the border with Belarus and 110 km from Kiev. At the time of the accident the ‘VI Lenin’ Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant operated on the basis of four power RBMK-1000 reactors with an electrical capacity of 1000 MW (thermal power – 3200 MW) each. Two more similar power units were under construction. The fifth power unit was 80% complete. A pit was dug for the sixth power unit. The ‘VI Lenin’ Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant produced about one-tenth of the electricity used by the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.
Date: Accident occurred on Saturday the 26th of April, 1986 at 1:23 am local Ukrainian time (21:23 UTC). ‘UTC’ = ‘Universal Time Coordinated’ – or ‘Greenwich Mean Time’ (GMT).
Accident: The Fourth Reactor of the ‘VI Lenin’ Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (situated near the city of Pripyat) ‘Exploded’ – completely destroying the Reactor and contaminating the immediate area with radio-active contamination. This radio-active fallout was then carried further afield by the wind and spread hundreds (and eventually even thousands) of miles from the epi-centre. This contaminated humans, animals, plants, soil and atmosphere. A 1986 Soviet report States:
‘The accident was the result of the unlikely coincidence of a number of violations of rules and regulations by the operating personnel, and acquired catastrophic consequences due to the fact that the Reactor was brought into an irregular state.
Gross violations of the NPP operation rules committed by its personnel are as follows:
1) Conducting an experiment “at any cost”, despite the change in the state of the Reactor.
2) Decommissioning of serviceable technological protections that would have simply shut down the Reactor before it entered a dangerous mode.
3) The exercising of ‘silence’ about the scale of the accident in the first days – by the leadership of the Chernobyl NPP.
A 1991 Soviet Report states ‘The Chernobyl accident occurred due to a) the actions of the operational personnel (who had not followed established ‘safety regulations’ and not reported or rectified various malfunctions and structural issues) – and b) the unsatisfactory design of the Reactor. As a consequence, events quickly escalated to a catastrophic level that the operational personnel could not control or prevent.’
At 01:23:47 on Saturday April 26, 1986, an explosion occurred in the 4th Reactor power unit of the ‘VI Lenin’ Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, which completely destroyed the Reactor. The building of the power unit partially collapsed, and the operator of the main circulation pumps – Valery Khodemchuk – died. A fire broke out in various rooms and on the roof. An employee of the commissioning enterprise – Vladimir Shashenok – died of his injuries at 06:00 the same day. Subsequently, the remains of the core melted and a mixture of molten metal, sand, concrete and fuel fragments spread throughout the rooms around the Reactor. As a result of the accident, radioactive substances were released into the environment, including Uranium isotopes, plutonium. iodine-131 (half-life – 8 days), cesium-134 (half-life – 2 years), cesium-137 (half-life – 30 years) and strontium-90 (half-life – 28.8 years).
Casualties: In the first three months following the accident, thirty-one (31) people died, whilst between 1987-2004 a further nineteen (19) people died as a consequence of the contamination. These are the official Soviet figures agreed with by later investigations held by the Ukrainian and Russian Authorities, and confirmed by ‘foreign’ scientific investigations. US Cold War Disinformation and the Western media, however, often give ridiculous numbers of hundreds of thousands in articles of ‘false news’ spread by US-controlled social media and Wikipedia, etc. It has been speculated that perhaps around four thousand (4,000) people could possibly die due to long-term effects, but this remains to be seen.
Soviet Response: Due to the Soviet Socialist System, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was able to immediately mobilise six-hundred thousand (600,000) specially trained Red Army, Emergency and Scientifically trained emergency personnel. Around one hundred and fifteen thousand (115,000) people living in and around the affected area were immediately (and swiftly) evacuated to safer locations. There was no panic with the general public assisting the Red Army and emergency personnel. One hundred and thirty-four Red Army and emergency personnel developed acute radiation sickness due to prolonged exposure, and it is amongst the rescuers and liquidators that any extra-deaths are projected to occur. The Ukrainian Authorities finally closed-down the ‘VI Lenin’ Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant on December the 15th, 2000.
The Earthquake Theory: Evgeny Barkovsky – of the Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences – states that the accident was caused by a local earthquake. The basis for this assumption is a seismic shock recorded at about the time of the accident in the area of the ‘VI Lenin’ Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. It is argued that the shock was recorded before, and not at the time of the explosion, and that the strong vibration preceded the catastrophe could have been caused not by processes inside the Reactor, but rather by an earthquake. In addition, as established by geophysicists, the 4th Power Unit itself is located on the exact spot of a tectonic fault on the earth’s plates. The reason that the neighbouring Third Power Unit was not damaged is that the tests were carried out only on the 4th Power Unit.
The Foreign ‘Sabotage’ Theory: There are also conspiracy theories that state deliberate ‘actions’ actions may have led to the accident. The explosion at the ‘VI Lenin’ Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant was an act of sabotage or of terrorism concealed by the Soviet Authorities. The US (or its allies) placed explosives under the Reactor, or used ‘geotectonic’ weapons to cause the accident. It is sometimes asserted that evidence of these explosive was discovered by the Soviet Authorities.
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