In China a ‘Zhu Chi’ refers to the man or woman who presides over a Buddhist temple. In ancient India, however, the same post was referred to as the ‘Wei Na’ (維那) [i.e. ‘Maintainer of Affairs’], whilst during the Sui and Tang Dynasties, this role was referred to as the ‘Si Zhu’ (寺主) [i.e. ‘Temple Master’].
This Buddhist art exhibition is named ‘Respectful Mind’, and is sponsored by the Hangzhou City Buddhist Association. All the works of art have been produced through the guidance of dharma masters residing in the great monasteries and temples of the Hangzhou area – and have been created by monks attending the Hangzhou City Buddhist Institute as students. The collection consists of 33 calligraphy works, 27 drawings and paintings, as well as seal characters, official script, short biography writing, normal script, and cursive script, etc., with all literary aspects fully represented. The work presents a diverse subject matter.
Surrounded by thousands of devout followers of the Buddha, the eminent monks – led by the Venerable Dharma Master Jing Hui – each mounted the mandala-platform in turn. The Venerable Jing Hui was followed by Cambodia’s Great Sangharaja Bugeli, and then Thailand’s head of the Supreme Sangha Council – the Venerable Phraphrommethee – followed by the other eminent elders and dignitaries, all following the old monk Jing Hui’s directions.
The earliest known examples of the Chinese ideogram ‘德’ appear on cast bronze artefacts produced during the Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BCE) such as: This
‘On 25 April 1945, so the story goes, a group of battle-weary Russian soldiers were making their cautious way through the shattered remnants of Berlin,
It is a remarkable manipulation of State media the likes of which has not been seen since Adolf Hitler’s rise to power in the early 1930’s. The point of this exclusion from the media of working class protest is to allow the middle and upper classes (who have received generous tax-cuts at the expense of deprived benefit recipients) to continue to live in the privileged and opulent lifestyles unencumbered by issues of conscience. With such social devastation it is difficult to envisage how or why the Tories could win the next general election, but in a very real sense, their complete control and manipulation of the media makes it very likely when UK voting patterns are taken into account.