Original Russian Language Posted On: http://politrussia.com
Original Authors: Ilya Belous (Илья Белоус), Yuri Belous (Юрий Белоус)
(Translated by Adrian Chan-Wyles PhD
At this present time, scientific and public interest in the ‘true’ personality of Stalin is growing. In December 2014, more than a half (52%) of those questioned by the Levada Center expressed positive viewpoints about Stalin’s historical role in Russia. Those expressing negative viewpoints – measured less than a third (30%). This result was something of a sensation – after 60 years of attempts to forget and even destroy the personality of the Secretary General, his authority remains very high.
Before the celebration of the 70th anniversary of the Great Victory over fascism, Stalin’s authority resurged. Many people were astonished to witness posters with his image appearing in Krasnodar, Makhachkala, Yekaterinburg and other cities, on ‘steel-buses’ in St. Petersburg, the installation of monuments in Lipetsk and the Crimea (still in the planning stage in St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg), the opening of memorial plaques in Simferopol and Ussuriisk. These are just some of the examples that greatly disturbed the liberal media and politicians. This is an astonishing development considering the false propaganda used against Stalin by the West and Khrushchev in the USSR.
Argument 1. In the era of Stalin, evidence shows that the population increased, and under the capitalist liberals in the nineties – catastrophically declined.
The green line in the graph indicates the population growth in percent (the higher the line, the higher the percentage), and, despite the wars, the best dynamics are just in the days of Stalin, and one of the best – in 1937. Population demography is an essential qualitative indicator of the standard of living. From 1926 to 1954, despite the famine and the Great Patriotic War, the population grew by 50 million people. However, such a drop in population, as in the case of the capitalist liberal-era of post-1991, was not seen in the USSR even during the times of warfare and famine! For comparison: from 1991 to 1999, the natural growth of the population was minus 5.8 million people, that is, instead of growth (through capitalism), it was alarmingly reduced (by capitalism). As the liberal reformer Anatoly Chubais callously explained the deaths, ‘They did not fit into the free market.’
In the Great Patriotic War, the Soviet people’s losses amounted to 6.3 million servicemen killed and died from wounds, 555,000 died from illnesses that died as a result of accidents, sentenced to death (according to reports of troops, medical institutions, military tribunals) and 4.5 million wounded in captivity and missing. The total demographic losses (including the dead civilian population in the occupied territory and the increased mortality in the rest of the USSR from the adversities of the war) amounted to around a conservative 26.6 million people (with other estimates being between 34 – 40 million combined Soviet losses). Even in the military and post-war years of the USSR, there was no such drop in the population as in the nineties, which turned out to be even worse for Russia in the demographic sense. The liberal policy of the nineties led the country to a demographic catastrophe, whilst under Stalin’s leadership the USSR escaped such a disaster.
Argument 2. Industrial production grew at a high rate.
Under Stalin, a powerful national (industrial) production was created. Before the war in terms of gross industrial output, the USSR became the second power in the world; Quite a bit behind the United States, but ahead of any single European country (Industrialization of the USSR, 1933-1937 Documents and materials .- M .: Nauka, 1971. – p. 598). Soviet industry was born and, most importantly, operated in the very 1930s, when, after the great financial crisis, the economies of the capitalist countries actually slumped on the spot. On the other hand, Soviet industrialization changed the balance of world power. From the point of view of industrial development, non-Russian republics were not only not discriminated against, but also found themselves in a preferential position, and some of them (in Central Asia) developed faster than other parts of the country. The former peripheral republics were actively involved in the Soviet economic transformation. Impressive growth of personnel was noted in the field of education: the number of personnel in the Narkompros system doubled over the same period: from 1.3 million to 3.7 million people. Also doubled was the number of people employed in health care and research institutions. These figures show that industrialization, as it was successful, began to yield beneficial results not only in the form of strengthening the country’s economic potential alone, but also throughout the surrounding countries. On the national outskirts, where people did not know how to read and write, a network of scientific and research institutions, universities, schools, and libraries were established.
