India’s Interference in Tibet and Support for the Dalai Lama! (2015)

During the (1955) Bandung Conference, Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai (周恩来) spoke to Nehru. The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence put forward at this meeting have become the norm for handling Sino-Indian relations.

Original Chinese Language Text: 扒一扒印度为何死扛也不驱逐达赖喇嘛

(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD)

Translator’s Note: On March 22nd, 1959, Nehru wrote to Zhou Enlai stating that India now claimed a large area of territory in the Southern Tibet part of China. This was part and parcel of an ongoing CIA operation in Tibet which saw India play along with Western (imperialist) intentions in the region. As someone who loves the Indian people I am astonished by the extent India supported the (capitalist) West and opposed China! ACW (17.6.2019)

In recent years the Tibet Network News (administered in China by ethnic Tibetans and Han Chinese), has become ever more vocal in its criticism of the 14th Dalai Lama and the so-called ‘Pro-Tibetan Movement’ which he has nurtured in the West with the assistance of the US Government (and its various intelligence agencies, etc.). This confident assertion has been in-part a consequence of China’s ever-growing success and influence in the international arena, and throughout regional affairs. This has led to China (and the Tibetan Network News) calling for India to abandon its support for the criminal Dalai Lama Clique, and enter a new and positive age of renewed vigour and cooperation between the two countries (I.e. India and China). Indeed, even Singapore’s Founding Father – Lee Kuan Yew (李光耀 – Li Guang Yao) – has spoken of the Tibetan issue as being something of an open wound between India and Tibet! Today, it is well-known that the ‘Pro-Tibetan Movement’ (which receives millions of dollars annually from the US Government), keeps the Dalai Lama and his immediate clique in an opulent lifestyle, whilst so-called Tibetan Refugees are left to live in abject poverty in the Indian administered camps generally kept far away from the prying eyes of unsuspecting Western tourists. Furthermore, the Western leaders of the ‘Pro-Tibetan Movement’ are continuously calling for Tibetans living in India to ‘rise up’ and seize control of the Indian territory they currently exist within! This has led to a very real existential problem for India. On the one-hand India is committed to an old and out of date policy, whilst on the other hand, India is now also becoming the ‘victim’ of this Western-led ‘Pro-Tibetan Movement’! The reality is that the concept of ‘Tibetans in exile’ is not good for the prestige of India on the contemporary world stage. The question must be asked – what is the Indian Government going to do about this situation?

Interestingly, there may be an answer in the Western literature on this subject. To put this matter right, the historical seeds of the issue must be carefully studied. In 2014, the famous American Tibetan scholar named Goldstein published his diary which discussed the well organised plot for the Dalai Lama to defect to India, together with the wide sweeping Indian support for this move. Not only did India offer financial and material aid to the Dalai Lama Clique, but the Indian Government also established its own diplomatic links directly with the Dalai Lama and even held weekly meetings to discuss any relevant issues. If particular problems arose, the meetings were more frequent. Of course, India did not declare these meetings to China and excluded China from having any knowledge of these interactions. The Dalai Lama founded the ‘Tibet Happiness Care Association’ which was a false-front intelligence gathering group (hiding behind fake notions of Buddhist charity), which directly reported to the Indian Government about all Chinese movements or behaviour throughout the region. This is how Indian Intelligence knew exactly where (and when) to provide funds and arms for the building ‘Independence’ Movement guided by the CIA and endorsed by the Dalai Lana. The diary clearly records that from November 19th, 1955 to October 29th, 1965, the Indian Intelligence Agency funded exile activities at Rs 1,762 per month. In order to facilitate communication, the exiled leaders also compiled a telegraph password. For example, the code of the Dalai Lama is ‘Tenzin’, the Indian Government was ‘white hat’, the US Government was ‘Qinzong’, and the Chinese Communist Party was ‘Lugong’, etc.

In 1956, Indian Prime Minister Nehru invited the Dalai Lama to visit India through a commemoration using the Buddha’s Birthday as an excuse. The Indian Government’s move possessed two meanings: 1) religion, the Dalai Lama can enhance his supposed religious prestige at the General Assembly; 2) politically speaking, India wanted to declare to the world that as an ancient country it was old friends with Tibet, and was not willing to give up its ‘interests’ in the region. This ‘double-speak’ never fooled Mao Zedong (毛泽东) from the beginning. In the matter of letting the Dalai Lama go to India, Mao Zedong that this was a false problem. Mao stated that “it is better to let him go, not letting him go I bad”, but Mao also continuously predicted that the Dalai Lama will not come back once he has gone. Mao Zedong said: “It is estimated that the Dalai Lama may not come back, not only will he not return, but also every day, he will be saying that the Communist Party invaded Tibet, and so on. Whilst in India he will declare ‘Tibet independence’, and may also instruct the upper-level reactionaries in Tibet to call for an uprising, and try to drive us away. Of course, he will say that as he is not there, he is not responsible.” As predicted, after the Dalai Lama’s arrival in India, he did not want to return. Finally, Zhou Enlai personally went to India to persuade him to return to China.

In the 1950s, the Indian Government believed that once the Communist Party established its foothold in Tibet, India would have a conflict with China due to border issues. At this time, the Indian Government did not disrupt the relations between the two countries and did not allow Tibetans in exile to engage in anti-China activities. On the other hand, India quietly collected intelligence in Tibet through Shagba and others in preparation for any wartime needs. Goldstein analyzed that “Nehru hopes to give up the privilege of India in Tibet in exchange for the Chinese Government’s recognition of the McMahon Line, but this approach has not actually achieved this result.” As the goal was not met, the Indian Government began to realize that it would help the Dalai Lama and thereby intervene in Tibetan affairs in exchange for China’s agreement on a border defined by India. Zhou Enlai made it clear that “a part of the upper class in India hopes that Tibet’s backward system will remain unchanged, and the idea of maintaining Tibet as a ‘buffering country’ has played a big role in the Tibetan reactionary group.” According to Shagba diary, the Indian Government rejected the Dalai Lama’s request for exile in the US – whilst forbidding him from petitioning the UN whilst on Indian soil.

Everyone in the world knows that China and Pakistan are good brothers. In Pakistan, there has never been a debate about China’s sovereignty. For example, the rhetoric of “China and Taiwan” does not appear in the official report of Pakistan. Pakistan has always used the term “Taiwan Province of China”. When the UN General Assembly sanctioned China, the Pakistani Representative shouted for China: “We firmly oppose the sanctions against China, which is unreasonable interference in national sovereignty,” and then resolutely voted against the issue of sanctions against China. In the face of such Sino-Pakistani relations, how is China to deal with the Dalai Lama issue?

India still allows the Dalai Lama (and exiled Tibetans) to live in India. Moreover, the Dalai Lama Group use some bewitched jewellery and Tibetan medicine to bribe Indian politicians from time to time, to ensure that Sino-Indian relations are not allowed to develop to the point where the Dalai Lama could not survive. Despite this, China-India relations are still developing in a positive manner. From publicly supporting the Dalai clique’s separatist activities to later recognizing that Tibet is an ‘autonomous region of China’, and then signing the “Declaration on China-India Relations, Principles and Comprehensive Cooperation” with Wen Jiabao (温家宝) in 2003, India for the first time publicly recognized Tibet as China. This has also meant that in recent years, the Indian Government has publicly abandoned its support of the Dalai Lama’s Clique, which is not a small step forward. In fact, compared with the battle for between a fighting dragon and elephant, the Chinese and Indian people should be more willing to see the “dragon and elephant dance” together!  (China Tibetan Network: Author Song Jiali [宋家丽])

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