Translator’s Note: The US, UK and EU politically, financially and militarily supported the ‘illegal’ usurping of political power in January 2014, by the Neo-Nazi ‘Euro-Maidan’ Junta. Many different areas of Central and East Ukraine rose-up and declared their ‘independence’ against this blatant ‘anti-Russian’ attempt by the West to move EU and NATO hegemony up to the geographical borders of Russia. The Socialist Republics of Kharkov, Odessa and Carpatho-Russian, etc, all declared their opposition to the US-backed ‘Neo-Nazi’ Ukrainian State – but were all ruthlessly invaded by the Armed Forces of Ukraine and brutally suppressed! Only the LPR and DPR managed to hold-out and are now being military assisted by Russia. All this data is missing from this article as the author assumes the reader already is aware of it (and they probably are in China) – but I wanted it restated here because most Western readers follow the pro-Nao-Nazi line established by the US. Furthermore, contrary to the comments made by ‘Alexander Scherba’ is obviously incorrect. North Korea established a full embassy in Kyiv in 1992 – but withdrew this embassy in early 1998. Before 2017, the two countries shared certain trade relations. Between 2015-2016, Ukraine’s exports to North Korea amounted to $33.7 million and $7.5 million respectively – with the main exports being flour, grains and rapeseed, etc. ACW (20.7.2022)
According to a report issued by the Korean Central News Agency on the 14th, North Korean Foreign Minister – Choi Son-hee – announced on July 13th, 2022, that it recognized the independence of the “Donetsk People’s Republic” and “Lugansk People’s Republic”. After Russia and Syria, North Korea has become the third country since the conflict between Russia and Ukraine to recognize the independence of the two “Republics” situated in the East of Ukraine. In response, the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry responded that it would sever diplomatic relations with North Korea. According to the Korean Central News Agency, North Korean Foreign Minister – Choe Son-hui – sent letters to the foreign ministers of the Donetsk People’s Republic and Lugansk People’s Republic in eastern Ukraine on July 13th, 2022. In the letter, the North Korean government recognized the independence of the two “Republics” of Donbass and expressed its willingness to develop State relations premised upon the concepts of independence, peace and friendship. On July 13th, 2022, local time, North Korean Ambassador to Russia – Shin Hong-chul – held talks with Donetsk’s Representative in Russia at the North Korean embassy and submitted a document confirming that North Korea recognises the Donetsk’s independence. Donetsk leader – Denis Pushlin – said on social media that it was another diplomatic victory for the “Republic”. He said he hoped to have “productive cooperation” and to strengthen trade with North Korea. In response, the Ukrainian foreign ministry issued a statement condemning North Korea’s decision. The statement said that North Korea’s decision was an attempt to undermine Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. In response to this unfriendly act, Ukraine severed diplomatic relations with North Korea.
However, some commentators have said that this move by the Ukrainian side is purely symbolic. The two countries had no diplomatic relations before. Alexander Scherba – a former Ukrainian diplomat – with North Korea. It is reported that North Korea will become the third country to recognize the two “Republics” of Donbass after Russia and Syria. On February 21st, 2022, Russian President – Vladimir Putin – signed an order recognising the “Donetsk People’s Republic” and “Lugansk People’s Republic”, as well as establishing a Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance. Putin then confirmed that the Russian Armed Forces would provide protection for the two places. Three days later, Putin delivered a televised speech announcing the launch of a Special Military Operation in the Donbass region – designed to oust the unwanted (Neo-Nazi) Ukrainian Armed Forces. The Syrian government also announced – on June 29th, 2022 – that it would recognize the independence and sovereignty of the two “Republics” in the Donbass region and would establish diplomatic relations with the “two countries”. It is reported that both Donetsk and Lugansk belong to the Donbass region, which is close to the Russian border and is the largest coal base in Ukraine and an important industrial city. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the 1990s, the Donbass became a territory of Ukraine, but historically, the Donbass region has close historical, cultural and economic ties with Russia. In April 2014, a large-scale armed conflict broke out between Ukrainian government forces and civilian armed forces in the Donbass region. Civilian armed forces subsequently announced the establishment of the “Donetsk People’s Republic” and “Lugansk People’s Republic”. In September of that year, through the mediation of the international community, representatives of the two sides reached a ceasefire agreement in Minsk, the capital of Belarus, but the conflict did not completely stop. Since the end of March this year (2022), the Russian Army concentrated its forces and launched a fierce conflict with the Ukrainian Army in the Donbass region. On July 4th, 2022, Putin congratulated the major “victory” achieved in Lugansk and announced the completion of the military operation to “liberate” Lugansk. It is expected that the Russian Army will continue to advance through Donetsk. Public opinion believes that North Korea’s recognition of the two “Republics” in not surprising as North Korea also expressed support for the annexation of Crimea to Russia in 2014. Recently, DPRK-Russia relations have become increasingly close. A series of interactions between the two sides show that the two countries intend to strengthen cooperation in various fields.
According to the Russian Satellite News Agency, in mid-June, Russia’s Far East and Arctic Development Minister – Chekunkov – and North Korea’s Ambassador to Russia – Shin Hong Chol – held a video meeting at the St. Petersburg’s International Economic Forum to discuss the resumption and expansion of economic and trade cooperation between the two countries that was interrupted due to the epidemic. It is reported that the two sides mentioned the need to restore the railway traffic between Russia and North Korea through the Hassan-Tumen River crossing point and discussed the further implementation of the construction of the Russia-North Korea cross-border highway bridge on the Tumen River. The attitudes of the leaders of the two countries are also intriguing. On June 12th, 2022, this year – “Russia Day” – Kim Jong-Un, General Secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea, sent a congratulatory message to Putin, praising the Russian people for their “great achievements in the just cause of maintaining national dignity and security” and overcoming various difficulties and problems. “The North Korean people give it full support and recognition”. Kim Jong-un also sent a congratulatory message to Russia on May 9th, 2022, the Anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War – expressing support for Russia and emphasizing the strengthening of friendly relations between the two countries. In this regard, Fox News previously said that Kim Jong-Un’s attitude is the latest sign of deepening relations between North Korea and Russia. Since the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, relations between the two countries appear to be strengthening and are likely to transform into a long-term strategic partnership. Some analysts said that the conflict between Russia and Ukraine is bringing Russia and North Korea closer. For the two countries – more friends means less isolation.
(Editor email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Column editor: Yang Liqun (杨立群)
Text editor: Yang Liqun (杨立群)
Author of this article: Qiu Wenhan (裘雯涵)
Source of the title map: Visual China (视觉中国)
Photo editor: Xiang Jianying (项建英)
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