By 1937 in the USSR, 13 economies were created. The country could produce any equipment, including military equipment. In 1953, Korolev carried out the development of a draft design for a two-stage long-range ballistic missile weighing up to 170 tons with a detachable warhead weighing 3 tons for a range of 8,000 kilometres. The successful project became the bases of all the further successes in space. Diametrically opposed to this trend are the (capitalist) liberal nineties, where Russian society was turned upside down, and Soviet progression destroyed through the Western ideology of capitalist greed. The liberal nineties saw the systematic destruction of Soviet science and industrial progression, and represented the exact opposite of the development seen during the USSR years. Under Stalin, the country worked and created, a policy that worked due to the high level of discipline and the presence of a national idea. In terms of per capita growth rates in the USSR were significantly higher than in any of the developed countries of the world.
Argument 3. The standard of living under Stalin was the best in modern history.
In our time, the ‘hamburger course’ (or ‘how many hamburgers can be bought for salaries in different countries?’) is quite popular. Why should we, in Russia, poison ourselves in the literal sense, for this food? Let’s measure the standard of living with potatoes!
According to this schedule, we reached the level of 1953 only in 1970, but now we are lower – and this is with all the technologies and progress! The standard of living was to grow many times, but it does not grow. Why? Can there be an answer on the surface – due to the phenomenon of Stalinist leadership? We should study this phenomenon and not just focus upon the rigidity of government. The market of products has grown today due to their production in factory enterprises, rather than due to small peasant farms. It was this goal that Stalin’s collectivization pursued. Those who actively obstructed the State course, created a threat to the policy and were naturally punished, but why should this be surprising, and was it a feature of a particular country at that time? In 1953, the average salary in the USSR was 719 roubles, that is, 179 dollars at the then rate. Taking into account inflation in terms of today – about 1600 – 1700 dollars. Now the average salary is not more than 500 dollars, with the most profit going into the hands of the 10% that constitute the richest. It turns out that never after Stalin did the people earn so much money. If you take into account the so-called ‘social package’: apartments, free education, vouchers, medical care. Things were by far better for ordinary people under Stalin in the USSR.
Under Stalin, a society of social justice, and a society for working people was built. The authority of Stalin before the war (and especially after the war) was so great that it threatened the (capitalist) oligarchy. Due to Stalin’s authority, Communist States and Movements began to spread across all continents. The only way out for the (capitalist) oligarchy was to launch a campaign to humiliate Stalin, first to besmirch and demean his ‘personally’, and then misrepresent and demonise the USSR, China and the Communists in all countries.
It was through the criticism of Stalin’s cult of personality that Khrushchev caused the deterioration of relations with Communist China. The “Thaw” in the USSR was used to a greater extent by the CIA. The so called ‘A breath of fresh western air’ was a spoonful of honey in a barrel of tar. The country was inundated with representatives of Western services, which were subversive to the idealogical well-being of the USSR. They already had to deal with Brezhnev, but China became an ally of the United States. In the implementation of the principle of peaceful coexistence with the countries of European ‘democracy’ Khrushchev himself already collided with the ‘pro-American club’ in the UN. An epiphany came to Khrushchev late, with his support for the anti-US Fidel Castro, Patrice Lumumba, and Nkrumah Kwame, put an end to the ‘Soviet thaw’ and sparked a new round of ‘cold war’ hostilities. What else did Khrushchev do? He transferred the Crimea to the Ukrainian SSR, thereby intensifying the West’s program for ‘liberating Ukraine from the USSR’ (we recall that such a ‘case’ was instituted under Stalin).
Three arguments refuting Anti-Stalinist Propaganda.
Counter-Argument 1. Stalin unleashed the Second World War.
