Pavel Gubarev and Orthodox Socialism! By Stanislav Retinsky [Станислав Ретинский] (14.8.2018) 

Did the Soviet leadership understand the consequences of such actions? Most likely not, because there was a banal theoretical illiteracy. Unlike subsequent leaders, Joseph Stalin was well aware that the task of Socialism is to overcome marketability, and not vice versa. But subsequently the Soviet economy began to develop not in the Stalinist way, but in the Liberman way. At some stage, the form simply began to correspond to the content. It could not have been otherwise, because the goal of Soviet industry was to produce as many goods as possible. In turn, the strengthening of marketability is a mortal danger to Socialism. 

World War One and the Working Class Holocaust

This arousal of working class consciousness unfolded hand in hand with the intensification of bourgeois angst and resistance, which threatened to boil over into an all-out war between the competing bourgeois countries. This situation was reflected by the fact that the various congresses of the Second International dedicated much thinking time to the solving of the problem of what policy should be adopted by the international working class within their respective countries, should war breakout between those countries. In other words, should the developing working class regress into the old pattern of simply following the lead of the bourgeoisie in time of war, and kill one another in the name of ‘nationalism’ for their respective countries? In the 1907 Stuttgart congress, the Second International – with the help of Lenin – issued what was thought of at the time, to be a definitive statement upon the matter (see opening quote). In essence, the Second International in 1907 called upon its constituent members to use every available means to prevent a war from happening, or to shorten a war by the same means should hostilities have already broken out.