When Tibet was Invaded by the Judeo-Christian Imagination

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Author’s Note: In 1905, the 13th Dalai Lama ordered Tibetan Buddhist monks (and their supporters) in the Yunnan province of China, to attack and kill all Tibetan and Chinese Christian converts, and any Western Christian missionaries in the area.  It is believed that hundreds were massacred before the Qing Dynasty army re-established control in the area, and all the participating lamas were executed.  A year prior to this, the 13th Dalai Lama proved to be powerless to stop the invasion of Tibet by the British Indian Army led by Colonel Francis Younghusband.  Even at this early stage in Tibetan-Western relations, the history of Tibet started to be re-written and replaced with a purely ‘imagined’ or ‘preferred’ Western mythology, that presented Tibet as a Shangti-La, or ‘heaven on earth’.  By any rational standard, the behaviour of the 13th Dalai Lama in 1905 should have marked him out as a barbarous ‘anti-Christian’ who was prepared to break the Buddha’s proscription against all forms of killing.  His morally deficient attitude toward the Buddha’s teachings was evident again when in August 1914 he offered to place 1,000 troops at the disposal of the British government for its imperialist war with Germany.  The 13th Dalai Lama behaved very much like a warmongering monarch, than he did a Buddhist monk – the latter, of course, being exactly what he was supposed o be.  This historical deviation away from the following of the Buddha-Dharma by the 13th Dalai Lama, very much set the scene for the shenanigans of the (current) 14th Dalai Lama, who lives a superstar lifestyle in the West, whilst assisting the US government its illegal task of usurping the legitimate government of China (which includes China’s Tibetan region).  Reincarnation, of course, does not exist within the Buddha’s legitimate teachings.  Instead, the Buddha advocates the continuation of an impersonal (and deluded) karmic habit from one existence to another, only whilst the mind is unenlightened.  This type of ‘rebirth’ is not ‘reincarnation’, as all expedient personal traits and familiar physical characteristics, fall away at the point of death (a process clearly described by the Buddha).  The post of ‘Dalai Lama’ has nothing to do with the historical Buddha or his teachings, and was invented by the one-time Mongolian rulers of China.  The modern Pro-Tibetan Movement has grown out of the British invasion and subjugation of Tibet in the early 1900’s, through the subsequent ‘mythologising’ of far-off and remote Tibet by the Western imagination, primarily through the bizarre school of ‘Theosophy’, a Eurocentric re-imagining of Asian spiritual cultures, forcibly ‘merged’ with Christian dogma.  The 14th Dalai Lama, for all his corruption and misrepresentation of Tibetan Buddhism, is viewed in the West as something of an avatar of god who wanders around emitting pithy tracts of wisdom whenever questioned about existence.  Of course, this is not Asian Buddhism, but the continuation of a Western parody of Asian culture, currently being used by the US to bring down the Chinese government.  Once in the UK, the Dalai Lama gave a lecture about Buddhist vegetarianism, then in his hotel afterwards, was observed eating ham sandwiches.  ACW 6.9.2016

The British Indian Army invaded the Tibetan area of China from December 1903 to September 1904, and in the ensuing conflict, killed thousands of Tibetans for daring to ‘resist’ this blatant act of imperialist aggression (which was bizarrely aimed at the containment of Czarist Russia). In Western historical sources, this full-scale military invasion is referred to as an ‘expedition’, as if it were an innocent school trip to an interesting place.  At this time, the Tibetan soldiers wore antiquated armour and carried old spears, shields and swords.  They faced one of the most technically advanced armies in the world at the time, and despite immense courage and daring on behalf of the Tibetans, British fire-power always decided the outcome.  It is this brave resistance to the British invasion of Tibet in the early 1900’s, that is used in modern Hollywood to concoct an imagined ‘battle’ between Tibetans and Chinese Communist forces in the 1950’s.  In many of these laughably inaccurate films, the Tibetans of the 1950’s are depicted as wearing armour and carrying old weapons – when in fact the American CIA had been busy infiltrating this part of China, and converting the 14th Dalai Lama (together with a clique of other corrupt lamas) to the capitalist cause.  The 14th Dalai Lama gave the CIA permission to ‘train’ a number of Buddhist monks in modern warfare and modern weaponry – thus breaking their monastic vows of not killing or causing to kill.  The People’s Liberation Army (which is, after-all, also the PLA of Tibet) did not ‘invade’ Tibet, as Tibet was already part of China.  Fighting did occur between the legitimate PLA forces of Tibet, and the CIA armed and financed rebels under the command of the 14th Dalai Lama.  However, within Chinese history, there is a certain pride as to the resistance the Tibetans showed against the imperialist British and their racist policies of invasion and murder.  The British invasion of Tibet was led by Francis Younghusband (1863-1942) who was ‘knighted’ by the British government for the bloodshed he unleashed on the Tibetan people, at the hands of the British Indian Army that he commanded.  This was a typical tactic of the British to use one subjugated people to subjugate another.  In the book entitled ‘Younghusband – The Last Great Imperial Adventurer’ authored by Patrick French, an interesting extract reads:

‘Once the shooting began the Tibetans were helpless.  Guns were firing at them from every direction, shells bursting on their line of retreat.  The Maxims chattered away remorselessly in the thin air, scorning the protective amulets of the huddled Buddhist army. “I got so sick of the slaughter that I ceased fire, though the General’s order was to make as big a bag as possible,” wrote Lieutenant Hadow, the Commander of the Maxim Gun detachment, in a letter to his father. “I hope I shall never have to shoot down men walking away again.” Some Tibetans tried to escape towards the village of Guru, but were cut down in their tracks by the mounted infantry who chased them as they fled.  Many just stayed where they were, crouching behind the grey stone wall, or wandered hopelessly away.