The war was already in progress in 1935. In 1935-1936, Mussolini captured the only independent state in Africa, Ethiopia. In the years 1936-1939 Italian-German fascist aggression was happening in Spain, through which the Socialist Republic was eventually overthrown, and the fascist government of Franco established. Between 1937-1945 – the Japanese-Chinese War was in full effect. The Japanese captured Manchuria. The invasion of China was carried out by Japan – the ally of Hitler – as part of the Anti-Comintern Bloc. In 1938, Hitler had already annexed Austria and the Sudetenland. In March 1939, the whole of Czechoslovakia was next to fall. At the same time, we are assured that the world war began on September 1, 1939, by Hitler’s attack on Poland, and that subsequently, Stalin unleashed the war. In fact the war began in 1935-1937 with the tacit consent of Britain, France and the United States. And in 1938, with the open consent in Munich. The allies declared the beginning of the world war from the date of Hitler’s invasion of Poland, as a means to blame Stalin for the war, and as far as possible, absolve Hitler of any direct blame. The USSR, having entered Red Army troops in September 1939 in Poland, saved the Ukrainian and Byelorussian peoples from Hitler’s holocaust. All of the Western democracies deliberately obscure the Hitlerite racial programme entitled ‘Ost’ – which was formulated as the ‘liberation’ of the land from the ‘subhuman’ Slavs to the Urals, to make way for Nazi German colonisation. The extermination of Poles, Jews, Gypsies, Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanians was in preparation for the complete ‘Germanization’ of these areas.
Counter-Argument 2. Repression. The excesses in repression were a provocation of the fifth column.
This fact is documented. The counter-argument is confirmed by archival materials. Marshal of the Soviet Union (1935) MN Tukhachevsky, repressed in 1937 on the ‘Military Cause’, wrote in his manuscript that since 1932, with the support of Britain and Germany, he was preparing a conspiracy of generals that the Entente and Kolchak failed to accomplish. This time the goal was the overthrow of Stalin (there were plans for physical elimination). The proof of this is, in addition to the Tukhachevsky manuscript, declassified Soviet, German, British documents.
In the Central Committee of the CPSU (B), the conspiracy was led by the Lithuanian, Joseph Vareikis, who ‘distinguished himself’ in the first post of Secretary of the Dalarkai Committee of the CPSU (b) in 1937 by drawing up ‘execution lists’ and deporting Koreans to Central Asia. On September 8th, Vareykis sent Joseph Stalin a report on the work done, in which he told about the situation in the Far East and about the successes in exposing the enemies of the people. He reported that 500 spies were identified and shot only among railway workers.
Joseph ‘Juozas’ Vareikis 1894-1938
However, Vareikis was shot as a traitor on the verdict of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR. Particularly intense was the sabotage work on the national outskirts (including in Ukraine) with the aim of the collapse of the USSR. The plans of the (capitalist) West to shake the Soviet regime included a provocation with the drawing up of ‘shoot lists’ – to create the ‘myth’ of sacred sacrifices in the West. Against the background of the counter-operation of the OGPU-NKVD ‘against pests’, the slandering of honest people began, which included their inclusion on these lists. Then the so-called regional ‘firing troika’, consisting of the head of the regional department of the NKVD, the secretary of the regional committee and the regional prosecutor, was included in the work. The decisions were made by the three in absentia on the materials of the cases submitted by the NKVD authorities, and in some cases, and in the absence of any materials, on the lists of detainees submitted, even by telegraph (for example, from Igarka to Krasnoyarsk). The procedure for dealing with cases was free, no protocols were kept. A characteristic feature of cases considered by the “troika” was the minimum number of documents on the basis of which a decision was made to apply repression. By decision of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU (B) No. P65 / 116 of November 17, 1938, judicial trios were liquidated. The cases were referred to courts or to the Special Meeting of the NKVD of the USSR.
Supporting Fact 2. In the ‘years of repression’ in the USSR, there were no more people behind bars than in modern America. The number of victims of repression is overestimated.
Unbelievable but true. According to the International Center for Prison Studies (ICPS), today in an exemplary-democratic and free USA for one hundred thousand people there is an average of 738 people behind bars, or in absolute terms – 2 217 000 people in prison. For comparison, in Russia now this figure is 460 people per one hundred thousand, or 673 818 people.
