I have written elsewhere about how Pope Gregory XVI condemned ‘freedom of conscience’ in 1832, how Pope Pius IX declared absolute monarchy (and totalitarian government) the preferred organisation of society for
In his hatred of Communism, Trotsky incites the Nazis to wage war against the Soviet Union. He, an ’eminent expert’ on the Soviet Union, told the Nazis that they had every chance of winning the war against Stalin: the army and the population were demoralized (false!), Stalin frustrated resistance (false!) And that the Stalinists would capitulate at the beginning of the war (false!).
Pius XII (1876-1958) became Pope in 1939 and continued the Vatican policy of collaborating with Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan inherited from his