Qing Cheng Mountains Spiritual Daoism and Martial Arts

ZMW-QingCheng-01

Original Chinese Language Article: By Confucian Institute Online 

         (Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

The Qing Cheng Mountains is situated to the West of Sichuan province, and because the air (qi) is so fresh and clean, the area is also known as ‘Immortal Spirit City’. This is why many practitioners of spiritual Daoism have historically been attracted to this place to practice self-cultivation, and why it is today considered the 5th largest population of practicing Daoist in China. The Qing Cheng Mountains are covered in dense forest, and possess very high peaks. This makes it difficult to access and easy to defend. In fact the peak of Mount Zhao Gong is where the Lulin (Green Forest) School of martial arts was established.

During the latter Qing Dynasty, the Qing Cheng Mountains were known for their Daoist practitioners – but also as a place where rebels, outlaws, and criminals hid from the authorities. As the climate is humid, and peaks high, and the area inaccessible, Daoist practitioners had to diligently practice their health and longevity self-cultivation techniques – which included the ability to strengthen the bones and joints, and live for long periods with adequate food supplies. The ability to defend themselves from violent attack was also very important, as they often encountered bandits, wild animals, or were subject to natural disasters. Therefore, due to this necessity, the Daoist communities on the Qing Cheng Mountains have produced many very good martial arts masters.

In the late Qing-Early Republican Period there were many famous Daoist masters from the Qing Cheng Mountains such as Tang Fu Chu, Zhang Yong Ping (who was the teacher of the late President of the China Daoism Association – Great Master Fu Yuan), Chen Lin (who trained Yu Guo Xiong of the China Martial Arts Association – the only recognised representative of the Qing Cheng School of martial arts), Zhang Zhi Qing (who was the former bodyguard to Nationalist President Lin Sen), Li Jie (teacher of Professor Wang Qing Yu – formerly of the National Sports Commission Qigong Department of Rehabilitation), Peng Chun Xian, Hu Zuo Quan, Kang De Min, Song Cheng Xin, Liu Zhong Shun, Ye Dan Yi (who was the bodyguard of Feng Yu Xiang, the former Deputy Chairman of a Kuomintang Military Commission), as well as the modern Peng Zong Ren (teacher of Tang Cheng Ping – the Vice President of the China Daoist Association), Bao Zhi Qing, and Jiang Xin Ping, all of which are considered outstanding in the practice of spiritualised Daoist martial arts, with some becoming famous as being members of the 24 Qing Cheng Knights.

©opyright: Adrian Chan-Wyles (ShiDaDao) 2015.

Original Chinese Language Source Article:

http://www.chinese.cn/kungfu/article/2011-01/13/content_217348.htm

青城山道教简介

古代的青城山地处西蜀,空气清新,被喻为“神仙都会”。多个道教流派人士均到青城山进行过修炼,因此青城山又得以位列中国道教第五大洞天。由于青城山山高林密,交通不便,易守难攻,故古代青城山的最高峰赵公山又成为了绿林派武术的发源地。

清代后期,青城山作为中国道教的圣地,又是绿林好汉侠客响马出没的地方。由于山中空气潮湿,生活条件艰苦,交通不便,所以修道之人在此修炼,既要练养生功夫,抵御风寒湿痹,又要练辟谷功夫抵御饥饿。而实战跳跃、躲闪功夫的习练也是必不可少的。因为有可能会遭遇强盗、猛兽或自然灾害的侵袭。因此,在青城山修炼的道士中,出现了很多武林高手.

清末民初青城山道人唐复初、张永平(已故中国道教协会会长付元天大师之师)、陈琳(中国武协于上世纪90年代唯一承认的青城派代表人物余国雄之师)、张至清(原国民政府主席林森保镖)、李杰(原国家体委气功康复部王庆余教授之师)、彭椿仙 、胡佐全、康德民、宋成兴、刘忠顺、叶丹一(原国民党军事委员会副委员长冯玉祥保镖),以及现代的彭宗仁(中国道教协会副会长唐诚青之师)、包至清、蒋信平均是武功出众之人,部分人员成为传说中的青城二十四侠。

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