According to statistics, which VN. Zemskov published in the magazine ‘Sotsis’, in the 1930s in the USSR, on average, there were 583 prisoners per one hundred thousand. Very important is the reservation that at that time in the USSR, according to eyewitness accounts, most of the criminals were behind bars, and in modern Russia, because of too liberal laws, often criminals are walking free.
The Memorial Society, which is funded by the US NED Foundation, in an interview with Ekho Moskvy – he too was carried away by manipulating figures. The mechanism of manipulating the consciousness of society with political goals is expertly disclosed by the Soviet Russian scientist Sergei Georgievich Kara-Murza in his book, a training manual for students ‘Manipulation of consciousness.’ In Chapter 17, ‘Impact on the Equipping of the Mind’ dealing information with war programmes, this involves the effectiveness of the destruction of a person’s ability to ‘weigh’ phenomena, loss of sense of proportion when manipulating numbers, is particularly noted in the information warfare programmes: ‘It is not that a person loses the instrument of measurement and reduces accuracy,’ ‘He loses the very coordinating system into which we place reality in order to orient ourselves in it. and make more or less correct conclusions.’
‘The largest campaign to manipulate consciousness is with the help of numbers,’ in his opinion, was associated with Stalin’s repression: ‘Public consciousness still rejects any rational information about the actual quantitative scale of repression. So, it was their quantitative side that was important for manipulators.’
Similar machinations were made with the number of ‘kulak links’, and with the fate of Soviet prisoners of war returned after the German captivity, etc. Thus, the Soviet and Russian historians and writers, and the director of the State Museum of the History of the Gulag, Anton Vladimirovich Antonov-Ovseyenko wrote in his article: ‘According to General Supply Directorate of the Gulag, on remuneration in jails there were almost 16 million – according to the number of paikodachs in the first post-war years.’
However, the work of Sergei Kara-Murza exposes this falsification: ‘In the list of persons who used this document, Antonov-Ovseyenko’s surname is missing. Consequently, he did not see this document and interprets it using someone elses words, with a gross distortion of meaning. If AV Antonov-Ovseyenko saw this document, he would probably have paid attention to the comma between figures 1 and 6, since in reality in the fall of 1945 there were 1.6 million and not 16 million prisoners in the camps and colonies of the Gulag, Prisoners. In the materials of the all-Union population censuses of 1937 and 1939, the strength of the special contingent of the NKVD of group ‘B’ (prisoners and labourers) coincides with our data taken from the statistic records of the GULAG of the USSR NKVD, and the prison administration of the USSR NKVD and the Department of Labour Settlements of the GULAG of the NKVD USSR.’
It is a simple manipulation – remove the comma, and launch the false number in the media – and hundreds of millions of people believe it. When a stereotype arose, no arguments will change a mind already full of fear and used to being manipulated. Supposed political victims of repression were rare, whilst in reality most were ordinary criminals who were extradited. This is confirmed by the statistics of crimes. In 1940, with a population of 193 million people. In the USSR there were 6,549 murders, and in 2005 in Russia, with a population of 145 million people, there were almost 5 times more murders – 30,800.
Counter-Argument 3. Stalin dealt with the church and priests: falsification.
Archbishop Luke, Russian spiritual writer, Bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church; From May 1946, the archbishop of Simferopol and the Crimea, testifies that Stalin never fought the church: ‘Stalin fought for the greatness of Russia and actually preserved the Church of Christ from the pogrom carried out by the Trotskyites, most of them hated the Church, Russia, and the Russian people with Its history. Stalin preserved Russia, showed what it means to the world. Therefore, as an Orthodox Christian and a Russian patriot, I bow low to Stalin.’ Under Stalin, the State did not interfere in the affairs of the church, the church was free.’
