How Japanese Martial Arts Invaded the West

The distinctly ‘fascistic’ elements of Japanese racism – defined as ‘fighting spirit’ – was imported into the West as being both ‘transcendent’ and ‘spiritual’ – and presented as an example to be followed by those Westerners interested in the practice of Japanese martial arts. Overnight a number of serving or ex-serving US Servicemen sprang-up in the US wearing the white ‘gi’ and black belts around their middle.