The evidence suggests that the ‘mind’ is an evolutionary development emerges from the brain, but which cannot be easily reduced to the brain. What is
Within certain forms of later Buddhism, people are encouraged to ‘pray’ to an image of the Buddha and recite various mantras as if he were
If the Buddha’s path is reduced to the correct perception of ‘void’ and ’form’, then it is the task of the Chinese Ch’an School to
If Buddhism is viewed as a ‘religion’ – and the Buddha as a ‘theistic’ being – then Buddhism has nothing to do with modern science,
Chinese transliterations and translations are useful as the early Chinese scholars had to understand the Indian Pali and Sanskrit terms before they could be rendered effectively into the Chinese language. Obviously, some of the early transliteration of Indian Buddhist terms are purely ‘phonetic’ in nature and in themselves do not convey much meaning as ideograms. This represents an initial process of a slow, careful and gradual building-up of knowledge in China about a thoroughly ‘foreign’ Indian philosophy that had to develop an ‘interface’ with existing Chinese culture.
Moreover, the Buddha clearly states that conscious awareness cannot exist without the conditions associated with a physical body and its functioning biological processes. Within the Buddha’s interpretation of reality, there does not exist any notion of a ‘dis-embodied’ conscious awareness.