In relation to religion, to the servants of the Russian Orthodox Church and to the Orthodox believers, the Central Committee decides: ‘1) It is inadvisable to continue the practice of the organs of the NKVD of the USSR with regard to the arrests of the servants of the Russian Orthodox Church, the persecution of believers. 2) Instruction of Comrade Ulyanov (Lenin) on May 1, 1919 for N13666-2 ‘On Combating Priests and Religion’, addressed to the pre. VChK to Comrade Dzerzhinsky, and all the relevant instructions of the Cheka – OGPU – NKVD, concerning the persecution of the Russian Orthodox Church servants and Orthodox believers – should be cancelled.’ EXTRACT FROM THE PROTOCOL N98 MEETING OF THE POLITBUREAU OF THE CC OF 11/11/1939.
The result. The personality of Stalin remains both historically and scientifically deficient in study. The demonization of his image in the West and in the USSR after his death does not allow scientists, even after the discovery of secret archives, to recreate a true picture of the life of the country in the reign of JV Stalin. The demonization of Stalin logically turned into demonization of the image of the whole country. Throughout Europe and the USA there is a biased attitude towards the head of state Joseph Stalin, whose image is even viewed as being worse than the war crimes committed by Adolf Hitler and his accomplices.
Based on the above, we submit the following provisions for public discussion:
1. The positive image of JV Stalin should be returned not only to the history of Russia, but also to the history of the world.
2. The merits of JV Stalin as a statesman are enormous. Stalin saved Russia from destruction after the First World War and the ensuing revolution, civil war and intervention. It is hardly possible to blame Stalin for all these upheavals. He did not give in to the countries of the Entente and the United States, and did not allow these enemies to tear the country to pieces. Moreover, he was able to restore almost all of Russia within the borders of the USSR, thus creating the conditions for all non-Russian republics to become economically and culturally prosperous state formations. None of these peoples before the USSR had a developed Statehood.
3. Stalin’s merits in the field of national construction are great. On the site of the ruins after the wars in Russia, he created a powerful Union of Soviet Socialist States, a supranational association that does not have any to compare to in history. Within the framework of the USSR, in the shortest time, all large and small peoples realized their rights. This is particularly true for the peoples of Central Asia, who have received their Statehood (i.e. Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Kazakhstan). In 1936, there was the right to work (there was no unemployment), the right to free education, the right to free medicine, and the right to rest (in all republics and regions there were built health resorts for adults, youth and children) all of which were guaranteed in the USSR. There was also access for each person to cultural activities: including books, Newspapers, cinema, theatre, museums, Statehood and the development of national culture. Schools, colleges, technical schools, universities, research institutes, and branches of the Academy of Sciences quickly spreading to the national outskirts, as well as industrial enterprises.
4. ‘The Stalinist system of labour’ was built on other economic laws, on a different socio-economic organization. European democracy, based on the pursuit of profit and capital markets, the Soviet system opposed exploitative labour and exploitative production. This system was created, functioned perfectly and was reflected in the shortest possible time in the successes of industrialization. Under Stalin, a society of social justice was built that did not know the bourgeois contradictions in the world that the Renaissance humanists dreamed of, based on a new socio-economic organization, excluding the wild laws of capitalist competition, which assert the dominance in the economy and politics (including international politics) of the financial oligarchy.
5. The process of uniting millions of people into collectives was started, in which the workers created new forms of self-organization in production, culture, sports, and crime control. All this was a manifestation of a genuine, different form of existence to that found in the Western democracies. Under Stalin, a society with humanistic values was formed: collectivism, mutual assistance, diligence, internationalism, respect for elders, the desire to constantly improve their educational and cultural level. All this formed the basis for educating the youth. Organizations of the children’s pioneer and youth Komsomol movement also have no equivalent in the world.
6. In economics, the material values created in the Stalin years were enormous. The USSR became a country with the most advanced industry, the strategy of an import-substituting economy was successfully implemented. The USSR could produce any machinery and any equipment, including equipment for nuclear power. The foundations were laid for the creation of high-tech agriculture.
