Marx and Engels developed this thinking during the 19th century, whilst Lenin, Stalin and Mao (amongst others) developed the dialectical thinking that defines Scientific Socialism for the 20th century. Trotskyism, of course, is something of a ‘still birth’ within Revolutionary thinking, a dialectical dead-end that impersonates certain aspects of Marxism, whilst surrendering to every aspect of the capitalist system and making peace with its oppressive nature.
The famous scientist named Qian Xue Sen, (as far back as the mid-1990’s), proposed a ‘Great Compendium of Wisdom Studies’ school of thought. In the 21st century, the famous educator Gu Ming Yuan, the President of the Chinese Association of Education, developed the academic subject of Wisdom Studies. Within China there has been the development of the Chinese Wisdom Project Research Council, together with the emergence of the International Chinese Wisdom Society in Hong Kong, as well as the Zhangjiagang City Wisdom Studies Project, and other similar academic institutes.