Of course, it gets a little complicated if a PhD (or similar) is held by a GP and/or a Surgeon – but this does not alter the fact that a ‘GP’ is technically not a ‘Doctor’. A ‘Doctor of Philosophy’ (PhD) is not a ‘Medical Doctor’ qualification but is rather an academic rank (of which there are many versions such as in ‘Law’, ‘Literature’ and ‘Music’, etc). In theory, a ‘PhD’ (or similar) could well involve advanced medical research, but even so, the holder of this distinction would still be an ‘Academic Doctor’ who has diversified and specialised in a medical subject – pushing the theoretical boundaries of knowledge further back – whilst adding new and original thinking to existing understanding!
My family are proud that our grandfathers fought during WWII against Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and Imperial Japan (and their many Axis supporters)! We are proud that we fought Hitler! Furthermore, as Communists (Marxist-Leninist-Maoists) – we openly show our faces when we march in public carrying the Red Flag of freedom – and we clearly sign our names when we make statements opnely supporting Communist China and North Korea! Of course, we also support Laos, Vietnam and Cuba, but this goes without saying. We condemn capitalism and fascism – and we despise all these misguided people who join ‘White Supremacy’ groups around the world! Long Live Russia, Long Live the USSR – and may Russia soon achieve the major victory the Russian people historically deserve! We say ‘THANK YOU’ to the Russian people for once again defending our freedom against the corruption of the Bourgeoisie!
US academics who do dabble in this area often try to date its decline and disappearance to a convenient ‘1350 CE’ – or just prior to the arrival of Columbus in 1492 CE – whilst others state that it was probably contact with Europeans that put an end to it. The usual dualistic paradigm perpetuated is that these non-European architects who (were expert in engineering) – were also ‘savage’ in religion (a recurring theme in Protestant and Catholic-led European colonialism) – and destroyed themselves through their own inherent ‘evilness’ and ‘stupidity’! There is premised upon apparent archaeological evidence of what might be a small number of human ‘sacrifices’ dating to around 900 CE – but many old cultures practiced this including Celts, Vikings, the Chinese, Indians and many other ethnic and religious groups (including Christians) around the world. The Protestant and Catholic Christians, for instance, used to ritualistically ‘burn’ one another throughout Europe as an ‘offering’ to their respective interpretation of the same Abrahamic god! Of course, this was when these two ‘Unorthodox’ Churches were not busy torturing or burning the Pagan populations of the countries they had occupied!