7. Stalin built a State that was not only able to protect its sovereignty during the Second World War, but also to save Europe and the world from fascism. During the Second World War he showed himself as a talented commander. In many cities of Europe and Asia they honour the memory of Stalin, who led the world’s greatest army to victory over fascism. Streets and squares carry his name, sometimes even Stalin’s statues are found in many cities throughout Europe and Asia. Most of the monuments were demolished in the 1990s, an act of vandalism of a generation of children who did not know service at the front and the war against fascism, and had forgotten how people went into battle and died with the name of Stalin on their lips, how in three shifts from small to large they forged metal for Victory.
8. The rehabilitation of Stalin’s name will be a significant event for modern history. Today we observe the phenomena, in many respects similar to those with which our country collided 70-80 years ago. Russia is restoring its authority in the world, becoming a country independent of foreign influence. In this regard, the West initiated an information war against our people, against our successes in State building, against our President Vladimir Putin. In Russia itself, agents of the West have once again become more active.
Today, Russians are better able to understand the difficulties that their grandfathers encountered while building their sovereign State of a non-Western pattern. The ‘democratic’ West again tries not to allow us to go our own unique civilised way, and to make our own national choice, for which our Veterans have shed blood.
The rehabilitation of Stalin not only will prove our right to our national course, but it will also be an excellent hint for the ‘fifth column’ that the politeness of our people can not last forever. It will also be an act of the political will of the Russian people to support the President’s firm actions and policies aimed at strengthening the sovereignty of the country, to freeing it from Western economic dependence, and to clearing the perverse Western values which are like a plague.
Today it becomes obvious: there was no cult of Stalin’s personality, there was a unity of the people around the leader in a complex war against internal and external aggression for the preservation of the Motherland. Similarly we are now consolidating around our leader. We already hear how the liberals talk about the personality cult of Putin.
It is absolutely justified today to review the role of personalities in history, which have preserved Russia, prevented its division and turned into a raw appendage of the West. On the contrary, it is necessary to give a historical assessment of the actions of the liberal rulers of the country, who, under the leadership of Western services, disorganized Russia and the USSR. The country must know the true heroes who served and strengthened the Motherland, and anti-heroes – those who destroyed it.
The wave of Stalin’s popularity is now growing, so both monuments and posters will appear. This is understandable: because only now we have become aware of the context of the domestic and world history of the 1930s. Now the spirit of fascism is again hovering over the world. The war is already being waged against Russia, conducted by new sophisticated methods and technologies. In the absence of opposition to this war, conditions for a crisis will again be created in Russia, as it was in the 1990s. Can we withstand again?
At the same time, ruthless figures and declassified documents show that most of the negative material about Stalin is fabricated. We propose to get rid of the stereotype, study the materials, restore historical justice, inscribe Stalin’s name in his era, see, for example, that next to the broken destinies of the Soviet peasants were the same broken destinies of American farmers in 1929, a million of which went ‘nowhere’, the middle class in the USA was completely ruined. These were the harsh laws of capitalist industrialization.
Historical facts show: Joseph Stalin was no more cruel than his contemporaries Churchill, Truman or Allen Dulles. The facts help to conclude that Stalin the ‘false’ Statesman is a fabrication of West historiography, and that, especially annoyingly, is the habit of some modern Russians to betray the Motherland, by taking on the fabrication about Stalin, and treating the lies as ‘truth’.
Soviet power lived in wartime and operated under the laws of the Soviet era. We believe that the truth will prevail. Stalin, who re-assembled a country that had been smashed to pieces, made it one and the greatest on Earth, and foresaw the information warfare initiated by the West, and rightly declared it a heap of debris, which the wind of history will disperse, and which will be delivered to his grave after death.
So it’s time to let this wind do its thing.
Authors Ilya Belous, Yuri Belous
©opyright: Adrian Chan-Wyles (ShiDaDao) 2017.
Original Russian Language Article: