Alexander Werth (Александр Верт – Aleksandr Vert) – b. Feb 4th, 1901, d. Mar 5th, 1969.
Occupation: Journalist – Author
Son of a Russian railway worker A.A. Verta (Верта) and British woman Camille C. Schmidt – he was born in St. Petersburg, Russia and died 68 years later in Paris. For reasons I cannot ascertain, his mother re-married a banker named ‘Adolf Rothstein’ who adopted Alexander as his son. This is where his family acquired their money and middle-class lifestyle. Russian language sources state that Adolf Rothstein had previously been married to the half-sister of Camille C Schmidt. Due to the bourgeois attitudes of Adolf Rothstein, the family moved to England around the time of the Russian Revolution in 1917. Alexander Werth was working class by birth, but benefitted from an affluent lifestyle due to the wealth of his step-father.
He was married twice, firstly to Freda Helen Lendrumn (in the UK) and then Aline B. Dawson (in France).
He wrote around 20 books, including ‘Last Days of Paris’, ‘Russia at War’, and ‘France – 1940-1955’.
He Graduated from Glasgow University with an MA (honours), 1922.
He was Paris Correspondent for the Glasgow Herald (1929-1933), the Manchester Guardian (1932-1940), and the Sunday Times (1937-1940), as well as regular contributor to the New Statesman and the American magazines Nation and Foreign Affairs.
He escaped from Occupied Paris in 1940, making it back to England, where he worked for one year as diplomatic correspondent for the Sunday Times.
On July 2nd, 1941, he flew-out to out to the Soviet Union where he became the first English journalist on the spot, serving as Moscow Correspondent for the Sunday Times and BBC. He stayed in the USSR until 1948.
In 1949, he relocated to Paris, France.
He was Senior Research Fellow, University of Manchester, 1953-1955.
He was Visiting Professor of Modern History, Ohio State University, 1957.
His Obituary appeared in the New York Times & London Times, dated March 8th, 1969.
He was a Member of the Labour Party, played the Piano, and was Lutheran by religion.
Children of Alexander Werth and Freda Helen Lendrum are:
Nancy Werth, b. 1939, d. date unknown, London, England.
Children of Alexander Werth and Aline B. Dawson are:
Nicholas Werth (b. 1950, Paris).
Alexander Werth was of the opnion that if Roosevelt had not died in April, 1945, the Cold War would not have happened. (See: ‘Russia – The Post-War Years’ by Alexander Werth)
Books by Alexander Werth:
France in Ferment. London: Jerrolds, 1934.
The Destiny of France. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1937. (Published in USA as Which Way France).
France And Munich Before And After The Surrender. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1939.
The Last Days of Paris: A Journalist’s Diary. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1940.
Moscow ’41. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1942. Published in USA as Moscow War Diary.
The Twilight of France, 1933 – 1940: A Journalist’s Chronicle. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1942.
Leningrad. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1944.
The Year of Stalingrad: An Historical Record and a Study of Russian Mentality, Methods and Policies. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1946.
Musical Uproar in Moscow. London: Turnstile Press, 1949.
France, 1940-1955. London: Robert Hale, 1956.
The Strange History of Pierre Mendès France and the Great Conflict over French North Africa. London: Barrie Books, 1957. Published in USA as Lost Statesman: The Strange Story of Pierre Mendes-France.
America in Doubt. London: Robert Hale, 1959.
The DeGaulle Revolution. London: Robert Hale, 1960.
The Khrushchev Phase: The Soviet Union Enters the “Decisive” Sixties. London: Robert Hale, 1961. Published in USA as Russia Under Khrushchev.
Russia At War, 1941-1945. London: Barrie & Rockliff, 1964. (German edition: Russland im Krieg 1941-1945. München: Droemer Knaur 1965)
DeGaulle: A Political Biography. London: Simon & Schuster, 1965.
Russia: Hopes and Fears. London: Barrie & Rockliff, 1969.
Russia: The Post-War Years. London: Robert Hale, 1971.