Part of the US-derived (and pro-capitalist) mythology of the Cold War that evolved in the years immediately following the end of WWII, ahistorically presents the Soviet Union as being synonymous with Nazi Germany, Marxist-Leninist ideology as being similar fascist ideology, and Joseph Stalin thinking and acting in agreement with Adolf Hitler’s far-rightwing ideology. This approach, of course, is thoroughly non-academic and compromises the very basis of the Western tradition of hitherto reliable scholarship. As the usual checks and balances of logic and rationality are not applied to this modern (and politically dictated) mythology, this false narrative is established in the unsuspecting minds of millions of misinformed and easily led individuals, who generally have no other avenue of (unbiased) information open to them. This being the case, the bourgeois establishment uses this method of deliberate ‘disinformation’ to poison the consciousness of the Western working class against Scientific Socialism in general, and the history of the Communist Soviet Union in particular. The capitalist system has very successfully inoculated its own working class in the West against the very proletariat ideology that would best serve its own class interests using this method of insidious disinformation, which permeates every corner of the internet, and all aspects of social media, not to mention the hallowed halls of academia, and the spurious books churned-out as ‘history’.
One such myth (which can be found on a ‘top 5’ Youtube video referenced below concerning abandoned or mysterious islands), equates Joseph Stalin with Adolf Hitler, and claims that Stalin pursued a ‘racially pure’ USSR that was ‘free’ of all disabled people, and others deemed socially unacceptable. The supposed background to this 1933 incident evolves around what has become formulate in the West as the ‘Nasimo Affair’, apparently taken from the isolated Western Siberian Nasimo Island (situated 800km north of Tomsk). The myth is that Stalin, acting out of a fascistic impulse to ‘purge’ the Soviet Union of the disabled and other undesirables, decided to deport around 6000 such individuals from Moscow and Leningrad to Nasimo Island with very little material support. As these people were forced to fight one another for survival, or so the myth goes, they resorted to cannibalism. Stalin was said to be furious about this and ordered the prison camp ‘liquidated’ (similar to activities actually carried-out or sanctioned by Adolf Hitler). This story circulates through Western academia as if it were a comet in the night sky, and resurfaces every now again with ‘new’ embellishments. Since the collapse of the USSR in 1991, this false story was translated into Russian and used by ‘modern’ anti-Soviet historians as a means to create negative propaganda about the USSR. This activity has been carried-out in modern Russia by the far-right pseudo-historical society known as ‘Memorial’, the expressed aim of which is to denigrate the history of the USSR, and present it as a criminal totalitarian State. Memorial also presents the Nazi German invasion of the USSR from 1941-45 – and the atrocities it committed against the citizenry of the USSR – as legitimate ‘freedom fighting’. Despite claims to the contrary by rightwing historians in the West, there was no Soviet Records of the Nasimo Affair prior to 1991, simply because no historical incident of that name, or involving those details, ever happened or existed. More than this, even the Western accounts, premised as they are upon unsubstantiated myth, fail to agree with one another. The biased English Wiki-page about the Nasimo Affair, whilst supporting the general false idea, nevertheless claims that Stalin did not know about the plan and even attempted to stop the plan from going ahead!
What reliable Soviet Records do state is that the time-period in question – 1929-1933 – involved the collectivisation of all farming land in the USSR as a means to produce output and strengthen the economy. The rich peasants (known as ‘kulaks’) had always been luke-warm to the idea of collectivisation as it meant a loss of feudal status. Many kulaks were persuaded with various offers of compensation which involved new tracts of land, livestock and even financial recompense, but some kulaks took to counter-revolutionary activities – attempting to sabotage Soviet farming machinery and prevent ordinary Soviet people from farming the land (sometimes through murder). When the NKVD (or State Security Police) advised Joseph Stalin that those kulaks (and their families) who broke the law should be severely punished or executed, Stalin disagreed. Instead, many were deported or exiled to remote areas of land (involving various degrees of security depending upon the crime committed) where they were allowed to settle and/or farm outside of the collective system. Of course, disabled people in the USSR were always protected under Soviet Law, and unlike in Nazi Germany, they were never subjected to any extermination pogroms, and any allegations to the contrary are the product of a pure malicious anti-Soviet propaganda. Not all kulak people rebelled against the very USSR that clothed and fed them, or which provided free healthcare or generous financial support for their families. Genuine Soviet historians are of the opinion that hundreds of thousands that were relocated, were treated in a generally humane manner and not subject to deprivation or execution (the exact opposite to the false picture painted by the bourgeois pseudo-historians). Those relocated or exiled were sent to all different areas including Siberia, Middle and Lower Volga, the Urals, Ukraine and Byelorussia, etc, amongst others. As the Soviet State provided all the means to resettle and survive, there were no recorded mass deaths due to starvation, and no incidences of ‘cannibalism’ (as suggested in the mythic Nasino Affair). In fact, the mortality rate for 1932-1940 in the USSR varied between 2.3 to 2.7% on average, whereas in the harshest areas involving deported kulak populations, the mortality rate was around 3.3% for the same time period. The majority of these recorded deaths were due to exhaustion (with none caused by cannibalism or execution). Nasimo Island is not mentioned in any Soviet Records, and the so-called ‘Nasimo Affair’ must be viewed as an anti-Soviet ‘fiction’ designed to denigrate the progressive history of the USSR.
It was the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), on the 30th of January, 1930, that ruled that the remaining kulak-owned farms would be incorporated fully into the Soviet System. This followed years of preparation, with the kulak families being given every advantage available in the Soviet System as a means to encourage voluntary co-operation, but despite this many preferred to pursue the old feudal and profit-led system they had been brought-up in. Interestingly, many kulaks began terrorist activities that some considered to be motivated and financed by external sources. As a result, the NKVD wanted a mass imprisonment with hard labour campaign, bolstered with the execution of ring-leaders – but it was Joseph Stalin who stepped-in and forbade this type of policy from being applied. A compromise was agreed between Stalin, the Politburo and the NKVD which involved the deportation and exile of around 2.1 million kulaks in total. Stalin gave the kulaks the possibility to redeem themselves through hard labour and thereby contributing to the Soviet System that they had benefited from for over a decade. As the population of the USSR was around 100 million at the time, and given that 80 million were peasants, the number of those deported or exiled amounted to just 2.6% of the total population of peasants, or 2.1% of the general population. The terrorist activities of these kulaks contributed directly to the great famine suffered in the USSR during the 1930’s. Despite this despicable activity, all deported and exiled kulaks were eventually pardoned by Joseph Stalin in 1938 and allowed to return to their farms (now firmly part of the Soviet System). This fact was wrongly equated within the bourgeois mind, as the ‘failure’ of the entire Soviet System. Outside of Western propaganda, and the neo-Nazi supporting ‘Memorial’ pseudo-history, there is no objective evidence for cannibalism on the Island of Nasimo, and even if there was any reliable evidence, the very fact that these people would resort to such despicable depths only serves to demonstrate the depravity of their minds.
http://wiki.istmat.info/миф:кулаки (Russian) – Exposing the Nasimo Myth
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LU3ePdTLS8I (English) Perpetuating the Nasimo Myth
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazino_affair (English) Perpetuating the Nasimo Myth