(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)
Translator’s Note: This succulent text tells the story of the Quanzhen Daoist Master Liu Ming Rui – who was one of the pivotal teachers of Zhao Bichen (1860-1942) – the latter being the founder of Qianfeng Daoism. Indeed, when still a child, Zhao Bichen suffered much illness and his mother – hearing of the healing reputation of Liu Ming Rui – took her son to see him. During their time together, Liu cured Zhao and took him as a disciple – imparting the fundamentals of Daoist philosophy and practice to him. Although Zhao Bichen would go on and train with many other Daoist masters – he never forgot the debt of gratitude he owed Liu Ming Rui, despite the fact that Liu emphasised monastic practice, whilst Zhao would go on to marry and teach all without exception. ACW 22.12.14
Liu Ming Rui (刘名瑞) – Basic Information
Liu Ming Rui – 1839-1933 – was from the Wanping County area of Shuntian Prefecture (an administrative area abolished in 1911 – but which corresponds today to the modern area of eastern Beijing). His ‘style’ name (given to a child at 2 years old) was ‘Xiu Feng’ (琇峰), and his common name was ‘Pan Chan Zi’ (盼蟾子). His Daoist name was ‘Qiao Jue’ (敲蹻).
Liu Ming Rui – as Described in Historical Records
The history of the Namo Daoist School Lineage System (南无道派宗谱 – Na Mo Dao Pai Zong Pu), states that Liu Ming Rui was disease ridden during his childhood, and that his family life was seldom settled and comfortable. When he was around 20 years of age, both his parents died from extended exposure to suffering and exhaustion, and he was left alone. At this time, as he was young and strong, and was conscripted to serve in the military. He was soon promoted to the rank of squad officer by the government’s military awards department. However, one day, whilst on official business in Jiangnan Pei County, he encountered friends who gave him a copy of the Daoist classic book entitled the ‘Dan Jing’ (丹经) – or ‘Cultivation Medicine Classic’ – as a gift. After reading its profound content, Liu Ming Rui laminated the fact that his life was full of uncertainty and distress, and decided to give-up his post and retire to the mountains to become a Daoist hermit. Here he took refuge in the (Quanzhen) Namo School and entered the gate of the true mystery. He authored the following Daoist books entitled ‘Qiao Jue’s Penetrating Insight Text’ (敲蹻洞章 – Qiao Jue Dong Zhang), ‘Winding Heat Change Examination’ (盘熻易考 – Pan Xi Yi Kao), and ‘Perceiving the Source of the Profound Dao’ (道源精微 – Dao Yuan Jing Wei). These three books constitute Liu Ming Rui’s primary instructional texts. In the 26th year of the rule of emperor Guangxu (光绪) – which corresponds to the Western year 1900 – after living for many years in cultivated seclusion at the ‘Secondary Canal Village’ (次渠村 – Ci Qu Qun) area of eastern Beijing, Liu Ming Rui attained complete transcendence of the physical body, and became a truly ‘non-knowing’ (无知 – Wu Zhi) person. He passed away at the age of 93 and is considered a 20th generation Grand Master of the Namo School.
©opyright: Adrian Chan-Wyles (ShiDaDao) 2014.
Original Chinese Language Source Text
刘名瑞 – 基本资料
刘名瑞 ，(1839—1933) 顺天府宛平县人。字琇峰，号盼蟾子，别号敲蹻道人。
刘名瑞 – 史书记载