Given that the Buddha’s theory of mind is purely materialistic (with conscious awareness being a special arrangement of matter due to the evolutionary process as described by the Buddha in the Agganna Sutta), why is Buddhism still often misrepresented as a ‘religion’?
Two years later, Christmas Humphreys displayed the same amorality of the Japanese Zen he so admired, by having Ruth Ellis (a historic victim of domestic abuse) executed for fighting back against her abusive husband.
Master Xu Yun patiently listened to the argument of these monks (that he viewed as ‘heretical’), and then banged his hand on the table and firmly stated that without the following of the Vinaya Discipline of Indian Buddhism, there can be no authentic ‘Chinese’ Buddhism.
All legitimate Chinese Ch’an practitioners access the empty mind ground from varying socio-economic conditions that boil down to two distinct positions in life; either that
There are many differences between Chinese Ch’an and Japanese Zen – here the esteemed translator Thomas Cleary – focuses on the misunderstanding regarding ‘breathing’ as applied within the Japanese Zen schools, and how this deviates from Chinese Ch’an and Chinese Daoism.