1959: USSR Rockets to the Moon

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Chinese stamps (issued 30.4.1960) commemorating the Communist victory of the USSR, successfully building rocket technology that made it to the Moon. A Soviet rocked (Lunik I) was launched in February (Western sources state January) of that year, but missed the Moon and flew into outer space. In September, the Soviet launched a second rocket (Lunik II), that Soviet scientists say is carrying 860Ibs of scientific equipment, which will land on the Moon 371,000 km away, but will not be seen from the Earth.  The landing is designed to take place among the three large depressions on the Moon’s surface, known as the seas of Serenity, Tranquillity and Vapours.  Lunik II carried the hammer and Sickle  emblem of the USSR.

Original Chinese Source Article:

http://www.5151sc.com/pro-1060.html

邮票介绍:
 1959年9月,苏联继同年2月发射第一枚宇宙火箭后,又成功地发射了第二枚火箭。该火箭在飞行了371000公里后,准确到达了月球表面的阿里斯基尔、阿基里德、奥托利克三座环行山附近,并在与月球接触之前把火箭带运的原苏联国徽标记安然无恙地送上了月球。这是人类第一次完成从地球到另一个星球的飞行。1959年10月,原苏联又成功地发射了第三枚宇宙火箭,它把一个重278.5公斤的自动行星际站送到了预定的轨道。这是人类送进星际空间的第一个实验室。该行星际站在行将到达月球表面时,还拍下了人类有史以来的第一张月球背面照片。
本套邮票共2枚。
2-1为“月球火箭”。画面右上角为月球的一角,左下角为呈五边形原苏联国徽图案,图案上有一白色的光道与月球表面的五边形白点相接。设计者用象征的手法,巧妙地告诉人们:正是月球火箭,成功地把原苏联国徽送上了月球。
2-2为“行星际站”。画面右上角为月球一角,月球底下为伸着天线、牢牢附着于月球表面的行星际站,意味着人类对月球的认识已取得重大进展。行星际站不是停在月球的上面而是在它的底部,意味着这是人类第一次看到月球的背面。

1959: Soviets launch rocket at the Moon

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