“Why, in the name of all their Bodhisats and Munis, did they not run?” asked Candler of the Daily Mail.  “They were bewildered…  They walked with bowed heads, as if they had been disillusioned in their gods.” Before long the firing ceased of its own accord, but a few minutes had been enough to decimate the entire Tibetan force.  While the mounted infantry charged off to capture Guru, the Indian soldiers and British officers walked over the battlefield they had created.  There were half-eaten meals and half-finished games of chance lying in the Tibetan camp, which gave some of the victors the uneasy feeling that the enemy may never have intended to fight at all.  Rather to their surprise, wounded Tibetans found they were whisked off to the military field hospital.’[1]

 

Patrick French is a typical British bourgeois author who supports without question, the fallacious Pro-Tibetan Movement.  Despite cataloguing British racism and brutality in Tibet, he never admits its inherently ‘racist’ nature, but discusses the issue as it were some irrelevant and distant point in an obscure history, that has no relevance to the present.  Of course, he has to adopt this position, or he would inadvertently shed light on the Western racism that underlies and justifies the US inspired anti-China policy that lies at the root of the Pro-Tibetan Movement.  French continuously criticises and belittles the Chinese Communist regime, but never once questions the validity of the movement he blindly follows.  In short, what he mistakenly thinks about Tibet is irrelevant to modern Tibetans living in a radically rejuvenated part of remote China.  Nevertheless, parts of the narrative French provides is useful for exposing, in a broader sense, how the British invasion of Tibet serves as the Hollywood blue-print for the imagined Chinese invasion of Tibet.  The above battle near the village of Guru was thought of as a massacre even at the time by the British military authorities.  In an engagement that probably lasted no more than 15 minutes, the British Indian Army fired 50 shrapnel (artillery) shells, 1,400 machine gun rounds, and 14,351 rifle rounds.  British casualties were 6 lightly wounded, six badly wounded (injuries mostly caused by spear or sword blows), and no fatalities.  The Tibetan casualties were 628 killed and 222 wounded.[2]

As the British Indian Army swept through Tibet, looting and vandalism was common place – a fact that even French has to admit – despite his best attempts at playing it down:

‘Monasteries were a particular focus of interest, the British believing they might contain stocks of Tibet’s legendary gold and precious stones.  Painted clay images of the Buddha were smashed open, but to the disappointment of the marauders there was nothing inside them but block-printed mantras.  The officers were also motivated by prejudice against the monks, whom they regarded – with justification in some cases – as despotic oppressors of the populace and stirrers of anti-British feeling.

Religious antagonisms played its part.  Thigh-bone trumpets, skull caps and colourful paintings of wrathful deities were taken as evidence of “degeneration” and devil worship.  With no real understanding of the subject, the British decided the Tibetans had corrupted the teachings of the Buddha.  The outward trappings of Tibetan Buddhism have always disturbed Protestants; Roman Catholics are said to find the images and the incense a little easier to tolerate.  Younghusband had surprisingly few qualms about the looting, writing blithely to Helen: “There has been a committee today distributing brass images and things found in the fort.  I have been allotted twelve things.” Over the months bronze statues, silver charm boxes, carpets, thangkas, ceremonial robes, trumpets, lamellar armour and a host of trinkets found their way back to India.  Every soldier wanted to complement his campaign medal with a memento.’[3]

French’s casual approach to British racism and prejudice is disturbing to say the least, but it is indicative of the hypocrisy of his class.  It was the British that invaded and devastated the feudal kingdom of Tibet, which had been a part of China for hundreds of years (ever since Tibetan warriors had invaded China centuries previously).  The modern deception about Tibet stems entirely from anti-Chinese Western attitudes, which authors like Patrick French wilfully perpetuate by providing certain historical facts, whilst hiding others that do not fit-in with the underlying and fabricated narrative he has perpetuated.  The ‘evil’ of China has invaded the ‘good’ of Tibet – and herein lies the obvious Judeo-Christian prejudice that fuels all anti-China racism.  There is no fabricated ‘division’ between China and Tibet today in either China or Tibet, as it exists only in the minds of the deluded West and the duplicitous 14th Dalai Lama.

[1] French, Patrick, Younghusband – The Last Great Imperial Adventurer, HarperCollins, (1994), Chapter 15 – ‘Bolting Like Rabbits’: Blood in the Land of Snows, Page 223

[2] Ibid Page 224

[3] Ibid Page 229

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  1. Support Tibet: Oppose the Pro-Tibetan Movement | The Sangha Kommune.

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